Encyclopedia of Human Nutrition - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780122266942, 9780123847355

Encyclopedia of Human Nutrition

1st Edition

Editor-in-Chiefs: Benjamin Caballero
Editors: Lindsay Allen Andrew Prentice
eBook ISBN: 9780123847355
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 25th September 1998
Page Count: 1973


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This encyclopedia provides comprehensive coverage of all aspects of human nutrition, including clinical applications. Most of the chapters represent brand new expositions of the field, yet the Encyclopedia also includes relevant sections from the Encyclopaedia of Food Science, Food Technology, and Nutrition, which have been revised, updated, and rewritten, plus that reference work's award-winning index system.

Virtually everyone will find the Encyclopedia of Human Nutrition easy to use--from the experienced researcher requiring a specific piece of information to the general reader who needs an overview of a new and unfamiliar topic. The work is highly structured and cross-referenced, and leads the reader to the required information as quickly and as intuitively as possible. Of the more than 270 articles, each offers "links" to related articles and also lists "Further Reading Topics," directing the reader to important texts in that area.

The Encyclopedia takes a truly international approach where relevant. It details various national conventions and standards and explains nutritional policy differences between the developed and developing world. Nutritionists, clinical nutritionists, dietitians, and allied health workers are sure to benefit and make great use of this resource.

Key Features

  • Presents more than 270 articles on human nutrition from "Adaptive Responses to Malnutrition" to "Zinc"
  • Uses an award-winning index system introduced in the Encyclopaedia of Food Science, Food Technology, and Nutrition
  • Written in a style accessible to the researcher or layperson with almost any background
  • Each article lists related texts, helping the reader to customize his or her research


Clinical nutritionists, dieticians, and allied health workers. Faculty and students in university nutrition and health departments. Managers, lawyers, and marketers within the food industry. Government bodies dealing with nutritional policies. Newspapers, magazines, and broadcasters dealing with food and nutrition items

Table of Contents

Adaptation. Adipose Tissue. Adolescents. Aging. Alcohol. Alcoholism. Aluminum. Amino Acids. Anemia. Antioxidants. Appetite. Arthritis. Ascorbic Acid. Behavior. Bioavailability. Biotin. Body Composition. Bone. Brain and Nervous System. Burns Patients. Caffeine. Calcium. Cancer. Carbohydrates. Carcinogens. Carotenoids. Catering. Cereal Grains. Children. Cholecalciferol. Cholesterol. Choline and Lecithin. Chromium. Cobalamins. Coeliac Disease. Cofactors. Colonic Diseases and Disorders. Community Nutrition. Copper. Coronary Heart Disease. Cystic Fibrosis. Cytokines. Dairy Products. Dehydration. Dental Disease. Diabetes Mellitus. Diarrheal Diseases. Dietary Fiber. Dietary Guidelines. Dietary Intake Measurement. Dietary Surveys. Dietetics. Down's Syndrome. Drugs. Eating Disorders. Eggs. Electrolytes. Energy. Energy Metabolism. Epidemiological Studies. Exercise. Famine. Fats and Oils. Fatty Acids. Fertility. Fetal Origins of Disease. Fish. Folic Acid. Food Aid. Food Aid Organizations. Food Allergies. Food Choice. Food Composition Data. Food Contaminants. Food Folklore. Food Fortification. Food Intolerance. Food Processing. Fructose. Fruits and Vegetables. Functional Foods. Galactose. Gall Bladder Disorders. Gastrointestinal Tract. Glucose. Gout. Growth and Development. Health Foods. Heavy Metals. HIV Disease. Hunger. Hyperactivity. Hyperlipidemia. Hypertension. Hypoglycemia. Immunity. Inborn Errors of Metabolism. Infants. Infection. Insulin Resistance. Iodine. Iron. Ketosis. Lactation. Legumes. Lipids. Lipoproteins. Liver Disorders. Magnesium. Malabsorption Syndromes. Malnutrition. Manganese. Meal Size and Frequency. Meat, Poultry, and Meat Products. Microflora of the Intestine. Niacin. Nucleic Acids. Nutrient Requirements. Nutrition Education. Nutrition Policies. Nutritional Labeling. Nutritional Status. Nutritional Support. Nutritional Surveillance. Nuts and Seeds. Obesity. Older People. Osteoporosis. Pantothenic Acid. Parasitism. Phosphorus. Physical Handicap. Phytochemicals. Population, Development, and Nutrition. Potassium. Pregnancy. Premenstrual Syndrome. Probiotics. Prostaglandins and Leukotrienes. Protein. Quasi-Vitamins. Refugees. Religious Customs. Renal Function and Disorders. Retinol. Riboflavin. Salt. Seasonality. Selenium. Smoking. Socioeconomic Status. Sodium. Starvation and Fasting. Steatorrhoea. Stroke. Sucrose. Surgery. Therapeutic Dietetics. Thiamin. Thirst. Tocopherols. Ultratrace Elements. United Nations Children's Fund. Urban Nutrition. Vegetarian Diets. Vitamin B6. Vitamin K. Vitamin Supplementation. Weight Management. World Health Organization. Zinc.


