Encyclopedia of Human Nutrition

Encyclopedia of Human Nutrition

2nd Edition - July 20, 2005

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  • Editors: Lindsay Allen, Andrew Prentice
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080454283

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Encyclopedia of Human Nutrition, Second Edition is a thorough revision and 20% expansion of the 1998 release, reflecting the continuing scientific advances in the field of human nutrition. Now a four-volume set, nearly 300 articles with concise, up-to-date information are complemented by an award-winning indexing system. Included is expanded coverage of epidemiology of diet-related diseases, functional foods, food safety, clinical nutrition and gastrointestinal disorders. Virtually everyone will find the Encyclopedia of Human Nutrition an easy-to-use resource making it an ideal reference choice for both the professional and the non-professional alike.Also available online via ScienceDirect – featuring extensive browsing, searching, and internal cross-referencing between articles in the work, plus dynamic linking to journal articles and abstract databases, making navigation flexible and easy. For more information, pricing options and availability visit www.info.sciencedirect.com.

Key Features


  • Now a four-volume set with over 250 articles
  • Expanded coverage of epidemiology of diet-related diseases, functional foods, food safety, and gastrointestinal disorders, among other topics


  • Browse the whole work by volume, authors or article titles
  • Full and extensive subject index can be searched or browsed online, and takes you directly to the indexed paragraph, section, figure or table
  • Basic and advanced search functionality across the entire work or by specific volume
  • Users can build, save and re-run seraches, as well as combine saved searches
  • Extensive internal cross-referencing and dynamic linking from biliographic references to primary-source material, increasing the scope of your research rapidly and effectively
  • All articles available as full-text HTML files, or as PDF files that can be viewed, downloaded or printed in their original format


Nutritionists, clinical nutritionists, dietitians and allied health workers, university/medical school libraries and public libraries, managers and lawyers within the food industry, and government sectors dealing with nutritional policies

