Encyclopedia of Consciousness

Encyclopedia of Consciousness

1st Edition - March 26, 2009

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  • Editor: William Banks
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080920429

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Description

Consciousness has long been a subject of interest in philosophy and religion but only relatively recently has it become subject to scientific investigation. Now, more than ever before, we are beginning to understand this mental state. Developmental psychologists understand when we first develop a sense of self; neuropsychologists see which parts of the brain activate when we think about ourselves and which parts of the brain control that awareness. Cognitive scientists have mapped the circuitry that allows machines to have some form of self awareness, and neuroscientists investigate similar circuitry in the human brain. Research that once was separate inquiries in discreet disciplines is converging. List serves and small conferences focused on consciousness are proliferating. New journals have emerged in this field. A huge number of monographs and edited treatises have recently been published on consciousness, but there is no recognized entry point to the field, no comprehensive summary. This encyclopedia is that reference. Organized alphabetically by topic, coverage encompasses a summary of major research and scientific thought regarding the nature of consciousness, the neural circuitry involved, how the brain, body, and world interact, and our understanding of subjective states. The work includes contributions covering neuroscience, psychology, philosophy, and artificial intelligence to provide a comprehensive backdrop to recent and ongoing investigations into the nature of conscious experience from a philosophical, psychological, and biological perspective.

Readership

University and public libraries, as well as psychology and neuroscience departments and researchers

Table of Contents

  • Aesthetics and the Experience of Beauty
    Altered and Higher States of Consciousness
    Animal Consciousness
    Artificial Intelligence and Consciousness
    Attention, Awareness, and Neglect
    Attention: Change Blindness, Inattentional Blindness
    Attention: Selective Attention and Consciousness
    Autobiographical Memory and Consciousness
    Automaticity and Consciousness
    Behaviorism in Science and Philosophy
    Bistable Perception and Consciousness
    Blindsight
    Brain Basis of Voluntary Control
    Brain: Integration, Specialization, and Awareness
    Brain: Prefrontal Cortex and Awareness
    Brain: Subcortical Pathways and Consciousness
    Coma, Persistent Vegetative States, Diminished Consciousness
    Concepts and Definitions of Consciousness
    Consciousness and Experienced Effort
    Consciousness and Visual Illusions
    Consciousness of Space and Motor Control
    Cultural Milieu, History, and Intuitive (Folk) Theories of Consciousness
    Development: Consciousness From Birth to Adulthood
    Development: The Role of Social Relations, Cultural Assumptions, Theory of Mind
    Emotion and Consciousness
    Ethical Implications: Pain, Coma, and Treatment of Other Species
    Evolution of Consciousness (How Consciousness Evolved as a Tool of Survival)
    Expectancy, Placebos and Self-Deception
    Experimental Frameworks for Studying the Neural Basis of Consciousness
    Free Will
    Fringe and Partial Consciousness
    Function(s) of Consciousness
    General Anesthesia
    Habit, Action, and Consciousness
    History of Philosophical Theories of Consciousness
    History of the Scientific Study of Consciousness
    Hypnosis and Suggestibility
    Implicit Processes in Social Psychology
    Inner Speech and Consciousness
    Intentionality and Consciousness
    Intuition, Creativity, and Unconscious Problem Solving
    Language and Consciousness
    Memory: Amnesia and Awareness
    Memory: Control of Memory
    Memory: Errors, Constructive Processes, and Conscious Retrieval
    Memory: Implicit Learning and Implicit Memory
    Memory: Perceptual and Immediate Memory
    Memory: Procedural Memory, Skill, Perceptual-Motor Learning and Awareness
    Mental Representation and Consciousness
    Meta-awareness
    Mind Wandering and Other Lapses of Attention
    Mind-Body Problem
    Neural Basis of Perceptual Awareness in Humans
    Neurobiological Theories of Consciousness
    Neurochemical Basis of Consciousness
    Perception, Action and Consciousness
    Perception: Implicit, Subliminal
    Perception: the Coherence of Perception; Binding and Other Processes
    Perception: Unconscious Influences on Perceptual Interpretation
    Visual Experience and Immediate Memory
    Phenomenology of Consciousness
    Phylogeny and Evolution of Brain Structures and Consciousness
    Psychoactive Drugs and Conscious Alteration
    Psychodynamic Theories of Unconscious Activity
    Psychopathology and Consciousness
    Religious Experience: Psychology and Neurology
    Self: Body Awareness and Consciousness
    Self: Personal Identity
    Self: the Unity of Self, Self-Consistency
    Self-Awareness and Introspection
    Sleep: Dreaming and Consciousness
    Sleep: Dreaming Data and Theories
    Social Foundations of Consciousness
    Social Neuroscience of Groups
    Subjectivity; First- and Third-Person Analysis
    Theories of Consciousness: Cognitive
    Theory of Mind (Neural Basis)
    Time and Consciousness
    Unconscious Cognition
    Unconscious Emotion
    Unconscious Goals and Motivation
    Visual Imagery and Consciousness
    Volition and Voluntary Control
    William James and Consciousness

    *Contents are tentative and subject to change prior to publication

Product details

  • No. of pages: 1034
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2009
  • Published: March 26, 2009
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080920429

About the Editor

William Banks

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Psychology, Pomona College, Claremont, CA, USA

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