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© Academic Press 1999
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:

About the Editor-in-Chief

Benjamin Caballero

Dr. Caballero is Professor of International Health at the Bloomberg School of Public Health, and Professor of Pediatrics at the School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University. He has over 20 years of experience as a scholar, researcher and leader in the area of child health and nutrition. He obtained his MD from the University of Buenos Aires and his PhD (in neuroendocrine regulation) from MIT. He started his faculty career at Harvard Medical School, and moved to Johns Hopkins in 1990 to found the Center for Human Nutrition.

Dr. Caballero is a recognized expert on the nutritional needs of children and adults, and on nutrient requirements in undernourished populations. For the past 10 years, he has focused on the problem of childhood obesity in the US and in developing countries, and explored the impact of dietary transition and globalization on health indicators. He is an active participant in key scientific committees advising the US government on issues of diet and health, including the Dietary Reference Intakes (DRI) Committee, the Expert Panel on Macronutrient Requirements, and the Food and Nutrition Board of the Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences. He was a member of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans Advisory Committee, and is currently a member of the Scientific Advisory Board of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and of the International Life Sciences Institute (ILSI).

Dr. Caballero is an active leader in the area of global health, specifically on diet, lifestyle and disease risk. He is Chairman of the Board of the Pan American Health and Education Foundation, in Washington, D.C., and member of the Board of Directors of the International Nutrition Foundation, in Boston, MA. He is a member of the Steering Committee of the Centers of Excellence Network of the Global Health Initiative, National Institutes of Health. Recent awards include the Ancel Keys Prize for achievements in international public health and the Thompson-Beaudette Lectureship from Rutgers University. In 2011 he was named to the Spanish Academy of Nutritional Sciences.

Dr. Caballero is the author of over 150 scientific publications. He is the Editor-in-Chief of the Encyclopedia of Food Sciences and Nutrition, a 10-volume work on food production, consumption and biological effects. He is also Editor-in-Chief of the Encyclopedia of Human Nutrition, which received the Book of the Year Award from the British Medical Association. His Guide to Dietary Supplements summarizes the current scientific basis for the use of mineral and vitamin supplements. His book The Nutrition Transition: Diet and Disease in the Developing World explored the impact of demographic and economic development on diet- and lifestyle-related diseases in developing countries. His book Obesity in China summarizes research conducted in rural and urban China to track the impact of socioeconomic development on health outcomes. He is also co-editor of the most widely used textbook in human nutrition, Modern Nutrition in Health and Disease.

Affiliations and Expertise

Johns Hopkins University, Maryland, U.S.A.

