Elsevier's Dictionary of Geography

Elsevier's Dictionary of Geography

in English, Russian, French, Spanish and German

1st Edition - November 14, 2006

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  • Authors: Vladimir Kotlyakov, Anna Komarova
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780444510426
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080488783

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Description

Geography is a system of highly developed sciences about the environment. Geographical science embracing the study of the Earth's physical phenomena, people and their economic activities has always been in need of an extensive terminology. Geographical terms are related to the terms of natural sciences (physics, chemistry, biology, geology, etc.) and humanities (history, economics, sociology, etc.) since geography is based on these fundamental subjects. Geography includes a number of disciplines and subdivisions which appeared along with the development of the science In spite of being very different geographical disciplines have some common tools of investigation which is maps, comparative method of exploration, remote sensing, geoinformation systems. Today very well developed terminologies of all the specialist fields of geography and related subjects exist in the main world languages. However, they are not always well-correlated. Nowadays geographical terminology requires unification and international correlation more than ever before. Hence the idea of compiling a multilingual polydisciplinary dictionary. The Dictionary consists of the basic table of terms arranged according to the order of the English alphabet with each term numbered. Each entry consists of the term in English and its equivalents in Russian, French, German, Spanish. Short definitions of terms are given in English and in Russian. The terms are supplied with the necessary grammar labels, such as gender of nouns, plural number, etc. The Dictionary combines two functions: that of a defining dictionary and that of a bilingual dictionary. These two functions are basically contradictory because usually the defining dictionary is aimed at giving one meaning of the word which is the main and essential one, while the bilingual dictionary tries to give different equivalents of a given word in the other language in order to supply the user with maximum possible translations, differing in the shades of meanings, thus giving him the possibility to choose the appropriate word. But in our Dictionary we intentionally decided to combine the two functions – defining and multilingual, because a short definition of the term and equivalents in other languages help to achieve our main aim which consists in showing the basic geographical terminology and harmonizing it in several languages. Having this into consideration we deliberately mixed two types of dictionaries in one.

Key Features

  • Organized alphabetically via English
  • Provides short definition of geographical terms in English and Russian
  • Includes multilingual translation of terms from English to Russian, French, German, Spanish

Readership

geographers, earth scientists, meteorologists, climatologists.

Table of Contents

  • ABOUT AUTHORS

    TERMINOLOGY OF GEOGRAPHY

    USED SOURCES

    HOW TO USE THE DICTIONARY

    Basic Table

    A

    1 aa-lava

    2 aberration of light

    3 abiotic environment; non-living environment

    4 ablation

    5 ablation area; ablation zone

    6 ablation microrelief

    7 ablation moraine

    8 ablation period

    9 abrasion

    10 abrasion arch

    11 abrasion platform; strandflat; wave-cut platform; shore platform

    12 abrasion shore

    13 abrasion terrace; water-cut bench; marine-built terrace; water-built terrace

    14 absolute age; radiometric age

    15 absolute extremes

    16 absolute geochronology; radiometric dating

    17 absolute humidity; vapour concentration

    18 absolute maximum

    19 absolute minimum

    20 absolute monarchy

    21 absolute temperature scale; Kelvin scale

    22 absolute zero

    23 absorbed solar radiation

    24 absorbing capacity of soil

    25 absorbing soil complex; absorbing complex

    26 absorption

    27 absorption coefficient in the atmosphere

    28 abyssal adj

    29 abyssal cone

    30 abyssal deposits; abyssal sediments

    31 abyssal fauna

    32 abyssal plain

    33 abyssal zone

    34 accelerated erosion

    35 accessibility

    36 accident emission

    37 accidental avalanche; accidental triggering of avalanche

    38 acclimatization

    39 accretion

    40 accretion coast; accumulation coast

    41 acculturation

    42 accumulation

    43 accumulation area of glacier; accumulation zone; surplus area

    44 accumulation area ratio

    45 accumulation period of glacier

    46 accumulative relief

    47 acid lava

    48 acid rain; acid precipitation

    49 acid rock

    50 acid soil

    51 acid waters

    52 acidophile

    53 acrisol

    54 actinometry

    55 activated sludge

    56 active adj

    57 active cirque

    58 active drainage area

    59 active glacier

    60 active layer

    61 active layer of bog

    62 active layer of ocean

    63 active layer of permafrost; seasonally thawed layer

    64 active population; working population

    65 active porosity

    66 active temperature

    67 active volcano

    68 activity index; energy of glacierization

    69 actualism

    70 adaptation; adaptability

    71 adfreeze; adfreezing

    72 adhesion

    73 adhesion ripple

    74 adiabatic

    75 adiabatic compression

    76 adiabatic cooling

    77 adiabatic equivalent temperature

    78 adiabatic expansion

    79 adiabatic lapse rate; environmental lapse rate; adiabatic gradient

    80 adiabatic process

    81 adiabatic warming

    82 adit; gallery

    83 administrative centre

    84 administrative methods of management

    85 administrative region; district2

    86 administrative-territorial division

    87 adret

    88 advanced dune

    89 advection

    90 advection fog; sea fog

    91 advection frost

    92 advection inversion

    93 advective thunderstorm

    94 adventitious organism

    95 adyrs

    96 aeolian adj; eolian adj

    97 aerated ice

    98 aeration

    99 aeration of sewage; sewage aeration

    100 aeration of water; water aeration

    101 aerial photograph

    102 aerial photography

    103 aerobic adj

    104 aerobic process

    105 aeroclimatology

    106 aerology

    107 aeronomy

    108 aerophototopography

    109 aerophyte

    110 aeroplankton

    111 aerosol pollutant; tropospheric aerosol

    112 aerospace research

    113 aesthetic geography

    114 aestivation

    115 afforestation

    116 afterglow; evening glow

    117 aftermath

    118 aftershock

    119 age of landscape

    120 age of relief

    121 ageostrophic wind; ageostrophic wind component

    122 agglomerate

    123 agglomeration economies; localization economies

    124 aggradation

    125 aggradation terrace; alluvial terrace

    126 aggradational soils

    127 aggraded plain; plain of aggradation

    128 aggregation

    129 aggressive water

    130 agrarian adj; agricultural adj

    131 agrarian crisis

    132 agrarian reform; land reform

    133 agribusiness complex

    134 agricultural climatology; agroclimatology

    135 agricultural effluent; farm runoff

    136 agricultural land; farmland; agricultural area

    137 agricultural landscape; agrolandscape

    138 agricultural meteorology; agrometeorology

    139 agricultural plants

    140 agricultural region

    141 agricultural revolution

    142 agriculture; husbandry

    143 agrocenology

    144 agrocenosis; agroecosystem; agrophytocenosis

    145 agroclimatic index

    146 agroclimatic resources

    147 agroclimatic zone

    148 agroforestal adj

    149 agro-forestry

    150 agro-industrial complex

    151 agronomy; agricultural science

    152 agrophyte

    153 agrozem

    154 aheliophyte

    155 air

    156 air corridor

    157 air diffusion

    158 air hole

    159 air mass

    160 air navigation chart

    161 air quality

    162 air regime of soil

    163 air space

    164 air stream; air flow

    165 air transport

    166 aircraft industry; aviation industry

    167 airglow; nightglow

    168 air-mass clouds

    169 air-mass thunderstorm

    170 airport

    171 ajacent sea; marginal sea; semi-closed sea

    172 Akchaghylian basin

    173 aksu

    174 alas

    175 alatau

    176 albedo

    177 albeluvisol

    178 aleurite

    179 aleurolite

    180 alfisol

    181 algae

    182 algal mat

    183 algotrophism

    184 alimentation of glacier; glacial alimentation; alimentation

    185 alimentation of water bodies; feeding of water bodies

    186 alisol

    187 alkali flat

    188 alkali soil

    189 alkaline soil

    190 alkalinity of soil

    191 alkalinization of soil

    192 allelopathy

    193 Alleroed

    194 allitic soil

    195 allitization

    196 allochore

    197 allochthonous adj

    198 allochthonous species

    199 allochtonous river

    200 alluvial adj

    201 alluvial cone; debris fan

    202 alluvial fan

    203 alluvial fan deposit

    204 alluvial plain; washplain

    205 alluvial soil

    206 alluvial water

    207 alluvium; fluvial deposits; alluvial deposits; fluvial sediments

    208 alluvium sheet

    209 alp

    210 alpine adj

    211 alpine belt

    212 alpine desert

    213 alpine glacier

    214 alpine glow

    215 alpine meadow

    216 alpine orogeny; alpine folding

    217 alpine relief

    218 alpine tundra

    219 alpine vegetation

    220 alternative energy; green energy

    221 alternative sources of energy; renewable energy sources

    222 alternative technology

    223 altimetric frequency curve

    224 altiplanation

    225 altiplanation terrace; solifluction terrace; goletz terrace

    226 altiplano

    227 altitude; absolute elevation

    228 altitudinal belt; vertical zone; altitudinal zone

    229 altitudinal vegetation belt

    230 altitudinal zonation; vertical zonation

    231 altocumulus

    232 altostratus

    233 alvar

    234 ambes pl

    235 amenity

    236 amictic lake

    237 amorphous ice

    238 amphiatlantic distribution

    239 amphibians

    240 amphiboreal distribution

    241 amphidromic point

    242 amphidromic system

    243 amphipacific distribution

    244 amphiphyte

    245 amphitheatre

    246 anabatic front

    247 anabatic wind

    248 anabiosis

    249 anabranching

    250 anaerobic adj

    251 anaerobic process

    252 anaglyphical map; anaglyph

    253 anaglyphy

    254 anahalinity

    255 analogue landscapes

    256 analysis of hydrograph

    257 analythical map

    258 anamorphotic map; anamorphoid

    259 anchor ice; bottom ice

    260 ancient glaciation

    261 ancient shoreline

    262 ancient valley

    263 Ancylus lake

    264 andosol; volcanic soil

    265 anemochore

    266 anemophyte; anémophile m

    267 angle of repose; angle of rest

    268 angular distortion; angular alteration

    269 angular uncomformity

    270 animal trail

    271 animated map; animation

    272 annexation

    273 annual adj

    274 annual course

    275 annual growth rings; annual ring; tree ring

    276 annual layer

    277 annual plant

    278 annual range

    279 annual runoff

    280 annular drainage pattern

    281 anomalous watershed

    282 anoxic zone

    283 antarctic adj

    284 antarctic air mass; antarctic air

    285 Antarctic circle

    286 Antarctic Circumpolar Current; West Wind Drift

    287 antarctic convergence

    288 antarctic desert zone

    289 antarctic front

    290 antarctic oasis

    291 antarctic oscillation

    292 antarctic zone

    293 antecedent river

    294 antecedent valley

    295 anteclise

    296 anthropocentrism

    297 anthropochore

    298 anthropogenic adj; man-made adj; human-induced adj

    299 anthropogenic desert

    300 anthropogenic environment; technosphere

    301 anthropogenic landscape; man-made landscape

    302 anthropogenic pollution; man-made pollution; anthropogenic contamination

    303 anthropogenic relief

    304 anthropogenic soils; man-made soils

    305 anthropogenic succession

    306 anthropogenic vegetation

    307 anthropogeography; geography of human being

    308 anthropology

    309 anthropophyte

    310 anti-avalanche structures

    311 anti-avalanche wedge

    312 anticlinal ridge

    313 anticlinal valley

    314 anticline; anticlinal fold

    315 anticlinorium

    316 anticyclogenesis

    317 anticyclolysis

    318 anticyclone; high

    319 anticyclonic circular current

    320 anticyclonic eddy; anticyclonic vortex

    321 antidune

    322 antiglacialism

    323 antiglobalism

    324 antipodes

    325 anti-trade; anti-trade wind

    326 antitriptic current

    327 anti-uafeis constructions

    328 apartheid; racial segregation

    329 apchipelago

    330 aphelion

    331 aphotic zone; disphotic zone

    332 aphyllous plant; leafless plant

    333 aphylly; afoliage

    334 apogee

    335 appalachian relief

    336 apparent dip

    337 appearance of ice

    338 applied geography

    339 applied geomorphology; engineering geomorphology

    340 apposed glacier

    341 appropriate technology

    342 appropriative economy

    343 apron; bahada

    344 Apsheronian basin

    345 aquaculture

    346 aquanaut

    347 aquatic adj

    348 aquatic fauna; aquatic animals

    349 aquatic flora; aquatic plants

    350 aquatic landscape; aquatic ecosystem

    351 aqueduct

    352 aquifer; aquifer horizon; aquafer; water-bearing layer

    353 arable horizon of soil

    354 arable land; cropland; tillage2; ploughland

    355 arboretum

    356 arch1

    357 arch2

    358 archaean

    359 archean foldings

    360 archeological culture

    361 archeological dating

    362 archeological site

    363 archeophyte

    364 arctic adj

    365 arctic air mass; arctic air

    366 Arctic circle

    367 arctic desert zone

    368 arctic front

    369 arctic oscillation

    370 arctic soils

    371 arctic tundra

    372 arctic zone

    373 arcuate delta

    374 area; geographic range; range2

    375 area distortion; area deformation

    376 arenosol

    377 areography

    378 aretic adj; areic adj; arheic adj

    379 argillaceous adj; clayey adj; argillic adj

    380 argillic desert

    381 argillic horizon; clayey subsoil

    382 argillite

    383 arid climate

    384 arid desert; hot desert

    385 arid landforms

    386 arid soils; aridisol; aridosol

    387 arid zone

    388 aridity

    389 aridity index; index of aridity; aridity factor

    390 armoured karst

    391 armoured landforms

    392 artefact; artifact

    393 artesian basin

    394 artesian water

    395 artesian well

    396 artificial avalanche

    397 artificial satellite

    398 artificial snow

    399 aryk

    400 ash; volcanic ash

    401 ash cone

    402 aspect1

    403 aspen forest

    404 assimilation

    405 assimilation capacity of the environment

    406 astatic lake; basinal lake

    407 asteroid

    408 asthenosphere

    409 astrobleme

    410 astronaut

    411 astronomical coordinates

    412 astronomical observation

    413 astronomical twilight

    414 asymmetrical fold

    415 asymmetrical valley

    416 asymmetry of relief

    417 Atlantic

    418 atlantic lande

    419 atlas; geographic atlas

    420 atlas cartography

    421 atmosphere

    422 atmospheric absorption

    423 atmospheric aerosol; atmospheric dust

    424 atmospheric attenuation; attenuation of solar radiation

    425 atmospheric cell

    426 atmospheric chemistry

    427 atmospheric circulation; circulation of the atmosphere

    428 atmospheric electricity

    429 atmospheric front

    430 atmospheric ice; atmogenic ice

    431 atmospheric instability

    433 atmospheric opacity; atmospheric turbidity

    434 atmospheric optics

    435 atmospheric perturbations

    436 atmospheric phenomenon

    437 atmospheric pollution; air pollution

    438 atmospheric pressure; air pressure

    439 atmospheric refraction

    440 atmospheric stability; stable atmospheric equilibrium

    441 atmospheric tide; solar atmospheric tide

    442 atmospheric transparency

    443 atmospheric water

    444 atmospheric wave

    445 atmospheric window; window

    446 atoll

    447 atrio

    448 attached dune

    449 attached island

    450 attached water; constitution water; fixed water

    451 attribute

    452 attrition

    453 aufeis; naled

    454 aufeis blister

    455 aufeis flood-plain

    456 aufeis glade

    457 aufeis resources

    458 aureole

    459 aurora; aurora australis; aurora borealis

    460 autarchy; autarky

    461 autochore

    462 autochthonous adj

    463 autochthonous species; native species; indigenous species

    464 autocracy; dictatorship

    465 autoecology

    466 autogenic adj; autogeneous adj

    467 automated cartography

    468 automated mapping system

    469 automobile industry; motor-car industry

    470 autonomous adj

    471 autonomous landscape; eluvial landscape

    472 autonomy

    473 auto-oscillations; self-induced oscillations

    474 autotrophic soil formation

    475 autumn; fall2

    476 autumnal equinox

    477 auxiliary industry

    478 avalanche; snow avalanche

    479 avalanche basin; avalanche catchment

    480 avalanche body

    481 avalanche channel

    482 avalanche cone; avalanche deposit; avalanche debris

    483 avalanche dam; avalanche barrier; avalanche wall

    484 avalanche dog

    485 avalanche frequency

    486 avalanche gallery

    487 avalanche hazard; avalanche danger

    488 avalanche landscape

    489 avalanche research station

    490 avalanche runout distance

    491 avalanche runout zone; avalanche deposition zone

    492 avalanche site; starting zone of avalanche

    493 avalanche snow-patch

    494 avalanche studies

    495 avalanche swath

    496 avalanche track; avalanche path

    497 avalanche trail

    498 avalanche wind

    499 avalanche-hazardous period

    500 avalanche-hazardous slope

    501 avalancher

    502 axis of a fold

    503 axis of the celestial sphere

    504 axis of the Earth

    505 azimuth; bearing2

    506 azimuth of dip

    507 azimuth of strike; trend azimuth

    508 azimuthal projection; zenithal projection

    509 azoic adj

    510 azonal adj

    511 azonal soils

    512 azonal vegetation; azonal landscape

    B

    513 back radiation; downward terrestrial radiation; counterradiation

    514 back swamp; valley bog

    515 background; background concentration; background level

    516 background radiation

    517 backing of wind

    518 backshore

    519 backslope

    520 backwash; backwash flow

    521 backwater

    522 back-water

    523 backwater area of groundwater

    524 backwoods

    525 badland

    526 Baer’s mounds

    527 baguio

    528 baidzherakh

    529 Baikalien folding

    530 bairak

    531 bajir

    532 Baku basin

    533 balance curves

    534 balance methods

    535 balance of payments

    536 balance of trade

    537 balanced rock

    538 bald mountain

    539 balka

    540 balkanization

    541 ball lightning

    542 balme

    543 balneology

    544 Baltic Ice Lake

    545 bank; river bank

    546 bank; swell2

    547 bank fixation

    548 bank scour

    549 bank stream flow control

    550 bankfull stream

    551 banking; endigage m; diking

    552 banner cloud

    553 bar; longshore bar2

    554 barbed drainage pattern

    555 barbotage; sparging

    556 barchan

    557 barchan chain

    558 barchan relief

    559 bare fallow

    560 bare karst

    561 bare minimum flow

    562 baric col

    563 baric field

    564 baric topography

    565 baric trough

    566 baric wave

    567 baric wind law; Buys-Ballots law

    568 barochore

    569 barocline

    570 baroclinic instability

    571 baroclinity; barocliny; baroclinicity

    572 barogradient current

    573 barometric depression; depression2

    574 barometric gradient; pressure gradient

    575 barometric levelling

    576 barometric step; pressure step

    577 barotropy

    578 barrage; dyke

    579 barranco

    580 barrier beach; barrier bar

    581 barrier island

    582 barrier reef

    583 barter

    584 basal adj; basic adj

    585 basal horizon

    586 basal moraine

    587 basal slip; basal sliding

    588 basalt

    589 basaltic layer

    590 base alimentation; base flow

    591 base level of accumulation

    592 base level of denudation

    593 base level of glaciation

    594 base map; outline map

    595 base-level; base level of erosion

    596 baseline

    597 basement; basal complex

    598 basic lava; basaltic lava

    599 basin

    600 basin irrigation; basin cultivation

    601 basin landscape

    602 basin of ground waters

    603 basin-and-range terrain

    604 basiphyte

    605 batholith; bathylith

    606 bathyal adj

    607 bathyal deposits; bathyal sediments

    608 bathyal zone

    609 bathymetric curve

    610 bathymetric map

    611 bathymetry

    612 bathyorographical map

    613 bathyscaph; bathyscap; bathyscaphe

    614 bathysphere

    615 bay; embayment

    616 bay bar; bay barrier

    617 bazaar; bazaar economy

    618 beach

    619 beach cusps

    620 beach scarp; wave-cut platform

    621 beach-rock

    622 beaded drainage pattern

    623 beaded valley

    624 bearing1; orientation; taking a bearing

    625 Beaufort scale

    626 bed1

    627 bed load; load of a stream; traction load

    628 bedding1

    629 bedding cave

    630 bedding plane; stratification plane

    631 bedforms

    632 bedouin

    633 bedrock coast

    634 bedrock1

    635 bedrock2

    636 beekeeping; apiculture

    637 behaviourism; behavioural approach

    638 belligerent landscape

    639 bench

    640 bench mark; survey mark

    641 benefication f; concentration of minerals; dressing of minerals

    642 benthal adj

    643 benthic division; benthic zone

    644 benthos

    645 bergschrund

    646 bergy waters

    647 Beringia

    648 berm

    649 bid price curve; bid rent curve

    650 biennial plant

    651 biennial wind oscillation; quasi-biennial oscilation

    652 bifurcation of stream; stream bifurcation

    653 bifurcation ratio

    654 bight

    655 billow cloud

    656 binodal seiche

    657 biochemical oxidation

    658 biochore

    659 bioclymatology

    660 biocoenology

    661 biocoenosis; community2

    662 biocycle

    663 biodegradable adj

    664 biodegradation; biodeterioration

    665 biodiversity

    666 biofiltration

    667 biofuel; biomass fuel

    668 biogenic landforms

    669 biogenic migration

    670 biogenic rocks

    671 biogenic sediment; organic deposit; biogenic deposit

    672 biogenic sedimentation

    673 biogeochemical cycle

    674 biogeography

    675 biogeosphere

    676 bioherm; reef-knoll

    677 bioindication

    678 biological activity of soil

    679 biological amplification; biological magnification

    680 biological desert

    681 biological indicator; indicator species

    682 biological minimum of temperature

    683 biological oxygen demand; biochemical oxygen demand

    684 biological pollution

    685 biological production; biological productivity

    686 biological purification; biopurification

    687 biological resources

    688 bioluminescence

    689 biomass

    690 biome

    691 biometry

    692 bioremediation

    693 biosphere

    694 biosphere reserve

    695 biostasis; biostasy

    696 biota

    697 biotic barrier

    698 biotic continuum

    699 biotic environment

    700 biotic factor; biological factor

    701 biotic index

    702 biotic potential

    703 biotic pyramid

    704 biotic regulation

    705 biotic weathering

    706 biotope

    707 bioturbation

    708 bipolar adj

    709 bipolar distribution

    710 bipolar world

    711 birch forest; birch wood

    712 birth control

    713 birth rate; fertility

    714 bituminous coal

    715 black earth

    716 black economy; informal economy; shadow economy

    717 black ice

    718 black smoker

    719 blackening of glacier

    720 blanket bog

    721 blasting; sandblasting

    722 blind mouth

    723 blind valley

    724 blistering of ice

    725 blizzard

    726 block diagram

    727 block mountains

    728 block of the Earths crust

    729 block stream

    730 block structure

    731 blocked delta

    732 block-faulting

    733 blockfield

    734 blocking action

    735 blocking anticyclone

    736 blow-hole

    737 blowing snow

    738 blow-out

    739 blue ice

    740 blue ice bands

    741 blue sky

    742 blue-green algae

    743 bluff; high bank

    744 boat-yard

    745 bocca

    746 bodden coast

    747 body of water; water body

    748 Boelling

    749 bog landscape; fenland

    750 bog soils; pen soils; peat soils

    751 bolson

    752 Bond cycles

    753 bonitet

    754 bora

    755 border; boundary; frontier

    756 border mountains

    757 Boreal

    758 boreal adj

    759 boreal climate

    760 boreal transgression

    761 botanical garden; botanic garden

    762 bottom; floor

    763 bottom countercurrent; bottom counterflow

    764 bottom current; bottom flow

    765 bottom sediments

    766 bottom water; deep watermass

    767 boudinage

    768 boulder; cobble

    769 boulder balk

    770 boulevard

    771 boundary layer; surface layer of air; ground layer of air

    772 boundary layer of the atmosphere; friction layer of the atmosphere; planetary boundary layer

