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Encyclopedia of Women and Gender, Two-Volume Set - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080548494

Encyclopedia of Women and Gender, Two-Volume Set

1st Edition

Sex Similarities and Differences and the Impact of Society on Gender

Editor: Judith Worell
eBook ISBN: 9780080548494
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 13th September 2001
Page Count: 1256
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The study of gender differences began in earnest in the 1970s and has since increased dramatically to infiltrate virtually all fields of study in the social and behavioral sciences. Along the way, it was discovered that while women very often think and behave differently than do men, industrialized societies cater to masculine perspectives. The "Psychology of Women" emerged as a field of study focusing on just those areas in which women most often butted against assumed roles. And similarly, in the 1990s, the "Psychology of Men" emerged to focus on the same issues for men.
The Encyclopedia of Gender covers all three areas under one cover, discussing psychological differences in personality, cognition, and behavior, as well as biologically based differences and how those differences impact behavior. Coverage includes studies of these differences in applied settings such as education, business, the home, in politics, sports competition, etc.

Key Features

@introbul:Key Features
@bul:* Over 100 In-depth chapters by leading scholars in the psychology of women and gender
* Addresses critical questions of similarities and differences in gendering across diverse groups, challenging myths about gender polarization and the "Venus/Mars" distinction
* Broad coverage of topics from theory and method to development, personality, violence, sexuality, close relationships, work, health, and social policy
* Sensitive attention to multicultural and cross-cultural research
* Clearly written, readable, comprehensive, with helpful guides (outline, glossary, reference list)
* Raises difficult questions related to power, inequality, ethics, and social justice
* Challenges the reader to revise established "truths" and to seek further information
* Maintains a feminist and woman-centered focus


Libraries, departments of psychology and sociology. Academic researchers in fields of social psychology, personality, sociology, clinical psychology, and education.
Psychologists, social workers, educators, historians, women's studies faculty, psychiatrists, possibly attorneys involved in litigation, medical personnel trying to understand some topic further, nurses in nursing education, etc

Table of Contents

Abortion and its Health Effects.
Academic Aspirations and Degree Attainment of Women.
Academic Environments.
Addictions and Substance Abuse.
Adolescent Gender Development.
Affirmative Action.
Aggression and Gender.
Androcentism (in theories, language, research, workplace, family).
Battering in Adult Relationships.
Beauty Politics and Patriarchy: The Impact on Women's Lives.
Biological Factors in Development.
Body Image Concerns.
Career Achievement: Opportunities and Barriers.
Child Abuse: Physical and Sexual.
Child Care: Options and Outcomes.
Chronic Illness Adjustment.
Classroom and School Climate.
Computers and Technology.
Counseling and Psychotherapy: Gender, Race, and Cultural Issues.
Cross-Cultural Gender Roles.
Cross-Cultural Sexual Practices.
Diagnosis of Psychological Disorders: DSM and Gender.
Disabilites and Women: Deconstructing Myths and Reconstructing Realities.
Divorce and Child Custody.
Eating Disorders.
Emotional Abuse in Women.
Empathy and Emotional Expressivity.
Family Roles and Patterns, Contemporary Trends.
Feminist Approaches to Psychotherapy.
Feminist Family Therapy.
Feminist Movement.
Feminist Theories.
Friendship Styles.
Gender Development: Evolutionary Perspectives.
Gender Development: Gender Schema Theories.
Gender Development: Psychoanalytic Perspectives.
Gender Development: Social Learning.
Gender Difference Research: Cognitive Abilities.
Gender Difference Research: Issues and Critique.
Gender Difference Research: Personality.
Gender Stereotypes.
Gender, Race, Ethnicity, and Sexual Orientation.
Hate Crimes.
Health and Health Care: How Gender Makes Women Sick.
Health Care Policy.
Health Risks and Gender.
History of the Psychology of Gender.
Individualism and Collectivism.
Intimacy and Love.
Lesbians, Gays, and Bisexuals in Relationships.
Life Satisfaction.
Marriage: Hers and His.
Media Influences.
Media Stereotypes.
Media Violence.
Men and Masculinity.
Mentoring and Feminist Mentoring.
Methods for Studying Gender.
Midlife Transitions.
Military Women.
Moral Development.
Motherhood: Decisions and Outcomes.
Play Patterns and Gender.
Political Behavior.
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder.
Power: Personal and Social Dimensions.
Pregnancy and Childbirth.
Prostitution and the Commercial Sex Industry.
Recovered Memories.
Reproductive Technologies.
Safer Sex Behaviors.
Self Esteem.
Self-Fulfilling Prophesies.
Sexual Concerns.
Sexual Harassment.
Sexual Misconduct by Psychotherapists.
Sexuality and Sexual Desire.
Sexuality Education.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Their Consequences.
Single Sex Schools.
Social Construction Theory.
Social Identity.
Social Role Theory of Sex Differences and Similarities.
Social Support Systems.
Sport and Athletics.
Stress and Coping.
Test Bias.
Torture and War Crimes.
Trauma Across Diverse Settings.
Women in Non-traditional Work Fields.
Work-Family Balance.
Working Environments.


