Since the first edition, the research literature on aging continues to expand rapidly, reflecting both the rising interest of the scientific community and also the needs of a growing older population. In the year 1900, persons over 65 years of age were the smallest portion of developed societies. Today they are emerging as the largest. Aging is a complex process of change involving influences of a biological, behavioral, social, and environmental nature, all of which are explored in the context of this encyclopedia. The second edition includes all new articles and wholly new coverage of topics that have seen research advances. Also available online via ScienceDirect (2006) – featuring extensive browsing, searching, and internal cross-referencing between articles in the work, plus dynamic linking to journal articles and abstract databases, making navigation flexible and easy. For more information, pricing options and availability visit

Key Features

>Organized alphabetically by article title >Consolidates and summarizes pertinent findings while providing additional readings >Breadth of coverage spans biology, psychology, social science, health science, and humanities >Every article contains a definition paragraph and a glossary of unfamiliar terms >Fully cross-referenced and contains a complete subject index >Online availability via ScienceDirect


Research scientists and academics in gerontology and medical fields.

Table of Contents

Abuse and Neglect of Elders Accelerated Aging Achievement Adaptation Addiction: General Adult Education Age Stratification Ageism and Discrimination Alcohol and Drugs Allergic Reactivity in the Elderly Andropause Anxiety Disorders Arthritis and Rheumatic Diseases Assessment: Neuropsychological Atherosclerosis Attention Autonomic Nervous System Balance, Posture and Gait Behavioral Genetics Bereavement and Loss Bioenergetics Body: Composition, Weight, Height and Build Brain and Central Nervous System Cancer and Age Cancer: Breast Cardiovascular System Careers in Aging Caregiving and Caring Cell Death Cellular Aging: Growth Factors and Cellular Senescence Cellular Signal Transduction Centenarians Cholesterol and Cell Plasma Membranes Cognitive-Behavioral Interventions Comparative and Cross-Cultural Studies Conditioning Consumer Behavior Creativity Crime and Age Critical Gerontology Cultural and Ethnic Influences on Aging Death and Dying Decision Making and Everyday Problem Solving Delerium Dementia Dementia: Alzheimer's Demography Dental Health Depression Diabetes Diet and Nutrition DNA and Gene Expression Driving Behavior Economics: Society Education and Aging Emotions Endocrine Function and Dysfunction Environmental Gerontology


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"A synopsis of the work suggests a conceptual shift from viewing aging as a disease to viewing it as an area of sophisticated inquiry related to humankind's longevity and quality of life. Summing Up: Essential. Lower-/upper-level undergraduates, graduate students, researchers/faculty, professionals/practitioners, and general readers." --D.B. Hamilton, Western Michigan University for CHOICE, June 2007, Vol. 44, No. 10