    773 boundary strip

    774 box canyon

    775 brackish adj

    776 braided river; braided channel; anastomosing channel

    777 braiding; anastomosis

    778 brain drain

    779 branch of a river; anabranch; distributary2; arm of a river

    780 branch of industry; industrial branch

    781 brash ice; ice gruel

    782 break of slope

    783 break off of slope

    784 breaker

    785 breaker zone; wave splash; breaking zone

    786 break-of-bulk point

    787 breakup of ice; breaking up of ice

    788 breakwater; groyne

    789 breastwall reservoir

    790 breccia

    791 breckland

    792 breeding bottom; spawning ground

    793 breeze

    794 bridlepath; bridleway

    795 brine

    796 brine ice

    797 brine pocket

    798 broad-leaved forest

    799 broad-leaved forest zone

    800 Brocken spectrum

    801 Bronze Age

    802 brook; runnel; draw (amer); rivulet; rill

    803 brow

    804 brown forest soil; brown earth

    805 brown semidesert soil

    806 brown soils

    807 browse

    808 Brueckner period; Brückner cycle; Brückner period

    809 brunification

    810 brunizem; prairie soil

    811 brushwood; thicket; dense bushes

    812 budget year; balance year

    813 buffer zone of a reserve

    814 built-up estate; built-up area

    815 bulk cargo

    816 buoy; float

    817 buoyancy; floatage

    818 buran; poorga; purga

    819 buried glacier

    820 buried ice

    821 buried ice vein

    822 buried landforms

    823 buried terrace

    824 burn

    825 burning

    826 butte; knob

    827 buttress

    828 bypass

    829 bypassing of sediments

    830 by-product

    C

    831 caatinga

    832 cable car; cableway

    833 cabotage; coastwise navigation

    834 cadastral map

    835 cadastre

    836 Cainozoic; Cenozoic

    837 cake ice; ice-cake

    838 calciphile; calcicole

    839 calciphobe; calcifuge

    840 calcisol

    841 calcite

    842 caldera

    843 caldera glacier

    844 Caledonian folding

    845 calendar

    846 calendar day; meansolar day

    847 calendar year

    848 caliche

    849 calm

    850 calving

    851 calving bay

    852 cambisol

    853 Cambrian

    854 campo

    855 canal

    856 canopy; crown cover

    857 canopy density

    858 capacity of a stream; carrying capacity of a stream

    859 capacity of snow drifting

    860 cape; headland; promontory

    861 capillarity

    862 capillary fringe

    863 capillary water; capillary moisture

    864 capital

    865 capital goods

    866 capital investment

    867 capital-intensive adj

    868 capitalism

    869 cap-rock

    870 captation

    871 capture of river; river piracy; river capture; beheading of river

    872 carbon capacity

    873 carbon credit

    874 carbon cycle

    875 carbon sink

    876 carbon tax

    877 carbonaceous adj

    878 carbonate horizon; lime horizon

    879 carbonic acid; carbon dioxide

    880 Carboniferous

    881 cardinal direction

    882 cardinal points

    883 cargo turnover; fright turnover; turnover of goods

    884 carnivore; predator

    885 carpet-like communities; mat-vegetation

    886 carrying capacity of area; profitable capacity

    887 carrying capacity of ice

    888 carrying capacity of transport

    889 carrying intensity

    890 cartel

    891 carting; cartage

    892 cartogram; chorogram

    893 cartographic databank; cartographic data base

    894 cartographic format

    895 cartographic generalization

    896 cartographic pattern

    897 cartographical modelling

    898 cartographical animation

    899 cartographical browser

    900 cartography; mapping

    901 cartology

    902 cartometry

    903 cartouche

    904 cascade

    905 cascade of reservoirs

    906 cash crop

    907 caste

    908 cataclasis

    909 catacombs

    910 catalogue of glaciers

    911 cataract

    912 catastrophic avalanche; climax avalanche

    913 catastrophism

    914 catch crop

    915 catena

    916 cattle-breeding; stock-raising

    917 cave

    918 cave glacier

    919 cave hoarfrost

    920 cave ice

    921 cave lake; underground lake; karst lake

    922 cavern

    923 cavitation

    924 Celcius scale

    925 celestial adj

    926 celestial coordinates

    927 celestial equator; equinoctial

    928 celestial meridian

    929 celestial pole

    930 celestial sphere

    931 cellular sands

    932 cellulate sand relief

    933 cementation

    934 census

    935 central business district; downtown (amer)

    936 central eruption

    937 central meridian

    938 central place

    939 central place system

    940 central place theory

    941 centrality

    942 centralization

    943 centre of atmospheric action

    944 centre of origin

    945 centre of population density

    946 centripetal drainage pattern

    947 cereals

    948 cerrado

    949 cession

    950 chaco

    951 chain migration

    952 chain of hills

    953 channel deformation

    954 channel flow; riverbed flow

    955 channel processes

    956 channel reach; cross section of a stream

    957 channel storage

    958 channelled avalanche

    959 channelled glacier; wall-sided glacier

    960 channelled river; canal river

    961 chapada

    962 chaparral

    963 chart datum; datum plane; reference plane

    964 charter

    965 «cheeks»

    966 chemical abrasion

    967 chemical deposit

    968 chemical industry

    969 chemical pollution

    970 chemical weathering; corrosion

    971 chemistry of ocean; chemical oceanography

    972 chemocline

    973 chemosphere

    974 chemosynthesis

    975 chemotrophic adj

    976 chern (Abies sibirica dominated taiga)

    977 chernozem

    978 chernozem-like soil

    979 chestnut soil

    980 chimney

    981 chimney rock; rock pillar

    982 chink

    983 chinook

    984 chionophile

    985 chionophite

    986 chionophob

    987 chionosphere

    988 chop; choppi sea

    989 choppi wind

    990 C-horizon

    991 chorochromatic map

    992 chorographic map; general map

    993 chorology; areal differentiation; chorography

    994 choropleth map

    995 chronostratigraphy

    996 Cimmerian folding

    997 cinder cone

    998 cinnamonic soil

    999 circulation

    1000 circulation epoch

    1001 circumpolar diseases

    1002 circumpolar distribution

    1003 circumpolar vortex; polar vortex

    1004 circumtropical distribution

    1005 cirque; corrie; kar

    1006 cirque lake

    1007 cirque platform

    1008 cirque steps

    1009 cirrocumulus

    1010 cirrostratus

    1011 cirrus

    1012 city

    1013 city centre; city business district; CBD

    1014 city region

    1015 city-state

    1016 civil twilight

    1017 civilization

    1018 class of landscapes

    1019 clathrate

    1020 clay

    1021 clay loam

    1022 clayey karst

    1023 claypan

    1024 clean water

    1025 clear water

    1026 clearing; opening

    1027 cleavage; schistosity

    1028 clevage of ice; ice foliation

    1029 cliff

    1030 climate

    1031 climate change; climatic change

    1032 climate feedback

    1033 climate model

    1034 climate scenario; climatic forecast

    1035 climate sensitivity

    1036 climate system

    1037 climate system stability

    1038 climatic adj

    1039 climatic anomaly

    1040 climatic characteristics; climatic element

    1041 climatic cycle

    1042 climatic factors

    1043 climatic health resort

    1044 climatic macrocycle

    1045 climatic minimum

    1046 climatic optimum

    1047 climatic region

    1048 climatic resources

    1049 climatic snow line

    1050 climatic standard normal

    1051 climatic trend

    1052 climatic type

    1053 climatic zonation

    1054 climatic zone

    1055 climatogram

    1056 climatography

    1057 climatological adj

    1058 climatological front

    1059 climatological times

    1060 climatology

    1061 climax; climax community

    1062 cloak of sediments

    1063 closed canopy; continuous canopy

    1064 closed drainage; area of internal drainage

    1065 closed drainage basin; blind drainage basin; aretic depression

    1066 closed economy

    1067 closed plant community

    1068 closeness of ice

    1069 cloud

    1070 cloud base

    1071 cloud étage; cloud level

    1072 cloud forest; mist forest

    1073 cloud formation

    1074 cloud seeding; seeding of clouds

    1075 cloud system

    1076 cloud system of a cyclone; cyclonic cloud system

    1077 cloud type; cloud form

    1078 cloudburst

    1079 cloudiness; cloud amount; cloud cover

    1080 cloudy ice

    1081 cluster

    1082 coagulation

    1083 coal

    1084 coalfield

    1085 coalition

    1086 coarse-grained

    1087 coast; shore

    1088 coast of Calatype

    1089 coast of thermal abrasion

    1090 coast protection structures

    1091 coastal adj

    1092 coastal desert; cold-water desert

    1093 coastal effect

    1094 coastal lake

    1095 coastal plain; coastal lowland

    1096 coastal processes

    1097 coastal zone; coastal area

    1098 coating; revestment

    1099 cockpit

    1100 cockpit karst

    1101 codominant species

    1102 coefficient of slope stability

    1103 coevolution; coadaptation

    1104 coevolution of society and environment

    1105 cogwheel railway; mountain railway

    1106 coherent adj

    1107 cohesion of snow

    1108 colatitude

    1109 cold air mass

    1110 cold current; cool current

    1111 cold desert

    1112 cold front

    1113 cold glacier; polar glacier

    1114 cold occlusion

    1115 cold pole

    1116 cold wave

    1117 coli-index

    1118 coli-titer

    1119 collapse earthquake

    1120 collapse polje

    1121 collapse structures

    1122 collective consumption

    1123 collective farm; kolkhoz

    1124 collective farming

    1125 collectivization

    1126 collision zone

    1127 colluvium; slope-wash

    1128 colmatage

    1129 colonial animal

    1130 colonial empire

    1131 colonialism; colonial system

    1132 colonization

    1133 colony

    1134 colour model

    1135 colour of water

    1136 colour proof

    1137 coloured snow

    1138 columnar jointing

    1139 columnar structure

    1140 comet

    1141 comfort of environment

    1142 comfort zone

    1143 command economy; centrally planned economy

    1144 commensalism; mutualism

    1145 commensurability of symbols

    1146 commercial economy; commodity economy; goods economy

    1147 commercial game

    1148 commodity; goods and services

    1149 commodity flow

    1150 common rights; rights of common

    1151 commonwealth

    1152 communal field

    1153 commune

    1154 communism

    1155 community1

    1156 commuting; labour linkages

    1157 compact soils; vertisols

    1158 compaction of rock

    1159 compaction of soil; consolidation of soil

    1160 comparative method of exploration

    1161 compass

    1162 compass azimuth; magnetic azimuth

    1163 compensating current

    1164 compensation flow

    1165 competence of a stream

    1166 competition

    1167 compilation plot; original plot

    1168 complex atlas

    1169 complex climatology

    1170 complex map; aggregate map

    1171 complex profile; complex cross-section

    1172 component of nature; landscape component

    1173 composite coast

    1174 composite map

    1175 composition of the population

    1176 compost

    1177 compound valley glacier; dendritic glacier

    1178 comprehensive atlas

    1179 comprehensive map

    1180 concave slope

    1181 concentration of production

    1182 concern; corporation

    1183 concession

    1184 concordant adj; conformable adj

    1185 concordant coast; longitudinal coast

    1186 concordant summits; accordant summits

    1187 concretion; nodule

    1188 condensation level

    1189 condensation nucleus

    1190 condensation of water vapour

    1191 condensation trail; contrail; adiabatic trail

    1192 conditional instability

    1193 conditionally clean water

    1194 condominium

    1195 cone of depression; cone of exhaustion; cone of water table depression

    1196 confederation

    1197 configuration map

    1198 confined aquifer; confined water

    1199 confluence; junction2

    1200 confluence step

    1201 confluent glacier

    1202 conformal projection; equal-angle projection

    1203 conformity; concordance; concordant bedding

    1204 congelation ice; hydrogenic ice

    1205 congelation ice formation

    1206 congelifluction; congelifluxion

    1207 conglomerate; pudding rock

    1208 congress tourism

    1209 conical projection

    1210 conical-summit glacier

    1211 coniferous forest; needle forest

    1212 coniferous plant

    1213 conjunction

    1214 connate water; fossil water

    1215 connecting bar; tombolo

    1216 consequent stream; accordant valley

    1217 conservation map

    1218 conservationist; environmentalist

    1219 consociation

    1220 consolidated pack ice; consolidated drifting ice

    1221 consolidated rock; coherent rock

    1222 consolidation of ice

    1223 consortium

    1224 constant pressure surface; isobaric surface

    1225 constant slope

    1226 constant species; constancy

    1227 constellation

    1228 constitutional ice

    1229 constitutional monarchy

    1230 construction inustry

    1231 constructive geography

    1232 constructive wave

    1233 consumer; heterotroph; heterotrophic organism

    1234 consumer goods

    1235 consumption

    1236 container; container transport

    1237 containerization

    1238 contamination coefficient of the environment

    1239 continent; landmass; mainland

    1240 continental adj

    1241 continental air mass; continental air

    1242 continental anticyclone

    1243 continental climate

    1244 continental crust

    1245 continental deposits; continental sediments

    1246 continental divide; continental watershed

    1247 continental drift

    1248 continental dune

    1249 continental foot; continental apron; continental rise

    1250 continental hemisphere

    1251 continental island

    1252 continental margin

    1253 continental shelf; shelf

    1254 continental slope

    1255 continental socle

    1256 continental waters

    1257 continentality

    1258 continentality index

    1259 continuous area

    1260 continuous permafrost

    1261 continuous precipitation; continuous rain; steady precipitation

    1262 contour; isohypse; form-line

    1263 contour interval; index contours

    1264 contour ploughing

    1265 contraction fissure; compression fussure

    1266 contraction hypothesis

    1267 contrastive relief

    1268 conurbation; metropolitan area

    1269 convection

    1270 convection cloud; convective cloud

    1271 convection in the atmosphere

    1272 convection level

    1273 convection rain; convectional rain

    1274 convective condensation level

    1275 convenience good

    1276 conventional fuel

    1277 conventional name; exonym

    1278 conventional projection

    1279 conventional sign; characteristic sheet

    1280 convergence

    1281 convergence of landforms

    1282 converging terraces

    1283 convex slope

    1284 conveyance distance

    1285 convolute bedding

    1286 cooling water pool; basin-cooler; water reservoir-cooler

    1287 cooperation; co-operative; cooperative; co-operation

    1288 co-operation of production; production co-operation

    1289 coprophagous animal

    1290 coral

    1291 coral bleaching

    1292 coral coast

    1293 coral island

    1294 coral limestone

    1295 coral mud

    1296 coral reef

    1297 coral sand

    1298 core1

    1299 core2; drill core; core sampling

    1300 core of fold

    1301 core-periphery model

    1302 Coriolis force; deviating force

    1303 corona

    1304 corrasion

    1305 correction sheet

    1306 correlate deposits

    1307 corridor

    1308 corrie glacier; cirque glacier

    1309 corrie shoulder

    1310 corrie-valley glacier

    1311 corvée

    1312 cosmic adj; extraterrestrial adj; spatial2 adj

    1313 cosmic dust; meteoric dust

    1314 cosmic rays; cosmic radiation

    1315 cosmography; cosmology

    1316 costs; expenditures

    1317 costs of transport; transport costs

    1318 co-tidal line

    1319 cottage industry; domestic industry

    1320 couloir

    1321 countercurrent

    1322 counter-urbanization

    1323 countryside; rural area

    1324 cover loam

    1325 covered karst

    1326 crack in ice

    1327 crag

    1328 crater

    1329 creationism

    1330 credit; allocation

    1331 creek

    1332 creep

    1333 crepuscular rays

    1334 crescent moon

    1335 crest

    1336 crest of wave

    1337 Cretaceous

    1338 crevasse; glacier crevasse; glacier fissure

    1339 critical flow velocity

    1340 critical level of groundwater

    1341 critical temperature

    1342 crop; yield; harvest

    1343 crop farming; arable farming; crop-raising

    1344 cross profile of a valley

    1345 cross section; transverse section; cross-profile

    1346 cross-circulation in rivers

    1347 cruise tourism; cruise

    1348 crumb

    1349 crumb structure

    1350 crustification

    1351 cryobiont

    1352 cryoconite

    1353 cryodiagenesis

    1354 cryofront

    1355 cryogenesis

    1356 cryogenic adj; cryergic adj

    1357 cryogenic dislocation; congeliturbation; cryoturbation

    1358 cryogenic head; freezing pressure

    1359 cryogenic heaving; frost heaving

    1360 cryogenic polygon; ice polygon; frost polygon; stone polygon; polygon

    1361 cryogenic relief

    1362 cryogenic soil; gelisol

    1363 cryogenic stage of Pleistocene

    1364 cryogenic structure

    1365 cryohydrate

    1366 cryolithogenesis

    1367 cryolithology

    1368 cryology

    1369 cryopeg

    1370 cryophile; thermophobe

    1371 cryoplanation

    1372 cryoplankton

    1373 cryosphere

    1374 cryotic ground

    1375 cryovegetation; cryophyte

    1376 cryoxerophyte

    1377 cryptopodzolic soil

    1378 crystallization of water

    1379 cuesta

    1380 cultivation of land

    1381 cultural geography; geography of culture

    1382 cultural hearth

    1383 cultural landscape

    1384 cultural layer; cultural level

    1385 cultural region; cultural area

    1386 cultural tourism

    1387 cultural vegetation

    1388 culture

    1389 culture contact

    1390 culvert siphon

    1391 cumuliform cloud

    1392 cumulonimbus

    1393 cumulus

    1394 current; flow2

    1395 cushion plant

    1396 custom duty

    1397 customs union

    1398 cut-off

    1399 cut-off meander

    1400 cycle

    1401 cycle of erosion

    1402 cycle of matter

    1403 cyclicity

    1404 cyclogenesis

    1405 cyclolysis

    1406 cyclone; depression2

    1407 cyclonic circulation

    1408 cyclonic eddy; cyclonic vortex

    1409 cylindrical projection

    D

    1410 daban

    1411 dairy farming; dairy farm

    1412 dale

    1413 Dalmatian coast

    1414 dam

    1415 damage by grazing cattle; overbrowsing

    1416 dambo

    1417 dam-break; dam-failure

    1418 dammed lake

    1419 damming of glacier

    1420 damp snow

    1421 Daniglacial

    1422 Dansgaard-Oeschger oscillations

    1423 darja

    1424 dark coniferous forest

    1425 dark soils

    1426 Darwinism

    1427 dasht

    1428 dating

    1429 datum level; datum line; datum plane

    1430 dawn

    1431 day

    1432 daya

    1433 daylight-saving time

    1434 dead adj

    1435 dead ice; stagnant ice

    1436 dead storage o

    1437 dead swell

    1438 dead water

    1439 dead wood; dead fall; wood debris

    1440 dealkalization of soil

    1441 debacle

    1442 debris avalanche; debris flow

    1443 debris cone; sand cone; dirt cone

    1444 debris cover of a glacier

    1445 debris fall

    1446 decalcification

    1447 decarbonation

    1448 decentralization; deconcentration

    1449 deciduous adj

    1450 deciduous forest; leaf-bearing forest

    1451 declination of a celestial body; elevation of a celestial body

    1452 décollement

    1453 decolonization

    1454 decomposer

    1455 decomposition

    1456 decree time; legal time

    1457 deep

    1458 deep; ocean trench

    1459 deep drilling

    1460 deep fault

    1461 deep karst

    1462 deep ocean

    1463 deep weathering

    1464 deepening of cyclone; deepening

    1465 deep-freezing; flash-freezing

    1466 deep-sea benthos

    1467 deep-water animals

    1468 deer-husbandry

    1469 deficiency of rainfall; deficient humidity; lack of moisture; insufficient moistering

    1470 deflation; aeolian abrasion

    1471 deflation hollow

    1472 deflation lake

    1473 defluxion

    1474 defoliant

    1475 deforestation

    1476 deformation

    1477 deformational eustatism

    1478 deglaciation; shrinking of glaciers; degradation of glaciers; deglacierization; glacial recession; recession of glaciers

    1479 deglomeration

    1480 degradation

    1481 degradation of soil; soil structural decline; soil degradation; soil degradation

    1482 degree

    1483 degree of adaptability

    1484 degree of glaciation

    1485 dehumification

    1486 dehydration

    1487 deindustrialization

    1488 delimitation

    1489 delta

    1490 delta arm

    1491 delta coast

    1492 delta head

    1493 delta lake; deltaic lake

    1494 delta-front

    1495 deluvial train

    1496 deluvium

    1497 demand

    1498 demarcation

    1499 democracy

    1500 demographic crisis; demographic decline

    1501 demographic explosion

    1502 demographic indicators

    1503 demographic potential

    1504 demographic transition

    1505 demography

    1506 denationalization; privatization

    1507 dendritic drainage pattern

    1508 dendrochronology

    1509 dendroclimatology

    1510 denitrification

    1511 dense forest; closed forest

    1512 dense phytocoenosis

    1513 density

    1514 density current

    1515 density of rock

    1516 denudation

    1517 denudation landforms

    1518 denudation plain; destructional plain

    1519 denudation sheet; degradation sheet

    1520 denudation slope

    1521 depleted soil; degradated soil; poor soil; impoverished soil

    1522 depletion of natural resources; natural resources depletion

    1523 depletion of natural waters

    1524 depletion of soil; impoverishment of a soil; soil depletion; overcropping

    1525 depletion of the ozone layer

    1526 depopulation

    1527 deposit; sediment

    1528 deposited and metamorphosed ice

    1529 deposited moraine

    1530 deposition; sedimentation

    1531 depression

    1532 depressive region; depressed area; blighted area

    1533 depth hoar; sugar hoar

    1534 depth of friction

    1535 depth of measurement

    1536 depth of runoff; water equivalent

    1537 depth of snow; snow depth; snow thickness

    1538 deranged drainage

    1539 derelict land

    1540 derivation channel

    1541 derivation system

    1542 derived map

    1543 desalinization of ice

    1544 desalinization of soil

    1545 desalinization of water

    1546 descending spring

    1547 desert

    1548 desert crust

    1549 desert fauna

    1550 desert pavement; desert mosaic

    1551 desert soils

    1552 desert varnish

    1553 desert zone

    1554 desertification; desiccation

    1555 desiccation crack; shrinkage crack

    1556 desilication

    1557 desintegration

    1558 destratification

    1559 destruction of ice

    1560 destructive wave

    1561 detrital rock; clastic rock

    1562 detritophage; detritivore; detritus feeder

    1563 detritus; debris

    1564 deurbanisation; disurbanisation; counter-urbanisation

    1565 developed country

    1566 developing country

    1567 development of territory

    1568 deviation

    1569 deviation of plumb line

    1570 devolution

    1571 Devonian

    1572 dew

    1573 dew point

    1574 dew point depression; dew-point deficit

    1575 diabatic adj; non-adiabatic adj

    1576 diabatic process; non-adiabatic process

    1577 diagenesis

    1578 diagenesis of snow cover

    1579 diagnostic horizon

    1580 diagonal lamination

    1581 diagonal scale

    1582 diagonal valley

    1583 diagram

    1584 diagram map

    1585 diamond dust; powedery snow; adamantine braize

    1586 diaphtoresis of snow cover

    1587 diapir

    1588 diaspora

    1589 diastrophism

    1590 diatom

    1591 dichothermy

    1592 difference of glacierization

    1593 differential ablation

    1594 differential erosion

    1595 differential rent

    1596 differential weathering

    1597 diffluence of glacier; glacial diffluence

    1598 diffraction of a wave; wave diffraction

    1599 diffuse front

    1600 diffuse solar radiation; sky radiation

    1601 diffusion of innovations; diffusion

    1602 digital cartography; digital mapping

    1603 digital elevation model

    1604 digital map; electronic map

    1605 dike; dyke

    1606 dilution of natural waters

    1607 diluvium

    1608 dimictic lake

    1609 dingja

    1610 dip; true dip

    1611 direct solar radiation

    1612 direct-current water supply

    1613 dirt ice bands

    1614 disappearing stream; influent stream

    1615 disastrous flood

    1616 discharge basin

    1617 discharge current; hydraulic current

    1618 discharge fluctuations

    1619 discharge of spring

    1620 discharge rating curve

    1621 dischargeof a stream

    1622 disclimax; plagioclimax

    1623 discontinuous area; disjunctive area

    1624 discontinuous permafrost

    1625 discordance; discordant bedding; unconformity; disconformity

    1626 discordance surface

    1627 discordant adj

    1628 discordant coast; transverse coast

    1629 disgarmonic folding

    1630 disjunction of areas

    1631 dislocated bed stratum

    1632 dislocated moraine; contorted till; disturbation till

    1633 dislocation

    1634 dispatched production

    1635 dispersed ground

    1636 dispersed settlement

    1637 dissected plain

    1638 dissected volcano

    1639 dissection; dissection of relief

    1640 dissipation of wave energy

    1641 dissolved load

    1642 distal adj

    1643 distance distortion

    1644 distance of snow transport

    1645 distortion isogram

    1646 distortion of map projection; cartographic alteration; cartographic distortion