No. of pages:
© Academic Press 2001
13th September 2001
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:

About the Editor

Judith Worell

Dr. Worell is the current president of the APA division on the psychology of women, and past editor of Psychology of Women Quarterly. She has also chaired the publication board of APA and is section editor of APA's Encyclopedia of Psychology on gender issues. Worell was the unanimous selection to head this encyclopedia by scholars in the field.I am a licensed clinical psychologist, recently retired as professor and department chair from the University of Kentucky, Department of Education and Counseling Psychology. I received my PhD at Ohio State University, have taught at Portland State University, Oklahoma State University, and was a research Associate in the department of Psychiatry at the University of Iowa. I have also been in private practice, seeing families with behaviorally-disturbed children. Most recently I regard myself as a feminist therapist with a focus on the issues that motivate women to seek professional help.I have been very active in psychological organizations-was President of the Kentucky Psych Association, the Southeastern Psych Association, and the Society for the Psychology of Women, (a division of the American Psychological Association). In APA, I have been a member and chair of the publications and communications board, which publishes all their books and journals. I was Associate Editor of their major clinical journal, the Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, and for 6 years was editor of the major research journal on women, Psychology of Women Quarterly. I have had many awards for distinguished contributions, including Outstanding Graduate Professor at UK, Distinguished Leader for Women in Psychology, an honorary doctorate from Colby-Sawyer college, distinguished Kentucky psychologist, etc. I have over 100 publications and presentations in professional books, journals, and meetings. My previous books include:Beyond Appearance: A new look at adolescent girls (1999), Co-Edi

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Kentucky, Lexington, U.S.A.


@qu:"Academic Press's new encyclopedia fills in one of the chasms in women's studies with a well-conceived reference guide on gender issues. Beautifully laid out... Its strengths include attractive presentation, up-to-date sources, readable overviews, and academic input from a variety of points of view, such as the excellent entry on disabilities and women compiled by four writers."
@source:--American Reference Books Annual 2002

@qu:"This set fills a unique niche and succeeds in providing students, researchers, and practicing clinicians with comprehensive coverage of current research and scholarship on the psychology of women and gender in all its diverse manifestations... This is an excellent resoure that provides well-organized and clearly expressed information on one of the most fascinating constructs that has shaped, and continues to shape, contemporary society. Highly recommended for academic libraries of all sizes; large public libraries will want to consider its purchase as well, especially in locales in which access to local college libraries is limited for those outside the campus community."

@qu:"Worell, well-known scholar of psychology and gender studies, has edited a top-notch addition to any academic library. The set provides extensive coverage of current scholarship and is not limited to the examination of the typical female/male dichotomy, but extends to class and race differences in gender... Worthy of a place on the shelves of all academic libraries, this encyclopedia attests the credentials of the editor and contributors."

@qu:"The Encyclopedia of Women and Gender is a wonderful resource for psychologists, other social scientists, students, and others curious about the state of scholarship in many crucial areas affecting women's lives."
@source:--Feminist Collections

@qu:"From "Abortion and its Health Effects" to "Working Environments," the Encyclopedia of Women and Gender edited by Dr. Judith Worell is a feast. A must for all who want ready access to the necessary ingredients for understanding today's issues in gender studies."
@source:--NORINE G. JOHNSON, Ph.D., APA President
Psychology Builds a Healthy World

@qu:"This encyclopedia represents the conceptual thinking of a veritable who's who of psychology of women leaders from the last three decades of scholarship in research, theoretical, and clinical aspects of gender relevant issues. It is a marvelous compendium for the neophyte to these issues, and a valuable update for the more narrowly specialized experts in the field to appreciate the vast dimensions of the impact of gender."
@source:--ANNETTE M. BRODSKY, Ph.D. Chief Psychologist,Harbor-UCLA (University of California, Los Angeles) Medical Center

@qu:"The Encyclopedia of Women and Gender is a much needed contribution to the literature and will be an invaluable resource for students as well as professors. This book, with its contributors representing many of the best-known feminist psychologists, will raise awareness in its readers of the important issues and research findings in the psychological study of gender."
@source:--IRENE HANSON FRIEZE, Ph.D., Professor of Psychology and Women's Studies & Business Administration, Psychology Department, University of Pittsburgh

@qu:"The Encyclopedia of Women and Gender will set a new, high standard as a reference resource in the discipline. The Encyclopedia will be invaluable for those who teach a course in the Psychology of Women and Gender, for other scholars interested in women's studies, and for every reader intrigued by this important topic."
@source:--MARGARET W. MATLIN, Ph.D., Department of Psychology, SUNY Geneseo

@qu:"It deserves to be in every library which is consulted by teachers, students, and researchers of women and gender, or by those who deliver social and health services."
@source:--NANCY HENLEY, Professor Emeritus, Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles

@qu:"The Encyclopedia of Women and Gender is an invaluable and much needed compilation of important gender research. It contains interesting, lucid, first-rate presentations by cuting-edge scientists that should be useful to many audiences."
@source:--PHYLLIS A. KATZ, Ph.D., Director, Institute for Research on Social Problems Founder, Sex Roles: A Journal of Research

@qu:"The Encyclopedia of Women and Gender promises to be a dependable and indispensable resource for students as well as scholars of gender. The entry topics represent the expansive range of social scientific inquiry into gender; the list of topics is both commanding and enticing. Authored by leading researchers, the entries provide definitional frameworks for subjects, and incorporates extensive research bindings and general information."
@source:--JILL G. MORAWSKI, Professor of Psychology, Department of Psychology, Wesleyan University

@qu:"This is an excellent article - accurate, up-to-date, and thorough. The author provides wide-ranging coverage of social identity research. The article explores not only core definitional aspects of social identity, but process, measurement, and intersectionality as well. I was most impressed by the author's ability to make complicated concepts accessible."
@source:--ANNE REID, Ph.D., Assistant Professor, Psychology Department, Lehman College, CUNY

@qu:"I reviewed the article that Kay Deaux submitted, Social Identity. This will, in my opinion, be among the best chapters in the book! It was beautifully written, clear and cogent. The topic was well defined and the discussion focused and smooth. It was very up-to-date and presented with authority and confidence. I would not change a word."
@source:--PAMELA TROTMAN REID, Ph.D., Professor of Education and Psychology and Research Scientist, Institute for Research on Women and Gender, University of Michigan

Ratings and Reviews