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Emerging Technologies for Food Processing - 2nd Edition - ISBN: 9780124114791, 9780124104815

Emerging Technologies for Food Processing

2nd Edition

Author: Da-Wen Sun
Hardcover ISBN: 9780124114791
eBook ISBN: 9780124104815
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 19th August 2014
Page Count: 666
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The second edition of Emerging Technologies in Food Processing presents essential, authoritative, and complete literature and research data from the past ten years. It is a complete resource offering the latest technological innovations in food processing today, and includes vital information in research and development for the food processing industry. It covers the latest advances in non-thermal processing including high pressure, pulsed electric fields, radiofrequency, high intensity pulsed light, ultrasound, irradiation, and addresses the newest hurdles in technology where extensive research has been carried out.

Key Features

  • Provides an extensive list of research sources to further research development
  • Presents current and thorough research results and critical reviews
  • Includes the most recent technologies used for shelf life extension, bioprocessing simulation and optimization


Food Processors, Food Engineers, Food Technologists, Students and researchers in research universities/ labs

Table of Contents

  • Preface to the 2nd Edition
  • Editor Biography
  • <li>Section I. High Pressure Processing<ul><li>Chapter 1. High-Pressure Processing of Foods: An Overview<ul><li>1.1. Introduction</li><li>1.2. Principles of HP Processing</li><li>1.3. Use of HP to Improve Food Safety and Stability</li><li>1.4. Effects of HP on Food Quality</li><li>1.5. Other Applications of HP</li><li>1.6. Modeling HP Processes</li><li>1.7. Outlook for HP Processing of&#xA0;Food</li><li>1.8. Conclusions</li></ul></li><li>Chapter 2. High-Pressure Processing of Salads and Ready Meals<ul><li>2.1. Introduction</li><li>2.2. Importance of Salads and&#xA0;Ready Meals</li><li>2.3. Pressure Effects on&#xA0;Microorganisms</li><li>2.4. The Effects of Pressure on Enzyme Activity</li><li>2.5. The Effects of Pressure on Color</li><li>2.6. The Effects of Pressure on Texture</li><li>2.7. The Effects of Pressure on Nutrients</li><li>2.8. Conclusions</li></ul></li><li>Chapter 3. High-Pressure Processing of Meats and Seafood<ul><li>3.1. Introduction</li><li>3.2. HPP Effect on the Texture and&#xA0;Water Retention of Meat and&#xA0;Seafood</li><li>3.3. The effect of HPP on Sensory Quality</li><li>3.4. The Chemical Safety of Pressure-Treated Meat Products</li><li>3.5. Pressure-Assisted Processes Applied to Meat and Seafood</li><li>3.6. Conclusions</li></ul></li><li>Chapter 4. High-Pressure Processing of Fruits and Fruit Products<ul><li>4.1. Introduction</li><li>4.2. Physicochemical Parameters</li><li>4.3. Color</li><li>4.4. Texture</li><li>4.5. Flavor</li><li>4.6. Vitamins</li><li>4.7. Microorganisms</li><li>4.8. Conclusions</li></ul></li><li>Chapter 5. Microbiological Aspects of High-Pressure Processing<ul><li>5.1. Introduction</li><li>5.2. Effects of High Pressure</li><li>5.3. Factors Affecting The Effectiveness of Treatment</li><li>5.4. Conclusions</li></ul></li></ul></li> <li>Section II. Pulsed Electric Fields Processing<ul><li>Chapter 6. Overview of Pulsed Electric Fields Processing for Food<ul><li>6.1. Introduction</li><li>6.2. Historical Background</li><li>6.3. Mechanisms of Action</li><li>6.4. PEF Treatment System</li><li>6.5. Main Processing Parameters</li><li>6.6. Applications</li><li>6.7. Conclusions</li><li>Nomenclature</li></ul></li><li>Chapter 7. Pulsed Electric Field Processing of Liquid Foods and Beverages<ul><li>7.1. Introduction</li><li>7.2. PEF Technology</li><li>7.3. Mechanisms of Microbial Inactivation</li><li>7.4. Equipment</li><li>7.5. PEF Treatment Variables</li><li>7.6. Target Differences</li><li>7.7. PEF-Based Nonthermal Hurdle&#xA0;Strategies</li><li>7.8. Specific Results on Liquid Foods</li><li>7.9. Process Models</li><li>7.10. Conclusions</li><li>Nomenclature</li></ul></li><li>Chapter 8. Effect of High-Intensity Electric Field Pulses on Solid Foods<ul><li>8.1. Introduction</li><li>8.2. Principle and Analysis of Cell Disintegration by PEF</li><li>8.3. Effects on Solid Foods</li><li>8.4. Equipment and Energy Requirements</li><li>8.5. Conclusions</li></ul></li><li>Chapter 9. Enzymatic Inactivation by Pulsed Electric Fields<ul><li>9.1. Introduction</li><li>9.2. Mechanism of Enzyme Inactivation by PEF</li><li>9.3. Factors Affecting Enzyme Inactivation by PEF</li><li>9.4. Effects of PEF on Specific Enzymes</li><li>9.5. Modeling Enzymatic Inactivation by PEF</li><li>9.6. Enzyme Inactivation by Combining