    1647 distributary1

    1648 district1; urban district

    1649 distrophic lake

    1650 diurnal adj

    1651 diurnal range; diurnal variation

    1652 diurnal tide

    1653 divagating lake

    1654 divagating meander

    1655 divergence

    1656 diverging terraces

    1657 diversification

    1658 diversification index

    1659 diversified economy

    1660 divided circle diagram; pie graph; wheelgraph; pie diagram

    1661 division of labour

    1662 division of water; water parting

    1663 dock

    1664 dockland

    1665 doldrums; equatorial calms

    1666 doline

    1667 dolomite

    1668 dome

    1669 dome-shaped iceberg; rounded iceberg

    1670 domestic adj

    1671 domestic animal

    1672 domestic sewage

    1673 domestic tourism

    1674 domestic waste; household waste

    1675 dominant species; dominant

    1676 dominion

    1677 dormant volcano

    1678 dormitory village; residential district; residential area; commuter village

    1679 dot method

    1680 double coast line

    1681 double tide

    1682 downcutting

    1683 downdraught

    1684 downland

    1685 downscaling

    1686 downstream adv, adj

    1687 downwelling; sinking

    1688 drain1

    1689 drainage

    1690 drainage area; catchment; drainage basin; watershed (amer); catchment area

    1691 drainage lake

    1692 drainage network

    1693 drainage network density; drainage density

    1694 drainage of confined waters

    1695 drainage of glacier

    1696 drainage pattern

    1697 drainage rate

    1698 drainage runoff

    1699 drainage system

    1700 drainage water

    1701 draining spot; drying area

    1702 drawdown; drawdown of a water table

    1703 dredger

    1704 dredging

    1705 dried ice

    1706 drift

    1707 drift current; wind drift; wind-driven current; drift3

    1708 drift theory

    1709 drifted snow

    1710 drifting station; drifting ice station

    1711 driftwood

    1712 drilling; boring

    1713 drilling hole; borehole; drill hole; well2

    1714 drinking water

    1715 drip

    1716 drizzle

    1717 dropstone

    1718 drought

    1719 drought index

    1720 drought resistance

    1721 drowned valley

    1722 drumlin

    1723 drunken forest

    1724 druse

    1725 dry adiabatic process

    1726 dry adiabatic lapse rate

    1727 dry adj; arid adj

    1728 dry channel

    1729 dry deposition

    1730 dry farming

    1731 dry flat-floor valley

    1732 dry ice

    1733 dry meadow

    1734 dry season

    1735 dry snow

    1736 dry snow zone; recrystallization zone

    1737 dry valley

    1738 dry wind; sukhovey

    1739 Dryas

    1740 drying up of rivers

    1741 dual economy; economic dualism

    1742 dump; waste site; dumping ground

    1743 dumped moraine; moraine line

    1744 dumping

    1745 dune; sand dune

    1746 dune lake

    1747 dune ridges

    1748 dune slack

    1749 duopoly

    1750 durable goods; durables

    1751 duration of flood tide

    1752 duricrust

    1753 durisol

    1754 dust

    1755 dust avalanche

    1756 dust storm; sand storm

    1757 duty

    1758 dwarf plant; dwarfish formation

    1759 dynamic axis of stream

    1760 dynamic climatology

    1761 dynamic equilibrium

    1762 dynamic geomorphology

    1763 dynamic meteorology

    1764 dynamical topography of sea surface

    1765 dynamometamorphism

    E

    1766 Earth

    1767 Earth ellipsoid; ellipsoid of reference

    1768 earth pillar; demoiselle; pedestral rock; pedestral

    1769 earth road; earthen highway; unpaved road; country road; dirt road

    1770 Earth sciences; geosciences

    1771 earth tremor; jolt

    1772 Earth’s corona

    1773 Earth’s crust; crust of the Earth

    1774 earthflow; earthslide

    1775 earthquake; temblor (amer)

    1776 earthworm cast; coprolite

    1777 easement

    1778 east

    1779 east adj; oriental adj; eastern adj

    1780 east wind transport; easterlies

    1781 easting

    1782 ebb; ebb tide; low tide

    1783 ebb and flow

    1784 ebbing current; ebb current

    1785 eccentricity of orbit

    1786 ecesis

    1787 echelon section

    1788 echo-sounder; fathometer; sonic depth finger; sonar

    1789 ecistics

    1790 eclipse

    1791 ecliptic

    1792 ecocide

    1793 ecogenesis

    1794 ecological alarmism

    1795 ecological certificate

    1796 ecological crisis

    1797 ecological disaster; ecological catastrophe

    1798 ecological diseases; diseases of civilization

    1799 ecological economics; environmental economics

    1800 ecological education

    1801 ecological foundation

    1802 ecological movement; conservation movement; green movement; conservationism

    1803 ecological niche; niche2

    1804 ecological optimism

    1805 ecological optimum

    1806 ecological pessimism

    1807 ecological realism

    1808 ecological refugees; eco-refugees

    1809 ecological regulation

    1810 ecological risk; environmental risk

    1811 ecological risk assessment

    1812 ecological safety

    1813 ecological series

    1814 ecological tension

    1815 ecology

    1816 ecolologically friendly technology; wholesome production; clean production

    1817 economic adj

    1818 economic aid

    1819 economic crisis

    1820 economic development

    1821 economic distance

    1822 economic efficiency

    1823 economic geography

    1824 economic growth

    1825 economic integration

    1826 economic mechanism

    1827 economic methods of management; mechanism of economic management

    1828 economic potential

    1829 economic region

    1830 economic regionalization

    1831 economic sector; sector of economy

    1832 economic stagnation

    1833 economics

    1834 economy

    1835 economy of scale

    1836 ecopolis

    1837 ecosphere

    1838 ecosystem; biogeocoenosis; ecological system

    1839 ecotone

    1840 ecotopology

    1841 ecotourism; ecological tourism

    1842 edaphic; pedogenic adj

    1843 edaphic climax

    1844 edaphology

    1845 edaphon

    1846 eddy coefficients; exchange coefficients

    1847 eddy formation

    1848 eddy structure

    1849 edge city

    1850 edge of water; water edge

    1851 edificator; characteristic species

    1852 edoma

    1853 effective capacity of water reservoir

    1854 effective fertility

    1855 effective precipitation

    1856 effective radiation

    1857 effective temperature

    1858 efflorescence

    1859 effluent1

    1860 effluent standard; emission standard

    1861 efforation

    1862 effusion

    1863 effusive rock

    1864 Ekman spiral; depth of frictional influence

    1865 El Niño; southern oscillation

    1866 elan’

    1867 electoral geography

    1868 electrical industry

    1869 electronic atlas

    1870 electronics industry

    1871 elevated reef

    1872 elevation

    1873 elfin woodland; elfinwood; kampzone; gnarled forest

    1874 ellipse of distorsion; Tissot’s indicatrix

    1875 eluvial horizon; A-horizon

    1876 eluvium; eluvial deposits

    1877 embankment

    1878 embargo

    1879 embayed coast

    1880 emergent shoreline; coast of emergence

    1881 emigrant

    1882 emigration

    1883 emission

    1884 emission quotas

    1885 emission rate

    1886 emission source

    1887 emission standard

    1888 empire

    1889 employment rate; employment level

    1890 empoldering

    1891 enclave

    1892 enclosed landscape

    1893 enclosed sea; continental sea

    1894 enclosure

    1895 endangered species; threatement species; species at risk of extinction

    1896 endemic adj

    1897 endemic disease; endemic

    1898 endemism

    1899 endodynamic succession

    1900 endogenic adj

    1901 endorheic adj; endoreic adj

    1902 endorreic drainage; aretic drainage

    1903 energy balance; fuel-energy balance

    1904 energy consumption per unit; power consumption per unit

    1905 energy crisis

    1906 energy cycle; cycle of energy; energy flow

    1907 energy of relief

    1908 energy resources; fuel-and-energy resources

    1909 energy savings

    1910 englacial ablation

    1911 englacial adj

    1912 englacial lake; glacier lake

    1913 englacial mass-and-energy exchange

    1914 englacial moraine; englacial debris

    1915 englacial water

    1916 enterprise; firm

    1917 entisol

    1918 entomochorous plant

    1919 environment; natural environment

    1920 environmental adj; ecological adj

    1921 environmental balance; ecological balance; balance of nature

    1922 environmental crime

    1923 environmental damage

    1924 environmental degradation; environmental deterioration

    1925 environmental emergency; ecological emergency

    1926 environmental engineering

    1927 environmental ethics

    1928 environmental examination; environmental impact assessment

    1929 environmental forecast

    1930 environmental geomorphology

    1931 environmental hazard; environmental risk

    1932 environmental impact; environmental load; environmental pressure; anthropogenic impact

    1933 environmental investments; ecological charges

    1934 environmental legislation; ecological law

    1935 environmental management; rational environmental management

    1936 environmental monitoring

    1937 environmental policy; green politics

    1938 environmental services

    1939 environmental studies

    1940 environmental tax

    1941 environmetalism

    1942 environs

    1943 Eocene

    1944 eolian deposits

    1945 eolian erosion

    1946 eolian landforms

    1947 Eon; Aeon

    1948 epeirogenic movements; epeirogenesis

    1949 ephemer; ephemeroid

    1950 ephemeral adj

    1951 ephemeral lake

    1952 ephemeris

    1953 epicentre

    1954 epicontinental sea; epeiric sea

    1955 epidemic

    1956 epigenesis; epigenetic process

    1957 epigenetic ice

    1958 epigenetic ice wedge

    1959 epigenetic valley

    1960 epilimnion

    1961 epiphyte; epiphyllous plant

    1962 epiplatformian mountains

    1963 equator

    1964 equatorial adj

    1965 equatorial air

    1966 equatorial climate

    1967 equatorial current; trade-wind current

    1968 equatorial forest; equatorial rain-forest; selva

    1969 equatorial forest zone

    1970 equatorial trough; equatorial front

    1971 equatorial undercurrent; equatorial countercurrent

    1972 equatorial westerlies zone; equatorial west-wind zone

    1973 equatorial zone; equatorial belt

    1974 equidistant projection

    1975 equilibrium line

    1976 equilibrium models

    1977 equilibrium of landscape; landscape stability

    1978 equilibrium prices

    1979 equilibrium profile of river

    1980 equinoctial rains

    1981 equinox

    1982 equiplain

    1983 equiplanation

    1984 equipment of map; map elements

    1985 equiscalar surfaces

    1986 equivalent projection; equal-area projection; equiareal projection

    1987 era

    1988 erg

    1989 erik

    1990 erosion

    1991 erosion landforms

    1992 erosion mountains

    1993 erosion of sea floor

    1994 erratic adj

    1995 erratic boulder

    1996 erratic mass; detached mass; outlier

    1997 eruption centre

    1998 esker

    1999 espinal

    2000 estate; hacienda; estancia; manor

    2001 estavelle

    2002 estuarian adj

    2003 estuarian circulation

    2004 estuary

    2005 etesian wind

    2006 ethnic adj

    2007 ethnic geography

    2008 ethnic group

    2009 ethnic minority; minority ethnic group

    2010 ethnicity

    2011 ethnocentric adj

    2012 ethnocentrism

    2013 ethnocultural diversity

    2014 ethnogenesis

    2015 ethnography; ethnology

    2016 eurybathic animal

    2017 euryhaline animal

    2018 euryhygrobiont

    2019 euryoxybiont

    2020 euryphagous animal

    2021 eurythermobiont

    2022 eustasy; eustatism; eustatic oscillations

    2023 eutrofication

    2024 eutrophic adj

    2025 eutrophic lake

    2026 eutrophic plant; megatrophic plant

    2027 evaporation; evaporation of water

    2028 evaporation of ice

    2029 evaporative capacity; potential evaporation

    2030 evaporite

    2031 evapotranspiration

    2033 evasion of gases

    2034 everglade

    2035 evergreen plant; evergreen

    2036 evolution

    2037 evolutionary geography

    2038 evorsion

    2039 exaration

    2040 excavated waste rock; Haldenbaden m; mining waste

    2041 excess ice

    2042 excessive humidity

    2043 exchange capacity of soil

    2044 exclusive economic zone

    2045 excursion

    2046 exfoliation; onion-skin weathering

    2047 exfoliation; onion-weathering; desquamation

    2048 exhumation of relief

    2049 exhumed relief

    2050 exodynamic succession

    2051 exogenetic adj; exogenic adj

    2052 exoreic drainage; external drainage

    2053 exosphere

    2054 exotic species; introduced species; alien; invasive species

    2055 expanded foot glacier; wall-sided glacier

    2056 expatriate

    2057 expatriation

    2058 explerent

    2059 exploitation

    2060 explosive eruption; volcanic explosion

    2061 export

    2062 export duty

    2063 export economy

    2064 export of capital

    2065 export quota

    2066 exposure; slope exposure; aspect2

    2067 extension of drainage network

    2068 extensive agriculture; extensive farming

    2069 extensive economy

    2070 external costs; externalities

    2071 external perspective projection

    2072 external water circulation

    2073 extinct volcano

    2074 extinction of species

    2075 extractive agriculture

    2076 extralayer plants

    2077 extratropical cyclone; extratropical depression

    2078 extratropical monsoon

    2079 extrazonal vegetation; extrazonal landscape

    2080 extreme continental climate

    2081 extreme tourism; adventure tourism

    2082 extrusion

    2083 extrusive rock

    2084 eye of a tropical cyclone; storm eye

    F

    2085 facet of fall

    2086 facies

    2087 factor; agent

    2088 factory; plant

    2089 Fahrenheit temperature scale

    2090 fairway; channel

    2091 fall1

    2092 fall velocity; sinking velocity

    2093 fall wind

    2094 fall-line; fall zone

    2095 fallout; radioactive fallout

    2096 fallow; ley; bare fallow; lea

    2097 fallow land

    2098 false colour composite; false color image

    2099 false terrace

    2100 false-bedding; cross-bedding

    2101 fan of wandering

    2102 farewell rock; zeugen; butte; mushroom rock

    2103 farm; homestead

    2104 farmstead

    2105 fast ice; ice foot; landfast ice

    2106 fata morgana

    2107 fathogram

    2108 fault

    2109 fault block

    2110 fault breccia

    2111 fault plane

    2112 fault scarp; scarp

    2113 fault zones

    2114 fauna

    2115 faunal realm

    2116 faunal region

    2117 faunistic complex

    2118 federal adj

    2119 federal district

    2120 federal tax

    2121 federalism

    2122 federation; federal state

    2123 feeding ground; sea pastureland

    2124 felling area; cutting area

    2125 fen; eutrophic fen

    2126 feral adj

    2127 ferralitization

    2128 ferrallitic soil; latosol

    2129 ferralsol

    2130 ferrolysis

    2131 ferruginous crust; laterite

    2132 ferruginous soil

    2133 ferry

    2134 fersiallitic soil

    2135 fertilization

    2136 fertilizer

    2137 fertilizing soil with clay; marling

    2138 fetch; length of wave run-out

    2139 fibric layer

    2140 field inspection of aerial photograph

    2141 field sketching

    2142 fill

    2143 filling in of a lake; plantgrowing of waterbody; vegetation infill of a lake

    2144 filling of cyclone; filling; filling of depression

    2145 filling up of a water body

    2146 film water; pellicular water

    2147 filtration fields; filtration beds

    2148 financial resources

    2149 fine material; fine-grained sediment

    2150 fine-grained adj; small-grained adj

    2151 finger lake; trough lake

    2152 Finiglacial

    2153 finished product; end-product

    2154 firn; nevé

    2155 firn field; firn basin

    2156 firn line

    2157 firnification

    2158 first-year ice; white sea ice; one-year ice

    2159 fish farm

    2160 fishing; fishery

    2161 fissure; joint; fracture

    2162 fissure eruption; linear eruption

    2163 fissure volcano

    2164 fissuring; fracturing

    2165 fiumare

    2166 fixation

    2167 fixation of sands

    2168 fixism

    2169 fjard; fiard

    2170 fjel; fill

    2171 fjord

    2172 flank moraine; side moraine

    2173 flash-flood

    2174 flat bank

    2175 flat interfluve

    2176 flattering of the flood wave

    2177 flat-top glacier

    2178 flexure

    2179 flint

    2180 floatable river; floatable way

    2181 floating; rafting3

    2182 floating bog; floating mat

    2183 floating glacier tongue; floating glacier

    2184 floating ice; drifting ice; drift-ice

    2185 floating ice studies

    2186 floating snow

    2187 flocculation

    2188 flock

    2189 floe; ice-cake; ice-pan; ice-floe

    2190 floeberg

    2191 flood; high water; spate

    2192 flood control

    2193 flood flow

    2194 flood wave

    2195 flood zone; inundation zone

    2196 flood-control storage capacity

    2197 floodplain

    2198 floodplain deposits

    2199 floodplain meadow; water meadow

    2200 floodplane alluvium; overbank deposits

    2201 floodplane island

    2202 flora

    2203 floriculture

    2204 floristic element

    2205 floristic kingdom; floristic realm

    2206 floristic province

    2207 flotation

    2208 flow1

    2209 flow loss

    2210 flowing avalanche

    2211 fluctuation of glacier; glacier fluctuations

    2212 fluctuations of climate; climatic fluctuations

    2213 fluidity of ice

    2214 fluidization

    2215 flume; conducting channel; conduit

    2216 flush

    2217 flushed soil

    2218 fluting-moraine; fluted moraine

    2219 fluvial adj; riverine adj; fluviatile adj

    2220 fluvial hydraulics

    2221 fluvial landform

    2222 fluvial terrace above floodplain

    2223 fluvioglacial adj; glaciofluvial adj

    2224 fluvisol

    2225 flysch

    2226 foam ice

    2227 fodder; forage

    2228 fodder field

    2229 foehn; föhn

    2230 fog

    2231 fogbow; white rainbow

    2232 fold

    2233 fold mountains

    2234 fold system

    2235 fold-block mountains

    2236 folding

    2237 folding zone

    2238 foliage

    2239 foliation

    2240 folk ecology; popular ecology

    2241 food chain; trophic chain; food web

    2242 food industry; food and biverage industry; food processing industry

    2243 food security

    2244 foot of slope

    2245 foothills

    2246 footloose industry; footloose activity

    2247 forb steppe

    2248 forb-meadow steppe

    2249 forced convection

    2250 forced migrants

    2251 ford

    2252 Fordism

    2253 forecast

    2254 forecast map

    2256 foredune; coastal dune

    2257 foreign economic connections; foreign economic relations

    2258 foreign trade balance; foreign trade turnover

    2259 foreland

    2260 forerange

    2261 foreshock

    2262 foreshore; offshore2

    2263 forest; wood

    2264 forest assessment; forest inventory; forest valuation

    2265 forest cadastre

    2266 forest cover

    2267 forest damaged by snow

    2268 forest edge

    2269 forest fauna

    2270 forest improvement; forest reclamation

    2271 forest management; forest use

    2272 forest resources

    2273 forestal adj

    2274 forested lowland

    2275 forest-industrial complex; timber-industry complex

    2276 forestry

    2277 forest-steppe; forest-steppe zone

    2278 forest-tundra; forest-tundra zone

    2279 fossil

    2280 fossil fuel

    2281 foul air

    2282 foundering

    2283 fracture; rupture

    2284 fracture line of an avalanche

    2285 fractus

    2286 fragipan

    2287 fragmentation of a farm

    2288 framework of settlement pattern

    2289 frazil ice; frazil

    2290 free atmosphere

    2291 free economic zone; free zone

    2292 free port; free city

    2293 free solifluction

    2294 free trade

    2295 free trade area; free trade zone

    2296 freeze-free period

    2297 freeze-thaw cycle

    2298 freeze-up

    2299 freezing; congelation

    2300 freezing crust

    2301 freezing drizzle; freezing rain

    2302 freezing front

    2303 freezing nucleus

    2304 freezing point

    2305 freezing through of river

    2306 freezing-out; upfreezing

    2307 freight

    2308 freight rates

    2309 fresh ice; fresh-water ice

    2310 fresh water

    2311 freshwater adj; limnic adj; limnetic adj

    2312 freshwater environment

    2313 freshwater lake

    2314 fringing reef; biogenic reef

    2315 front; frontal zone; frontal surface

    2316 front of growing activity

    2317 front of snow melting

    2318 frontal

    2319 frontal cloud system

    2320 frontal fog

    2321 frontal moraine

    2322 frontal precipitation; cyclonic precipitation; frontal rainfall; cyclonic rain

    2323 frontal thunderstorm

    2324 frontal wave; cyclonic wave

    2325 frontogenesis

    2326 frontolysis

    2327 frost; air frost

    2328 frost danger of the ground

    2329 frost fissure; frost crack

    2330 frost flowers; window frost2

    2331 frost fracturing

    2332 frost jacking; upfreezing

    2333 frost line; frost boundary

    2334 frost pocket; frost hollow

    2335 frost resistance; frost stability

    2336 frost resistant ground

    2337 frost smoke; arctic smoke

    2338 frost sorting

    2339 frost weathering; frost shattering; gelivation; congelifraction; freeze-thaw action

    2340 frost wedging

    2341 frozen ground

    2342 frozen snow crust; wind slab snow

    2343 frozen waterfall

    2344 full Moon

    2345 full-time employment

    2346 fully mature shoreline

    2347 fumarole

    2348 funicular

    2349 funnel cloud; tornado cloud

    2350 fur farm

    2351 fur-farming

    2352 furrow

    G

    2353 gafe

    2354 galaxy

    2355 gallery forest; fringing forest; galeria forest; forest gallery

    2356 game reserve

    2357 gap

    2358 gara

    2359 garden city

    2360 garigue

    2361 garúa

    2362 gas; natural gas

    2363 gas hydrate

    2364 gas-pipeline

    2365 gästarbeiter; guest worker

    2366 gat; ship canal

    2367 gate

    2368 gated community; exclusionary enclave

    2369 gateway city

    2370 gathering

    2371 Gauss-Krüger coordinates

    2372 gazetteer

    2373 geest

    2374 gelifluction

    2375 gendarme

    2376 gender

    2377 gender geography

    2378 gene pool

    2379 general cargo

    2380 general geography

    2381 general geomorphology

    2382 general hydrology

    2383 generation of waves

    2384 genocide; ethnic cleansing

    2385 gentle slope

    2386 gently rolling plain; rolling plain

    2387 gentrification

    2388 geoarcheology

    2389 geocentric adj

    2390 geochemical barrier

    2391 geochemical endemia

    2392 geochemical landscape

    2393 geochemistry

    2394 geochron

    2395 geochronology; geological timescale

    2396 geocoding

    2397 geocratic period

    2398 geodesy

    2399 geodetic base line

    2400 geodetic control

    2401 geodetic coordinates

    2402 geodetic distance; geodetic line; geodesic line

    2403 geodetic framework of astronomical points

    2404 geodetic intersection

    2405 geodetic network; geodetic net; geodetic framework

    2406 geodetic point; geodesic control point; fixed point

    2407 geodetic satellite

    2408 geoecology; ecogeography

    2409 geoeconomics

    2410 geographic coordinates

    2411 geographic position; geographical location; geographical situation; geographic situation