Table of Contents

  • Adipose tissue
    Adolescents: Nutritional Requirements
    Adolescents: Nutritional Problems
    Alcohol: Absorption, Metabolism and Physiological Effects
    Alcohol: Disease Risk and Beneficial Effects
    Alcohol: Effects of Consumption on Diet and Nutritional Status
    Amino Acids: Chemistry and Classification
    Amino Acids: Metabolism
    Amino Acids: Specific Functions
    Anemia: Iron-Deficiency Anemia
    Anemia: Megaloblastic Anemia
    Antioxidants: Diet and Antioxidant Defense
    Antioxidants: Observational Studies
    Antioxidants: Intervention Studies
    Appetite: Physiological and Neurobiological Aspects
    Appetite: Psychobiological and Behavioral Aspects
    Ascorbic Acid: Physiology, Dietary Sources and Requirements
    Ascorbic Acid: Deficiency States
    Body Composition
    Brain and Nervous System
    Breast Feeding
    Burns Patients
    Cancer: Epidemiology and Associations Between Diet and Cancer
    Cancer: Epidemiology of Gastrointestinal Cancers Other Than Colorectal Cancers
    Cancer: Epidemiology of Lung Cancer
    Cancer: Dietary Management
    Cancer: Effects on Nutritional Status
    Cancer: Carcinogenic Substances in Food
    Carbohydrates: Chemistry and Classification
    Carbohydrates: Regulation of Metabolism
    Carbohydrates: Requirements and Dietary Importance
    Carbohydrates: Resistant Starch and Oligosaccharides
    Carotenoids: Chemistry, Sources and Physiology
    Carotenoids: Epidemiology of Health Effects
    Cereal Grains
    Children: Nutritional Requirements
    Children: Nutritional Problems
    Cholesterol: Sources, Absorption, Function and Metabolism
    Cholesterol: Factors Determining Blood Levels
    Choline and Phosphatidylcholine
    Celiac Disease
    Cofactors: Inorganic
    Cofactors: Organic
    Colon: Structure and Function
    Colon: Disorders
    Colon: Nutritional Management of Disorders
    Complementary Feeding
    Coronary Heart Disease: Hemostatic Factors
    Coronary Heart Disease: Lipid Theory
    Coronary Heart Disease: Prevention
    Cystic Fibrosis
    Dairy Products
    Dental Disease
    Diabetes Mellitus: Etiology and Epidemiology
    Diabetes Mellitus: Classification and Chemical Pathology
    Diabetes Mellitus: Dietary Management
    Diarrheal Diseases
    Dietary Fiber: Physiological Effects and Effects on Absorption
    Dietary Fiber: Potential Role in Etiology of Disease
    Dietary Fiber: Role in Nutritional Management of Disease
    Dietary Guidelines, International Perspectives
    Dietary Intake Measurement: Methodology
    Dietary Intake Measurement: Validation
    Dietary Surveys
    Drug-Nutrient Interactions
    Early Origins of Disease: Fetal
    Early Origins of Disease: Non-Fetal
    Eating Disorders: Anorexia Nervosa
    Eating Disorders: Bulimia Nervosa
    Eating Disorders: Binge Eating
    Electrolytes: Acid-Base Balance
    Electrolytes: Water-Electrolyte Balance
    Energy: Metabolism
    Energy: Balance
    Energy: Requirements
    Energy: Adaptation
    Energy Expenditure: Indirect Calorimetry
    Energy Expenditure: Doubly Labeled Water
    Exercise: Beneficial Effects
    Exercise: Diet and Exercise
    Fats and Oils
    Fatty Acids: Metabolism
    Fatty Acids: Monounsaturated
    Fatty Acids: Omega-3 Polyunsaturated
    Fatty Acids: Omega-6 Polyunsaturated
    Fatty Acids: Saturated
    Fatty Acids: Trans Fatty Acids
    Folic Acid
    Food Allergies: Etiology
    Food Allergies: Diagnosis and Management
    Food Choice, Influencing Factors
    Food Composition Data
    Food Folklore
    Food Fortification: Developed Countries
    Food Fortification: Developing Countries
    Food Intolerance
    Food Safety: Mycotoxins
    Food Safety: Pesticides
    Food Safety: Bacterial Contamination
    Food Safety: Other Contaminants
    Food Safety: Heavy Metals
    Fruits and Vegetables
    Functional Foods: Health Effects and Clinical Applications
    Functional Foods: Regulatory Aspects
    Gall Bladder Disorders
    Glucose: Chemistry and Dietary Sources
    Glucose: Metabolism and Maintenance of Blood Glucose Level
    Glucose: Glucose Tolerance
    Glycemic Index
    Growth and Development, Physiological Aspects
    Growth Monitoring
    Handicap: Downs Syndrome
    Handicap: Prader-Willi Syndrome
    Handicap: Cerebral Palsy
    Hyperlipidemia: Overview
    Hyperlipidemia: Nutritional Management
    Hypertension: Etiology
    Hypertension: Dietary Factors
    Hypertension: Nutritional Management
    Immunity: Physiological Aspects
    Immunity: Effects of Iron & Zinc
    Inborn Errors of Metabolism: Classification and Biochemical Aspects
    Inborn Errors of Metabolism: Nutritional Management of Phenylketonuria
    Infants: Nutritional Requirements
    Infants: Feeding Problems
    Infection: Nutritional Interactions
    Infection: Nutritional Management in Adults
    Iodine: Physiology, Dietary Sources and Requirements
    Iodine: Deficiency Disorders
    Lactation: Physiology
    Lactation: Dietary Requirements
    Lactose Intolerance
    Lipids: Chemistry and Classification
    Lipids: Composition and Role of Phospholipids
    Liver Disorders
    Low Birthweight and Preterm Infants: Causes, Prevalence and Prevention
    Low Birthweight and Preterm Infants: Nutritional Management
    Lung Diseases
    Lycopenes and Related Compounds
    Malabsorption Syndromes
    Malnutrition: Primary, Causes Epidemiology and Prevention
    Malnutrition: Secondary, Diagnosis and Management
    Meal Size and Frequency
    Meat, Poultry and Meat Products
    Microbiota of the Intestine: Prebiotics
    Microbiota of the Intestine: Probiotics
    Nucleic Acids
    Nutrient-Gene Interactions: Molecular Aspects
    Nutrient-Gene Interactions: Health Implications
    Nutrient Requirements, International Perspectives
    Nutrition Policies In Developing and Developed Countries
    Nutrition Transition, Diet Change and its Implications
    Nutritional Assessment: Anthropometry
    Nutritional Assessment: Biochemical Indices
    Nutritional Assessment: Clinical Examination
    Nutritional Support: In the Home Setting
    Nutritional Support: Adults, Enteral
    Nutritional Support: Adults, Parenteral
    Nutritional Support: Infants and Children, Parenteral
    Nutritional Surveillance: Developed Countries
    Nutritional Surveillance: Developing Countries
    Nuts and Seeds
    Obesity: Definition, Etiology and Assessment
    Obesity: Fat Distribution
    Obesity: Childhood Obesity
    Obesity: Complications
    Obesity: Prevention
    Obesity: Treatment
    Older People: Physiological Changes
    Older People: Nutritional Requirements
    Older People: Nutrition-Related Problems
    Older People: Nutritional Management of Geriatric Patients
    Pantothenic Acid
    Phytochemicals: Classification and Occurrence
    Phytochemicals: Epidemiological Factors
    Pregnancy: Role of Placenta in Nutrient Transfer
    Pregnancy: Nutrient Requirements
    Pregnancy: Energy Requirements and Metabolic Adaptations
    Pregnancy: Weight Gain
    Pregnancy: Safe Diet for Pregnancy
    Pregnancy: Dietary Guidelines and Safe Supplement Use
    Pregnancy: Prevention of Neural Tube Defects
    Pregnancy: Pre-eclampsia and Diet
    Premenstrual Syndrome
    Prostaglandins and Leukotrienes
    Protein: Synthesis and Turnover
    Protein: Requirements and Role in Diet
    Protein: Digestion and Bioavailability
    Protein: Quality and Sources
    Protein: Deficiency
    Religious Customs, Influence on Diet
    Small Intestine: Structure and Function
    Small Intestine: Disorders
    Socio-economic Status
    Sodium: Physiology
    Sodium: Salt Intake and Health
    Sports Nutrition
    Starvation and Fasting
    Stomach: Structure and Function
    Stomach: Disorders
    Stroke, Nutritional Management
    Sucrose: Nutritional role, Absorption and Metabolism
    Sucrose: Dietary Sucrose and Disease
    Supplementation: Dietary Supplements
    Supplementation: Role of Micronutrient Supplementation
    Supplementation: Developing Countries
    Supplementation: Developed Countries
    Surgery: Perioperative Feeding
    Surgery: Long-term Nutritional Management
    Thiamin: Physiology
    Thiamin: Beriberi
    Tuberculosis: Nutrition and Susceptibility
    Tuberculosis: Nutritional Management
    Ultratrace Elements
    United Nations Children's Fund
    Urban Nutrition
    Vegetarian Diets
    Vitamin A: Physiology
    Vitamin A: Biochemistry and Physiological Role
    Vitamin A: Deficiency and Interventions
    Vitamin B6
    Vitamin D: Physiology, Dietary Sources and Requirements
    Vitamin D: Rickets and Osteomalacia
    Vitamin E: Metabolism and Requirements
    Vitamin E: Physiology and Health Effects
    Vitamin K
    Weight Management: Approaches
    Weight Management: Weight Maintenance
    Weight Management: Weight Cycling
    Whole Grains
    World Health Organization
    Zinc: Physiology
    Zinc: Deficiency in Developing Countries, Intervention Studies

