Embryology and Phylogeny in Annelids and Arthropods - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080170695, 9781483187020

Embryology and Phylogeny in Annelids and Arthropods

1st Edition

International Series of Monographs in Pure and Applied Biology Zoology

Authors: D. T. Anderson
Editors: G. A. Kerkut
eBook ISBN: 9781483187020
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1973
Page Count: 510
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Description

Embryology and Phylogeny in Annelids and Arthropods describes the embryology of segmented invertebrates, utilizing morphological facts of embryonic development in the furtherance of speculations on phylogenetic relationships.

This book begins with an introduction to embryology and phylogeny, followed by a discussion on the experimental embryology of animals groups, such as polychaetes, oligochaetes and leeches, onychophorans, myriapods, apterygote and pterygote insects, crustaceans, and chelicerates. The cleavage, gastrulation, and basic pattern of development of these invertebrates are also provided. This text concludes with a presentation of the onychophoran-myriapod-hexapod assemblage or Uniramia.

This publication is recommended for experimental embryologists researching on the embryonic development in annelids and arthropods.

Table of Contents


Preface and Acknowledgment

1 Introduction—Embryology and Phylogeny

2 Polychaetes

Cleavage

Presumptive Areas of the Blastula

The Presumptive Prototroch

The Presumptive Anterior Ectoderm

The Presumptive Posterior Ectoderm

The Presumptive Stomodaeum

The Presumptive Ectomesoderm

The Presumptive Mesoderm

The Presumptive Midgut

Gastrulation

Completion of the Trochophore

Larval Organs and Metamorphosis

Further Development of the Stomodaeum and Midgut

Further Development of the Mesoderm

Further Development of the Ectoderm

Composition of the Polychaete Head

The Basic Pattern of Development in Polychaetes

3 Oligochaetes and Leeches

Cleavage

Presumptive Areas of the Blastula

The Presumptive Mesoderm

The Presumptive Midgut

The Presumptive Stomodaeum

The Presumptive Ectoderm

Gastrulation

Further Development of the Gut

Further Development of the Mesoderm

Gonoducts

Gonads

Further Development of the Ectoderm

Composition of the Clitellate Head

The Basic Pattern of Development in Clitellates

4 Onychophorans

Cleavage

Presumptive Areas of the Blastoderm

Gastrulation

Further Development of the Gut

Development of External Form

Further Development of the Mesoderm

Further Development of the Ectoderm

Composition of the Onychophoran Head

A Pygidium in Onychophora?

The Basic Pattern of Development in Onychophora

5 Myriapods

Cleavage

Presumptive Areas of the Blastoderm

The Presumptive Midgut

The Presumptive Stomodaeum and Proctodaeum

The Presumptive Mesoderm

The Presumptive Ectoderm

Gastrulation

Further Development of the Gut

Development of External Form

Development of limbs

Further Development of the Mesoderm

Further Development of the Ectoderm

The Ectoderm of the Head

The Dorsal Organ

Hatching

The Basic Pattern of Development in Myriapods

6 Apterygote Insects

Cleavage

Presumptive Areas of the Blastoderm

The Presumptive Midgut

The Presumptive Stomodaeum and Proctodaeum

The Presumptive Mesoderm

The Presumptive Ectoderm

Gastrulation

Further Development of the Gut

Development of External Form

Further Development of the Mesoderm

Further Development of the Ectoderm

Dorsal Organs

Hatching

The Basic Pattern of Development in Apterygotes

Development of the Head

7 Pterygote Insects

Cleavage

Presumptive Areas of the Blastoderm

Gastrulation

Further Development of the Gut

Development of External Form

Extra-Embryonic Membranes

Katatrepsis

Dorsal Closure

Further Development of the Mesoderm

Cephalic Somites

Gonads and Gonoducts

Further Development of the Ectoderm

Hatching

The Basic Pattern of Development in Pterygotes

Development of the Head

8 Crustaceans

Cleavage

Presumptive Areas of the Blastula or Blastoderm

The Presumptive Midgut

The Presumptive Stomodaeum and Proctodaeum

The Presumptive Mesoderm

The Presumptive Ectoderm

Gastrulation

Development of External Form

Further Development of the Gut

Further Development of the Mesoderm

Mesoteloblasts

Naupliar Somites

Mesodermal Aspects of Cirripede Metamorphosis

Preantennulary Mesoderm

Segmental Organs

Gonads and Gonoducts

Further Development of the Ectoderm

Ectoteloblasts

Nervous System

Dorsal Organs

The Basic Pattern of Development in Crustacea

9 Chelicerates

Cleavage

Development of External Form

Inversion in Spider Embryos

Opiliones

Uropygi

Acarina

Pesudoscorpiones

Scorpiones

Gastrulation

Further Development of the Gut

Further Development of the Mesoderm

Coxal Glands

Gonads and Genital Ducts

Further Development of the Ectoderm

Nervous System

Respiratory Organs

Extra-Embryonic Ectoderm

Hatching

Development of the Pre-oral Region of the Chelicerate Prosoma

Presumptive Areas of the Chelicerate Blastoderm

Presumptive Midgut

Presumptive Stomodaeum and Proctodaeum

Presumptive Mesoderm

Presumptive Ectoderm

10 A New Synthesis?

The Onychophoran-Myriapod-Hexapod Assemblage or Uniramia

The Onychophora and the Chilopoda

The Symphyla, Pauropoda and Diplopoda

The Hexapoda

The Annelida and the Onychophora

The Crustacea

The Chelicerata

The Arthropods are Polyphyletic

Index of Generic Names

Author Index

Subject Index

Details

No. of pages:
510
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1973
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483187020

About the Author

D. T. Anderson

About the Editor

G. A. Kerkut