    2412 geographic space

    2413 geographical adj; geographic adj

    2414 geographical belt

    2415 geographical boundary

    2416 geographical description

    2417 geographical determinism

    2418 geographical feature; geographical object; geographic object

    2419 geographical inertia

    2420 geographical landscape; landscape

    2421 geographical modelling

    2422 geographical pathology

    2423 geographical possibilism; possibilism

    2424 geographical prognosis; geographical prognostication

    2425 geographical subzone

    2426 geographical zone

    2427 geography

    2428 geography of agriculture; agricultural

    2429 geography of religion

    2430 geography of tourism and leisure; recreation geography

    2431 geography of trade

    2432 geography of world economy

    2433 geoiconics

    2434 geoid

    2435 geoinformatics

    2436 geoinformation system; geographic information system; GIS

    2437 geoinformational adj

    2438 geoinformational mapping

    2439 geological age

    2440 geological inversion

    2441 geological record

    2442 geological section

    2443 geological time

    2444 geology

    2445 geomorphic levels

    2446 geomorphological adj; geomorphic adj

    2447 geomorphological profile

    2448 geomorphological survey

    2449 geomorphology

    2450 geophil

    2451 geophysical satellite

    2452 geophysics

    2453 geophyte

    2454 geopolitics

    2455 geopotential

    2456 geopotential altitude; geopotential height

    2457 georepresentation; graphic image

    2458 geospheres

    2459 geostationary satellite

    2460 geostrategy

    2461 geostrophic current

    2462 geostrophic wind; geostrophic flow

    2463 geosyncline

    2464 geosystem

    2465 geotechnical system

    2466 geothermal energy; geothermal heat

    2467 geothermal gradient

    2468 geothermal power station

    2469 geothermal resources

    2470 geothermic step

    2471 geyser

    2472 ghetto

    2473 ghost town

    2474 giant’s pavement

    2475 gilgaï; gilgai soil; melonhole

    2476 GIS technologies

    2477 GIS-based analysis

    2478 GIS-data

    2479 glacial abrasion

    2480 glacial accumulation

    2481 glacial adj

    2482 glacial anticyclone

    2483 glacial cycle

    2484 glacial denudation

    2485 glacial deposit

    2486 glacial divergence; glacial diversion

    2487 glacial dynamics

    2488 glacial erosion; plucking

    2489 glacial flood; glacial outburst

    2490 glacial lake

    2491 glacial maximum

    2492 glacial mudflow

    2493 glacial outburst; outburst of glacial lake; bursting of a lake

    2494 glacial polish

    2495 glacial relief; glacial landforms

    2496 glacial scar; glacial stria; chatter mark; glacial scratch

    2497 glacial spillway; overflow channel

    2498 glacial stage

    2499 glacial stairway

    2500 glacial stream

    2501 glaciation

    2502 glaciation boundary

    2503 glaciation limit; glaciation level

    2504 glacier

    2505 glacier advance; advance of glacier

    2506 glacier alimentation; glacier nourishment

    2507 glacier basin

    2508 glacier bed

    2509 glacier breeze; glacier wind

    2510 glacier catchment

    2511 glacier coefficient

    2512 glacier complex

    2513 glacier desert

    2514 glacier flow; movement of glacier

    2515 glacier fountain

    2516 glacier front; glacier snout; glacier terminus

    2517 glacier funnel

    2518 glacier grotto; glacier gate

    2519 glacier hollow; cryoconite hole

    2520 glacier ice

    2521 glacier karst

    2522 glacier knot

    2523 glacier lobe

    2524 glacier margin; ice edge2; ice margin

    2525 glacier mass balance; glacier mass budget

    2526 glacier milk

    2527 glacier mill; glacier well; moulin

    2528 glacier regime

    2529 glacier retreat; glacial recession; retreat of a glacier

    2530 glacier runoff

    2531 glacier stability

    2532 glacier studies

    2533 glacier surge; surge

    2534 glacier swamp

    2535 glacier system

    2536 glacier table

    2537 glacier theory; glacialism

    2538 glacier tongue

    2539 glacier trunk

    2540 glacierization

    2541 glaciers of barrancos

    2542 glacioclimatology; glaciometeorology

    2543 glaciodislocation

    2544 glacio-eustasy; glacio-eustatism

    2545 glacio-eustatic curve

    2546 glaciofluvial landforms; glacifluvial relief

    2547 glaciofluvial sediments; outwash sands and gravels; fluvio-glacial deposits

    2548 glaciofluvial terrace

    2549 glaciohydrology; glacier hydrology

    2550 glacio-isostasy; glacioisostatic movement

    2551 glaciokarst

    2552 glaciolacustrine sediments

    2553 glaciology

    2554 glacio-marine deposits; iceberg deposits

    2555 glacio-nival system

    2556 glaciosphere

    2557 glaciotectonics

    2558 glade

    2559 gley formation; gleization; gleying; gleyification

    2560 gley horizon

    2561 gley soils; gleysol; glei soils

    2562 gley-podzolic soil; epigleyic podzol

    2563 glimmer ice

    2564 glint

    2565 global change

    2566 global ocean conveyor belt

    2567 global pollution; global contamination

    2568 global positioning system; GPS

    2569 global solar radiation

    2570 global temperature

    2571 global warming

    2572 globalization

    2573 globe

    2574 globigerine silt

    2575 globular projection

    2576 glory

    2577 glowing avalanche

    2578 gnomonic projection

    2579 goat-husbandry

    2580 gold-field

    2581 goletz

    2582 goletz relief

    2583 Gondwanaland; Gondwana

    2584 gorge; canyon

    2585 Götiglacial stage; Götiglacial

    2586 graben

    2587 graded bedding; graded sediments

    2588 graded river; graded stream

    2589 graded shore

    2590 gradient

    2591 gradient observations

    2592 gradient wind

    2593 gradualism

    2594 graduation

    2595 grain

    2596 grain farm; grain growing

    2597 grained snowflake

    2598 gramineous grassland; gramineous steppe

    2599 granite

    2600 granitic layer

    2601 granular disintegration

    2602 granular ice

    2603 granulometric composition

    2604 graphic variables

    2605 graphite

    2606 grass savanna; savanna grassland

    2607 grass swamp

    2608 grassland; steppe zone; steppe

    2609 graticule

    2610 gravel

    2611 gravimetry

    2612 gravitation; gravity; gravitational force; gravitational pull

    2613 gravitational model; gravity model

    2614 gravity anomaly

    2615 gravity processes

    2616 gravity water; free water; gravitational water

    2617 grease ice; ice fat; lard ice

    2618 great circle

    2619 Great Discoveries

    2620 green belt

    2621 green flash; green ray

    2622 green manure

    2623 Green Revolution

    2624 «green» gross domestic product

    2625 greenhouse effect

    2626 greenhouse gases

    2627 Greenpeace

    2628 Greenwich mean time; GMT; Greenwich universal time

    2629 gregarious animal

    2630 Gregorian calendar

    2631 grey brown soil

    2632 grey-brown desert soil

    2633 grey-brown podzol

    2634 grey-forest soil

    2635 grid; coordinate grid; reference grid

    2636 grid bearing; grid bearing; grid azimuth

    2637 grid sell

    2638 groin; groyne

    2639 gross domestic product; GDP

    2640 gross income

    2641 gross national product; GNP

    2642 gross product

    2643 gross regional product

    2644 grotto

    2645 ground

    2646 ground avalanche; full depth avalanche

    2647 ground freezing

    2648 ground frost

    2649 ground ice

    2650 ground information

    2651 ground inversion; surface inversion

    2652 ground moraine; subglacial moraine

    2653 ground rent

    2654 ground subsidence

    2655 ground swell

    2656 ground vein

    2657 ground water balance

    2658 ground water lens

    2659 grounded hummock; stranded hummock

    2660 grounding line

    2661 groundwater; ground water

    2662 groundwater flow; subsurface flow

    2663 groundwater stock

    2664 grove; coppice

    2665 growing delta

    2666 growing season; vegetation season

    2667 growler; bergy bits; iceblock

    2668 growth area; growth pole; growth centre

    2669 guano

    2670 gulf

    2671 gulley; gulch; ravine; gully

    2672 gully erosion; gullying

    2673 gullying; gully terrain; ridge-and-ravine terrain

    2674 gust

    2675 gust-and-glaze loading

    2676 gustiness component

    2677 Gutenberg Discontinuity

    2678 guttation

    2679 guyot

    2680 gypsic horizon

    2681 gypsisol

    2682 gypsophyte

    2683 gypsum

    2684 gypsum crust

    2685 gypsuming of soil

    2686 gyre

    2687 gyttja

    H

    2688 habitat; ecotope

    2689 habitat loss; habitat reduction

    2690 hachures

    2691 hade

    2692 Hadley cell

    2693 haff

    2694 hail

    2695 hail damage

    2696 halmyrolysis

    2697 halo

    2698 halocline

    2699 halogenic soil

    2700 halophile

    2701 hammada; hamada

    2702 handicrafts

    2703 hanging glacier

    2704 hanging valley

    2705 hanging-up water

    2706 haploidization

    2707 harbour

    2708 harbour oscillation; range action

    2709 hard water

    2710 hard-leaved forest; sclerophyllous forest

    2711 hardness of rock

    2712 hardpan

    2713 hardsetting

    2714 hardwood

    2715 harmattan

    2716 hay

    2717 hayfield

    2718 hazard of aufeis

    2719 haze

    2720 head percolation

    2721 headward erosion

    2722 headwaters; upper course; source area

    2723 health resort

    2724 health tourism

    2725 heartland

    2726 heat balance of the atmosphere

    2727 heat balance of the Earth surface

    2728 heat exchange in soil

    2729 heat flow

    2730 heat flux

    2731 heat island

    2732 heat lightning

    2733 heat wave

    2734 heath land; heather moor; heath

    2735 heave of a fault

    2736 heavy industry

    2737 heavy soil; heavy land

    2738 heavy water

    2739 hedge

    2740 Heinrich events

    2741 heliogeophysics

    2742 heliophobe

    2743 heliophyte

    2744 heliothermal water body

    2745 helophyte

    2746 hemihylaea

    2747 hemisphere

    2748 herb; grass; herbaceous plant

    2749 herb layer

    2750 herbaceous adj

    2751 herbage; grass stand

    2752 herbarium

    2753 herbicide

    2754 herbivore; herbivorous animal; plant-eating animal

    2755 Hercynian folding; Hercynian orogeny; Variscian folding

    2756 herd

    2757 heterochronism

    2758 heterosphere

    2759 heterotrophic adj

    2760 hibernation; dormancy

    2761 high altitude sickness; mountain sickness

    2762 high latitudes

    2763 high mountain climate

    2764 high mountains; high mountain relief

    2765 high oblique aerial photograph

    2766 high plain

    2767 high technology; advanced technology

    2768 high tide; rising tide; flood tide

    2769 high water; high-water mark2

    2770 high-altitude frontal zone

    2771 high-level cloud; high cloud

    2772 high-level waste

    2773 high-technology industry; high-tech industry

    2774 high-water mark1

    2775 highway; motorway

    2776 hill

    2777 hill shading; illuminated relief

    2778 hinge of fold

    2779 hinterland

    2780 histogram

    2781 historical area; historical region

    2782 historical geography

    2783 historical geology

    2784 history of geography

    2785 histosol

    2786 hoar; hoarfrost; hoar frost; white frost

    2787 hobby farming

    2788 Holarctic

    2789 holding company

    2790 holism

    2791 hollow

    2792 Holocene

    2793 holokarst

    2794 holomictic lake

    2795 holorganic horizon

    2796 homeostasis; selfregulation

    2797 hominidae

    2798 homogeneous atmosphere

    2799 homogeneous series

    2800 homoiothermic animal; homoiotherm

    2801 homopause

    2802 homosalinity

    2803 homosphere

    2804 homothermy

    2805 honeycomb relief

    2806 honeycomb rocks

    2807 honeycomb snow

    2808 honeycomb weathering

    2809 horizon

    2810 horizontal barometric gradient

    2811 horizontal coordinates

    2812 horizontal dissection of mountains

    2813 horizontal equivalent

    2814 horizontal lamination

    2815 horizontal scale

    2816 horizontal temperature gradient

    2818 horn

    2819 horn-peak

    2820 horse latitudes

    2821 horse-husbandry

    2822 horseshoe glacier

    2823 horst

    2824 horticulture; truck farming (amer); gardening

    2825 hot spring

    2826 hum

    2827 human activity; economic activity

    2828 human development index

    2829 human ecology

    2830 human geography; socioeconomic geography

    2831 human-induced hazard; man-made disaster

    2832 humic acid

    2833 humic horizon; humus horizon

    2834 humid climate

    2835 humid tropics; humid tropicality

    2836 humidification

    2837 humidity; air humidity

    2838 humification

    2839 hummock

    2840 hummocked ice row; pressure ridge

    2841 hummocky moraine

    2842 hummocky terrain

    2843 humus

    2844 humus-accumulating soils; humic soils

    2845 hunting

    2846 hurricane

    2847 hydatophyte

    2848 hydration

    2849 hydraulic adj

    2850 hydraulic constructions; hydraulic works

    2851 hydraulic force

    2852 hydraulic gradient

    2853 hydraulic head; head; piezometric head

    2854 hydraulic jump

    2855 hydraulic radius; hydraulic mean depth

    2856 hydraulic structures

    2857 hydraulics of glaciers

    2858 hydrobiological adj

    2859 hydrobiology

    2860 hydrobiose; hydrobiont

    2861 hydrocharite

    2862 hydrochemical adj

    2863 hydrochore

    2864 hydrodynamic adj

    2865 hydroelectric adj

    2866 hydroelectric engineering; hydropower engineering

    2867 hydroelectric potential

    2868 hydroelectric power station; hydroelectric plant

    2869 hydroelectric scheme; hydropower construction

    2870 hydrogenic succession

    2871 hydrogeological adj

    2872 hydrogeology

    2873 hydrograph

    2874 hydrographic adj

    2875 hydrographic name

    2876 hydrographic network

    2877 hydrography

    2878 hydrolaccolith; frost blister

    2879 hydrologic front

    2880 hydrologic series

    2881 hydrological adj; hydrologic adj

    2882 hydrological cycle; water cycle

    2883 hydrological regime; water regime

    2884 hydrological season

    2885 hydrological station; gauging station

    2886 hydrological year

    2887 hydrology

    2888 hydrology of bogs

    2889 hydrology of lakes

    2890 hydrology of reservoirs

    2891 hydrometeor

    2892 hydrometric section; measuring section; discharge site; gauge line

    2893 hydrometry

    2894 hydromorphic

    2895 hydromorphic podzolic soil

    2896 hydromorphic soil; hydrogenic soil

    2897 hydrophobe

    2898 hydrophyte

    2899 hydroponics

    2900 hydrosphere

    2901 hydrostatic pressure

    2902 hydrothermal adj

    2903 hydrothermal coefficient

    2904 hydrothermal process

    2905 hydrothermal vent

    2906 hygrophile

    2907 hygrophobe

    2908 hygrophyte

    2909 hygroscopic adj

    2910 hygroscopic nuclei

    2911 hygroscopic water; hygroscopic moisture

    2912 hypermarket; superstore

    2913 hyperspectral survey

    2914 hyperthermal water

    2915 hyperzonation

    2916 hypolimnion

    2917 hypsography; hypsographic tinting

    2918 hypsometric curve

    2919 hypsometric layer step

    2920 hypsometric map

    2921 hypsometric scale

    I

    2922 ice; natural ice

    2923 ice adhesion

    2924 ice age; glacial age; glacial epoch; glacial period

    2925 ice apron

    2926 ice avalanche; ice slide

    2927 ice barrier; ice front

    2928 ice belt; ice strip

    2929 ice bight

    2930 ice blink; ice sky

    2931 ice bridge

    2932 ice brittleness

    2933 ice canopy

    2934 ice cap; ice dome

    2935 ice cascade

    2936 ice catchment

    2937 ice cave

    2938 ice chart

    2939 ice clearing; lead

    2940 ice cloud

    2941 ice cluster

    2942 ice coast

    2943 ice concrete

    2944 ice cone

    2945 ice content

    2946 ice core

    2947 ice cover

    2948 ice coverage

    2949 ice creep

    2950 ice crust

    2951 ice dam1

    2952 ice dam2

    2953 ice divide

    2954 ice drift

    2955 ice drifting

    2956 ice druse

    2957 ice edge1

    2958 ice field

    2959 ice fog; ice mist

    2960 ice foot

    2961 ice forecast

    2962 ice formation

    2963 ice heaving

    2964 ice hillock

    2965 ice hummocking

    2966 ice island

    2967 ice jam

    2968 ice keel

    2969 ice kernel

    2970 ice lace

    2971 ice lens

    2972 ice mooring

    2973 ice mound; frost mound; frost hillock

    2974 ice mylonite

    2975 ice needles

    2976 ice nip

    2977 ice outburst

    2978 ice pellets; small hail

    2979 ice pile; ice heap

    2980 ice plug

    2981 ice rafting

    2982 ice ram

    2983 ice rampart; lake rampart

    2984 ice reconnaissance

    2985 ice regime

    2986 ice related community

    2987 ice remnant

    2988 ice reservoir

    2989 ice rind

    2990 ice rise

    2991 ice rock

    2992 ice season

    2993 ice segregation

    2994 ice sheet

    2995 ice shelf

    2996 ice situation; ice conditions

    2997 ice soil; ice ground

    2998 ice stalactite

    2999 ice stalagmite

    3000 ice stalagnate

    3001 ice stream

    3002 ice survey

    3003 ice tongue

    3004 ice trafficability

    3005 ice vein; ice wedge

    3006 ice viscosity

    3007 ice wall

    3008 ice with voids

    3009 ice-bearing ground; ice-bounded ground

    3010 iceberg

    3011 ice-breaker

    3012 ice-cap island

    3013 ice-cored moraine

    3014 ice-dammed lake

    3015 icefall

    3016 ice-field

    3017 ice-formation zone; ice facies

    3018 iceport

    3019 ice-quake

    3020 ice-survey station

    3021 ice-technology

    3022 icicle

    3023 icing

    3024 icy adj

    3025 idiomorphism of ice

    3026 idle water spill

    3027 igapo

    3028 igneous rock

    3029 illuvial horizon; B-horizon; argillic horizon

    3030 illuviation

    3031 ilmen

    3032 image enhancement

    3033 image interpretation; interpretation of aerial photographs

    3034 immature soil

    3035 immigrant

    3036 immigration

    3037 impacted area; impact zone

    3038 impeded drainage

    3039 impeded solifluction

    3040 imperialism

    3041 impermeable adj

    3042 impermeable rock; impervious rock

    3043 import

    3044 import duty

    3045 import quota

    3046 import substitution

    3047 improved soil

    3048 improvement of soil; soil improvement

    3049 improvement of soil by snow

    3050 inbound tourism

    3051 inceptisol

    3052 incised meander; confined meander; ingrown meander; infrenched meander

    3053 incised valley

    3054 inclination; gradient2; slope angle

    3055 inclined plain

    3056 inconsequent drainage

    3057 Indian summer; St. Martin summer; Old Wive’s summer

    3058 indicator plant; indicator species; plant indicator

    3059 indigenous adj

    3060 induration

    3061 industrial centre

    3062 industrial city

    3063 industrial clouds; plumes

    3064 industrial crop

    3065 industrial district; industrial estate

    3066 industrial effluent; industrial sewage

    3067 industrial geography; geography of industry

    3068 industrial map

    3069 industrial park

    3070 industrial pollution

    3071 industrial port complex

    3072 industrial region

    3073 industrial revolution

    3074 industrial society

    3075 industrialization

    3076 industrialized country

    3077 industry

    3078 industry of construction materials; construction materials industry

    3079 inertial current

    3080 infanticide

    3081 infauna

    3082 infield-outfield farming

    3083 infiltration

    3084 infiltration and recrystallization ice

    3085 infiltration ice

    3086 infiltration rate; infiltration capacity

    3087 inflow of ice

    3088 influx

    3089 information flow

    3090 infrared photography

    3091 infrared radiation

    3092 infrared thermography; infrared sensing; thermal sensing

    3093 infrastructure

    3094 ingression

    3095 ingression coast

    3096 ingression sea

    3097 ingression strait

    3098 initial landform; inherited features

    3099 initial plain

    3100 inland ice; continental glacier; land ice-sheet

    3101 inland sea

    3102 inlet

    3103 inner city

    3104 inner core

    3105 Inner Crescent

    3106 inner margin

    3107 innovation

    3108 input

    3109 input-output model balance; interindustry balance

    3110 inselberg; bornhardt

    3111 insequent valley

    3112 insert

    3113 inset terrace

    3114 in-shore station

    3115 insolation

    3116 insolation avalanche

    3117 insolation duration; sunshine duration

    3118 insolation weathering; thermal expansion; thermoclasty

    3119 instable humidity

    3120 instantaneous water level

    3121 instructional map

    3122 instrument-making industry

    3123 insular adj

    3124 insular climate

    3125 integral resources

    3126 integrated plant

    3127 integration of landscapes

    3128 intensification of production

    3129 intensity of earthquake

    3130 intensity of rainfall; rainfall intensity

    3131 intensive agriculture; intensive farming

    3132 intensive economy

    3133 interactive mapping

    3134 interbedded adj

    3135 interbedded layer

    3136 interception; interception of precipitation

    3137 intercontinental tourism

    3138 inter-diurnal variation

    3139 interfluve

    3140 interglacial

    3141 interglacial adj

    3142 interior waters

    3143 inter-island sea

    3144 interland sea; mediterranean sea

    3145 intermediate contour

    3146 intermediate product

    3147 intermittent saturation zone

    3148 intermittent spring

    3149 intermittent stream; ephemeral stream

    3150 intermodal transportation

    3151 intermontane adj

    3152 intermontane trough

    3153 inter-monthly variation

    3154 internal accumulation of glacier

    3155 internal migration

    3156 internal trade; domestic trade; home trade

    3157 internal water circulation

    3158 internal waves; boundary waves

    3159 international date line

    3160 international division of labour

    3161 international monopoly

    3162 international tourism

    3163 international trade; overseas trade; external trade; foreign trade

    3164 International Trusteeship

    3165 internationalization of production

    3166 internet-GIS

    3167 interregional balance

    3168 interrupted stream; discontinuous stream

    3169 interstadial

    3170 interstitial ice

    3171 intertropical convergence zone

    3172 intrapermafrost water

    3173 intraregional tourism

    3174 intrasecular fluctuations of climate

    3175 intrasoil weathering

    3176 intrazonal adj

    3177 intrazonal soils

    3178 introduction of species

    3179 intrusion

    3180 intrusive ice

    3181 intrusive rock; plutonic rock

    3182 inundation; spate; flood

    3183 invasion

    3184 invasion of air

    3185 invasion of gases

    3186 inverse moraine cone

    3187 inversion layer

    3188 inversion of precipitation

    3189 inversion of temperature; temperature inversion

    3190 inverted relief; inversion of relief

    3191 investment

    3192 investment climate

    3193 invisible export

    3194 invisible import

    3195 involution

    3196 ionization of atmosphere

    3197 ionosphere

    3198 iridescent cloud

    3199 irisation; iridescence

    3200 Iron Age

    3201 irradiance

    3202 irretrievable water consumption; irrevocable water consumption

    3203 irreversible change of the environment

    3204 irrigation

    3205 irrigation channel; irrigation canal

    3206 irrigation farming

    3207 irrigation rate

    3208 irrigation system; irrigation scheme

    3209 irrigation water

    3210 irrigation with limans

    3211 isallobar

    3212 isanomal; isanomalous line

    3213 island

    3214 island arc

    3215 island fauna

    3216 island flora

    3217 island state

    3218 isoamplitude

    3219 isoanthe

    3220 isoathme

    3221 isobar

    3222 isobase

    3223 isobath; bathymetric contour; submarine contour; depth contour

    3224 isochion; isochional line

    3225 isochron

    3226 isochronous adj

    3227 isochronous surface

    3228 isoclinal fold; isocline; isoclinal folding

    3229 isocline; isoclinal line

    3230 isodapane

    3231 isogonic line

    3232 isogram

    3233 isohaline

    3234 isohumic soil

    3235 isohyet

    3236 isolated population

    3237 isolated settlement

    3238 isolationism

    3239 isoline; isopleth

    3240 isomorphic adj

    3241 isoneph

    3242 isooxygene

    3243 isopach; isopachyte

    3244 isopage

    3245 isopectic line

    3246 isophene

    3247 isophytochrone

    3248 isopycnic line; isopycnic

    3249 isoseist; homoseismal line; homoseism

    3250 isostasy of the Earth’s crust; isostatic adjustment

    3251 isostatic adj

    3252 isotache

    3253 isotherm

    3254 isothermal adj

    3255 isothermal atmosphere

    3256 isothermal layer; isothermy

    3257 isothermobath

    3258 isotope

    3259 isotope-oxygen stage

    3260 isthmus; neck

    J

    3261 jet

    3262 jet stream

    3264 joint

    3265 joint venture

    3266 jointing

    3267 joint-stock company

    3268 jokullhlaup

    3269 journey; trip

    3270 Julian calendar

    3271 jumping avalanche

    3272 junction1

    3273 jungle

    3274 juniper stand

    3275 Jurassic

    3276 just-in-time

    3277 juvenile relief

    3278 juvenile valley

    3279 juvenile water

    K

    3280 kalema

    3281 kaltus

    3282 kame

    3283 kame terrace

    3284 kamien

    3285 karaburan

    3286 karasu

    3287 karez

    3288 karren; lapies

    3289 karrenfeld; limestone pavement

    3290 karst; karst relief

    3291 karst base-level

    3292 karst cavity

    3293 karst lake

    3294 karst landscape; limestone terrain

    3295 karst pit

    3296 karst plateau

    3297 karst river

    3298 karst studies

    3299 karst valley

    3300 karst waters

    3301 karst window

    3302 karstic adj

    3303 karstic cycle

    3304 karstifiable rock

    3305 katabatic front; katafront

    3306 katabatic wind; gravity wind

    3307 katathermy

    3308 kavir

    3309 kegelkarst

    3310 kekur

    3311 kernlose winter

    3312 kettle; glacier pothole; kettle hole

    3313 kettle hole; dead ice hollow

    3314 kettle-hole glacier

    3315 key area; sample plot

    3316 key map; index of sheets; index map

    3317 key stratum

    3318 key village

    3319 khamsin

    3320 Khvalyn transgression

    3321 kibboutz

    3322 kinematic wave in a glacier

    3323 knickpoint; rejuvenation head

    3324 knob-and-kettle topography; hilly lands; kame-and-kettle terrain

    3325 Kondratieff cycles

    3326 kopje

    3327 krakatao

    3328 Kronshtadt sea-gauge

    3329 krummholz; prostrate wood; prostrate shrubs

    3330 kum

    3331 kurum

    3332 Kyoto treaty

    3333 kyr

    L

    3334 La Niña

    3335 labour

    3336 labour market

    3337 labour productivity

    3338 labour resources; labour force; manpower; workforce; workforce

    3339 labour-extensive adj

    3340 labour-intensive adj

    3341 labyrinth

    3342 laccolith; laccolite

    3343 lacustrine adj

    3344 lacustrine delta

    3345 lacustrine deposits

    3346 lag; lagged time; time-lag

    3347 lagoon

    3348 lagoon coast

    3349 lagoon sediment

    3350 lahar; volcanogenic mudflow

    3351 lake

    3352 lake breeze

    3353 lake depression

    3354 lake ice

    3355 lake landscape

    3356 lake of rift-valley

    3357 lake percentage

    3358 lake plain; lacustrine plain

    3359 lake river; effluent stream; effluent river

    3360 lake stagnation

    3361 lake terrace; lacustrine terrace

    3362 lake-dwelling; pile-dwelling

    3363 lamarckism

    3364 lamina

    3365 laminar flow; parallel flow

    3366 lamination

    3367 land

    3368 land breeze

    3369 land bridge

    3370 land cadastre

    3371 land capability

    3372 land disturbance

    3373 land evaluation; land classification; appraisal; terrain analysis

    3374 land ice; continental ice

    3375 land improvement; improvement of land; land reclamation

    3376 land reclamation; reclamation

    3377 land reserve

    3378 land resources

    3379 land rotation; crop rotation; rotation of crops

    3380 land subsidence

    3381 land tenure

    3382 land transport

    3383 land use; land utilisation

    3384 landform

    3385 landlocked adj

    3386 landscape aesthetics

    3387 landscape aesthetics; landscape esthetics (amer)

    3388 landscape architecture

    3389 landscape capacity; landscape potential; natural potential

    3390 landscape change

    3391 landscape degradation

    3392 landscape design

    3393 landscape differentiation

    3394 landscape dynamics

    3395 landscape evaluation

    3396 landscape facies; asrect m de terrain

    3397 landscape geochemistry

    3398 landscape geosphere; Earth’s physical environment

    3399 landscape inversion

    3400 landscape morphology; landscape structure

    3401 landscape park

    3402 landscape planning

    3403 landscape recultivation

    3404 landscape study; terrain analysis; landscape science

    3405 landscape succession

    3406 landslide; slide; slide; landslip

    3407 landslide base; landslide foot

    3408 landslide body

    3409 landslide front

    3410 landslide lobe

    3411 landslide slope

    3412 landslide terrace

    3413 land-surveying; land-use survey; land-use planning

    3414 land-use system

    3415 lane; narrows

    3416 Langmuir eddy; Langmuir circulation

    3417 lapilli

    3418 lapse-rate process

    3419 Laramidian folding; Laramide orogeny

    3420 larch-tree forest

    3421 large scale map

    3422 latent ground ice

    3423 latent heat

    3424 lateral accretion

    3425 lateral erosion

    3426 lateral eruption

    3427 lateral migration

    3428 lateral moraine

    3429 laterite

    3430 lateritic adj

    3431 lateritic soil; laterite soil; latosol

    3432 laterization; lateritisation

    3433 latifundium

    3434 latitude

    3435 Laurasia

    3436 Laurentian ice sheet

    3437 lava

    3438 lava blister

    3439 lava cone

    3440 lava effusion; volcanic effusion

    3441 lava eruption; Hawaiian eruption

    3442 lava field

    3443 lava lake

    3444 lava sheet; lava plateau

    3445 lava-flow

    3446 lavaka

    3447 layda

    3448 layer of vegetation

    3449 layered glacier

    3450 layering of relief

    3451 leached soil

    3452 leaching

    3453 leaching groundwaters

    3454 lead; sounding lead

    3455 leaf fall; defoliation

    3456 leaf litter

    3457 leaf-bearing plant

    3458 leap-year

    3459 lease of land

    3460 leat; drain2

    3461 lee wave; lee eddy

    3462 lee-shore

    3463 leeward adj

    3464 leeward slope

    3465 legend; map’s legend

    3466 leisure

    3467 length of a river

    3468 lens

    3469 lenticular cloud

    3470 leptosol

    3471 lessivage

    3472 lettering

    3473 levada

    3474 levante

    3475 levee

    3476 level surface

    3477 levelling

    3478 levelling network

    3479 ley-farming; shifting cultivation

    3480 liana; liane; vine

    3481 lichen

    3482 lichen tundra

    3483 lichenometry; lichenometric dating

    3484 life expectancy; lifespan

    3485 life-cycle

    3486 life-form

    3487 light belts

    3488 light coniferous forest

    3489 light frosts; frosts; freezing

    3490 light industry

    3491 lighthouse; beacon

    3492 lightning

    3493 lightship

    3494 lignite; brown coal

    3495 liman; brackish lagoon

    3496 liman coast

    3497 limb of fold

    3498 lime

    3499 limes

    3500 limestone

    3501 lime-tree forest

    3502 liming of soil

    3503 limit of uprush

    3504 limits of growth

    3505 limnetic zone

    3506 limnology

    3507 limnophil; limnetic organism; limnic organism

    3508 line production

    3509 lineament

    3510 linear feature

    3511 linear scale; bar scale (amer)

    3512 linear town; linear settlement; linear city

    3513 liquefaction of soil

    3514 liquid deposit

    3515 liquid precipitation

    3516 liquid waste

    3517 liquified natural gas

    3518 lithification; lithifaction

    3519 lithogenic landscape

    3520 lithology; sedimentology

    3521 lithophyte

    3522 lithosol

    3523 lithosphere

    3524 lithozem

    3525 litter; plant litter; plant residue; leaf litter

    3526 little ice age; neoglacial (amer)

    3527 littoral adj

    3528 littoral benthos

    3529 littoral deposits; littoral sediments

    3530 littoral fauna

    3531 littoral flora

    3532 littoral landscape

    3533 littoral zone

    3534 livestock

    3535 livestock breeding

    3536 livestock capita

    3537 livestock farming; animal husbandry; pastoral farming; pastoralism

    3538 living standard; standard of living

    3539 lixisol

    3540 llanos

    3541 load

    3542 loam; loamy soil

    3543 loamy sand

    3544 lobate delta; birdfoot delta

    3545 lobate frontal moraine

    3546 lobate shore

    3547 local adj

    3548 local anticyclone

    3549 local base level

    3550 local circulation

    3551 local climate

    3552 local geographical term

    3553 local geography and ethnography

    3554 local pollution; local contamination

    3555 local self-government

    3556 local snow line

    3557 local tax; municipal tax

    3558 local terrace

    3559 local time

    3560 local wind

    3561 localization

    3562 location; geographical distribution

    3563 location of industry

    3564 loch

    3565 lock

    3566 loess; löss

    3567 loess loam

    3568 loess-like deposit

    3569 log gorge

    3570 logging; felling

    3571 log-pass; bushwood-road

    3572 loma

    3573 long fallow

    3574 long grass prairie; tall grassland

    3575 long wave; shallow-water wave

    3576 longitude

    3577 longitudinal adj

    3578 longitudinal dune; seif-dune

    3579 longitudinal profile; longitudinal section

    3580 longitudinal stream profile; long profile of a river

    3581 longitudinal valley; trench; strike valley

    3582 longshore bar1

    3583 longshore drift; littoral drift

    3584 long-term data set

    3585 long-term river regulation

    3586 long-term weather forecast; long-range forecasting; long-range weather forecast

    3587 long-wave radiation; terrestrial radiation

    3588 looming; heat haze

    3589 loose snow

    3590 loosening of snow

    3591 loose-snow horizon

    3592 lop; overfall

    3593 loss of snow cover

    3594 low anticyclone

    3595 low cyclone

    3596 low latitudes

    3597 low oblique aerial photograph

    3598 low ridge

    3599 low tide; low water; lowest ebb

    3600 low water discharge

    3601 low water flow; low flow; minimum flow

    3602 lower bedding plane of stratum; base of bed

    3603 lower course

    3604 lower pool

    3605 lower snow drifting

    3606 lowland meadow

    3607 lowland plain

    3608 lowland river

    3609 low-level cloud; low cloud

    3610 low-level waste

    3611 low-mountain relief

    3612 low-shrub tundra

    3613 low-water

    3614 lull

    3615 lunar adj

    3616 lunar day

    3617 lunar month; synodic month; lunation

    3618 lunar tide

    3619 luvisol

    3620 lysimeter

    M

    3621 maader

    3622 maar

    3623 macroclimate

    3624 macroeconomics

    3625 macrophyte

    3626 macrorelief

    3627 made land

    3628 magma

    3629 magma chamber; magmatic chamber

    3630 magmatism

    3631 magnetic adj

    3632 magnetic anomaly

    3633 magnetic declination; compass declination

    3634 magnetic equator

    3635 magnetic inclination; magnetic dip

    3636 magnetic meridian

    3637 magnetic needle

    3638 magnetic pole

    3639 magnetic reversal

    3640 magnetic storm

    3641 magnetosphere

    3642 magnitude of earthquake

    3643 main river; trunk stream

    3644 main transport line; artery

    3645 mainstream

    3646 Malthusianism

    3647 mammoth

    3648 mandate; mandate territory

    3649 mangrove; mangal; mangrove forest

    3650 mangrove swamp

    3651 man-made beach

    3652 mantle of the Earth; Earth’s mantle

    3653 map; geographic map

    3654 map accuracy

    3655 map adjustment; map reconciliation

    3656 map ageing; outdating of a map

    3657 map assemblage; map montage

    3658 map clarity

    3659 map content

    3660 map coverage

    3661 map error

    3662 map incunabula

    3663 map informativity

    3664 map language; map semiotics

    3665 map loading

    3666 map margin

    3667 map of regions; map of regionalization

    3668 map of the fields

    3669 map of the hemispheres

    3670 map projection; projection; cartographic projection

    3671 map reading; map interpretation

    3672 map reliability

    3673 mapping; map design and production; map compilation

    3674 mapping agency

    3675 mapping of landscape; landscape surveying

    3676 maquis; macchia; macquis

    3677 margalite soil

    3678 marginal channel; periglacial drainage channel

    3679 marginal deep; foreland basin; foredeep

    3680 marginal furrow

    3681 marginal glacial landforms

    3682 marginal lands; marginal fringe

    3683 marginalism; marginal analysis

    3684 mari

    3685 marigram

    3686 marine adj; maritime adj

    3687 marine biology; biological oceanography

    3688 marine cycle of erosion

    3689 marine ecology

    3690 marine ecosystem

    3691 marine fauna

    3692 marine flora

    3693 marine geology

    3694 marine geophysics

    3695 marine hydroacoustics

    3696 marine ice sheet

    3697 marine meteorology

    3698 marine national park

    3699 marine nautical chart

    3700 marine sediments; marine deposits

    3701 marine terrace

    3702 marinism

    3703 maritime air mass; maritime air

    3704 maritime climate; marine climate

    3705 maritime geomorphology; submarine geomorphology

    3706 mark; point; number (in a scale)

    3707 marker

    3708 market

    3709 market economy; free market economy; free economy

    3710 market eqiilibrium

    3711 market of raw materials

    3712 market of sale; geographical market

    3713 market zone

    3714 marketing principle

    3715 marsh → 3715

    3716 marshy soils; marsh soil

    3717 mass movement; mass wasting

    3718 mass production

    3719 mass-and-energy exchange

    3720 massive ice

    3721 massive ice bedding

    3722 massive ice vein

    3723 massive wedge ice; massive vein ice

    3724 material production

    3725 mathematical base of map

    3726 mathematical cartography

    3727 matorral; mattoral

    3728 mature adj

    3729 mature soil

    3730 maximum discharge

    3731 maximum permissible concentration; threshold concentration

    3732 maximum permissible emission; threshold emission

    3733 maximum permissible environmental impact; critical environmental load; threshold impact

    3734 maximum temperature

    3735 maximum water consumption

    3736 meadow

    3737 meadow chernozemic soil

    3738 meadow soils

    3739 meadow steppe

    3740 meadow-brown semi-desert soil

    3741 meadow-chestnut soil

    3742 meadow-swamp soil

    3743 mean solar time

    3744 meander

    3745 meander belt

    3746 meander lobe; meander core

    3747 meander neck

    3748 meander terrace

    3749 meandering

    3750 meandering valley

    3751 means of production; producer goods

    3752 measuring grid

    3753 mechanical engineering; machine-building industry

    3754 mechanical weathering; physical weathering

    3755 medial moraine; intermediate moraine; median moraine

    3756 medical climatology

    3757 medical geographical forecast

    3758 medical geography; medicinal geography

    3759 medina

    3760 Mediterranean

    3761 Mediterranean climate

    3762 mediterranean zone

    3763 medium scale map

    3764 medium-level cloud; medium cloud; middle-level cloud

    3765 medium-term weather forecasting; medium-range weather forecast

    3766 megacity

    3767 megalith

    3768 megalopolis

    3769 megarelief

    3770 megathermal plant

    3771 melt water; meltwater

    3772 melting crust

    3773 melting of ice

    3774 melting of snow; snowmelt; snow melting

    3775 melt-out

    3776 melt-water channel

    3777 melt-water grooves

    3778 Mercalli scale

    3779 mercantilism

    3780 Mercator map projection

    3781 meridian

    3782 meridian convergence

    3783 meridian line

    3784 meridional flow; meridional circulation

    3785 merokarst

    3786 meromictic lake

    3787 meromixis

    3788 mesa

    3789 mesic layer

    3790 mesoclimate

    3791 Mesolithic

    3792 mesopause

    3793 mesophile

    3794 mesoplankton

    3795 mesorelief

    3796 mesoscale eddy; mesoscale vortex

    3797 mesosphere

    3798 mesothermal plant; mesotherm

    3799 mesothermy

    3800 mesotrophic adj

    3801 mesotrophic bog

    3802 mesotrophic lake

    3803 mesotrophic plant

    3804 Mesozoic

    3805 Mesozoic folding

    3806 metalimnion

    3807 metallurgy; metallurgic industry

    3808 metamorphic ice formation

    3809 metamorphic rock

    3810 metamorphism

    3811 meteor

    3812 meteorite

    3813 meteorite crater

    3814 meteorological conditions

    3815 meteorological element

    3816 meteorological observations

    3817 meteorological satellite; weather satellite

    3818 meteorological screen

    3819 meteorological station

    3820 meteorology

    3821 methane; marsh-gas

    3822 method of areas

    3823 method of conventional symbols

    3824 method of hachures and shading; hill-shading

    3825 method of isolines

    3826 method of line symbols

    3827 method of paleoanalogues

    3828 methods of cartographic representation; map appearance

    3829 metropolis

    3830 metropolisation

    3831 microclimate

    3832 microcoenosis

    3833 microconvection

    3834 microeconomics

    3835 microfauna

    3836 microflora

    3837 microrelief

    3838 microtripton

    3839 mid-channel bar

    3840 middle latitudes; midlatitudes

    3841 middle mountains

    3842 mid-latitude karst

    3843 midnight

    3844 midnight sun

    3845 mid-oceanic ridge; mid ocean ridge; oceanic ridge

    3846 migrant

    3847 migration

    3848 migration flow

    3849 migration of animals

    3850 migration of divide

    3851 migration of elements; migration of substances

    3852 migration of population

    3853 migratory birds; birds of passage

    3854 Milankovitch curve

    3855 Milankovitch oscillations

    3856 mile; statute mile

    3857 military geography

    3858 military industry; armament industry

    3859 military-economic potential

    3860 military-industrial complex

    3861 mine

    3862 mine working; mine digging

    3863 mineral

    3864 mineral deposit

    3865 mineral horizon

    3866 mineral reserves; reserves

    3867 mineral resources; minerals

    3868 mineral soil

    3869 mineral spring

    3870 mineralization of soil

    3871 mineralization of water

    3872 mineralogy

    3873 minimum temperature

    3874 mining

    3875 mining dump; slag-heap; spoil heap; dump; spoil bank

    3876 mining industry; mining; extractive industry

    3877 Miocene

    3878 mirage

    3879 misclosure; closing error

    3880 mist

    3881 mistral

    3882 mitigation; impact mitigation

    3883 mixed alimentation

    3884 mixed cloud

    3885 mixed farming; mixed farm

    3886 mixed forest; mixed wood stand

    3887 mixed forest zone

    3888 mixed tide

    3889 mixing of waters; overturning

    3890 mixolimnion

    3891 mobile adj

    3892 mobile belt; orogenic belt

    3893 mobile dune

    3894 mobilism

    3895 mobility; population mobility

    3896 mode of production

    3897 modelling of relief

    3898 moder

    3899 modernization of economy

    3900 mofette

    3901 mogote

    3902 Mohorovii discontinuity; Moho

    3903 moisture budget

    3904 moisture capacity; water capacity; specific retention

    3905 moisture capacity of snow

    3906 moisture content of soil; water content of soil

    3907 moisture deficit

    3908 moisture index

    3909 molasse

    3910 molehill; krotovina

    3911 mollisol

    3912 monadnock; glacial monadnock; erosion remnant

    3913 monarchy

    3914 monetarism

    3915 monetary crisis; foreign exchange crisis

    3916 monimolimnion

    3917 monk stone

    3918 monoclinal bedding

    3919 monoculture

    3920 monoglacialism

    3921 monolith

    3922 monomictic lake

    3923 monomineral rock

    3924 monopolar world; monocentric world; unipolar world

    3925 monopoly

    3926 monsoon

    3927 monsoon circulation

    3928 monsoon climate

    3929 monsoon current

    3930 monsoon forest

    3931 monsoon rain

    3932 monsoon season

    3933 monte

    3934 month

    3935 montmorillonite

    3936 moorland; moor

    3937 mor

    3938 moraine; till2

    3939 moraine amphitheatre

    3940 moraine relief

    3941 moraine terrace

    3942 moraine-containing ice

    3943 moraine-covered glacier; turkestan-type glacier

    3944 morainic lake

    3945 morainic mantle

    3946 morainic ridge; moraine

    3947 morphogenesis

    3948 morphography; orography

    3949 morphological analysis

    3950 morphological map

    3951 morphometric map

    3952 morphometry

    3953 morphosculpture

    3954 morphostructure

    3955 mortality; mortality rate; death-rate

    3956 mort-lake; dead lake

    3957 mortmass

    3958 mosaic

    3959 mosaic adj

    3960 moss and lichen layer

    3961 moss and lichen tundra

    3962 mossy forest

    3963 motorway; highway

    3964 mottled adj

    3965 mount; mountain

    3966 mountain and valley winds; valley breeze; valley wind; mountain breeze

    3967 mountain chain; mountain range; range3

    3968 mountain crest

    3969 mountain desert

    3970 mountain desert-steppe belt

    3971 mountain fauna

    3972 mountain forest belt

    3973 mountain glaciation

    3974 mountain glacier

    3975 mountain group

    3976 mountain health resort

    3977 mountain knot; knot

    3978 mountain landscape

    3979 mountain livestock farming

    3980 mountain massif; massif

    3981 mountain meadow belt

    3982 mountain meadow soil

    3983 mountain meadow steppe soil

    3984 mountain peak

    3985 mountain river

    3986 mountain socle

    3987 mountain soils

    3988 mountain steppe soil

    3989 mountain system

    3990 mountain taiga soil

    3991 mountain tundra belt

    3992 mountain tundra soil

    3993 mountain zone

    3994 mountaineering; alpinism

    3995 mountainous adj

    3996 mountains

    3997 mountology

    3998 mouth bar; harbour bar; near-mouth bar

    3999 mouth point

    4000 mshari

    4001 mud; ooze; silt

    4002 mud lake

    4003 mud volcano

    4004 mudflow; mud stream

    4005 mudflow basin

    4006 mudflow channel

    4007 mudflow chute; mudflow gutter

    4008 mudflow cone

    4009 mudflow deposits

    4010 mudflow hazard; mudflow risk; mudflow danger

    4011 mudflow mass

    4012 mudflow site; mudflow centre

    4013 mudflow-protective structures; mudflow-retaining constrictions

    4014 mulch

    4015 mulching

    4016 mull

    4017 multinational state

    4018 multiple land use

    4019 multispectral adj

    4020 multistratified freezing of water; layered freezing of water

    4021 multi-structural economy; mixed economy

    4022 municipal adj

    4023 muskeg

    4024 mylonitization of ice

    N

    4025 nacreous cloud; mother-of-pearl cloud

    4026 nadir

    4027 nalep’

    4028 nanorelie f

    4029 nappe

    4030 narrow gully; runnel

    4031 narrows

    4032 nation1

    4033 national adj

    4034 national atlas

    4035 national boundary; administrative frontier; political border

    4036 national economy; nation’s economy

    4037 national income

    4038 national income per capita

    4039 national park

    4040 national territory

    4041 nationalism

    4042 nationality

    4043 nationalization

    4044 nation-state

    4045 native; aborigine; aboriginal

    4046 natural adj

    4047 natural and technical system

    4048 natural bridge

    4049 natural conditions; physical conditions

    4050 natural fertility

    4051 natural flow

    4052 natural focus of disease

    4053 natural hazard; natural disaster

    4054 natural horizon; geographical horizon

    4055 natural landscape

    4056 natural monument

    4057 natural phenomenon

    4058 natural pollution; natural contamination

    4059 natural population growth; natural increase of population

    4060 natural regime

    4061 natural region; physical-geographical region

    4062 natural resources

    4063 natural resources assessment; natural resources evaluation

    4064 natural selection

    4065 natural shaft

    4066 natural synoptic period

    4067 natural vegetation

    4068 natural-historic park

    4069 naturalization

    4070 nature; physical environment

    4071 nautical chart; sea-charts

    4072 nautical mile; international nautical mile

    4073 nautical twilight

    4074 navigability

    4075 navigable river

    4076 navigation; shipping

    4077 navigation observation

    4078 navolok

    4079 neap tide; apogean tide; dead neap

    4080 near-by thunderstorm

    4081 nearshore current; longshore current

    4082 nebka; nebkha

    4083 neck; volcanic neck

    4084 necrophage; scavenger

    4085 necton; nekton

    4086 needle

    4087 needle ice; pipkrake

    4088 negative difference of glacierization

    4089 negative water setout

    4090 neighbourhood

    4091 neobiont; neophyte

    4092 neocolonialism

    4093 Neogene

    4094 Neolithic

    4095 neolithic revolution

    4096 neotectonics

    4097 neptunism

    4098 neritic adj

    4099 neritic fauna

    4100 neritic zone; sublittoral zone; infralittoral zone; subtidal zone

    4101 net ablation

    4102 network

    4103 network society

    4104 neuston

    4105 neutral shoreline

    4106 neutral soil

    4107 neutralism

    4108 neutrality

    4109 new formation

    4110 new moon

    4111 new settler

    4112 new snow; newly fallen snow

    4113 New World

    4114 newly industrialized country

    4115 newly-deposited snow

    4116 niche1

    4117 niche glacier; ural glacier

    4118 night

    4119 nilas

    4120 nimbostratus

    4121 nimbus

    4122 nitosol

    4123 nitrate

    4124 nitratophile

    4125 nitrification

    4126 nitrogen

    4127 nitrogen cycle

    4128 nitrogen fixation

    4129 nival adj

    4130 nival belt

    4131 nival region

    4132 nivation

    4133 nivation cirque

    4134 noctilucent clouds

    4135 nocturnal adj

    4136 nocturnal cooling

    4137 nocturnal radiation

    4138 nodal region

    4139 node

    4140 node of seiche

    4141 noise pollution; noise nuisance

    4142 nomad

    4143 nomadic adj

    4144 nomadic birds

    4145 nomadic camp

    4146 nomadism

    4147 nomogram; graphical chart; calculating chart

    4148 nonaligned adj

    4149 non-channeled runoff hollows

    4150 non-cryotic ground

    4151 non-equivalent exchange

    4152 non-ferrous metallurgy

    4153 non-gravity spring

    4154 non-paired terrace

    4155 nonperiodic current; nontidal current

    4156 non-renewable natural resources

    4157 non-washing regime of soil

    4158 noon

    4159 noosphere

    4160 nor

    4161 Nordic projection

    4162 normal fault; throw

    4163 normal level; standard level

    4164 normal projection

    4165 normal reservoir level

    4166 normal runoff

    4167 normal watershed

    4168 north

    4169 north adj; northern adj

    4170 North Atlantic oscillation

    4171 North Pole

    4172 north side

    4173 north-east trades; North-East trade wind

    4174 Northern Hemisphere

    4175 northing

    4176 nosogeography

    4177 nosorange

    4178 notch

    4179 nuclear power; nuclear energy

    4180 nuclear power station

    4181 nuclear winter

    4182 nucleated settlement

    4183 nuée ardente

    4184 nuisance

    4185 numerical forecast

    4186 numerical modelling of climate

    4187 numerical scale

    4188 nunatak

    4189 nutation

    4190 nutrient cycle; cycle of nutrients

    O

    4191 oak forest; oak grove

    4192 oasis

    4193 obduction

    4194 oblate adj

    4195 oblateness of the Earth

    4196 oblique projection

    4197 obliquity of the ecliptic

    4198 obsequent stream; obsequent valley

    4199 obstruction; blockage

    4200 occasional rain

    4201 Occident

    4202 occluded front; frontal occlusion

    4203 occlusion

    4204 occultation

    4205 ocean

    4206 ocean basin

    4207 ocean circulation

    4208 ocean current; sea current

    4209 ocean deep; abyss; abyssal basin

    4210 ocean dumping

    4211 ocean eddy

    4212 ocean floor

    4213 oceanarium

    4214 ocean-atmosphere interaction

    4215 oceanic adj

    4216 oceanic climate

    4217 oceanic crust

    4218 oceanic fringing rise

    4219 oceanic front

    4220 oceanic gyration

    4221 oceanic hemisphere

    4222 oceanic island

    4223 oceanic volcanic ridge

    4224 oceanity; oceanicity

    4225 oceanographic adj

    4226 oceanographic characteristics

    4227 oceanographic satellite

    4228 oceanographic section

    4229 oceanographic station

    4230 oceanographic survey

    4231 oceanographic tables

    4232 oceanography; oceanology

    4233 ochreous mud

    4234 odour nuisance

    4235 oecumene; ecumene

    4236 offshore1

    4237 offshore bar; beach ridge

    4238 offshore sediments; offshore bar; nearshore sediments

    4239 offshore zone

    4240 off-stream storage reservoir

    4241 ogives

    4242 oil dome

    4243 oil pipeline

    4244 oil refining; oil-processing industry; oil-refining industry

    4245 oil spill

    4246 oil well

    4247 oilfield

    4248 oil-pool

    4249 old ice

    4250 old irrigated soils

    4251 old mountains; old fold mountains

    4252 old platform

    4253 old resident

    4254 old snow

    4255 Old World

    4256 Oligocene

    4257 oligomictic lake

    4258 oligopoly

    4259 oligotrophic adj

    4260 oligotrophic lake

    4261 oligotrophic plant

    4262 olive grove

    4263 omnivore

    4264 ooze; oceanic mud

    4265 open burning

    4266 open field1

    4267 open fracture; cleft

    4268 open plant community

    4269 open sea; high sea

    4270 open surface channel; open channel

    4271 open woodland; light forest; thin forest; open forest

    4272 opencast mining; opencast mining

    4273 opolje

    4274 opposition

    4275 optical oceanography

    4276 optical phenomenon in the atmosphere

    4277 optimal humidity

    4278 orbit of the Earth

    4279 orbital motion of a wave

    4280 Ordovician

    4281 ore

    4282 organic farming

    4283 organic horizons; O-horizons

    4284 organic soil

    4285 organic weathering

    4286 organoleptic properties

    4287 oricanga; solution basin

    4288 Orient

    4289 orientalism

    4290 oriented lakes

    4291 origin

    4292 original bedding

    4293 original forest; virgin forest; primary forest

    4294 original map

    4295 original vegetation; primary vegetation

    4296 ornithofauna

    4297 ornithogenic soil

    4298 oroclimatic adj

    4299 orocline

    4300 orogen

    4301 orogenesis; orogeny; mountainbuilding; orogenic movements

    4302 orogenic adj

    4303 orogenic phase

    4304 orographic adj

    4305 orographic cloud

    4306 orographic occlusion

    4307 orographic precipitation; orographic rain; relief rainfall

    4308 orographic snow line

    4309 orographical name

    4310 orthodromic line

    4311 orthographic projection; orthogonal projection

    4312 orthophotomap

    4313 ortsand

    4314 ortstein; iron pan

    4315 oscillation

    4316 oscillation moraine

    4317 oscillation of glacier; glacial oscillation

    4318 outbound tourism

    4319 outcrop; rock exposure

    4320 Outer Crescent

    4321 outfall offshore

    4322 outflow cave; outlet cave

    4323 outlet

    4324 outlet glacier; ice stream

    4325 outlet section

    4326 outlier; klippe

    4327 outline1 → 4327

    4328 outport

    4329 output; produce; production

    4330 outwash plain; sandr m; sandur

    4331 ouval

    4332 overall soil moistening

    4333 overbank derosit

    4334 overbank stage of a stream

    4335 overburden; overburden rock

    4336 overcast sky; overcast

    4337 overconsolidation of soil

    4338 overdeepened valley

    4339 overdeepening

    4340 overdeepening of channel

    4341 overflow channel

    4342 overflow ice

    4343 overflow lake

    4344 overfold; overturned fold

    4345 overgrazing

    4346 overland flow; sheetflow; surface runoff; overland runoff

    4347 overlap

    4348 overloaded river

    4349 overpopulation; overcrowding

    4350 overthrust

    4351 overwetting

    4352 overwintering

    4353 ovring

    4354 ox-bow; oxbow lake

    4355 oxidation

    4356 oxisol

    4357 oxygen

    4358 oxylophile

    4359 ozone

    4360 ozone hole; ozone depletion

    4361 ozone layer; ozonosphere

    P

    4362 Pacificfolding

    4363 Pacific Rim

    4364 Pacific-North American oscillation

    4365 pack animal; beast of burden

    4366 pack ice; pack; ice pack; packed ice

    4367 pack transport

    4368 package tour

    4369 pad’

    4370 paddock

    4371 padings; flat-bottom steppe depressions

    4372 padun

    4373 paired terrace

    4374 Palaeocene

    4375 palaeoclimate

    4376 palaeoclimatology

    4377 palaeoecology

    4378 Palaeogene

    4379 palaeogeographic map

    4380 palaeogeography

    4381 palaeogeomorphology

    4382 palaeoglaciology

    4383 palaeohydrology

    4384 palaeokarst; buried karst

    4385 Palaeolithic

    4386 palaeomagnetic chron

    4387 palaeomagnetic scale

    4388 palaeomagnetism; fossil magnetism

    4389 palaeooceanology

    4390 palaeopedology

    4391 palaeovolcanology

    4392 Palaeozoic

    4393 paleosol; fossil soil; buried soil

    4394 palsa

    4395 paludal

    4396 paludification; water-logging

    4397 palynology

    4398 pampa

    4399 pan

    4400 Panarctic ice sheet

    4401 pancake ice; ice-cake

    4402 pandemic

    4403 pandemic adj

    4404 Pangaea

    4405 panoramic photograph

    4406 pantanal

    4407 pantograph

    4408 paper industry

    4409 parabolic dune

    4410 parallax

    4411 parallel

    4412 parallel drainage pattern

    4413 parametrization

    4414 paramos; paramo

    4415 pararendzina; regosolic forest soil

    4416 paraselene; mock Moon

    4417 parasitic cone; subsidiary volcano; adventive cone; subordinate volcano

    4418 parasitic crater; lateral crater; adventive crater

    4419 parcel; parcel household

    4420 parent rock; parent material

    4421 parent state; mother country

    4422 parhelion; mock sun; sun dog

    4423 park; park vegetation

    4424 park savanna

    4425 park-forest

    4426 parkland; park landscape

    4427 parliamentarianism

    4428 paroxysmal volcanic eruption; Plinian eruption

    4429 parts of the world»

    4430 part-time employment

    4431 part-time farmer

    4432 pass; mountain pass

    4433 passenger flow

    4434 passenger intensity

    4435 passenger transportation

    4436 passenger turnover; passenger traffic

    4437 passive glacier

    4438 pastoral adj

    4439 pastoral stock-breeding; grazing

    4440 pasturage

    4441 pasture; grazing

    4442 pasture capacity

    4443 pasture digression

    4444 pasture rotation

    4445 patch cutting

    4446 paternoster lakes

    4447 path; trail

    4448 patterned ground

    4449 paved road

    4450 pavement

    4451 peasant

    4452 peasant farming

    4453 peatland study

    4454 ped

    4455 pedalfer

    4456 pediment

    4457 pedimentation

    4458 pediplain; pediplane

    4459 pediplanation

    4460 pedocal

    4461 pedolite

    4462 pedon; soil-individual

    4463 pelagic adj

    4464 pelagic deposit

    4465 pelagic organisms

    4466 pelagic zone; pelagic division

    4467 Pelean eruption

    4468 pellets

    4469 pelosol

    4470 peneplain; peneplane

    4471 peneplanation

    4472 peninsula

    4473 peninsular adj

    4474 penitents; snow and ice penitent

    4475 peonage

    4476 people

    4477 perched groundwater; perched water-table

    4478 percolating waters

    4479 percolation

    4480 percolation zone

    4481 percolative regime of soil

    4482 percoline

    4483 pereletok

    4484 perennial adj

    4485 perennial aufeis

    4486 perennial ice

    4487 perennial irrigation

    4488 perennial plant

    4489 perennial snow patch; permanent snow stretch

    4490 perennial stream; permanent stream

    4491 pericline

    4492 perigee

    4493 periglacial adj

    4494 periglacial deposits; extraglacial deposits

    4495 periglacial lake

    4496 periglacial zone

    4497 perihelion

    4498 period of a mudflow risk

    4499 periodic migration; cyclic migration

    4500 peripheral settlement

    4501 periphery

    4502 periphyton

    4503 periplus

    4504 permafrost; permanently frozen ground

    4505 permafrost aggradation

    4506 permafrost base

    4507 permafrost degradation

    4508 permafrost limit

    4509 permafrost studies; cryopedology; geocryology

    4510 permafrost table; permafrost top

    4511 permafrost thickness

    4512 permafrost zone

    4513 permanent snow; eternal snow

    4514 permeability

    4515 permeable rock

    4516 Permian

    4517 permissible environmental impact; threshold environmental pressure

    4518 perpetual frost climate; frost climate

    4519 perspective projection

    4520 pesticides

    4521 petrifaction; petrification

    4522 petrochemical adj

    4523 petrography; petrology

    4524 petroleum; crude oil

    4525 pH index; potential hydrogen

    4526 phaeozem

    4527 Phanerozoic

    4528 phases of the Moon

    4529 phenological aspect

    4530 phenological phases

    4531 phenological spectrum

    4532 phenology

    4533 phosphorescence

    4534 photic zone; photo layer; euphotic zone

    4535 photochemical fog

    4536 photogrammetry

    4537 photographic hill shading

    4538 photomap

    4539 photomosaic

    4540 photoplan

    4541 photosynthesis

    4542 phototheodolite survey

    4543 phototriangulation

    4544 phototrophic adj

    4545 phototropism

    4546 phreatic adj

    4547 phreatic divide; underground watershed

    4548 phreatic eruption

    4549 phreatic water

    4550 phrigana

    4551 physical frontier; natural boundary

    4552 physical geography

    4553 physical map

    4554 physical oceanography; marine hydrophysics

    4555 physics of atmosphere; physical meteorology; atmospheric physics

    4556 physiological drought

    4557 phytoclimate; plant climate

    4558 phytogeography

    4559 phytomass

    4560 phytophage

    4561 phytoplankton

    4562 piedmont benches

    4563 piedmont glacier

    4564 piedmont lake

    4565 piedmont plain; piedmont flat; piedmont

    4566 pier; jetty

    4567 piezometric level; piezometric surface

    4568 pig-breeding

    4569 pillow lava

    4570 pine forest

    4571 pingo; bulgunyakh

    4572 pinnate drainage pattern

    4573 pioneer region

    4574 pioneer vegetation; primitive plant aggregation; pioneer community

    4575 pipe

    4576 pipeline; conduit

    4577 piping

    4578 pisciculture; fish breeding; fish farming

    4579 place

    4580 placer

    4581 plaggen

    4582 plain; flat

    4583 plain built of horizontal strata

    4584 plan

    4585 planation

    4586 planation surface; erosion surface

    4587 planet

    4588 plane-table

    4589 plane-table survey

    4590 planetary adj

    4591 planetary geomorphology

    4592 planetary wave; Rossby wave

    4593 planetary winds

    4594 planimeter

    4595 planimetric feature

    4596 planina

    4597 planisphere; map of the world

    4598 plankton

    4599 planosol

    4600 plant community; plant association; phytocoenosis; vegetation community

    4601 plant ecology; phytosociology

    4602 plant formation

    4603 plantation

    4604 plantation agriculture; plantation system

    4605 planting of greenery; verdurization

    4606 plastic soil

    4607 plate tectonics; continental drift theory

    4608 plateau; highland

    4609 plateau glacier

    4610 platform; craton

    4611 platform mantle; sedimentary cover

    4612 plavni

    4613 playa

    4614 Pleistocene

    4615 plinthisol

    4616 plinthite

    4617 Pliocene

    4618 plough pan; plough sole; tillage pan

    4619 ploughing block

    4620 plucking

    4621 plume

    4622 plunge pool

    4623 plural society

    4624 plutonic adj

    4625 plutonism

    4626 pluvial adj; pluviose adj

    4627 pluvial period; pluvial

    4628 pluviometric coefficient

    4629 poaching

    4630 podbur

    4631 podzol; podsol; podzolic soil

    4632 podzolization

    4633 podzolized soil

    4634 poikilotherm; exotherm; cold-blooded animal; poikilothermic animal

    4635 point bar; side bar; meander bar; meander scroll

    4636 point feature

    4637 point symbol

    4638 points of zero distortion

    4639 polar adj

    4640 polar air mass; polar air

    4641 polar anticyclone; polar high

    4642 polar circle

    4643 polar climate

    4644 polar day

    4645 polar distance

    4646 polar easterlies

    4647 polar fauna

    4648 polar front

    4649 polar lake; cold lake

    4650 polar low; cold low

    4651 polar night

    4652 polar orbital satellite

    4653 polar outbreak

    4654 polar projection

    4655 polar station

    4656 polar wandering; polar motion

    4657 polar zone

    4658 Polaris; Pole Star

    4659 polder

    4660 pole; geographical pole

    4661 pole of inaccessibility

    4662 political geography

    4663 political landscape

    4664 political map

    4665 polje

    4666 pollen diagram

    4667 pollutant

    4668 polluted area; polluted zone

    4669 pollution; environmental contamination; environmental pollution; contamination

    4670 pollution dome

    4671 pollution plume

    4672 polycentralisation

    4673 polyconic projection

    4674 polygenetic landscape

    4675 polygenic soil; polygenetic soil

    4676 polyglacialism

    4677 polygonal feature

    4678 polygonal point

    4679 polygonal relief

    4680 polygonal tundra

    4681 polymictic lake

    4682 polymineral rock

    4683 polynya; opening in sea-ice; pool of water

    4684 polypedon

    4685 polypolar world; polycentric world; multipolar world

    4686 polysaprobe

    4687 pond

    4688 ponor; water sink (amer); swallet; swallow; swallow-hole

    4689 pool1

    4690 pool2

    4691 pool and riffle

    4692 pool in bog

    4693 populated area; residence

    4694 population

    4695 population density

    4696 population explosion

    4697 population geography; geography of population

    4698 population growth; natural movement of population

    4699 population growth by migration

    4700 population pyramid; age-sex pyramid

    4701 pore; void

    4702 pore ice; ice-cement

    4703 pore water pressure

    4704 pororoca

    4705 porosity

    4706 porous structure

    4707 port

    4708 portage

    4709 portolan

    4710 portolan chart

    4711 positioning; GPS measurement

    4712 positive difference of glacierization

    4713 positive feedback

    4714 possible sunshine duration; possible insolation duration

    4715 postclimax

    4716 post-Fordism

    4717 postglacial adj

    4718 post-industrial city

    4719 post-industrial society

    4720 potamology

    4721 potential evaporation; evaporativity

    4722 potential evapotranspiration

    4723 potential instability

    4724 potential model

    4725 potential of territory; capacity of territory

    4726 pothole; aven

    4727 pothole lake; kettle lake

    4728 poultry farming

    4729 poverty

    4730 poverty cycle

    4731 powder avalanche; powder snow avalanche; loose snow avalanche

    4732 powder cloud

    4733 powder snow

    4734 power engineering

    4735 power station; power plant

    4736 power system; energy system

    4737 practicability; passability

    4738 prairie

    4739 prairie grey soil

    4740 prairie soil

    4741 Preboreal; Pre-Boreal

    4742 Precambrian

    4743 precession; precession of the equinoxes

    4744 precipitable water; precipitable water vapour

    4745 precipitation

    4746 precipitation-day; rain day; rainy day

    4747 precipitator; setting tank; setting basin

    4748 preglacial adj

    4749 preglacial relief

    4750 pre-industrial city

    4751 pre-industrial society

    4752 preliminary layout of a map

    4753 pressure head; head

    4754 pressure ice; hummocked ice; pressure ridge; hummocky ice

    4755 pressure melting-point

    4756 pressure rampart

    4757 pressure system

    4758 pressure tendency

    4759 prevailing wind

    4760 price

    4761 primary adj

    4762 primary area; primary range

    4763 primary biological production

    4764 primary industry; primary activity; primary sector; primary production

    4765 primary succession

    4766 primate city

    4767 prime meridian; meridian of origin; meridian of Greenwich; initial meridian

    4768 primitive soil; pre-soil

    4769 principal directions

    4770 principal front

    4771 principal meridian

    4772 printing industry; graphic industry

    4773 private sector

    4774 processing industry; manufacturing industry

    4775 proclimax

    4776 producer; autotroph

    4777 production assets; producer goods; capital goods

    4778 productive economy

    4779 productivity

    4780 productivity of land; land potential

    4781 productivity of the environment

    4782 profile; section

    4783 profile of equilibrium

    4784 profundal

    4785 proglacial adj

    4786 proglacial lake

    4787 proglacial runoff

    4788 progradation; progradation of shore

    4789 programme of the atlas

    4790 programme of the map

    4791 projective cover

    4792 propulsive industry; propulsive branche

    4793 prostrate plant

    4794 protalus rampart

    4795 protected natural area

    4796 protected species

    4797 protection of nature; nature conservation; environmental conservation; conservation

    4798 protection regime

    4799 protectionism

    4800 protective afforestation

    4801 protective forest

    4802 protectorate

    4803 Proterozoic

    4804 protruding delta

    4805 province

    4806 provinciality

    4807 proximal adj

    4808 psammon

    4809 psammophile

    4810 pseudo-adiabatic process

    4811 pseudo-azimuthal projection

    4812 pseudo-bedding

    4813 pseudo-conical projection

    4814 pseudo-cylindrical projection

    4815 pseudo-front

    4816 pseudokarst

    4817 pseudomorph

    4818 pseudourbanization

    4819 psychrometer

    4820 psychrophyte; hekistothermal plant

    4821 public goods

    4822 public resources

    4823 public sector

    4824 pull factor

    4825 pulsation hypothesis

    4826 pumice

    4827 pumped storage power station; pumped storage scheme

    4828 puna

    4829 purification

    4830 push factor

    4831 push-moraine; thrust moraine

    4832 pusza

    4833 puszta

    4834 putrefaction

    4835 pycnocline

    4836 pyramidal iceberg; pinnacled iceberg

    4837 pyramidal peak

    4838 pyroclastic material; pyroclast

    4839 pyroclastic surge; pyroclastic flow

    4840 pyrogenic community

    4841 pyrogenic landscape

    4842 pyrogenic succesion

    4843 pyrophyte

    Q

    4844 quadrangle; degree square

    4845 quadrature

    4846 quaking bog; mire; quagmire; quag

    4847 quality of life

    4848 quality of the environment; environmental quality

    4849 quantitative background

    4850 quantitative revolution

    4851 quarry

    4852 quartz

    4853 Quaternary; Anthropogene

    4854 quaternary industry; quaternary sector; quaternary industry

    4855 Quaternary studies

    4856 quickclays; floating layer

    4857 quicksand

    4858 quota

    R

    4859 race1

    4860 race2

    4861 racism

    4862 radial drainage pattern; radial dissection

    4863 radiant adj

    4864 radiant energy

    4865 radiation balance of the atmosphere

    4866 radiation balance of the Earth′s surface; net radiation

    4867 radiation crust; sun crust

    4868 radiation fog; ground fog; ground mist

    4869 radiative cooling; radiation cooling

    4870 radiative inversion

    4871 radical geography

    4872 radioactive contamination

    4873 radioactive waste; nuclear waste

    4874 radioactive water

    4875 radiocarbon dating

    4876 radiosonde

    4877 rafted ice; shuffled ice; telescoped ice

    4878 rafting

    4879 railway; railroad (amer)

    4880 railway gauge

    4881 railway junction

    4882 railway transport

    4883 rain

    4884 rain alimentation

    4885 rain forest; hylea

    4886 rain gauge

    4887 rain shadow; precipitation shadow

    4888 rainbow

    4889 raindrop

    4890 raindrop erosion

    4891 rainfall

    4892 rainfall flood

    4893 rainfall runoff

    4894 rain-making

    4895 rainy season

    4896 raised beach

    4897 raised bog; oligotrophic bog; moor

    4898 raised tundra

    4899 ramen

    4900 rampart; stone border

    4901 ranch

    4902 randkluft

    4903 range1

    4904 range of dissection; relative relief

    4905 ranker

    4906 rapids; chute

    4907 rare species

    4908 raw materials

    4909 raw-materials crisis

    4910 reach

    4911 reafforestation; arboriculture

    4912 real evaporation

    4913 reanalysis of meteorological data

    4914 rear of a depression

    4915 receiving waters

    4916 recession; economic depression; economic recession; depression

    4917 recharge

    4918 recharge zone; recharge area

    4919 reconnaissance

    4920 recreation

    4921 recreational capacity; recreational carrying capacity; tourism potential

    4922 recreational impact; impact of recreation on the landscape; recreational pressure

    4923 recreational resources

    4924 recreational water body

    4925 recrystallization ice

    4926 recrystallization of ice

    4927 rectangular drainage pattern

    4928 rectangular grid

    4929 rectifying of aerial photographs

    4930 rectilinear slope

    4931 recultivation of land

    4932 recultivation of soil

    4933 recumbent fold

    4934 recuperation; recovery

    4935 recycling

    4936 red algae

    4937 red clay; red oceanic clay

    4938 Red Data Book

    4939 red earth

    4940 red rain

    4941 red snow

    4942 red tide; harmful algae blossoming

    4943 red-brown savanna soil

    4944 red-brown soil

    4945 reddish-black soil

    4946 reddish-brown soil

    4947 reduced air temperature

    4948 reduced pressure

    4949 reduction

    4950 red-yellow soil

    4951 reed swamp

    4952 reef

    4953 re-export

    4954 reference point; landmark

    4955 reflected solar radiation; reflected global radiation

    4956 refraction diagram; wave-refraction diagram

    4957 refuge; refugium

    4958 refugee; asylum seeker

    4959 reg

    4960 regelation

    4961 regelation ice

    4962 regenerated glacier

    4963 regeneration of cyclone; regeneration of a depression

    4964 regime

    4965 regime of flow; regime of runoff

    4966 regime of reserve

    4967 region

    4968 region of development

    4969 region of economic gravitation

    4970 region of stagnation

    4971 regional analysis

    4972 regional atlas

    4973 regional development; local development

    4974 regional disparity; regional inequality

    4975 regional economics

    4976 regional geography; country study

    4977 regional identity; territorial identity

    4978 regional planning; territorial planning

    4979 regional policy

    4980 regional science; area studies

    4981 regionalism

    4982 regionalization

    4983 register of population

    4984 regolith

    4985 regosol; abrazem

    4986 regression

    4987 regular grid; tessellation

    4988 regular park; formal symmetrical park

    4989 regulated flow

    4990 regulated river

    4991 regur; black cotton soil; regoor

    4992 reinforced ice

    4993 rejuvenation of relief

    4994 rejuvenationof a river

    4995 relations of production

    4996 relative height; elevation

    4997 relative humidity

    4998 relative overpopulation; latent overpopulation

    4999 relative transparency of water

    5000 release of avalanche

    5001 release of reservoir

    5002 reliability diagram

    5003 relict; relic

    5004 relict fauna

    5005 relict flora

    5006 relict habitat; relict biocoenosis

    5007 relict ice; fossil ice

    5008 relict lake

    5009 relict landform

    5010 relict permafrost

    5011 relief; landform

    5012 relief model

    5013 religious tourism; pilgrimage

    5014 remote sensing

    5015 remote sensing from satellites; satellite imagery

    5016 rendzina; rendsina

    5017 renewable natural resources; renewable resource

    5018 rent

    5019 repository; burial site; graveyard

    5020 reproduction rate; replacement rate; replacement of population

    5021 republic

    5022 research and development city

    5023 research and science park; science park

    5024 research vessel; research ship

    5025 resequent stream; secondary consequent stream; resequent valley

    5026 reservation1

    5027 reserve; nature preserve; reservation2

    5028 reservoir

    5029 resettlement

    5030 resident birds

    5031 residual deposit; residual debris

    5032 residual soil; sedentary soil

    5033 resistant rock

    5034 resort

    5035 resource conservation

    5036 resource cycle

    5037 resource intensity

    5038 resource management

    5039 resource map

    5040 resource orientation

    5041 resource saving

    5042 resources

    5043 resources of the ocean

    5044 respiration of soil

    5045 rest area of reserve

    5046 restoration

    5047 restored species

    5048 resurgence

    5049 retail trade; retailing

    5050 retarding basin

    5051 retention of snow; snow retention

    5052 retention of water; water retention

    5053 reticular glaciers; reticular glaciation

    5054 retreat of slope; backwasting; slope retreat; parallel retreat of slope; slope retreat

    5055 retrievable water consumption; revocable water consumption

    5056 return of cold

    5057 return period; recurrence interval

    5058 return waters

    5059 reverse fault; thrust fault

    5060 reversible change of the environment

    5061 reversing dune

    5062 reversion

    5063 revolution of the Earth

    5064 rheophil

    5065 rhizosphere

    5066 rhumb line; loxodrome; line of constant bearing

    5067 rhythms

    5068 rhytmic lamination

    5069 ria

    5070 rias coast

    5071 ribbon development

    5072 ribbon lake

    5073 Richter scale

    5074 ride; cleared path; cutting

    5075 ridge; mountain ridge

    5076 ridge of high pressure; wedge of high pressure

    5077 ridge relief

    5078 ridge-and-pool bog

    5079 riegel; rock bar

    5080 riffle; cross-over

    5081 rift

    5082 rift valley

    5083 rift zone; axial trough; axial rift

    5084 rill; delve; ditch; furrow

    5085 rill erosion

    5086 rill marks

    5087 rime

    5088 rime formation

    5089 ring

    5090 ring road

    5091 rip current

    5092 ripeness of soil

    5093 ripple

    5094 ripple mark; current ripple; sand ripple

    5095 river; stream

    5096 river basin; river drainage basin

    5097 river channel

    5098 river flow diversion; river diversion flow; river flow transfer; water transfer

    5099 river hydrology

    5100 river ice

    5101 river junction

    5102 river load; load

    5103 river load balance

    5104 river mouth; mouth

    5105 river mouth cone

    5106 river port

    5107 river profile

    5108 river regulation

    5109 river system

    5110 river terrace

    5111 river transport

    5112 riverside; riverain adj; riverine adj; riparian adj

    5113 riviera

    5114 road

    5115 road transport

    5116 roadstead

    5117 roar of the surf; thundering of the breakers; rote (amer)

    5118 Roaring Forties

    5119 roche moutonnée

    5120 rock

    5121 rock city

    5122 rock creep; écoulement

    5123 rock fall

    5124 rock glacier; rock stream (amer)

