Emerging Nanotechnologies in Dentistry

1st Edition

Processes, Materials and Applications

Authors: Karthikeyan Subramani Waqar Ahmed
Hardcover ISBN: 9781455778621
eBook ISBN: 9781455778577
Imprint: William Andrew
Published Date: 22nd November 2011
Page Count: 412
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Table of Contents




List of Contributors

Chapter 1. Nanotechnology and the Future of Dentistry

1.1. Introduction

1.2. Nanotechnology Approaches

1.3. Nanotechnology to Nanomanufacturing

1.4. Nanodentistry

1.5. Future Directions and Conclusions

Chapter 2. Nanoparticles for Dental Materials

2.1. Introduction: Why Use Nanoparticles?

2.2. Synthesis of Nanoparticles

2.3. Examples of Dental Materials Using Nanoparticles

2.4. Selected Properties of Dental Materials Containing Nanoparticles

2.5. Clinical Experience with Dental Materials Containing Nanoparticles

2.6. Conclusions

Chapter 3. Antimicrobial Nanoparticles in Restorative Composites

3.1. Introduction

3.2. Antibacterial Restorative Composites

3.3. Antimicrobial Macromolecules

3.4. Nanoparticles

3.5. Conclusions

Chapter 4. Nanotechnology in Operative Dentistry

4.1. Introduction

4.2. Historical Review: Nanotechnology Applications in Operative Dentistry

4.3. Biomimetics

4.4. Fillers in Composite Resins

4.5. SEM and EDS Evaluation

4.6. Filler Weight Content (wt%)

4.7. Water Sorption

4.8. Mechanical Behavior

4.9. Clinical Applications

4.10. Conclusions

Chapter 5. Impact of Nanotechnology on Dental Implants

5.1. Introduction

5.2. Nanoscale Surface Modifications

5.3. Interactions of Surface Dental Implants with Blood

5.4. Interactions Between Surfaces and MSCs

5.5. Tissue Integration

5.6. Conclusion

Chapter 6. Titanium Surface Modification Techniques for Dental Implants—From Microscale to Nanoscale

6.1. Introduction

6.2. Titanium Surface Modification Methods

6.3. Limitations and Conclusion

Chapter 7. Titanium Nanotub


New nanomaterials are leading to a range of emerging dental treatments that utilize more biomimetic materials that more closely duplicate natural tooth structure (or bone, in the case of implants). The use of nanostructures that will work in harmony with the body’s own regenerative processes (eg, to restore tooth structure or alveolar bone) are moving into clinical practice. This book brings together an international team of experts from the fields of nanomaterials, biomedical engineering and dentistry, to cover the new materials and techniques with potential for use intra-orally or extra-orally for the restoration, fixation, replacement, or regeneration of hard and soft tissues in and about the oral cavity and craniofacial region. New dental nanotechnologies include the use of advanced inorganic and organic materials, smart and biomimetic materials, tissue engineering and drug delivery strategies.

Key Features

  • Book prepared by an interdisciplinary and international group of bio-nanomaterial scientists and dental/oral biomedical researchers
  • Comprehensive professional reference for the subject covering materials fabrication and use of materials for all major diagnostic and therapeutic dental applications – repair,restoration, regeneration, implants and prevention
  • Book focuses in depth on the materials manufacturing processes involved with emphasis on pre-clinical and clinical applications, use and biocompatibility


  1. Industry sector / academic specialisation

  • Bio-nanomaterials
  • Dental biomaterials
  • Dental researchers and clinical practitioners, primarily in the areas of dental materials, restorative dentistry, implantology, oral surgery and periodontics.
  • Dental and orthopaedic implant companies
  • Companies manufacturing Dental composite resin (tooth coloured restorative filler materials)
  • Biotechnology and biopharmaceutical companies producing bone and tissue regenerative biomaterials.
  • Biosensor companies

Job title / function

    • Nanotechnology students ( postgraduate and doctoral students)
    • Dentistry (postgraduate and doctoral students)
    • Clinical practitioners (dentistry / dental implants)
    • Medicine ( postgraduate and doctoral students)
    • Allied health care professionals and students ( postgraduate and doctoral students)
    • Biotechnology (postgraduate and doctoral students)
    • Biomedical Engineering ( postgraduate and doctoral students)
    • Material scientists and students ( postgraduate and doctoral students

Applied researchers and academicians in the field of dentistry, nanotechnology, oral biology, biomaterials, biosensors, microbiology, biomedical nanotechnology and tissue engineering.


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© William Andrew 2012
William Andrew
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About the Authors

Karthikeyan Subramani Author

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Orthodontics, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA

Waqar Ahmed Author

Affiliations and Expertise

Institute for Advanced Manufacturing and Innovation, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK