Emerging Contaminants in the Terrestrial-Aquatic-Atmosphere Continuum

Emerging Contaminants in the Terrestrial-Aquatic-Atmosphere Continuum

Occurrence, Health Risks and Mitigation

1st Edition - May 6, 2022

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  • Editor: Willis Gwenzi
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323903448
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323900515

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Description

Emerging Contaminants in Terrestrial and Aquatic Environments: Occurrence, Health Risks, and Mitigation provides the latest information on the synthesis of the occurrence, behavior, human health risks and mitigation of emerging contaminants in developing countries. First highlighting sources, industrial applications, key drivers and regulatory frameworks, the book then goes on to discuss the nature of emerging contaminants, including organic (e.g., pharmaceuticals), inorganic (e.g., rare earth elements) and biological agents (e.g., antimicrobial resistance). It then presents the dissemination, environmental behavior, and fate in terrestrial and aquatic systems as well as the human and ecological exposure pathways, health risks, and more. Offering a transdisciplinary approach that brings together perspectives and contributions from experts in environmental sciences, hydrology, environmental engineering, ecotoxicology, chemistry, material sciences, and legal and policy aspects, the book provides an approachable and flexible resource for researchers and upper-level students with diverse academic backgrounds.

Key Features

  • Adopts a lifecycle perspective by including industrial applications, behavior and fate and human health risks and removal
  • Focuses on developing regions and covers a wide range of emerging contaminants, including those often overlooked in earlier books such as rare earth elements and antimicrobial resistance
  • Presents a clear understanding of the contrasts between developed and developing countries with respect to emerging contaminants and their health risks and mitigation, including water and wastewater treatment systems commonly used in developing countries
  • Covers human and ecological health risks in developing countries

Readership

Undergraduate and post-graduate students, research students, academics and researchers in environmental science, soil science, and aquatic science

