Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals

Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals

2nd Edition - November 24, 2008

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  • Editors: Bernd Wursig, William Perrin, Bernd Wursig, J. Thewissen
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080919935

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This thorough revision of the classic Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals brings this authoritative book right up-to-date. Articles describe every species in detail, based on the very latest taxonomy, and a host of biological, ecological and sociological aspects relating to marine mammals. The latest information on the biology, ecology, anatomy, behavior and interactions with man is provided by a cast of expert authors – all presented in such detail and clarity to support both marine mammal specialists and the serious naturalist. Fully referenced throughout and with a fresh selection of the best color photographs available, the long-awaited second edition remains at the forefront as the go-to reference on marine mammals.

Key Features

  • More than 20% NEW MATERIAL includes articles on Climate Change, Pacific White-sided Dolphins, Sociobiology, Habitat Use, Feeding Morphology and more
  • Over 260 articles on the individual species with topics ranging from anatomy and behavior, to conservation, exploitation and the impact of global climate change on marine mammals
  • New color illustrations show every species and document topical articles

“This book is so good...a bargain, full of riches...packed with fascinating up to date information. I recommend it unreservedly it to individuals, students, and researchers, as well as libraries." --Richard M. Laws, MARINE MAMMALS SCIENCE

"...establishes a solid and satisfying foundation for current study and future exploration" --Ronald J. Shusterman, SCIENCE


Marine Biologists, Ecologists, Conservation Biologists, Fisheries Biologists and Environmental consultants

Table of Contents

  • Abundance Estimation
    Stephen T. Buckland and Anne E. York

    Aerial Behavior
    Bernd Würsig and Hal Whitehead

    Age Estimation
    Aleta A. Hohn

    Aggressive Behavior, Intraspecific
    Claudio Campagna

    Dagmar Fertl and Patricia E. Rosel

    Amazon River Dolphin or Boto
    Vera M.F. da Silva

    Dale W. Rice

    Antarctic Fur Seal
    Arctocephalus gazella
    Jaume Forcada and Iain J. Staniland

    Antarctic Marine Mammals
    Ian L. Boyd

    Archaeocetes, Archaic
    J. G. M. Thewissen

    Arctic Marine Mammals
    John J. Burns

    Atlantic Spotted Dolphin
    Stenella frontalis
    William F. Perrin

    Atlantic White-Sided Dolphin
    Lagenorhynchus acutus (Gray 1828)
    Frank Cipriano

    Australian Sea Lion
    Neophoca cinerea
    John K. Ling

    Australian Snubfin Dolphin
    Orcaella heinsohni
    Kelly M. Robertson and Peter W. Arnold

    Azorean Whaling
    Richard Ellis

    Edward H. Miller

    Lipotes vexillifer
    Kaiya Zhou

    Fred Spoor

    Dale W. Rice

    Baleen Whales
    John L. Bannister

    Dagmar Fertl and William A. Newman

    Mark D. Uhen

    Beaked Whales, Overview
    James G. Mead

    Bearded Seal
    Erignathus barbatus
    Kit M. Kovacs

    Behavior, Overview
    Peter L. Tyack

    Beluga Whale
    Delphinapterus leucas
    Gregory M. O'Corry-Crowe

    Rick LeDuc

    Sara J. Iverson

    Blue Whale
    Balaenoptera musculus
    Richard Sears and William F. Perrin

    Bones and Teeth, Histology of
    Mary C. Maas

    Bottlenose Whales
    Hyperoodon ampullatus and H. planifrons
    Shannon Gowans

    Bowhead Whale
    Balaena mysticetus
    David J. Rugh and Kim E. W. Shelden

    Bernd Würsig

    Helmut H.A. Oelschläger and Jutta S. Oelschläger

    Brain Size Evolution
    Lori Marino

    Douglas Wartzok

    Breeding Sites
    Mark A. Hindell

    Bryde's Whales
    Balaenoptera edeni/brydei
    Hedehiro Kato and William F. Perrin

    Burmeister's Porpoise
    Phocoena spinipinnis
    Julio C. Reyes

    Simon Northridge

    California, Galapagos, and Japanese Sea Lions
    Carolyn B. Heath and William F Perrin

    Mason T. Weinrich

    Captive Breeding
    Todd R. Robeck, Justine K. O’Brien and Daniel K. Odell

    Peter Corkeron

    Caspian and Baikal Seals
    Nobuyuki Miyazaki

    The Cephalorhynchus Dolphins
    Stephen M. Dawson

    Cetacean Ecology
    Lisa T. Ballance

    Cetacean Evolution
    R. Ewan Fordyce

    Cetacean Fossil Record
    R. Ewan Fordyce

    Cetacean Life-History
    Susan J. Chivers

    Cetacean Prenatal Development
    Joy S. Reidenberg and Jeffrey T. Laitman

    Circulatory System
    Paul J. Ponganis

    Dale W. Rice

    Climate Change
    Sue Moore

    Clymene Dolphin
    Stenella clymene
    Thomas A. Jefferson

    William F. Perrin

    Common Bottlenose Dolphin
    Tursiops truncatus
    Randall S. Wells and Michael D. Scott

    Common Dolphins
    Delphinus delphis and D. capensis
    William F. Perrin

    Communication in Marine Mammals
    Kathleen M. Dudzinski, Jeanette A. Thomas and Justin D. Gregg

    Competition with Fisheries
    Éva E. Plagányi and Douglas S. Butterworth

    Conservation Efforts
    Randall R. Reeves

    Crabeater Seal
    Lobodon carcinophaga
    John L. Bengtson

    Culture in Whales and Dolphins
    Hal Whitehead

    Cuvier's Beaked Whale
    Ziphius cavirostris
    John E. Heyning

    Dall's Porpoise
    Phocoenoides dalli
    Thomas A. Jefferson

    Delphinids, Overview
    Rick LeDuc

    Dental Morphology, Evolution of
    Mark D. Uhen

    Daryl P. Domning

    John K.B. Ford

    Nelio B. Barros and Malcolm R. Clarke

    Jaume Forcada

    Diving Behavior
    Brent S. Stewart

    Diving Physiology
    Gerald L. Kooyman

    Dugong dugon
    Helene Marsh

    Dusky Dolphin
    Lagenorhynchus obscurus
    Koen Van Waerebeek and Bernd Würsig

    Eared Seals
    Roger L. Gentry

    Earless Seals
    Mike O. Hammill

    Whitlow W. L. Au

    Ecological Effects
    James A. Estes

    Ecology, Overview
    Bernd Wursig

    Elephant Seals
    Mirounga angustirostris and M. leonina
    Mark A. Hindell and Wiliam F. Perrin

    Endangered Species and Populations
    John E. Reynolds, Richard Merrick, Gregory K. Silber, and Douglas P. DeMaster

