Encyclopedia of Caves - 3rd Edition - ISBN: 9780128141243

Encyclopedia of Caves

3rd Edition

Editors: William White David Culver Tanja Pipan
Paperback ISBN: 9780128141243
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st March 2019
Page Count: 1100
Sales tax will be calculated at check-out Price includes VAT/GST

Institutional Subscription

Secure Checkout

Personal information is secured with SSL technology.

Free Shipping

Free global shipping
No minimum order.


Encyclopedia of Caves, Third Edition, provides detailed background information to anyone with a serious interest in caves. This includes students, both undergraduate and graduate, in the earth, biological and environmental sciences, and consultants, environmental scientists, land managers and government agency staff whose work requires them to know something about caves and the biota that inhabit them. Caves touch on many scientific interests in geology, climate science, biology, hydrology, archaeology, and paleontology, as well as more popular interests in sport caving and cave exploration. Case studies and descriptions of specific caves selected for their special features and public interest are also included.

This book will appeal to these audiences by providing in-depth essays written by expert authors chosen for their expertise in their assigned subject.

Key Features

  • Features 14 new chapters and 13 completely rewritten chapters
  • Contains beautifully illustrated content, with more than 500 color images of cave life and features
  • Provides extensive bibliographies that allow readers to access their subject of interest in greater depth


Geologists, speleologists, environmental scientists, hydrogeologists, paleontologists, archaeologists, biologists, and cave enthusiasts

Table of Contents

Adaptation to low food
Adaptation: darkness
Adaptation: Low oxygen
Adaptation: Overview of natural selection
Adaptations: Behavioral
Adaptations: Morphological
Adaptive shifts
Anchialine caves
Ancient caves in eastern North America
Asellus aquaticus: A model organism
Astyanaxs mexicanus: A model organism for evolution and adaptation
Biodiversity: Australia
Biodiversity: Europe
Biodiversity: Europe
Biodiversity: North America
Biodiversity: Tropics
Burnsville Cove caves, Virginia
Castleguard Cave, Canada
Cave dwellers in the Middle East
Cave ecosystems
Cave, definition of
Caves as geomorphic time markers
Caves of northern Laos
Clastic sediments in caves
Closed depressions in karst areas
Coastal caves
Collembola, Dilura, and Thysanura
Contamination of cave waters by heavy metals
Contamination of cave waters by nonaqueous phase liquids
Cosmogenic isotope dating of cave sediments
Dinaric karst: geography and geology
Documentation and databases
Ecological classification of subterranean organisms
Epikarst communities
Exploration of caves - general
Exploration of caves: Underwater exploration techniques
Exploration of caves: Vertical caving techniques
Folklore, myth and legend, caves in
Food sources
Frassassi Caves, Italy
Geophysics of locating karst and caves
Glacier caves
Guano communities
Gypsum caves
Gypsum flowers and related speleothems
Hang Son Doong, Vietnam
Helictites and related speleothems
Holloch Cave, Switzerland
Hydrogeology of karst aquifers
Hydrothermal caves
Ice in caves
Iron ore caves and their fauna
Jewel Cave, South Dakota
Karren, cave
Karren, surface
Kazumura Cave, Hawaii
Krubera (Voronja) Cave
Lechuguilla Cave, New Mexico
Life history evolution
Mammoth Cave system Kentucky
Mapping subterranean biodiversity
Maya caves
Minerals in caves
Model species for evolution and adaptation
Modeling of karst aquifers
Multilevel caves and landscape evolution
Mulu Caves, Malaysia
Niphargus: A model organism for evolution and ecology
Nitrate contamination in karst groundwater
Nullarbor Caves, Australia
Omega System, Virginia
Paleoclimate records from speleothems
Paleomagnetic records in cave sediments
Paleontology of caves
Passage growth and development
Pierre Saint-Martin System, France
Postojna Planina Cave System, Slovenia
Protecting cave life
Protecting caves
Quartzite caves of South America
Recreational caving
Relict species
Saltpetre mining
San Wang Dong and related caves, China
Shallow subterranean habitats
Show caves
Siebenhengste Cave System, Switzerland
Sistema Huautla, Mexico
Soil piping and sinkhole failures
Solution caves in regions of high relief
Solution caves in regions of moderate relief
Species interactions
Speleogenesis: hypogenic
Speleogenesis; telogenic
Speleothems and speleothem deposition
Spiders and related groups
Sulfuric acid caves
Ukraine giant gypsum caves
Underwater caves of the Yucatan Peninsula
Uranium series dating of speleothems
Vertebrate visitors and unspecialized residents
Vicariance and dispersal
Vjetrenica Cave, Bosnia & Hercegovina
Volcanic rock caves
Walkulla Spring underwater cave system
Water chemistry in caves
Water tracing in karst aquifers
Wetlands in cave and karst regions
White-Nose syndrome: a fungal disease of North American hibernating bats


No. of pages:
© Academic Press 2019
Academic Press
Paperback ISBN:

About the Editor

William White

William B. White is Professor Emeritus of Geochemistry at The Pennsylvania State University. He holds a BS degree in chemistry from Juniata College (Huntingdon, PA) and a PhD in geochemistry from Penn State. His 40-year teaching career included a course in the geology of caves and karst. His research has produced 446 technical papers of which 131 deal with aspects of caves and karst. He is author or co-editor of 7 cave-related books including the first two editions of the Encyclopedia of Caves. He is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the National Speleological Society, and the Mineralogical Society of America.

Affiliations and Expertise

The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA

David Culver

David C. Culver received his BA from Grinnell College and his PhD from Yale University. He is Professor Emeritus of Environmental Science at American University. He has studied the ecology, evolution, biogeography, and biodiversity of the subterranean fauna for five decades and has published more than 120 papers in refereed journals, and authored or co-authored four books, two with Tanja Pipan. His studies of the subterranean fauna have taken him to more than 20 countries. He was co-editor with William B. White of the first two editions of the Encyclopedia of Caves.

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Environmental Science, American University, Washington, D.C., USA

Tanja Pipan

Tanja Pipan received her PhD in biology from the University of Ljubljana. She is currently Research Advisor at the Karst Research Institute, Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts (ZRC SAZU) and Professor of Biology at the University of Nova Gorica. She has broad research interests in subterranean biology, especially biodiversity, biogeography, ecology of shallow subterranean habitats, and ecosystem function. She has extensive experience with a variety of Slovenian subterranean habitats and has done the most extensive ecological study to date of the very rich fauna found in the epikarst. Since 2011 she is an associate editor of the Journal of Speleology for the field of biospeleology. She has travelled extensively in her study of the epikarst and other subsurface habitats.

Affiliations and Expertise

Research Advisor, Karst Research Institute, Scientific Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts (ZRC-SAZU) and Professor of Biology, University of Nova Gorica

Ratings and Reviews