Table of Contents

  • Cover
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • Dedication
  • Contributors
  • Editor biography
  • Preface
  • 1: Motivation for the book
  • 2: Novelty of the book
  • 3: Layout/structure of the book
  • 4: Target audience
  • Acknowledgements
  • Section A: Introduction to emerging contaminants
  • Chapter 1: Emerging contaminants: A handful of conceptual and organizing frameworks
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Nature, industrial applications, and sources of emerging contaminants
  • 3: Conceptual and organizing frameworks
  • 4: Conceptual frameworks as tools for framing and organizing the book
  • 5: Concluding remarks and outlook
  • References
  • Chapter 2: Emerging contaminants in the terrestrial-aquatic-atmosphere continuum: A global perspective
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Emerging contaminants
  • 3: Emerging contaminants: A global perspective
  • 4: Future perspectives and outlook
  • 5: Conclusions
  • References
  • Section B: Emerging contaminants in terrestrial systems
  • Chapter 3: High-technology rare earth elements in the soil-plant system: Occurrence, behaviour, and fate
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Industrial applications and anthropogenic sources
  • 3: Occurrence of REEs in the soil-plant system
  • 4: Biogeochemical controls and fate of REEs
  • 5: Future directions and perspectives
  • 6: Conclusions and outlook
  • References
  • Chapter 4: (Micro)plastics in the soil system: Occurrence, behaviour, fate, and future directions
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Nature and sources of (micro)plastics
  • 3: Occurrence of (micro)plastics in the soil system
  • 4: Behaviour and fate processes
  • 5: Future research directions and perspectives
  • 6: Conclusions and outlook
  • References
  • Section C: Emerging contaminants in aquatic systems
  • Chapter 5: Occurrence and behaviour of emerging organic contaminants in aquatic systems
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Emerging organic contaminants
  • 3: Behaviour, fate, and human health risks
  • 4: Removal of emerging contaminants: Opportunities and challenges
  • 5: Knowledge gaps and future research
  • 6: Conclusions and outlook
  • Author contributions
  • References
  • Chapter 6: Anthropogenic rare earth elements in aquatic environments: Occurrence, behaviour, and fate
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Sources and occurrence
  • 3: Behaviour and fate in aquatic systems
  • 4: Future perspectives and knowledge gaps
  • 5: Conclusions and outlook
  • References
  • Chapter 7: (Micro)plastics in aquatic systems: Current research focal areas, under-studied matrices, and future directions
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: (Micro)plastics in aquatic systems
  • 3: Future research directions: Ten (10) key knowledge gaps on (micro)plastics in aquatic systems
  • 4: Conclusions and outlook
  • References
  • Chapter 8: Antibiotic-resistant bacteria and antibiotic resistance genes in aquatic systems: Occurrence, behaviour, and fate
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Occurrence of antimicrobial resistance in aquatic systems
  • 3: Behaviour and fate of antimicrobial resistance in aquatic systems
  • 4: Removal of antibiotic resistance in wastewater treatment systems
  • 5: Future perspectives and conclusions
  • Author contributions
  • References
  • Section D: Emerging contaminants in atmospheric systems
  • Chapter 9: Air-borne emerging contaminants: An under-studied reservoir and a potential health risk?
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Air-borne emerging contaminants
  • 3: Occurrence of air-borne emerging contaminants
  • 4: Future research directions
  • 5: Conclusions and outlook
  • References
  • Chapter 10: Occurrence, behaviour and fate of airborne microplastics
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Occurrence, nature and sources
  • 3: Behaviour, transport and fate of airborne microplastics
  • 4: Future directions and perspectives
  • 5: Conclusions and outlook
  • References
  • Section E: Ecological health risks
  • Chapter 11: Ecological health risks of high-technology rare earth elements
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Ecological health risks of REEs
  • 3: Ecological health effects on aquatic organisms
  • 4: Future perspectives and research directions
  • 5: Conclusion and outlook
  • References
  • Chapter 12: Ecological health risks of antibiotic resistance: A perspective on the evidence, challenges, and research needs
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Materials and methods
  • 3: Occurrence and behaviour of antibiotic resistance
  • 4: Environmental and ecological health risks
  • 5: Future research directions and perspectives
  • 6: Conclusion and outlook
  • References
  • Chapter 13: Ecological health risks of emerging organic contaminants
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Overview of methodology
  • 3: Emerging organic contaminants
  • 4: Ecological health risks on terrestrial systems
  • 5: Ecological health risks of EOCs in aquatic systems
  • 6: Future perspectives and research directions
  • 7: Conclusion and outlook
  • References
  • Chapter 14: Occurrence and ecological health risks of microplastics
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Environmental and ecological health risks of microplastics
  • 3: Ecological health risks in aquatic systems
  • 4: Interactive effects of microplastics and other health stressors
  • 5: Looking ahead: Future perspectives and research directions
  • 6: Conclusion and outlook
  • References
  • Section F: Human health risks
  • Chapter 15: Rare earth elements: Human exposure, risk factors, and health risks
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Sources and occurrence
  • 3: Human exposure risks
  • 4: Human health risks
  • 5: Future directions and perspectives
  • 6: Conclusions and outlook
  • References
  • Chapter 16: Occurrence, human exposure pathways, and health risks of (micro)plastics
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Occurrence and human exposure pathways
  • 3: Human health risks
  • 4: A look ahead: Future perspectives and research directions
  • 5: Conclusions and outlook
  • References
  • Chapter 17: The environmental resistome: Human exposure, health risks, and research needs
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: The environmental antibiotic resistome
  • 3: Human exposure
  • 4: Human health risks
  • 5: Human health risk assessment: A handful of frameworks
  • 6: Future directions and perspectives
  • 7: Conclusions and outlook
  • References
  • Section G: Risk assessment and mitigation
  • Chapter 18: Health risk assessment and mitigation of emerging contaminants: A call for an integrated approach
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Health risk assessment
  • 3: The human factor, and regulatory and policy perspectives
  • 4: Hard engineering approach
  • 5: Future research directions and perspectives
  • 6: Conclusion and outlook
  • References
  • Chapter 19: Emerging contaminants: Approaches for policy and regulatory responses in low-income countries
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: The effects of emerging contaminants
  • 3: Constraints affecting appropriate responses
  • 4: Recommendations for action
  • 5: Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 20: Remediation technologies for contaminated soil systems
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Emerging organic contaminants
  • 3: Decontamination methods
  • 4: High-technology elements
  • 5: Mitigation of microplastic pollution and its health risks in soil systems
  • 6: Antimicrobial resistance
  • 7: Conclusion and future outlook
  • References
  • Chapter 21: Bio- and chemical surfactants for remediation of emerging organic contaminants
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Overview of emerging organic contaminants
  • 3: Overview of surfactant-aided remediation technologies
  • 4: Surfactants for remediation of emerging contaminants
  • 5: Conclusion and outlook
  • References
  • Section H: The research agenda
  • Chapter 22: Ten (10) key research questions on emerging contaminants and novel entities, and their health risks
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: Emerging contaminants and novel entities
  • 3: Cross-cutting research questions
  • 4: Moving ahead on emerging contaminants and novel entities
  • 5: Concluding remarks
  • References
  • Chapter 23: Epilogue: Summary, the next-frontier emerging contaminants/novel entities, and a look ahead
  • Abstract
  • 1: Introduction
  • 2: A summary of the state-of-the-art
  • 3: A look ahead: Future perspectives and challenges
  • 4: Concluding remarks and outlook
  • References
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 434
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2022
  • Published: May 6, 2022
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323903448
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323900515

About the Editor

Willis Gwenzi

Dr. Willis Gwenzi is a Professor of Biosystems and Environmental Engineering at the University of Zimbabwe. He researches on environmental remediation, environmental hydrology, water/wastewater treatment, emerging contaminants, antibiotic resistance, medical geology, environmental epidemiology, and novel (bio)materials. He has published over 70 peer-reviewed articles. His seminal papers on biochar-based water treatment systems, and high-technology rare earth elements as emerging contaminants have been rated as Highly Cited and Hot papers in 2019 by Web of Science. He has supervised several postgraduate students in bio-environmental system engineering. He is regular manuscript reviewer for top international journals. He has also acted as an external reviewer for grant proposals for UK’s NERC, Canada’s MITACS, Chile’s FONDECYT, and the Austrian Science Foundation. Willis holds the following qualifications: (1) PhD (Biosystems and Environmental Engineering, University of Western Australia), (2) M.Sc. (Water Resources Engineering and Management), (3) B. Sc. Honours (Soil Science), and (4) Postgraduate Certificate (Applied Groundwater Modelling).

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor and Lead Researcher, Biosystems and Environmental Engineering Research Group, University of Zimbabwe, Mount Pleasant, Harare, Harare Province, Zimbabwe

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