    Endocrine Systems
    Shannon Atkinson and David St. Aubin

    Daniel P. Costa

    Entrapment and Entanglement
    Jon Lien

    Estrus and Estrous Behavior
    Daryl J. Boness

    Ethics and Marine Mammals
    Marc Bekoff

    Extinctions, Specific
    T. Duffield

    False Killer Whale
    Pseudorca crassidens
    Robin W. Baird

    Feeding Morphology
    Christopher D. Marshall

    Feeding Strategy and Tactics
    Michael R. Heithaus and Lawrence M. Dill

    Female Reproductive System
    R. E. A. Stewart and B. E. Stewart

    Filter Feeding
    Donald A. Croll, Bernie R. Tershy, and Kelly M. Newton

    Fin Whale
    Balaenoptera physalus
    Alex Aguilar

    Finless Porpoise
    Masao Amano

    Fisheries, Interference with
    Dagmar Fertl

    Fishing Industry, Effects of
    Simon Northridge

    Folklore and Legends
    Rochelle Constantine

    Forelimb Anatomy
    Lisa Noelle Cooper

    Forensic Genetics
    C. Scott Baker and Merel L. Dalebout

    Fossil Sites
    R. Ewan Fordyce

    Pontoporia blainvillei
    Enrique A Crespo

    Fraser's Dolphin
    Lagenodelphis hosei
    M. Louella and L. Dolar

    Gastrointestinal Tract
    James G. Mead

    Genetics for Management
    Phillip A. Morin and Andrew E. Dizon

    Genetics, Overview
    Per J. Palsboll

    Geographic Variation
    William F. Perrin

    Giant Beaked Whales
    Berardius bairdii and B. arnuxii
    Toshio Kasuya

    Gray Seal
    Halichoerus grypus
    Ailsa Hall and David Thompson

    Gray Whale
    Eschrichtius robustus
    Mary Lou Jones and Steven L. Swartz

    Group Behavior
    Alejandro Acevedo-Gutiérrez

    Habitat Pressure
    Peter G. H. Evans

    Habitat Use
    Alejandro Acevedo-Gutiérrez

    Hair and Fur
    Pamela K. Yochem and Brent S. Stewart

    Harbor Porpoise
    Arne Bjorge

    Harbor Seal and Spotted Seal
    Phoca vitulina and P. largha
    John J. Burns

    Harp Seal
    Pagophilus groenlandicus
    David M. Lavigne

    Joseph R. Geraci and Valerie J. Lounsbury

    Sirpa Nummela

    Hindlimb Anatomy
    Peter J. Adam

    History of Marine Mammal Research
    Bernd Würsig and William F. Perrin

    Hooded Seal
    Cystophora cristata
    Kit M. Kovacs

    Hourglass Dolphin Lagenorhynchus cruciger
    R. Natalie P. Goodall

    Humpback Dolphins
    Guido J. Parra and Graham J. B Ross

    Humpback Whale
    Megaptera novaeangliae
    Phillip J. Clapham

    Hunting of Marine Mammals
    Randall R. Reeves

    Martine Berube

    Identification Methods
    Randall S. Wells

    Indo-Pacific Beaked Whale
    Indopacetus pacificus
    Robert Pitman

    Indo-Pacific Bottlenose Dolphin
    Tursiops aduncus
    John Y. Wang and Shih-Chu Yang

    Indo-West Pacific, Marine Mammals
    Peter Rudolph and Chris Smeenk

    Intelligence and Cognition
    Bernd Würsig

    International Whaling Commission
    J.P. Donovan

    Inuit and Marine Mammals
    Stephen A. MacLean, Anne M. Jensen and Glenn W. Sheehan

    Irrawaddy Dolphin
    Brian D. Smith

    Japanese Whaling
    Toshio Kasuya

    Killer Whale
    Orcinus orca
    John K.B. Ford

    Krill and Other Plankton
    Roger Hewitt and Jessica D. Lipsky

    Language Learning and Cognitive Skills
    Louis M. Herman

    Locomotion, Terrestrial
    Thomas A. Deméré and Joshua H. Yonas

    Leopard Seal
    Hydrurga leptonyx
    Tracey L. Rogers

    Male Reproductive Systems
    Shannon Atkinson

    Jay Barlow

    Trichechus manatus, T. senegalensis, and T. inunguis
    John E. Reynolds, III, James A. Powell and Cynthia R. Taylor

    Marine Parks and Zoos
    Daniel K. Odell and Loran Wlodarski

    Marine Protected Areas
    Erich Hoyt

    Mark and Recapture Methods
    Phipip S. Hammond

    Mass Die-offs
    John Harwood and Ailsa Hall

    Mass Stranding
    Brownell, P

    Mating System
    Sarah L. Mesnick and Katherine Ralls

    Melon-headed Whale
    Peponocephala electra
    Wayne L. Perryman

    Mesoplodont Whales
    Mesoplodon spp.
    Robert Pitman

    Migration and Movement Patterns
    S. Jonathan Stern

    Peter L. Tyack

    Minke Whales
    Balaenoptera acutorostrata and B. bonaerensis
    William F. Perrin and Robert L. Brownell, Jr.

    Molecular Ecology
    A. Rus Hoelzel

    Monk Seals
    Monachus monachus, M. tropicalis, and M. schauinslandi.
    William G. Gilmartin and Jaume Forcada