    5125 rock milk

    5126 rock-building mineral

    5127 rock-fall slope

    5128 rocky desert

    5129 roller

    5130 rookery; seashore colony of birds

    5131 root action

    5132 ropy lava; corded lava; pahoehoe

    5133 rotation of the Earth

    5134 rotational slip

    5135 rotatory stream

    5136 rotten ice

    5137 rotten stone; gruss

    5138 roughness coefficient; friction coefficient of river bed

    5139 roughness of channel; bed roughness; channel resistance

    5140 roughness of sea surface

    5141 roundness; roundness index

    5142 route sketching; strip survey

    5143 rubbish; litter; garbage; trash

    5144 rubble

    5145 rubefaction; rubification

    5146 ruderal plant; ruderal vegetation

    5147 running water

    5148 runoff; flow2

    5149 runoff channel

    5150 runoff coefficient; impermeability factor

    5151 runoff depletion

    5152 runoff plot

    5153 rural adj

    5154 rural depopulation

    5155 rural population

    5156 rural settlement

    5157 rural tourism

    5158 rural urbanization; rurbanization

    5159 ruralisation; rural planning

    5160 rural-urban continuum; urban-rural continuum

    S

    5161 saddle

    5162 Sahel

    5163 sai

    5164 sailing directions; pilot book

    5165 saline aufeis

    5166 saline ice

    5167 saline lake; brackish lake

    5168 saline regime of soil

    5169 saline soil

    5170 saline water; brackish water

    5171 salinity

    5172 salinization

    5173 salinization of lake

    5174 salinization of rivers

    5175 salt

    5176 salt crust

    5177 salt desert

    5178 salt dome; salt plug

    5179 salt dust

    5180 salt efflorescence

    5181 salt flowers

    5182 salt lake; saltwater lake

    5183 salt mine

    5184 salt pan; salt flat

    5185 salt runoff; ion runoff; chemical runoff

    5186 salt settling

    5187 salt tectonics

    5188 salt tidal marsh; salting

    5189 salt water

    5190 salt weathering; haloclasty

    5191 saltation

    5192 sample

    5193 sanctuary; wildlife refuge; animal sanctuary; wildlife reserve

    5194 sand

    5195 sand desert

    5196 sand drift

    5197 sand lens

    5198 sand ridge

    5199 sand stream

    5200 sand wave; sand ribbon

    5201 sand wedge

    5202 sand whirlwind; dust devil; dust whirlwind

    5203 sand-dune stabilization

    5204 sanding of soil; sand riching of soil

    5205 sandstone

    5206 sandy desert soil

    5207 sandy ice

    5208 sandy loam

    5209 saprobiciness

    5210 saprobiont; saprophyte; saprophagous animal; saprotroph

    5211 sapropel; decay ooze

    5212 sapropelit

    5213 Sargassaceae; sargasso

    5214 sarysu

    5215 sastrugi; wind ridges; zastrugi

    5216 satellite; sputnik

    5217 satellite altimetry

    5218 satellite geodesy

    5219 satellite meteorology

    5220 satellite oceanography

    5221 satellite town; new town

    5222 satellite triangulation

    5223 saturated adiabatic lapse rate; wet adiabatic lapse rate; moist adiabatic lapse rate

    5224 saturated adiabatic process

    5225 saturated air

    5226 saturated zone; zone of saturation

    5227 saturation

    5228 saturation deficit

    5229 savanna; savanna zone; tropical grassland; savannah

    5230 savanna forest

    5231 saxicolous plant; rupicolous plant

    5232 saz

    5233 scabland

    5234 scald; scalded flat

    5235 scale

    5236 scale accuracy

    5237 scale of horizontal equivalent; scale of slope

    5238 scale of seismic intensity

    5239 Scandinavian ice sheet

    5240 scarp; escarpment

    5241 scattering in the atmosphere; scattered radiation; Rayleigh scattering

    5242 scenic adj

    5243 schematic map; sketch map

    5244 scherms; scherm coast

    5245 scientific and technical revolution

    5246 scientific expedition

    5247 sciophyte; heliophobic plant

    5248 sclerophyte; sclerophyllous plant

    5249 scour1

    5250 scour2

    5251 scouring basin

    5252 scroll bar; scroll

    5253 scrub; scrubland

    5254 sea

    5255 sea bloom; plankton bloom

    5256 sea breeze; lake breeze

    5257 sea farm; oceanic farm

    5258 sea ferry

    5259 sea foam

    5260 sea ice

    5261 sea level; mean sea-level

    5262 sea level rise

    5263 sea mill

    5264 sea mount; submarine mount; seamount

    5265 sea necton

    5266 sea resort; seaside resort

    5267 sea smoke

    5268 sea state

    5269 sea stew

    5270 sea transport

    5271 sea valley; submarine canyon; submarine channel

    5272 sea water

    5273 sea water colour

    5274 sea-floor spreading; spreading zone; sea-floor spreading

    5275 sea-gauge; sounding rod; gauging rod

    5276 seaquake

    5277 seaside tourism; sun-and-beach tourism; beach tourism

    5278 season

    5279 season of bad roads; slush spring thaws

    5280 seasonal adj

    5281 seasonal baric depression

    5282 seasonal freezing

    5283 seasonal migration

    5284 seasonal snow line

    5285 seasonally frozen ground; seasonally frozen layer

    5286 seaway

    5287 sebkha; alkali flat

    5288 seclusion

    5289 second home

    5290 secondary biological production

    5291 secondary consumer

    5292 secondary depression

    5293 secondary divide

    5294 secondary front

    5295 secondary industry; manufacturing industry; secondary sector

    5296 secondary pollution; secondary contamination

    5297 secondary resources

    5298 secondary salinization

    5299 secondary soil

    5300 secondary succession

    5301 secondary vegetation

    5302 secondary water pollution

    5303 second-generation migrant

    5304 second-year ice; two-year ice

    5305 secular adj

    5306 secular trend in climate

    5307 secular variation

    5308 secular variations of climate

    5309 secular variations of sea-level

    5310 secularization

    5311 sedentarization; settled way of life; sedentary agriculture

    5312 sedentary adj

    5313 sediment sorting

    5314 sediment yield; sediment discharge

    5315 sedimentary adj

    5316 sedimentary layer of the Earth′s crust

    5317 sedimentary rock

    5318 sedimentogenesis; lithogenesis

    5319 seepage

    5320 segetal vegetation

    5321 segregated ice

    5322 segregation

    5323 seiche

    5324 seismic adj

    5325 seismic focus; seismic origin; hypocentre

    5326 seismic hazard

    5327 seismic waves; shake waves; earthquake waves

    5328 seismicity; seismic activity

    5329 seismograph

    5330 seismology

    5331 selective logging

    5332 self-purification of the environment; natural purification of the environment

    5333 self-purification of water

    5334 selfsettling salt lake

    5335 selka

    5336 semi-arid adj

    5337 semi-deciduous vegetation

    5338 semi-desert; semi-desert zone; semi-arid area

    5339 semi-diurnal tide

    5340 semi-enclave

    5341 semi-natural vegetation

    5342 semi-permanent anticyclone; quasy-permanent anticyclone

    5343 semi-permanent centre of action of the atmosphere

    5344 semi-permanent depression

    5345 sensible heat

    5346 sensible temperature

    5347 sensitivity of a landscape

    5348 separatism; national separatism

    5349 sequential landforms

    5350 serac; ice pedestal

    5351 serclimax

    5352 sere

    5353 serfdom; serfage

    5354 sericulture; silk culture

    5355 series

    5356 serir

    5357 service industry

    5358 services

    5359 seston

    5360 set of scales

    5361 setting basin

    5362 setting-up of snow cover

    5363 settled ice

    5364 settlement

    5365 settlement pattern; settlement network

    5366 settling

    5367 settling of snow

    5368 settling velocity

    5369 sewage; waste water; effluent2; sewage effluent; sewage water

    5370 sewage outfall

    5371 sewer

    5372 sewer water

    5373 shade temperature

    5374 shade-tolerant plant; shading species

    5375 shaft

    5376 shallow karst

    5377 shallows

    5378 shallow-water deposit; shallow-water sediment

    5379 shape distortion

    5380 sharecropping

    5381 shear; shear-fault

    5382 shear plain

    5383 shearing; charriage

    5384 sheep-husbandry; sheep-breeding

    5385 sheet erosion; sheet wash; surface wash

    5386 sheet line system

    5387 sheeting

    5388 shelf edge; depth dump; shelf break

    5389 shelf sea

    5390 shell limestone

    5391 shelter belt; forest strip; windbreak

    5392 sheltered desert

    5393 shiblyak

    5394 shield

    5395 shield volcano

    5396 shifting cultivation; shifting agriculture

    5397 shifting sands

    5398 shingle; pebble

    5399 shingle bed

    5400 ship displacement

    5401 ship turnover

    5402 ship waves

    5403 shoal

    5404 shoalbank

    5405 shopping centre

    5406 shore; seashore

    5407 shore ice bar

    5408 shore lead; flaw lead

    5409 shore protection dike

    5410 shore slope

    5411 shoreline; coastline

    5412 shoreline smoothing

    5413 short herbaceous vegetation; short grass vegetation

    5414 short wave; deep-water wave

    5415 short-grass prairie

    5416 short-range weather forecast

    5417 short-wave outgoing radiation

    5418 short-wave radiation

    5419 shott

    5420 shower; torrential rain

    5421 shrinking of soil

    5422 shrub; bush

    5423 shrub layer

    5424 shrubbery

    5425 shuga; frazil

    5426 shuga-drift

    5427 sial

    5428 siallitic soil

    5429 siallitization

    5430 Siberian high; Siberian anticyclone

    5431 sidereal day

    5432 sidereal month

    5433 sidereal year

    5434 sierozem; serozem; grey earth; grey desert soil

    5435 sierra

    5436 sieve map

    5437 silage

    5438 silica

    5439 silicate

    5440 silicification

    5441 sill

    5442 silt delta

    5443 siltation; silting

    5444 silting area

    5445 silty loam

    5446 Silurian

    5447 sima

    5448 simoon; samoon; samun

    5449 simulation model

    5450 sink-hole; swallow-hole

    5451 sinter; flowstone

    5452 sinuosity of river

    5453 sinuosity of shoreline

    5454 siphon

    5455 siphon spring

    5456 sirocco; scirocco

    5457 site

    5458 site of ancient town

    5459 skeletal soil

    5460 skerries

    5461 skerry-guard

    5462 sketching; outline2

    5463 skin-layer

    5464 sky

    5465 skylight

    5466 skyline; local horizon; apparent horizon

    5467 slab avalanche

    5468 slack water; slack; slack tide

    5469 slag

    5470 slash-and-burn; slash and burn cultivation; swidden farming

    5471 slatestone; slate

    5472 slavery

    5473 sleet; rain and snow mixed

    5474 slick

    5475 sliding horizon

    5476 slip

    5477 slip-off slope

    5478 slope; hillslope

    5479 slope decline; downwearing

    5480 slope glacier

    5481 slope of repose; repose slope

    5482 slope processes

    5483 slope profile

    5484 «lope-direction tick»

    5485 sludge; spent slurry; slurry

    5486 slum; squatter settlement; shanty town

    5487 slum clearance

    5488 slumping; slump

    5489 slush

    5490 slush zone; infiltration zone

    5491 slush-flow; snow mudflow; slush avalanche

    5492 small circle

    5493 small floe; broken ice

    5494 small river

    5495 small town

    5496 small wood; copse; coppice

    5497 small-leaved forest; parvifoliate forest

    5498 small-scale map

    5499 smog

    5500 smoke

    5501 smoke haze

    5502 snag

    5503 snow

    5504 snow accumulation; cumulation of snow

    5505 snow adhesion

    5506 snow alimentation; feeding by snowmelt

    5507 snow and ice resources

    5508 snow barchan

    5509 snow blindness

    5510 snow bridge

    5511 snow cannon

    5512 snow concrete

    5513 snow cornice

    5514 snow cover; snow pack

    5515 snow creep

    5516 snow crystal

    5517 snow drifting; snow-storm

    5518 snow drifting rose

    5519 snow dune

    5520 snow fence

    5521 snow fontain

    5522 snow garlands

    5523 snow line; snow limit

    5524 snow line depression

    5525 snow load

    5526 snow micro-relief

    5527 snow patch

    5528 snow pellet; snow grains

    5529 snow pit

    5530 snow protection

    5531 snow puddle

    5532 snow ridge

    5533 snow ripple

    5534 snow runoff

    5535 snow shower

    5536 snow slip

    5537 snow slump; surface avalanche

    5538 snow stability on a slope

    5539 snow storage

    5540 snow studies

    5541 snow survey; snow measurement

    5542 snow swamp

    5543 snow temperature inversion; spring inversion

    5544 snow-and-ice road

    5545 snowdrift

    5546 snowdrift glacier

    5547 snowfall

    5548 snowfield

    5549 snowflakes

    5550 snowiness

    5551 snow-retaining structures

    5552 snowy adj

    5553 snowy mountain; snow-capped mountain

    5554 soaking up of water

    5555 social adj

    5556 social desert

    5557 social ecology

    5558 social geography

    5559 social group

    5560 social infrastructure

    5561 social integration

    5562 social methods of management

    5563 social mobility

    5564 social polarization

    5565 social segregation

    5566 socialism

    5567 society

    5568 socio-ecological system

    5569 socioeconomic adj

    5570 socioeconomic system

    5571 sociology

    5572 sociosphere

    5573 socle plain

    5574 sod; turf

    5575 soda lake

    5576 sodded karst

    5577 sodding

    5578 soddy forest soils

    5579 soddy podzolic soil

    5580 soddy-gley soil

    5581 sodication; sodicity

    5582 soft water

    5583 soil

    5584 soil acidity

    5585 soil aeration

    5586 soil age

    5587 soil aggregate; aggregate of soil

    5588 soil air

    5589 soil argillization

    5590 soil association

    5591 soil biology

    5592 soil biota

    5593 soil chemistry

    5594 soil chronosequence

    5595 soil class

    5596 soil climate

    5597 soil colloids

    5598 soil complex

    5599 soil conservation; soil protection

    5600 soil cover

    5601 soil drainage

    5602 soil engineering

    5603 soil erosion

    5604 soil evolution; soil development

    5605 soil extract

    5606 soil fauna

    5607 soil ferruginization

    5608 soil fertility; fertility of soil

    5609 soil formation; pedogenic processes; soil-forming process; pedogenesis

    5610 soil geography

    5611 soil horizon; horizon2

    5612 soil hygroscopicity

    5613 soil management

    5614 soil map

    5615 soil mechanics

    5616 soil microorganisms

    5617 soil migration; translocation

    5618 soil monolith

    5619 soil morphology

    5620 soil mosaic

    5621 soil nomenclature

    5622 soil order

    5623 soil plasticity

    5624 soil pollution; soil contamination

    5625 soil profile

    5626 soil science; pedology

    5627 soil section

    5628 soil series

    5629 soil skeleton

    5630 soil structure

    5631 soil taxon

    5632 soil taxonomy; soil classification

    5633 soil thixotropy

    5634 soil type

    5635 soil water; soil moisture

    5636 soil wedge

    5637 soil zone

    5638 soil-ground

    5639 solar activity

    5640 solar architecture

    5641 solar battery; solar cell; solar panel

    5642 solar climate

    5643 solar constant

    5644 solar day

    5645 solar energy; solar power

    5646 solar farm; solar park

    5647 solar power station; solar power plant

    5648 solar radiation

    5649 solar system

    5650 solar tide

    5651 solar time; apparent time

    5652 solar year; tropical year

    5653 solfatare

    5654 solid waste

    5655 solid precipitation

    5656 solifluction; solifluxion

    5657 solifluction apron

    5658 solifluction protalus

    5659 solitary wave; soliton

    5660 solod soil; solod; soloth

    5661 solodization

    5662 solonetz; solonets

    5663 solontchak; solonchak

    5664 solstice

    5665 soluble adj

    5666 solution

    5667 solution cavity

    5668 somma

    5669 sonde

    5670 sor

    5671 sorted polygon; stone polygon

    5672 sorting

    5673 sound channel

    5674 sound scattering layer; deep scattering

    5675 sounding

    5676 sounding of the atmosphere

    5677 source of a river

    5678 source of water supply; water supply source

    5679 south

    5680 south adj; southern adj

    5681 South Pole

    5682 southeast trades

    5683 Southern Cross

    5684 Southern Hemisphere

    5685 southern oscillation

    5686 south-west monsoon

    5687 sovereign

    5688 sovereign state

    5689 sovereignty

    5690 spa resort

    5691 space

    5692 space Earth science

    5693 space geodesy

    5694 space image; satellite imagery; satellite image; image

    5695 space industry

    5696 space map

    5697 space mapping

    5698 space station; skylab

    5699 spate

    5700 spatial adj

    5701 spatial analysis

    5702 spatial data

    5703 spatial interaction

    5704 spatial modelling

    5705 spatial object

    5706 spatial resolution; ground resolution; resolution

    5707 spatter cone; driplet cone

    5708 specialization of production

    5709 specialization of the region

    5710 species

    5711 specific discharge

    5712 specific humidity

    5713 specific retention

    5714 spectral adj

    5715 spectral albedo

    5716 spectrazonal aerial survey; multispectral survey

    5717 speed-up distance of snow drifting

    5718 speleology; spelaeology

    5719 spent fuel

    5720 sphagnum bog

    5721 sphere of influence

    5722 spillway; weir; escape

    5723 spit

    5724 splash

    5725 spodosol

    5726 spoil

    5727 sporadic avalanche

    5728 sporadic permafrost; island permafrost

    5729 spores and pollen analysis; pollen analysis

    5730 spot height

    5731 spotted tundra

    5732 spout; whirlwind

    5733 spray

    5734 spray freezing; sea icing

    5735 spray irrigation; shrinkler irrigation

    5736 spring crops

    5737 spring high water; spring flood

    5738 spring tide

    5739 spring1

    5740 spring2

    5741 spring-line

    5742 spruce forest

    5743 spur; offshoot

    5744 squall

    5745 squall line; squall-line thunderstorm; line squall

    5746 squatting1

    5747 squatting2

    5748 squeezing

    5749 St Elmo′s fire; corona discharge; Saint Elmo′s fire

    5750 stability threshold; stability limit

    5751 stabilization lagoon

    5752 stabilized dune

    5753 stable channel

    5754 stable community

    5755 stable ecosystem

    5756 stable population; zero population growth; stationary population

    5757 stable slope

    5758 stable snow cover

    5759 stack; sea stack

    5760 stadial

    5761 stadial moraine; recessional moraine

    5762 stagnant water

    5763 stagnic cambisol

    5764 stalactite

    5765 stalagmite

    5766 stalagnate

    5767 stall-feeding of livestock; zero grazing

    5768 stand; forest stand

    5769 standard atmosphere; reference atmosphere

    5770 standard depth of measurements

    5771 standard line; standard parallel

    5772 standard ocean

    5773 standard sea water; standard mean ocean water

    5774 standard time

    5775 standards of environmental quality; environmental quality standards

    5776 standing floe; ropak

    5777 standing wave; stationary wave

    5778 state; country; nation2

    5779 state capitalism

    5780 state farm; sovkhoz; state farming; sovkhoz

    5781 state-archipelago

    5782 station

    5783 stationary anticyclone

    5784 stationary climatic series

    5785 stationary current; stable current

    5786 stationary cyclone; stationary depression

    5787 stationary front; quasi-stationary front

    5788 stationary method of research

    5789 stationary population; zero population growth; stable population

    5790 steam fog; evaporation fog

    5791 steel industry; ferrous metallurgy; iron-and-steel industry

    5792 steep slope

    5793 steepness of slope

    5794 stenobathic animal

    5795 stenohaline organism

    5796 stenohydrobiont

    5797 stenooxybiont

    5798 stenophagous animal

    5799 stenotherm

    5800 stenotopic organism

    5801 step fault

    5802 steppe expansion

    5803 steppe fauna

    5804 steppe meadow

    5805 steppe vegetation; steppe flora

    5806 stepped relief

    5807 stepped slope

    5808 stepwise migration

    5809 stereographic projection

    5810 stereomodel

    5811 stereopair

    5812 stereophotogrammetric survey

    5813 stereophotogrammetry

    5814 steric variations of sea level

    5815 stilling well

    5816 stock exchange

    5817 stock of maps

    5818 stock1

    5819 stock2

    5820 stone

    5821 Stone Age

    5822 stone block

    5823 stone garland

    5824 stone pavement

    5825 stone ring; stony earth circle

    5826 stone stripes; blockstripes

    5827 stoniness

    5828 stony soils

    5829 store area; storage site; entrepot

    5830 store of cold in ice

    5831 storm

    5832 storm runoff

    5833 storm surge; storm tide

    5834 storm-beach; storm beach

    5835 stow; landscape unit

    5836 strait; sound; channel

    5837 strath; glen

    5838 stratification; bedding

    5839 stratification of the atmosphere

    5840 stratification of water

    5841 stratified adj

    5842 stratiform cloud

    5843 stratigraphic correlation

    5844 stratigraphic discordance; stratigraphic hiatus

    5845 stratigraphic section

    5846 stratigraphy

    5847 stratocumulus

    5848 stratopause

    5849 stratosphere

    5850 stratovolcano; strato-volcano; composite volcano

    5851 stratum; layer; bed2

    5852 stratus

    5853 stream; watercourse

    5854 stream discharge

    5855 stream gradient

    5856 stream order

    5857 streambed alluvium

    5858 streamflow

    5859 streamline; flow line

    5860 strength of rock

    5861 stretch of water; water area

    5862 striated boulder

    5863 striation; glacial striation; glacial scoring

    5864 stries de Forel

    5865 strike; strike line

    5866 string fen; string bog

    5867 strip cultivation; open field2

    5868 strip map

    5869 Strombolian eruption

    5870 structural crisis; morphogenic crisis

    5871 structural geomorphology

    5872 structural glaciology

    5873 structural terrace

    5874 structure of rock

    5875 subaerial adj; superficial adj

    5876 subalpine belt

    5877 subalpine vegetation

    5878 subantarctic adj

    5879 subantarctic zone

    5880 sub-aquatic landscape

    5882 subarctic adj

    5883 subarctic sod soil

    5884 subarctic zone

    5885 Subatlantic; Sub-Atlantic period

    5886 Subboreal; Sub-Boreal period

    5887 subclimax; pre-climax

    5888 subcontinent

    5889 subdominant species

    5890 subduction

    5891 subduction zone; destructive margin; destructive plate margin

    5892 subequatorial adj

    5893 subequatorial zone

    5894 subglacial ablation

    5895 subglacial adj

    5896 subglacial channel

    5897 subglacial drainage; subglacial stream

    5898 subglacial lake

    5899 subglacial water

    5900 subhumid adj

    5901 subject of federation

    5902 sublimation

    5903 sublimation ice

    5905 submarine bar

    5906 submarine earthquake

    5907 submarine elevation

    5908 submarine fan

    5909 submarine landslide

    5910 submarine moraine

    5911 submarine plateau; oceanic plateau

    5912 submarine quarry

    5913 submarine relief; subaqueous relief

    5914 submarine ridge; submarine range

    5915 submarine rift

    5916 submarine spring

    5917 submarine volcano; underwater volcano

    5918 submerged coast; submerged shoreline

    5919 submerged delta

    5920 submerged forest

    5921 submerged ice

    5922 submerged reef; bank reef

    5923 submergence

    5924 submersible; submergible; underwater vehicle; undersea vehicle

    5925 subpermafrost water

    5926 subpolar glacier

    5927 subregion

    5928 subsea permafrost

    5929 subsequent stream; subsequent valley

    5930 subshrub; dwarfshrub; undershrub

    5931 subshrub layer

    5932 subsidence

    5933 subsidy

    5934 subsistence agriculture; subsistence farming

    5935 subsistence crop

    5936 subsistence economy

    5937 subsoil; bottom soil

    5938 subsoil irrigation

    5939 subsurface brine; brackish groundwater

    5940 subsurface current; deepwater current; depth current

    5941 subsurface wash

    5942 subtropical adj

    5943 subtropical forest

    5944 subtropical forest zone

    5945 subtropical high; subtropical anticyclone

    5946 subtropical jet stream

    5947 subtropical vegetation

    5948 subtropical zone

    5949 suburban adj

    5950 suburban agriculture

    5951 suburbanization

    5952 suburbs; suburb; suburbia

    5953 subvention

    5954 succession; plant succession

    5955 succulent

    5956 sudd

    5957 suffocation

    5958 suffosion

    5959 sulphur

    5960 sum of active temperatures

    5961 sum of effective temperatures

    5962 summer

    5963 summer flood

    5964 summer solstice

    5965 summer surface

    5966 summit; top

    5967 Sun

    5968 sunrise

    5969 sunset

    5970 sunshine

    5971 sunspot

    5972 superadiabatic lapse rate

    5973 superaquatic landscape

    5974 supercooled rain

    5975 supercooled water

    5976 supercooling

    5977 superficial deposit

    5978 superglacial adj; supraglacial adj

    5979 superglacial stream

    5980 superimposed drainage

    5981 superimposed ice

    5982 supermarket

    5983 supersaturation

    5984 supplementary contour

    5985 supply

    5986 supralittoral zone

    5987 suprapermafrost water

    5988 surface ablation

    5989 surface current

    5990 surface detention

    5991 surface irrigation

    5992 surface moraine; superglacial sediments

    5993 surface roughness

    5994 surface water

    5995 surge cycle; pulsation period

    5996 surging glacier; surge-type glacier

    5997 survey signal; tower beacon

    5998 surveying peg

    5999 survival rate

    6000 suspended load

    6001 suspension

    6002 suspension roiling

    6003 sustainable agriculture

    6004 sustainable development

    6005 sustainable development indicators

    6006 sustained yield forestry

    6007 swale

    6008 swallow hole

    6009 swamp; wetland; bog; fen; marsh

    6010 swamp percentage

    6011 swamp plain

    6012 swarding

    6013 swash; surf

    6014 swash flow

    6015 swell1

    6016 swell scale

    6017 swelling of soil

    6018 symbiosis; symbiotic relationship

    6019 symmetrical fold

    6020 synanthropic organism

    6021 synclinal valley

    6022 syncline; synclinal fold

    6023 synclinorium

    6024 syndicate

    6025 syneclise

    6026 syngenetic ice wedge

    6027 synoptic eddy

    6028 synoptic meteorology

    6029 synoptic processes

    6030 synsedimentary folding

    6031 synthetic map

    6032 synusia

    6033 system of farming; farming system

    6034 systems analysis; systems approach

    6035 syzygy

    T

    6036 tableland

    6037 tablemount; table mountain

    6038 tabular iceberg; barrier iceberg; table iceberg

    6039 tacheometry; tachymetry

    6040 tafone; tafoni pl

    6041 taiga; boreal forest

    6042 taiga pergelisol

    6043 taiga soils

    6044 tail dune

    6045 tailing storage; tip-heap

    6046 tailings

    6047 takyr

    6048 takyr-soil

    6049 talik

    6050 tall herbaceous vegetation; tall grass vegetation; tall-grassland

    6051 talus; scree

    6052 talus cone

    6053 talus slope

    6054 tanker

    6055 taoism; daoism

    6056 taphrogenesis

    6057 tariff

    6058 tariff bappier; customs barrier; tariff wall

    6059 taryn

    6060 tax

    6061 tear fault; transcurrent fault

    6062 technical ice

    6063 technogenic landscape; industrial landscape

    6064 tectogenesis

    6065 tectonic adj

    6066 tectonic epochs

    6067 tectonic fracture

    6068 tectonic lake

    6069 tectonic mountains

    6070 tectonic movements

    6071 tectonic plate; lithospheric plate

    6072 tectonic valley

    6073 tectonics

    6074 tectonosphere

    6075 teleconnections

    6076 temperate adj

    6077 temperate climate

    6078 temperate forest zone

    6079 temperate glacier; warm glacier; isothermal glacier

    6080 temperate zone; mid-latitude zone

    6081 temperature

    6082 temperature anomaly; thermal anomaly

    6083 temperature coefficient of freezing

    6084 temperature coefficient of melting

    6085 temporal adj

    6086 tenth wave; wreck wave; freak wave

    6087 tephra

    6088 tephrochronology

    6089 terai

    6090 terminal basin

    6091 terminal moraine; end moraine

    6092 terminal port

    6093 termination

    6094 termite mound; termitarium

    6095 terra fusca

    6096 terra rossa

    6097 terrace

    6098 terrace cultivation

    6099 terracette; «sheep tracks»

    6100 terracing

    6101 terrain; locality

    6102 terrestrial adj

    6103 terrestrial fauna; land animals

    6104 terrestrial magnetism; Earth′s magnetic field; geomagnetism

    6105 terrestrial radiation; outgoing long-wave radiation

    6106 terrigenous adj

    6107 terrigenous deposits; terrigenous sediments

    6108 terrigenous runoff

    6109 territorial adj

    6110 territorial capacity

    6111 territorial concentration of production; agglomeration of enterprises; localization of enterprises

    6112 territorial connections

    6113 territorial differentiation

    6114 territorial disputes; territorial claims

    6115 territorial division of labour; geographical division of labour

    6116 territorial interest

    6117 territorial organization of society

    6118 territorial pattern

    6119 territorial production complex; industrial agglomeration; industrial complex

    6120 territorial production links

    6121 territorial structure of economy

    6122 territorial waters; territorial seas

    6123 territory

    6124 tertiarization

    6125 Tertiary

    6126 tertiary industry; service industry; tertiary sector

    6127 testing area

    6128 Tethys; Tethys Ocean

    6129 textile industry

    6130 texture of rock

    6131 texture of soil; soil texture

    6132 thalassocratic period

    6133 thalassocraton

    6134 thalweg; talweg

    6135 thaw

    6136 thaw slumping

    6137 thawed patch

    6138 thawing; defreezing of ground

    6139 thawing front

    6140 thematic atlas

    6141 thematic cartography; thematic mapping

    6142 thematic map

    6143 theocratic state

    6144 theodolite

    6145 theodolite survey; theodolite surveying

    6146 thermal1

    6147 thermal abrasion

    6148 thermal2 adj

    6149 thermal advection

    6150 thermal balance of water body

    6151 thermal bar

    6152 thermal belts

    6153 thermal content in water body

    6154 thermal denudation

    6155 thermal equator; heat equator

    6156 thermal erosion; thermo-erosion

    6157 thermal expansion of the ocean; ocean thermal expansion

    6158 thermal front

    6159 thermal low; thermal depression

    6160 thermal metamorphism of ice

    6161 thermal pollution

    6162 thermal regime of soil

    6163 thermal spring; geothermal spring

    6164 thermal stratification

    6165 thermal vegetation

    6166 thermal waste

    6167 thermal water

    6168 thermal wind

    6169 thermic power plant

    6170 thermoabrasional niche

    6171 thermobiont

    6172 thermocline

    6173 thermo-electricity

    6174 thermohaline analysis; T-S analysis

    6175 thermohaline convection; thermohaline circulation

    6176 thermoisopleth

    6177 thermokarst

    6178 thermokarst cave-in

    6179 thermokarst depression

    6180 thermokarst funnel

    6181 thermokarst lake; thaw lake

    6182 thermokarst mound

    6183 thermokarst terrain

    6184 thermophile

    6185 thermosphere

    6186 thermostad

    6187 thickness of aquifer

    6188 thin section

    6189 thinning

    6190 Third World

    6191 thorn forest; thorn woodland

    6192 three-field system of farming

    6193 threshold

    6194 threshold population

    6195 throughflow; inter-flow

    6196 thrust fault; overfault

    6197 thrust plane

    6198 thufur

    6199 thunder

    6200 thunderstorm

    6201 thunderstorm electricity

    6202 thunderstorm squall

    6203 thundery cloud system

    6204 tidal adj

    6205 tidal basin

    6206 tidal bore; bore; eagre

    6207 tidal creek

    6208 tidal current; reversing current

    6209 tidal delta

    6210 tidal energy; tidal power

    6211 tidal flat; mudflat

    6212 tidal glacier; tidewater glacier

    6213 tidal power station

    6214 tidal pump

    6215 tidal range; tide range

    6216 tidal sea

    6217 tidal wave

    6218 tide

    6219 tide crack in ice

    6220 tide cycle

    6221 tideless sea

    6222 tierra caliente

    6223 tierra fria

    6224 tierra helada

    6225 tierra templada

    6226 tight-closed fracture

    6227 till1

    6228 till plain; till plateau

    6229 tillage1

    6230 tillite

    6231 tilloid

    6232 timber; lumber (amer)

    6233 time

    6234 time equation

    6235 time scale

    6236 time series

    6237 time zone

    6238 tirs

    6239 tolar

    6240 tolerance

    6241 toltre

    6242 tomillar

    6243 tonnage

    6244 topographic barrier

    6245 topographic base

    6246 topographic map

    6247 topographic survey

    6248 topographical manuscript

    6249 topography

    6250 topological adj

    6251 topological map

    6252 toponym; place-name; geographic name

    6253 toponymy

    6254 topsoil

    6255 tor

    6256 tornado

    6257 torrent; flashy flow

    6258 torrid zone; torrid belt

    6259 total capacity of reservoir

    6260 total cloudiness; total cloud cover

    6261 total radiation

    6262 total runoff

    6263 tour; travel; trip; touristic trip

    6264 tourism

    6265 tourist arrival

    6266 tourist departure

    6267 tourist flow

    6268 tourist industry

    6269 tourist map

    6270 tourist season

    6271 touristic attraction

    6272 touristic site; touristic zone; recreation area; touristic area; touristic region

    6273 tower karst; turmkarst

    6274 town

    6275 towpath

    6276 toxic waste

    6277 trace element

    6278 tracer

    6279 traction

    6280 trade; commerce

    6281 trade winds; trade-wind circulation; northeast trades

    6282 trade-wind desert

    6283 trade-wind front

    6284 trade-wind inversion

    6285 trade-wind zone

    6286 traffic

    6287 traffic capacity

    6288 traffic congestion; traffic jam

    6289 traffic intensity

    6290 transboundary impact

    6291 transboundary pollutants transfer

    6292 transcription system of place-names

    6293 transect

    6294 transection glacier; transfluent glacier; twinned glacier

    6295 transfer costs

    6296 transfer of funds

    6297 transfluence of glacier; glacial transfluence

    6298 transformation of an air mass

    6299 transformation of nature

    6300 transgression

    6301 transgressive bedding

    6302 transhumance; cattle driving

    6303 transit

    6304 transition economy

    6305 transition zone; transitory zone

    6306 translocation

    6307 transmission capacity of soil

    6308 transmission line

    6309 transnational corporation; multinational corporation

    6310 transparency of water; water transparency

    6311 transparent ice

    6312 transpiration

    6313 transpiration ratio

    6314 transport; transportation (amer)

    6315 transport corridor

    6316 transport geography; transportation geography; geography of transport

    6317 transport junction; transport node; transport hub

    6318 transport network; communication network

    6319 transport providing

    6320 transport system

    6321 transportation slope

    6322 transportation way; ways of communication

    6323 transported moraine; transported debris

    6324 transsedimentation

    6325 transverse adj

    6326 transverse dune

    6327 transverse Mercator projection

    6328 transverse projection

    6329 transverse valley

    6330 trap; trap rock

    6331 trap landscape

    6332 traversing; polygonometry

    6333 travertine; tufa; calcareous tuff

    6334 travertine mound

    6335 travertine terrace

    6336 treaty port

    6337 tree

    6338 tree layer

    6339 tree-line; timber-line (amer); tree-limit

    6340 trellis drainage pattern

    6341 trench

    6342 triangular delta; cuspate delta

    6343 triangulation; triangular survey

    6344 Trias; Triassic

    6345 tribalism

    6346 tribe

    6347 tributary; influent; affluent

    6348 trichohygrophyte

    6349 trigonometric levelling

    6350 trigonometric point

    6351 trigonometric survey

    6352 trilateration

    6353 trimline

    6354 triple point; triple state

    6355 tripolar world; threecentric world

    6356 trophic adj

    6357 trophic level

    6358 trophic zone

    6359 tropholytic zone

    6360 tropic

    6361 tropic of Cancer

    6362 tropic of Capricorn

    6363 tropical adj

    6364 tropical air mass; tropical air

    6365 tropical black soil

    6366 tropical climate

    6367 tropical cyclone; tropical storm; tropical revolving storm

    6368 tropical diseases; tropical endemic disease

    6369 tropical dry forest

    6370 tropical fauna

    6371 tropical forest

    6372 tropical karst

    6373 tropical lake

    6374 tropical monsoon

    6375 tropical vegetation

    6376 tropical zone; tropical belt

    6377 tropics

    6378 tropopause

    6379 tropopause funnel

    6380 tropophyte

    6381 troposphere

    6382 troug; glaciated valley; vallée f en U; glacial valley; U-shaped valley; hglacial trough

    6383 trough end

    6384 trough of wave

    6385 trough shoulder; shoulder

    6386 trough valley of glaciated shelf

    6387 true dip

    6388 true horizon

    6389 true north

    6390 true south

    6391 truncated cyclone

    6392 truncated high

    6393 truncated soil

    6394 truncated spur

    6395 trunk glacier

    6396 trunk valley

    6397 trusteeship territory; trust territory

    6398 tsunami

    6399 tuff; volcanic tuff

    6400 tuff-breccia

    6401 tufflava

    6402 tugai

    6403 tumulus; burial mound; barrow

    6404 tundra; tundra zone

    6405 tundra fauna

    6406 tundra gley soil

    6407 tundra soils

    6408 tundra vegetation; tundra flora

    6409 tunnel

    6410 tunnel valley

    6411 turbidite

    6412 turbidity

    6413 turbidity current

    6414 turbidity of water

    6415 turbosphere

    6416 turbulent flow

    6417 turf; peat

    6418 turf cover

    6419 turf process

    6420 turnover water supply; water recycling

    6421 turnpike; toll road

    6422 tussock

    6423 tussocky bog

    6424 tuz

    6425 twig-fall

    6426 twilight

    6427 twilight colours

    6428 two-field system of farming

    6429 Tyndall figures

    6430 type of landscape

    6431 type of terrain

    6432 type of vegetation

    6433 typhoon

    U

    6434 ubac

    6435 ubiquist; eurytopic organism; cosmopolite

    6436 ubiquity; ubiquitous materials

    6437 ultisol

    6438 ultra-abyssal zone; hadal zone

    6439 ultraviolet radiation

    6440 umbrisol

    6441 unavailable water

    6442 unconfind aquifer; free groundwaters

    6443 unconfined avalanche; non-channeled avalanche

    6444 unconsolidated rock; loose rock

    6445 undercutting

    6446 under-developed country

    6447 underflow; underchannel water

    6448 underground; metro; tube; subway (amer)

    6449 underground stream

    6450 undergrowth; young growth; underwood

    6451 underlying surface

    6452 underpopulation

    6453 undershrub

    6454 underthrust

    6455 unemployment; unemployment level; unemployment rate

    6456 unequilibrium models

    6457 uneven development

    6458 unfrozen ground; non-frozen ground

    6459 uniclinal shifting

    6460 uniform steady flow

    6461 uniformitarianism

    6462 uninverted relief

    6463 union

    6464 unitary state

    6465 universal time

    6466 universe; cosmos; space2

    6467 unsaturated air

    6468 unsorted polygon

    6469 unstable air mass

    6470 unsteady flow

    6471 unstratified adj

    6472 updating of map

    6473 updraught

    6474 up-floating of glacier

    6475 upland

    6476 upper atmosphere

    6477 upper bedding plane of stratum

    6478 upper front

    6479 upper frontal zone

    6480 upper pool

    6481 upper snow drifting

    6482 upper water mass

    6483 upper-level anticyclone; upper-air anticyclone

    6484 upper-level cyclone; upper-air cyclone

    6485 upscaling

    6486 upset of environmental balance; ecological imbalance

    6487 upstream adv adj

    6488 upwash; uprush

    6489 upwelling

    6490 urban adj

    6491 urban agglomeration

    6492 urban area; urbanized territory

    6493 urban climate

    6494 urban containment

    6495 urban ecology

    6496 urban fringe

    6497 urban geography

    6498 urban landscape

    6499 urban macrocephaly

    6500 urban morphology

    6501 urban planning; town planning

    6502 urban population

    6503 urban region; urban field; umland

    6504 urban renewal; redevelopment

    6505 urban settlement

    6506 urban sprawl; urban growth; city expansion

    6507 urban system

    6508 urban transport

    6509 urban village

    6510 urban-industrial agglomeration

    6511 urbanism

    6512 urbanization

    6513 urman

    6514 uryoma

    6515 usable ground water resources

    6516 utilization of icebergs

    6517 uvala; karst basin

    6518 uzboi

    V

    6519 vadose water

    6520 valley; river valley

    6521 valley floor; floor of a valley

    6522 valley glacier

    6523 valley train

    6524 valley-and-gully terrain

    6525 value

    6526 value added

    6527 vapour pressure

    6528 variability

    6529 variable cloudness

    6530 varved clay; varve

    6531 varzea

    6532 vauclusian spring

    6533 veering of wind

    6534 vegetable-growing

    6535 vegetated sand dune

    6536 vegetation; vegetation cover

    6537 vegetation indices

    6538 vegetation of solonchaks

    6539 vegetation zone; zone of vegetation

    6540 vein; lode

    6541 vein ice

    6542 veld

    6543 velocity head; dynamic head

    6544 velocity profile

    6545 verglas; glazed frost; glaze

    6546 verification of forecast

    6547 vernal adj

    6548 vernal equinox; spring equinox

    6549 vernalization

    6550 vertical

    6551 vertical aerial photograph

    6552 vertical circulation of water

    6553 vertical columns in snow

    6554 vertical dissection of mountains

    6555 vertical exaggeration

    6556 vertical profile

    6557 vertical scale

    6558 vertical temperature gradient; temperature gradient; lapse rate

    6559 vesicle

    6560 viaduct

    6561 vicarious species

    6562 viewshed analysis

    6563 village; hamlet

    6564 vine-growing; viticulture

    6565 vineyard

    6566 violent species; violent

    6567 virgation

    6568 virgin land; virgin soil

    6569 virtual map

    6570 viscous adj

    6571 visibility; range of visibility

    6572 visible ground ice

    6573 visible light; light radiation; visible radiation

    6574 visual pollution

    6575 vital rates

    6576 vital space; living space

    6577 vitalism

    6578 vlei

    6579 voice of sea

    6580 void ratio

    6581 volcanic adj

    6582 volcanic belt

    6583 volcanic bomb

    6584 volcanic bottom material

    6585 volcanic cloud

    6586 volcanic conduit

    6587 volcanic cone

    6588 volcanic dome

    6589 volcanic dust

    6590 volcanic earthquake

    6591 volcanic eruption; eruption

    6592 volcanic gases

    6593 volcanic island

    6594 volcanic lake; crater lake

    6595 volcanic mountains

    6596 volcanic plateau

    6597 volcanic rock

    6598 volcanic slag

    6599 volcanic spine

    6600 volcanic thunderstorm

    6601 volcanic vent; volcanic pipe; vent

    6602 volcanism; volcanic activity

    6603 volcano

    6604 volcanology; vulcanology

    6605 volume of runoff

    6606 vortex; eddy; whirl

    6607 vortex chain

    6608 vortex entrainment

    6609 vorticity

    6610 voyage round the World

    6611 V-shaped valley

    6612 Vulcanian eruption

    6613 vulnerability

    6614 vulnerable area; environmentally sensitive area

    W

    6615 wadi; oued

    6616 walking tourisme; hiking

    6617 war pollution; war contamination

    6618 warm air mass

    6619 warm current

    6620 warm front

    6621 warm occlusion

    6622 warm pole

    6623 wash

    6624 washing out

    6625 wash-out

    6626 waste; waste product

    6627 waste burial

    6628 waste land; barren lands

    6629 waste neutralization

    6630 waste pile; slag heap; terricone

    6631 waste processing; waste treatment

    6632 waste storage; waste disposal

    6633 waste storage site

    6634 wasteless technology; non-waste technology; low-waste technology

    6635 water; natural water

    6636 water abrasion; marine abrasion; fluvial abrasion

    6637 water ana salt balance

    6638 water balance

    6639 water balance of a glacier

    6640 water balance of the atmosphere

    6641 water bearing capacity

    6642 water bloom; algae blooming; phytoplankton bloom

    6643 water body; body of water

    6644 water cloud

    6645 water consumer

    6646 water consumption; water use

    6647 water consumption norm

    6648 water content in a glacier

    6649 water content of cloud

    6650 water content of the air

    6651 water conveying capacity

    6652 water desinfection

    6653 water disposal; water removal

    6654 water economy

    6655 water energy; hydroelectric energy; hydroelectric power

    6656 water engineering; hydraulic engineering

    6657 water equivalent of snow cover

    6658 water exchange

    6659 water exchange index

    6660 water exchange time

    6661 water fnd ice balance

    6662 water hole

    6663 water intake

    6664 water lag

    6665 water lag time

    6666 water level

    6667 water mass

    6668 water permeability

    6669 water permeability of soil

    6670 water pocket

    6671 water pollution; water contamination

    6672 water protection area

    6673 water protection forest

    6674 water purification

    6675 water quality

    6676 water quality index

    6677 water quality parameters

    6678 water receiver

    6679 water regime of soil

    6680 water register

    6681 water reserve in soil; soil water storage; soil moisture storage

    6682 water resources

    6683 water sky

    6684 water spill

    6685 water spout

    6686 water stratification

    6687 water supply; water-supply system

    6688 water surface; sheet of water

    6689 water table

    6690 water transport

    6691 water treatment; water conditioning

    6692 water use

    6693 water user

    6694 water vapour; aqueous vapour

    6695 water yield

    6696 water-and-ice pulp

    6697 waterfall

    6698 waterfront

    6699 water-gap

    6700 watering place

    6701 water-level weathering

    6702 waterlogged adj

    6703 waterlogging

    6704 waterriching of soil

    6705 watershed; divide

    6706 watershed area

    6707 waterway

    6708 watten; tidal marsh; mud flat; wadden

    6709 wave

    6710 wave amplitude

    6711 wave approach angle

    6712 wave base

    6713 wave cyclone

    6714 wave deformation

    6715 wave direction

    6716 wave drag layer

    6717 wave erosion; marine abrasion

    6718 wave extinction; wave weakening

    6719 wave height

    6720 wave overturning

    6721 wave period

    6722 wave reflection

    6723 wave refraction; refraction of waves

    6724 wave repulsing wall

    6725 wave shadow

    6726 wave stabilisation

    6727 wave strengthening

    6728 wave train

    6729 wave-built island; alluvian island

    6730 wave-built shore; alluvian coast

    6731 wave-cut niche

    6732 wavelength

    6733 waves of life

    6734 waving; waves

    6735 waxing slope; waning slope

    6736 way of life

    6737 weather

    6738 weather chart; weather map; synoptic chart

    6739 weather discomfort

    6740 weather forecast; weather forecasting; meteorological forecast

    6741 weather type

    6742 weathering

    6743 weathering crust

    6744 weathering front

    6745 wedging out of a stratum

    6746 weeds

    6747 welfare; well-being

    6748 welfare geography

    6749 well1

    6750 west

    6751 westerlies; Brave West Winds

    6752 western adj; occidental adj; west adj

    6753 wet snow

    6754 wet snow avalanche; headwater avalanche

    6755 wetland

    6756 wetting front

    6757 whaleback

    6758 wharf

    6759 whirlpool

    6760 whirlpool notch

    6761 whirlwind

    6762 white caps; flock of sheep; horses

    6763 white nights

    6764 white smoker

    6765 white squall

    6766 white-out1

    6767 white-out2

    6768 wholesale trade

    6769 wilderness

    6770 wildfires; brushfires; bushfires; forest fire

    6771 wilting point

    6772 wind

    6773 wind chill; chill factor

    6774 wind corrasion

    6775 wind direction

    6776 wind divide

    6777 wind energy; wind power

    6778 wind farm; eolic park

    6779 wind induced mixing

    6780 wind power station; wind farm

    6781 wind pressure; wind load

    6782 wind resistance

    6783 wind rose

    6784 wind setup; wind-induced surge

    6785 wind shadow

    6786 wind slab; snow slab

    6787 wind stress

    6788 wind wane

    6789 wind wave

    6790 wind-blown furrows

    6791 wind-blown snow stream

    6792 wind-drift current; wind-driven current

    6793 wind-driven effects; setup phenomena

    6794 wind-gap

    6795 windmill; wind turbine

    6796 window ice

    6797 windthrow

    6798 windward adj

    6799 windward slope

    6800 winged headland

    6801 winter

    6802 winter crops

    6803 winter flood

    6804 winter hut; winter quarters

    6805 winter resistance

    6806 winter resort; winter sports resort

    6807 winter solstice

    6808 wintergreen plant

    6809 wisps of mist

    6810 wood industry

    6811 wooded adj

    6812 work sheet of a map

    6813 working age

    6814 world atlas

    6815 world city; global city

    6816 world development models

    6817 world economy

    6818 World Heritage Area; World Heritage Site

    6819 world market

    6820 World Ocean

    6821 World political map

    X

    6822 xenophobia

    6823 xeric adj; xerophitic adj; xerophilous adj

    6824 xeromorphism

    6825 xerophile

    6826 xerophyte

    6827 xerosere

    6828 xerothermic adj

    6829 xerothermic period

    6830 xylophage

    Y

    6831 yachting

    6832 yardang

    6833 yazoo

    6834 year

    6835 yellow brown forest soil

    6836 yellow soil

    6837 yernik

    6838 yield

    6839 Yoldia Sea

    6840 young ice

    6841 young mountains; young fold mountains

    6842 young shore ice

    Z

    6843 zenith

    6844 zenith distance

    6845 zenithal rains

    6846 zephyr

    6847 zero curtain

    6848 zero-balance line

    6849 zodiacal light

    6850 zonal adj

    6851 zonal current

    6852 zonal flow; zonal winds; zonal circulation

    6853 zonal index

    6854 zonal soils

    6855 zonal vegetation

    6856 zonality; latitudinal zonation

    6857 zonda

    6858 zone of aeration; aerated zone

    6859 zone of ecological disaster

    6860 zone of environmental risk

    6861 zone of superimposed ice

    6862 zoning

    6863 zoo; zoological garten

    6864 zoochore

    6865 zoocoenosis

    6866 zoogenic microrelief

    6867 zoogenic succession

    6868 zoogeography

    6869 zoophyte

    6870 zooplankton

    6871 zootope

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Product details

  • No. of pages: 1072
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © North Holland 2006
  • Published: November 14, 2006
  • Imprint: North Holland
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780444510426
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080488783

About the Authors

Vladimir Kotlyakov

Affiliations and Expertise

Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

Anna Komarova

Affiliations and Expertise

Moscow, Russian Federation

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