Product details

  • No. of pages: 2000
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2005
  • Published: July 20, 2005
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080454283

About the Editors

Lindsay Allen

Lindsay Allen is the Director of the USDA's Western Human Nutrition Research Center, and Research Professor in the Department of Nutrition, at the University of California, Davis. Her research is concerned with the prevalence, causes, consequences and prevention of micronutrient deficiencies, primarily in developing countries.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of California, Davis, U.S.A

Andrew Prentice

Andrew Prentice is Professor of International Nutrition at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine. He leads the Medical Research Council's International Nutrition Group which is based in London and The Gambia. His research interests have encompassed human energy metabolism and obesity as well as maternal and child nutrition in developing


Affiliations and Expertise

London School of Tropical Medicine, UK

About the Editor in Chief

Benjamin Caballero

Benjamin Caballero

Dr. Caballero is Professor of International Health at the Bloomberg School of Public Health, and Professor of Pediatrics at the School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University. He has over 20 years of experience as a scholar, researcher and leader in the area of child health and nutrition. He obtained his MD from the University of Buenos Aires and his PhD (in neuroendocrine regulation) from MIT. He started his faculty career at Harvard Medical School, and moved to Johns Hopkins in 1990 to found the Center for Human Nutrition.

Dr. Caballero is a recognized expert on the nutritional needs of children and adults, and on nutrient requirements in undernourished populations. For the past 10 years, he has focused on the problem of childhood obesity in the US and in developing countries, and explored the impact of dietary transition and globalization on health indicators. He is an active participant in key scientific committees advising the US government on issues of diet and health, including the Dietary Reference Intakes (DRI) Committee, the Expert Panel on Macronutrient Requirements, and the Food and Nutrition Board of the Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences. He was a member of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans Advisory Committee, and is currently a member of the Scientific Advisory Board of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and of the International Life Sciences Institute (ILSI).

Dr. Caballero is an active leader in the area of global health, specifically on diet, lifestyle and disease risk. He is Chairman of the Board of the Pan American Health and Education Foundation, in Washington, D.C., and member of the Board of Directors of the International Nutrition Foundation, in Boston, MA. He is a member of the Steering Committee of the Centers of Excellence Network of the Global Health Initiative, National Institutes of Health. Recent awards include the Ancel Keys Prize for achievements in international public health and the Thompson-Beaudette Lectureship from Rutgers University. In 2011 he was named to the Spanish Academy of Nutritional Sciences.

Dr. Caballero is the author of over 150 scientific publications. He is the Editor-in-Chief of the Encyclopedia of Food Sciences and Nutrition, a 10-volume work on food production, consumption and biological effects. He is also Editor-in-Chief of the Encyclopedia of Human Nutrition, which received the Book of the Year Award from the British Medical Association. His Guide to Dietary Supplements summarizes the current scientific basis for the use of mineral and vitamin supplements. His book The Nutrition Transition: Diet and Disease in the Developing World explored the impact of demographic and economic development on diet- and lifestyle-related diseases in developing countries. His book Obesity in China summarizes research conducted in rural and urban China to track the impact of socioeconomic development on health outcomes. He is also co-editor of the most widely used textbook in human nutrition, Modern Nutrition in Health and Disease.

Affiliations and Expertise

Johns Hopkins University, Maryland, U.S.A.

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