    J. G. M. Thewissen

    Museums and Collections
    John E. Heyning

    Mysticete Evolution
    Annalisa Berta and Thomas A. Demeret

    Monodon monoceros
    M. P. Heide-Jorgensen

    R. Ewan Fordyce

    New Zealand Sea Lion
    Phocarctos hookeri
    Nicholas J. Gales

    Noise, Effects of
    Bernd Würsig and W. John Richardson

    North Atlantic Marine Mammals
    Gordon T. Waring and Debra L. Palka

    North Pacific Marine Mammals
    Sergio Escorza-Trevino

    Northern Fur Seal
    Roger L. Gentry

    Ocean Environment
    Paul C. Fiedler

    Christian de Muizon

    Omura's whale
    Balaenoptera omurai
    Tadasu K. Yamada

    Daniel P. Costa

    Otters, Marine
    J.A. Estes, J.L. Bodkin and M. Ben-David

    Pacific White-sided Dolphins
    Lagenorhynchus obliquidens
    Nancy A. Black

    Pantropical Spotted Dolphin
    Stenella attenuata
    William F. Perrin

    J. Antonio Raga, Mercedes Fernández, Juan A. Balbuena, and F. Javier Aznar

    Parental Behavior
    Janet Mann

    Daniel F. Cowan

    Peale's Dolphin
    Lagenorhynchus australis
    R. Natalie P. Goodall

    Pilot Whales
    Globicephala melas and G. macrorhynchus
    Paula A. Olson

    Pinnepedia, Overview
    Annalisa Berta

    Pinnipedia Ecology
    W. D. Bowen, C. A. Beck and D. A. Austin

    Pinnipedia, Evolution
    Annalisa Berta

    Pinnipedia Life History
    Ian L. Boyd

    Pinnipedia Physiology
    Daniel E. Crocker Daniel P. Costa

    Playful Behavior
    Bernd Wursig

    Polar Bear
    Ursus maritimus
    Ian Stirling

    Pollution and Marine Mammals
    Peter J.H. Reijnders

    Popular Culture and Literature
    Paul H. Forestell

    Population Dynamics
    Paul R. Wade

    Population Status and Trends
    Jay Barlow and Randall R. Reeves

    Porpoises, Overview
    Andrew J. Read

    Predation on Marine Mammals
    David W. Weller

    Predator-Prey Relationships
    Andrew W. Trites

    Pygmy and Dwarf Sperm Whales
    Kogia breviceps and K. sima
    Donald F. McAlpine

    Pygmy Killer Whale Feresa attenuata
    Meghan A. Donahue and Wayne L. Perryman

    Pygmy Right Whale
    Caperea marginata
    Catherine Kemper

    Dagmar Fertl and André M. Landry, Jr

    Reproductive Behavior
    Michael A. Fedak, Ben Wilson and Paddy P. Pomeroy

    Ribbon Seal
    Histriophoca fasciata
    Lloyd Lowry and Peter Boveng

    Right Whale Dolphins
    Lissodelphis borealis and L. peronii
    Jessica D. Lipsky

    Right Whales
    Eubalaena glacialis, E. japonica, and E. australis
    Robert D. Kenney

    Ringed Seal
    Pusa hispida
    M.O. Hammill

    Risso's Dolphin
    Grampus griseus
    Robin W. Baird

    River Dolphins
    Randall R. Reeves and Anthony R Martin

    River Dolphins, Evolutionary History and Affinities
    Christian de Muizon

    George Anthony Antonelis

    Ross Seal
    Jeanette A. Thomas and Tracey Rogers

    Rough-toothed Dolphin
    Thomas A. Jefferson

    Stuart M. Frank

    Sealions, Overview
    Daryl J. Boness

    Sei Whale
    Balaenoptera borealis
    Joseph Horwood

    Sensory Biology, Overview
    J. G. M Thewissen

    Sexual Dimorphism
    Katherine Ralls and Sarah Mesnick

    Shepherd's Beaked Whale
    Tasmacetus shepherdi
    James G. Mead

    Signature Whistles
    Laela S. Sayigh and Vincent M. Janik

    Sirenian Evolution
    Daryl P. Domning

    Sirenian Life History
    Daniel K. Odell

    Skeletal Anatomy
    Sentiel Rommel and John E. Reynolds

    Skull Anatomy
    Sentiel Rommel, D. Ann Pabst, and William A. McLellan

    Fritz Trillmilch

    Jim Darling

    Sound Production
    Adam S. Frankel

    South American Marine Mammals
    Enrique A. Crespo

    South American Sea Lion
    Otaria flavescens
    Humberto Luis Cappozzo and Wiliam F. Perrin

    Southern Fur Seals
    John P. Y. Arnould

    William F. Perrin

    Spectacled Porpoise
    Phocoena dioptrica
    R. Natalie P. Goodall

    Frank E. Fish

    Sperm Whale
    Physeter macrocephalus
    Hal Whitehead

    Sperm Whales, Evolution
    Guram A. Mchedlidze

    Dale W. Rice

    Spinner Dolphin Stenella longirostris
    William F. Perrin

    Steller's Sea Cow
    Hydrodamalis gigas
    Paul K. Anderson and Daryl P. Domning