PEF with Other Hurdles</li><li>9.7. Enzyme Activity During Storage of PEF Processed Foods</li><li>9.8. Conclusions</li><li>Nomenclature</li></ul></li><li>Chapter 10. Food Safety Aspects of Pulsed Electric Fields<ul><li>10.1. Introduction</li><li>10.2. Microbiological Safety of PEF</li><li>10.3. Chemical Safety and PEFs</li><li>10.4. Conclusions</li><li>Nomenclature</li></ul></li></ul></li> <li>Section III. Other Nonthermal Processing Techniques<ul><li>Chapter 11. Recent Developments in Osmotic Dehydration<ul><li>11.1. Introduction</li><li>11.2. Mechanism of Osmotic Dehydration</li><li>11.3. Effect of Process Parameters&#xA0;on Mass Transfer and&#xA0;Structure</li><li>11.4. Determination of Moisture and Solid Diffusion Coefficients</li><li>11.5. Methods For Increasing the Rate of Mass Transfer</li><li>11.6. Applications of Osmotic Dehydration</li><li>11.7. Limitations of Osmotic Dehydration</li><li>11.8. Management of Osmotic Solution</li><li>11.9. Conclusions</li><li>Nomenclature</li></ul></li><li>Chapter 12. Athermal Membrane Processes for the Concentration of Liquid Foods and Natural Colors<ul><li>12.1. Introduction</li><li>12.2. Existing Methods</li><li>12.3. Osmotic Membrane Distillation</li><li>12.4. Direct Osmosis</li><li>12.5. Membrane Modules</li><li>12.6. Applications</li><li>12.7. Integrated Membrane Processes</li><li>12.8. Suggestions for Future Work</li><li>12.9. Conclusions</li><li>Nomenclature</li></ul></li><li>Chapter 13. High-intensity Pulsed Light Technology<ul><li>13.1. Introduction</li><li>13.2. Principles of PLT</li><li>13.3. Systems for PLT</li><li>13.4. Effects of PL on Microorganisms</li><li>13.5. Technological Aspects of PLT</li><li>13.6. Effects of PL on Food Quality&#xA0;and Components</li><li>13.7. Conclusions</li></ul></li><li>Chapter 14. Nonthermal Processing By Radio Frequency Electric Fields<ul><li>14.1. Introduction</li><li>14.2. Radio Frequency Electric Fields Equipment</li><li>14.3. Modeling of Radio Frequency Electric Fields</li><li>14.4. RFEF Nonthermal Inactivation of Yeast</li><li>14.5. Bench Scale RFEF Inactivation of Bacteria and Spores</li><li>14.6. Pilot-Scale RFEF Inactivation of Bacteria</li><li>14.7. Electrical Costs</li><li>14.8. Conclusions</li></ul></li><li>Chapter 15. Application of Ultrasound<ul><li>15.1. Introduction</li><li>15.2. Fundamentals of Ultrasound</li><li>15.3. Ultrasound as a Food Preservation Tool</li><li>15.4. Ultrasound as a Processing&#xA0;Aid</li><li>15.5. Ultrasound Effects on Food Properties</li><li>15.6. Conclusions</li></ul></li><li>Chapter 16. Irradiation<ul><li>16.1. Introduction</li><li>16.2. Definition of Irradiation</li><li>16.3. Gamma and X-ray Irradiation</li><li>16.4. UV Irradiation</li><li>16.5. Combined Treatments</li><li>16.6. Conclusions</li></ul></li><li>Chapter 17. New Chemical and Biochemical Hurdles<ul><li>17.1. Introduction</li><li>17.2. Novel antimicrobial Agents</li><li>17.3. Essential Oils</li><li>17.4. Antimicrobial Peptides</li><li>17.5. Novel Chemical Antimicrobial Agents</li><li>17.6. Quantification of Minimum and Noninhibitory ConcentrationS</li><li>17.7. Biochemical Hurdles</li><li>17.8. Conclusions</li></ul></li><li>Chapter 18. Decontamination of Foods by Cold Plasma<ul><li>18.1. Introduction</li><li>18.2. The Chemistry of Cold Plasma</li><li>18.3. Low-Pressure Cold Plasmas</li><li>18.4. Atmospheric Pressure Cold&#xA0;Plasmas</li><li>18.5. Economics of Cold Plasma</li><li>18.6. Conclusions</li></ul></li><li>Chapter 19. Opportunities and Challenges in the Application of Ozone in Food Processing<ul><li>19.1. Introduction</li><li>19.2. Physicochemical Properties</li><li>19.3. Ozonation Reactions</li><li>19.4. Generation of Ozone</li><li>19.5. Solubility of Ozone in Water</li><li>19.6. Methods for Mixing Ozone</li><li>19.7. Determination and Monitoring of Ozone</li><li>19.8. Critical Factors Affecting The Efficacy of Ozone</li><li>19.9. Application in Food Processing</li><li>19.10. Synergistic Effects of Ozone</li><li>19.11. Conclusions</li></ul></li></ul></li> <li>Section IV. Alternative Thermal Processing<ul><li>Chapter 20. Recent Developments in Microwave Heating<ul><li>20.1. Introduction</li><li>20.2. Dielectric Properties of Foods</li><li>20.3. Heat and Mass Transfer in Microwave Processing</li><li>20.4. Microwave Processing of Foods</li><li>20.5. Conclusions</li><li>Nomenclature</li></ul></li><li>Chapter 21. Radio-Frequency Processing<ul><li>21.1. Introduction</li><li>21.2. Dielectric Heating</li><li>21.3. Material Properties</li><li>21.4. Adopting RF Heating</li><li>21.5. RF Heating Applications</li><li>21.6. RF Drying Applications</li><li>21.7. Conclusions</li><li>Nomenclature</li></ul></li><li>Chapter 22. Ohmic Heating<ul><li>22.1. Introduction</li><li>22.2. Fundamentals of Ohmic Heating</li><li>22.3. Electrical