Encyclopedia of Applied Ethics

2nd Edition

Editors: Dan Callahan Peter Singer
Editor-in-Chiefs: Ruth Chadwick
Hardcover ISBN: 9780123736321
eBook ISBN: 9780123739322
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 20th December 2011
Page Count: 3464

Institutional Access


The Encyclopedia of Applied Ethics, Second Edition addresses both the physiological and the psychological aspects of human behavior.  Carefully crafted, well written, and thoroughly indexed, the encyclopedia helps users - whether they are students just beginning formal study of the broad field or specialists in a branch of psychology - understand the field and how and why humans behave as we do.

The work is an all-encompassing reference providing a comprehensive and definitive review of the field. A broad and inclusive table of contents ensures detailed investigation of historical and theoretical material as well as in-depth analysis of current issues. Several disciplines may be involved in applied ethics: one branch of applied ethics, for example, bioethics, is commonly explicated in terms of ethical, legal, social, and philosophical issues.  Editor-in-Chief Ruth Chadwick has put together a group of leading contributors ranging from philosophers to practitioners in the particular fields in question, to academics from disciplines such as law and economics.

The 376 chapters are divided into 4 volumes, each chapter falling into a subject category including Applied Ethics;  Bioethics; Computers and Information Management; Economics/Business; Environmental Ethics; Ethics and Politics; Legal; Medical Ethics; Philosophy/Theories;  Social; and Social/Media.

Key Features

  • Concise entries (ten pages on average) provide foundational knowledge of the field
  • Each article will features suggested readings pointing readers to additional sources for more information, a list of related websites, a 5-10 word glossary and a definition paragraph, and cross-references to related articles in the encyclopedia
  • Newly expanded editorial board and a host of international contributors from the US, Australia, Belgium, Canada, France, Germany, Ireland, Israel, Japan, Sweden, and the United Kingdom
  • The 376 chapters are divided into 4 volumes, each chapter falling into a subject category including Applied Ethics; Bioethics; Computers and Information Management; Economics/Business; Environmental Ethics; Ethics and Politics; Legal; Medical Ethics; Philosophy/Theories; Social; and Social/Media


Undergraduate and graduate students in psychology and the behavioral sciences, as well as researchers in various psychological subdisciplines and psychiatry; the encyclopedia is also useful for the lay public who may have an interest in topics related to human behavior

Table of Contents


Section Editors

Editorial Advisory Board


Permission Acknowledgments

Article Titles



Accounting and Business Ethics

Acts and Omissions



Advance Directives


Affirmative Action

Affordable Housing, Ethics of


Agricultural Ethics

AIDS, Ethical Issues in Health Care

AIDS in the Developing World

Altruism and Economics

Anatomy, Ethics of

Animal Research

Animal Rights


Appearance, Ethics of

Applied Ethics, Challenges to

Applied Ethics, Overview

Archaeological Ethics

Aristotelian Ethics

Arts, The

Auditing Practices

Authority in Education



Benefit Sharing




Bioethics, Overview

Bioinformatics and Ethics

Biometric Technologies, Ethical Implications

Biopower (Foucault)



Border Control

Brain Death

Broadcast Journalism


Built Environment, Ethics and the

Business Ethics and Gender Issues

Business Ethics and the Quality of Life

Business Ethics, Overview

Business Practices and Agent Virtue


Capital Punishment

Care, Ethics of



Child Abuse

Children’s Rights

Christian Ethics, Protestant

Christian Ethics, Roman Catholic


Civil Disobedience

Civilian Populations in War, Targeting of

Climate Change

Clinical Ethics


Codes of Ethics

Collective Guilt

Communication Ethics


Community Consent



No. of pages:
© Academic Press 2012
Academic Press
Hardcover ISBN:
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About the Editor

Dan Callahan

Affiliations and Expertise

The Hastings Center, Briarcliff Manor

Peter Singer

Affiliations and Expertise

Monash University

About the Editor-in-Chief

Ruth Chadwick

Ruth Chadwick is Distinguished Research Professor and Director of the ESRC (Economic and Social Sciences Research Council) Centre for Economic and Social Aspects of Genomics (Cesagen), at Cardiff University, UK and Link Chair between Cardiff Law School and the School of English, Communication and Philosophy (ENCAP). Professor Chadwick has coordinated a number of projects funded by the European Commission, including the EUROSCREEN projects and co-edits the journal Bioethics and the online journal Genomics, Society and Policy. She is Chair of the Human Genome Organisation Committee on Ethics, Law and Society, and has served as a member of several policy-making and advisory bodies, including the Panel of Eminent Ethical Experts of the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO), and the UK Advisory Committee on Novel Foods and Processes (ACNFP). She was editor-in-chief of the first edition of the award winning Encyclopedia of Applied Ethics. She is an Academician of the Academy of Social Sciences and a Fellow of the Hastings Center, New York; of the Royal Society of Arts; and of the Royal Society of Medicine. In 2005 she was the winner of the World Technology Network Award for Ethics for her work on the relationship between scientific developments and ethical frameworks. She graduated with first class Honours Literae Humaniores (Philosophy and Greek and Latin Literature) from the University of Oxford, and then went on to take the B.Phil. in Philosophy. She was awarded her D.Phil. on The Ethics of Eugenics and Genetic Engineering, supervised by Jonathan Glover. She completed an LL.B. (externally) at the University of London. She held positions at the University of Liverpool, St. Martins College, Lancaster, and University of Wales, Cardiff, before taking up her post as Professor of Moral Philosophy at the University of Central Lancashire. In June 1995 she became Head of the Centre for Professional Ethics at the University, a position she still holds. S

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Bioethics, Lancaster University, Lancaster, U.K.


"This authoritative four-volume reference has a broad reach, encompassing the various fields and endeavors in which ethical issues arise as well as the field of practical ethics itself and a variety of historical, con- temporary, religious, and secular approaches. Written by an international roster of philosophers, practitioners in numerous fields, and academics from disciplines such as law and economics, this is a resource of value to an equally diverse audience. The second edition is a substantial revision and expansion of the 1998 first edition, both in terms of ongoing thinking about older topics and in terms of new topics introduced by events and developments of the intervening years. Entries are fully developed, well-structured, signed articles, each enhanced with a brief glossary, a bibliography, website references, and brief bios of the contributing authors. A subject classification in the front matter lists entries under the following broad themes: applied ethics, bioethics, computers and information management, economics and business, environment, politics, education, law, medicine, philosophical theories, social, and media. A more specific sampling of topics: reality TV, biometric technologies, race and genomics, electronic surveillance, land use issues, tourism, religion in schools, victimless crimes, obesity, rights theory, gender roles, and social services, among many, many others." --Reference and Research Book News, August 2012

"The last 15 years have seen watershed movements in ethics, especially applied ethics.  The second edition of this encyclopedia reflects these changes, touching on developments in medicine, information technology, and privacy among others…The scope of the content and the quality of the articles (especially the discussions of the relationship of hermeneutics to applied ethics) will appeal to the full range of students, specialists, and interested readers.  Summing up:  Highly recommend