Encyclopedia of Ecology - 2nd Edition - ISBN: 9780444637680

Encyclopedia of Ecology

2nd Edition

Authors: Brian Fath
Book ISBN: 9780444637680
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 3rd September 2018
Page Count: 2862
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Encyclopedia of Ecology, Second Edition continues the acclaimed work of the previous edition published in 2008. It covers all scales of biological organization, from organisms, to populations, to communities and ecosystems. Laboratory, field, simulation modelling, and theoretical approaches are presented to show how living systems sustain structure and function in space and time. New areas of focus include micro- and macro scales, molecular and genetic ecology, and global ecology (e.g., climate change, earth transformations, ecosystem services, and the food-water-energy nexus) are included. In addition, new, international experts in ecology contribute on a variety of topics.

Key Features

  • Offers the most broad-ranging and comprehensive resource available in the field of ecology
  • Provides foundational content and suggests further reading
  • Incorporates the expertise of over 500 outstanding investigators in the field of ecology, including top young scientists with both research and teaching experience
  • Includes multimedia resources, such as an Interactive Map Viewer and links to a CSDMS (Community Surface Dynamics Modeling System), an open-source platform for modelers to share and link models dealing with earth system processes


Upper-undergraduate and graduate students looking for introduction to a broad array of topics in ecology, as well as professionals looking for a refresher on this material. These primarily include researchers in environmental and life sciences. Furthermore, this work will be of interest to applied practitioners (scientists and non-scientists) working in environmental management. More and more professions deal with the effective management of ecological resources such as climate impacts, conservation, food production, water and air quality, etc. This work will serve the purpose of providing them with sufficient knowledge of ecological sciences to effectively support their decisions

Table of Contents

8. List of Sections (tentative):

Section 1: Perspectives on GIS
• Tool or science; GI Science; GIS technology; location, place and space; geospatial intelligence
Section 2: Data capture and pre-processing
• Maps; remote sensing data; GPS data; spatial referencing and coordinator systems; data transformation; data fusion; open-access data; sensor network
Section 3: Data organization
• GIS architecture; spatial data models; space-time integration; spatial database
Section 4: Spatial data analysis
• Geoprocessing; coupling GIS in spatial modelling; geostatistics; spatial statistics; data mining; geosimulation; spatial optimization
Section 5: Data quality
• Uncertainty; error detection; propagation of errors; data quality control
Section 6: Implementation and management
• GIS selection; benefits and costs of GIS; uncertainty management; institutional consideration; data liability

Section 7: Web and mobile GIS
• Web GIS architecture and design; Geo-semantic Web; Mobile GIS architecture and design; Mobile mapping; smart phone GIS; location-based service; crowdsourcing
Section 8: Cyber infrastructure and GIS
• Cyber GIS; spatial cloud computing; Web service; Cyber GIS applications; OpenSource and open-access GIS
Section 9: Collaborative GIS
• Volunteered geographic information (VGI); public participation GIS; conflict resolution; collaborative decision making
Section 10: Virtual GIS
• Architecture and design; 3D visualization; geographical process
Section 11: 4D GIS
• Temporal database; Dynamic visualization; 4D analysis

Section 12: GIS for land use/land cover
• Cellular automata; agent-based modeling; spatial regression
Section 13: GIS for urban planning
• Multi-criterial suitability analysis; site selection; walkability evaluation; spatial optimization; Geodesign
Section 14: GIS for transportation and logistics
• Routing; location-allocation; accessibility; transportation planning; supply chain management
Section 15: GIS for natural hazard
• Earthquake, flooding, bushfire, etc.; vulnerability and exposure; risk mapping; loss estimation
Section 16: GIS for emergency management
• Evacuation planninggeosimulation
Section 17: GIS for natural resource
• Forestry; soil; plants; mineral mapping
Section 18: GIS for atmospheric environment
• Air pollution mapping and analysis; exposure
Section 19: GIS for hydrology
• Hydrological modelling; watershed planning; water quality
Section 20: GIS for ecosystems
• Biodiversity; ecosystem evaluation; wetland
Section 21: GIS for the oceans
• Navigation guidance; ship monitoring; example applications
Section 22: GIS for climate change
• Weather data; prediction scenarios; emission control

Section 23: GIS for history
• Historical data reconstruction; historical GIS projects
Section 24: GIS for business management
• Service planning; marketing; customer behaviour analysis
Section 25: GIS for social science
• Social media; social networks; urban form and social sustainability
Section 26: GIS for public health
• Cluster analysis; disease diffusion mapping; longitudinal analysis; accessibility to healthcare facilities
Section 27: GIS for public safety
• Crime mapping and analysis; policing
Section 28: GIS for politics
• Elections and redistricting; poll analysis; predictive mapping


No. of pages:
© Elsevier 2019
Book ISBN:

About the Author

Brian Fath

Brian D. Fath is Associate Professor in the Department of Biological Sciences at Towson University (MD, USA). He teaches courses in ecosystem ecology, environmental biology, networks, and human ecology and sustainability. Dr. Fath has also taught short-courses on ecological modelling in Portugal, Croatia, and Denmark. Since 2002, he is a regular summer research scientist at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (Austria).

Dr. Fath graduated in 1990 from Miami University (OH) with degrees in Physics and Aeronautics. He completed an M.S. degree in Environmental Science at Ohio State University (1993) and earned a Ph.D. in Ecology from the University of Georgia in 1998. He was a Post-Doctoral Fellow at the University of Georgia (1998-2000) and the U.S. EPA in Cincinnati (2000-2001).

Dr. Fath researches system sustainability using ecological network analysis, integrated environmental assessment, and information theory. He has published research papers in Journal of Theoretical Biology, Ecological Modelling, Biosystems, Ecological Complexity, Environmental Modelling and Software, and Ecosystems. He has co-authored the book A New Ecology: Systems Perspective. Professional Service includes: Associate Editor for the journal Ecological Modelling (since 2005), Associate Editor-in-chief for the Encyclopedia of Ecology, President, North American Chapter of International Society for Ecological Modelling (since 2006), Editorial Board, The Scientific World Journal (2001-present), Editorial Board, International Journal of Ecodynamics (2004-present), Board of Directors, International Environmental Modelling and Software Society (2004-present), Baltimore County Commission on Environmental Quality (2005-present).

Affiliations and Expertise

Towson University, MD, U.S.A.

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