Conductivity</li><li>22.4. Generic Configurations</li><li>22.5. Modeling</li><li>22.6. Treatment of Products</li><li>22.7. Conclusions</li><li>Nomenclature</li></ul></li><li>Chapter 23. Combined Microwave Vacuum Drying<ul><li>23.1. Introduction</li><li>23.2. Microwaves</li><li>23.3. Dielectric Properties of Food</li><li>23.4. Thermal Properties of Food</li><li>23.5. Characteristics of&#xA0;Microwave Vacuum Drying</li><li>23.6. Combination of Microwave Vacuum with Other Processes</li><li>23.7. Equipment</li><li>23.8. Modeling of Microwave Vacuum-Drying</li><li>23.9. Microwave Freeze-Drying</li><li>23.10. Other Applications of&#xA0;Microwave Vacuum Processing</li><li>23.11. Commercial Potential</li><li>23.12. Conclusions</li><li>Nomenclature</li></ul></li><li>Chapter 24. Recent Advances in Hybrid Drying Technologies<ul><li>24.1. Introduction</li><li>24.2. Product Quality Degradation During Dehydration</li><li>24.3. Hybrid Drying Systems</li><li>24.4. Conclusions</li></ul></li><li>Chapter 25. Infrared Heating<ul><li>25.1. Introduction</li><li>25.2. Fundamentals of IR Heating</li><li>25.3. Computational Modeling of IR Heating Process</li><li>25.4. Application of IR Heating for Food and Agricultural Processing</li><li>25.5. Outlook of IR Heating for Food and Agricultural Processing</li><li>25.6. Conclusions</li><li>Nomenclature</li></ul></li></ul></li> <li>Section V. Innovations in Food Refrigeration<ul><li>Chapter 26. Vacuum Cooling of Foods<ul><li>26.1. Introduction</li><li>26.2. Vacuum Cooling Principles, Process, and Equipment</li><li>26.3. Vacuum Cooling Applications in the Food Industry</li><li>26.4. Mathematical Modeling of Vacuum-Cooling Process</li><li>26.5. Advantages and Disadvantages of Vacuum Cooling</li><li>26.6. Factors Affecting Vacuum-Cooling Process</li><li>26.7. Conclusions</li><li>Nomenclature</li></ul></li><li>Chapter 27. Ultrasonic Assistance for Food Freezing<ul><li>27.1. Introduction</li><li>27.2. Power Ultrasound Generation and Equipment</li><li>27.3. Acoustic Effects on the Food Freezing Process</li><li>27.4. Factors Affecting Power Ultrasound Efficiency</li><li>27.5. Applications</li><li>27.6. Conclusions</li></ul></li><li>Chapter 28. High-Pressure Freezing<ul><li>28.1. Introduction</li><li>28.2. High Pressure for Freezing: Principles and Equipment</li><li>28.3. Types of High-Pressure Freezing Processes</li><li>28.4. Microbial and Enzymatic Inactivation after High-Pressure Freezing</li><li>28.5. Modeling High-Pressure Freezing Processes</li><li>28.6. Future Perspectives</li><li>28.7. Conclusions</li><li>Nomenclature</li></ul></li><li>Chapter 29. Controlling the Freezing Process with Antifreeze Proteins<ul><li>29.1. Introduction</li><li>29.2. Water as the Solvent of Life</li><li>29.3. The Physical Characteristics of Ice</li><li>29.4. Historical Review of AFP Research</li><li>29.5. Cold Tolerance in Cold-Blooded Animals</li><li>29.6. AFPS in Various Organisms</li><li>29.7. Types of AFP</li><li>29.8. Antifreeze Mechanism</li><li>29.9. Enhancement of Antifreeze Activity</li><li>29.10. The Use of AFP in Food Preservation</li><li>29.11. Physical and Chemical Characteristics of AFPS</li><li>29.12. Conclusions</li></ul></li><li>Chapter 30. Freezing Combined with Electrical and Magnetic Disturbances<ul><li>30.1. Introduction</li><li>30.2. Water Properties and&#xA0;Freezing</li><li>30.3. Phase Changes Under Electrical Disturbances</li><li>30.4. Magnetic Fields and Phase Change</li><li>30.5. Research on Freezing Under&#xA0;an Electric Field</li><li>30.6. Electro and Magnetic Electric Fields or Oscillating Electric Fields</li><li>30.7. Patent Search</li><li>30.8. Conclusions</li><li>Nomenclature</li></ul></li></ul></li> <li>Section VI. Minimal Processing<ul><li>Chapter 31. Minimal Processing of Fresh Fruit, Vegetables, and Juices<ul><li>31.1. Introduction</li><li>31.2. Factors and Processing Operations that Affect the Quality of Minimally Processed Plant Foods</li><li>31.3. Emerging Technologies for&#xA0;Keeping the Microbial and Sensory Quality of MPFVS</li><li>31.4. Emerging Technologies FOR&#xA0;Minimally Processed Fresh&#xA0;Fruit&#xA0;Juices</li><li>31.5. Conclusions</li></ul></li><li>Chapter 32. Minimal Processing of Ready Meals<ul><li>32.1. Introduction</li><li>32.2. Design of Total System</li><li>32.3. Cook-Chill</li><li>32.4. Cook-Freeze</li><li>32.5. Sous-Vide</li><li>32.6. Novel and Alternative Processing Options</li><li>32.7. Conclusions</li></ul></li><li>Chapter 33. Modified Atmosphere Packaging, for Minimally Processed Foods<ul><li>33.1. Introduction</li><li>33.2. Properties of Packaged Food</li><li>33.3. Properties of Packaging Materials</li><li>33.4. Modified Atmosphere Packaging Design</li><li>33.5. Conclusions</li><li>Nomenclature</li></ul></li></ul></li> <li>Index</li>