About the Editor

Lindsay Allen

Lindsay Allen is the Director of the USDA's Western Human Nutrition Research Center, and Research Professor in the Department of Nutrition, at the University of California, Davis. Her research is concerned with the prevalence, causes, consequences and prevention of micronutrient deficiencies, primarily in developing countries.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of California, Davis, U.S.A

Andrew Prentice

Andrew Prentice is Professor of International Nutrition at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine. He leads the Medical Research Council's International Nutrition Group which is based in London and The Gambia. His research interests have encompassed human energy metabolism and obesity as well as maternal and child nutrition in developing


Affiliations and Expertise

London School of Tropical Medicine, UK


"This study is an excellent example of Academic Press's tradition of providing comprehensive information [...] a valuable resource for all medical and university libraries." --Library Journal, April 2000

"The Encyclopedia of Human Nutrition is a superb attempt to incorporate into one three-volume [set] the many elements of the rapidly expanding science of nutrition. The [set] is timely, given the increased interest in diet and health by the general public worldwide. It is broad based and covers the physiological aspects of nutrient and energy requirements of different populations; measurements of dietary intake and nutritional status; the nutrient composition of the main food groups; associations between diet, lifestyle, and disease; clinical applications of nutrition to improve health; topical issues relating to the food-processing industry; influences affecting food choice and eating behavior; nutritional guidelines and public health policies in both developed and developing countries; international aspects of food labeling; and a range of other, related topics. Any encyclopedia must be international in its content. Appropriately, this [set] has an international editorial board and an international set of authors. The cross-referencing in the table of contents is excellent and helps one find a particular subject easily. Each volume ends with a comprehensive set of tables and charts. The index is excellent and user-friendly in terms of helping the reader find tables, discussions of major topics, and cross references. The format of the index should serve as a template for other comprehensive [works]. In general, the coverage of most of the topics in nutrition, ranging from molecular biology to agriculture and food science and from social sciences in human behavior to clinical medicine, is excellent. The Encyclopedia of Human Nutrition is a superb attempt to produce a comprehensive [work] on human nutrition and should be in the library of every physician and nonphysician interested in the subject" --Arnold G. Coran, M.D., in THE NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE

"A welcome addition to the growing body of reference information about nutrition, this encyclopedia provides comprehensive, but not overly technical coverage of a diverse and complex discipline. Its broad coverage will appeal to a large audience, including clinicians and other medical practitioners, food processors and, those involved with health policy issues, teachers and students of nutrition, and general readers. Entries are topical and arranged alphabetically, with broader topics requiring several articles. Each volume includes a list of contributors and a complete table of contents for the set. There are 'see' references (e.g. 'AIDS see HIV disease'), cross-references, suggestions for further reading at the end of each article, color plates, and a detailed index. The inspiration for the encyclopedia came from the success of the well-received Encyclopedia of Food Science, Food Technology and Nutrition, ed. by R. Macrae, but this new work is very different, encompassing many changes in nutritional science since the early 1990s. Pertinent sections from the earlier work have been revised, updated, and rewritten for the newer title. Essential for all libraries." --CHOICE

"The current staus of human nutrition is clearly summarized in this three-volume set. The editorial board and the contributors are highly respected academics and practicing nutritionists from around the world. Topic coverage is extensive ranging from nutrition policies in developing countries to pregnancy and steatorrhea. The intended readership is students, researchers, physicians, social workers, and nutritionists, but the writing is such that the work is accessible to the lay reader. An added feature is a Web-accessible electronic version available to libraries at a minimal yearly fee. Recommended for medical, university, and large college and public libraries." --LIBRARY JOURNAL

"The Encyclopedia is a wonderful resource. I am aware of no other resource that spans such a wide area of nutrition--macronutrients, micronutrients, nutrient requirements through the lifecycle, clinical nutrition, food science, community nutrition, nutritional standards, and specific topics in biochemistry and physiology. I would certainly not hesitate to recommend this Encyclopedia as an excellent resource for any educational environment." --Dr. Kathryn Silliman, CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, CHICO

"This encyclopedia is a three-volume set containing vast amounts of nutrition information for the professional and lay person. The topics are easy to locate, and well organized. Locating specific topics is simplified since there is a complet Table of Contents in the front of each of the volumes. The index is very complete and detailed." --Journal of Nutrition for the Elderly, 1999

"A major achievement condensing current authoritative reviews on all aspects of nutrition and clinical nutrition. It is an excellent starting point for anyone initiating a research project in nutrition and is well indexed." --BMA Medical Book Competition

Ratings and Reviews