    Steller's Sea Lion
    Eumetopias jubatus
    Thomas R. Loughlin

    Stock Assessment
    Jeffrey M. Breiwick and Anne E. York

    Stock Identity
    John Y. Wang

    William F. Perrin and Joseph R. Geraci

    Frank E. Fish

    Striped Dolphin
    Stenella coeruleoalba
    Frederick I. Archer II

    Karin A Forney

    Charles W. Fowler and Michael A. Etnier

    Susu and Bhulan
    Platanista gangetica gangetica and P. g. minor
    Brian D. Smith and Gillian T. Braulik

    Terrie M. Williams

    Systematics, Overview
    Annalisa Berta

    Andrew J. Read

    Territorial Behavior
    Edward H. Miller

    Michael Castellini

    Thorax and Abdomen Anatomy
    John E. Reynolds and Sentiel Rommell

    Tool-use in Wild Bottlenose Dolphins
    Janet Mann and Brooke Sargeant

    Toothed Whales, Overview
    Sascha K. Hooker

    Ted Turner, Todd Feucht, and Tyler Turner

    Paulo A. C Flores and Vera M. F. Da Silva

    Tuna-Dolphin Issue
    Tim Gerrodette

    Phocoena sinus
    Lorenzo Rojas-Bracho and Armando M. Jaramillo-Legorreta

    Alla M. Mass and Alexander Ya. Supin

    Odobenus rosmarus
    Ronald A. Kastelein

    Weddell Seal
    Leptonychotes weddellii
    Jeanette A. Thomas and Jack Terhune

    Whale Lice
    Carl J. Pfeiffer

    Whale Watching
    Erich Hoyt

    Whaling, Early and Aboriginal
    Richard Ellis

    Whaling, in the Azores
    Richard Ellis

    Whaling, Illegal and Pirate
    Robert L. Brownell and Alexey V. Yablokov

    Whaling, Modern
    Phillip J. Clapham and C. Scott Baker

    Whaling, Traditional
    Richard Ellis

    White-beaked Dolphin
    Lagenorhynchus albirostris
    Carl Christian Kinze

Product details

  • No. of pages: 1352
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2008
  • Published: November 24, 2008
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080919935

About the Editors

Bernd Wursig

Bernd Würsig, his students, and postdocs have studied marine mammals and sea birds on all continents, with present work mainly on dusky dolphins in diverse habitats of New Zealand, and beleaguered Indo-Pacific humpback dolphins of Hong Kong. His specialties are behavior and social strategies, especially as related to human disturbance. He has published and co-published about 180 peer review papers, over 50 popular articles, and 7 books. He is Distinguished Professor Emeritus in the Department of Marine Biology of Texas A&M University at Galveston.

Affiliations and Expertise

Distinguished Professor Emeritus in the Department of Marine Biology of Texas A&M University at Galveston.

William Perrin

Affiliations and Expertise

National Marine Fisheries Service, La Jolla, CA, USA

Bernd Wursig

Bernd Würsig, his students, and postdocs have studied marine mammals and sea birds on all continents, with present work mainly on dusky dolphins in diverse habitats of New Zealand, and beleaguered Indo-Pacific humpback dolphins of Hong Kong. His specialties are behavior and social strategies, especially as related to human disturbance. He has published and co-published about 180 peer review papers, over 50 popular articles, and 7 books. He is Distinguished Professor Emeritus in the Department of Marine Biology of Texas A&M University at Galveston.

Affiliations and Expertise

Distinguished Professor Emeritus in the Department of Marine Biology of Texas A&M University at Galveston.

J. Thewissen

J. G. M. ‘Hans’ Thewissen studies the evolution, anatomy and embryology of marine mammals, and has travelled the world to study fossil and living whales. His work with the sense organs of modern whales explores the impact of global change on marine mammal populations. He co-edited the three editions of Elsevier’s Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals and wrote a popular book on whale evolution: The Walking Whales.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology Northeast Ohio Medical University, Rootstown, USA

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  • TanyaSmart Sat Dec 22 2018

    Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals

    Wonderfully informative though some articles show the bias of the writer rather than full information. While I realize that the contents page is topic specific, an index would have been useful to find specific information.