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© Academic Press 2015
19th August 2014
Academic Press
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About the Author

Da-Wen Sun

Dr. Da-Wen Sun is internationally recognized for his leadership in food engineering research and education and is a highly respected journal editor. He is the recipient of numerous awards and honors including election to the Royal Irish Academy in 2010, selection as a Member of Academia Europaea (The Academy of Europe) in 2011, induction as a Fellow of International Academy of Food Science and Technology in 2012, recipient of the International Association for Food Protection (IAFP) Freezing Research Award in 2013, recipient of the International Association of Engineering and Food (IAEF) Lifetime Achievement Award in 2015, and named as a Thomson Reuters Highly Cited Researcher in 2015.

Dr. Da-Wen Sun is internationally recognized for his leadership in food engineering research and education and a highly respected journal editor. He is the recipient of numerous awards and honors including election to the Royal Irish Academy in 2010, selection as a Member of Academia Europaea (The Academy of Europe) in 2011, induction as a Fellow of International Academy of Food Science and Technology in 2012, the International Association for Food Protection (IAFP) Freezing Research Award in 2013, the International Association of Engineering and Food (IAEF) Lifetime Achievement Award in 2015 and naming as 2015 Thomson Reuters Highly Cited Researcher. His many scholarly works have become standard reference materials for researchers in the areas of computer vision/hyperspectral imaging, computational fluid dynamics modelling, and vacuum cooling. Results of his work have been published in more than 400 peer-reviewed journal papers (Web of Science h-index = 66), among them; thirty papers have been selected by ESI as highly-cited papers, ranking him first in the world in Agricultural Sciences.

Affiliations and Expertise

Food Refrigeration and Computerised Food Technology, University College Dublin, National University of Ireland, Belfield, Dublin, Ireland

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