Elements of Structures and Defects of Crystalline Materials - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128142684, 9780128142691

Elements of Structures and Defects of Crystalline Materials

1st Edition

Authors: Tsang-Tse Fang
eBook ISBN: 9780128142691
Paperback ISBN: 9780128142684
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 26th January 2018
Page Count: 230
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Elements of Structures and Defects of Crystalline Materials has been written to cover not only the fundamental principles behind structures and defects, but also to provide deep insights into understanding the relationships of properties, defect chemistry and processing of the concerned materials. Part One deals with structures, while Part Two covers defects. Since the knowledge of the electron configuration of elements is necessary for understanding the nature of chemical bonding, it is discussed in the opening chapter. Chapter Two then describes the bonding formation within the crystal structures of varied materials, with Chapter Three delving into how a material’s structure is formed.

In view of the importance of the effects of the structure distortion on the material properties due to the fields, the related topics have been included in section 3.4. Moreover, several materials still under intensive investigation have been illustrated to provide deep insights into understanding the effects of the relationships of processing, structures and defects on the material properties.

The defects of materials are explored in Part II. Chapter 4 deals with the point defects of metal and ceramics. Chapter 5 covers the fundamentals of the characteristics of dislocations, wherein physics and the atomic mechanics of several issues have been described in detail. In view of the significant influence of the morphologies including size, shape and distribution of grains, phases on the microstructure evolution, and, in turn, the properties of materials, the final chapter focuses on the fundamentals of interface energies, including single phase (grain) boundary and interphase boundary.

Key Features

  • Discusses the relationship between properties, defect chemistry and the processing of materials
  • Presents coverage of the fundamental principles behind structures and defects
  • Includes information on two-dimensional and three-dimensional imperfections in solids


Research scientists and engineers, as well as graduate students in the field of engineering and materials

Table of Contents

Part I Structure of the crystalline materials
Chapter 1 The electron configuration of atoms
1.1 Atoms with a single electron
1.2 Atoms with more than one electron
Chapter 2 Bonding within crystal structures
2.1 Bonding in ionic crystals
2.2. Thermodynamic viewpoint of bond energy crystal
2.3 Covalent bonding
2.4 Metallic Bond
2.5 Effect of bonding on the material properties by means of the potential well concept
Chapter 3 The structures of crystalline crystals
3.1 Arrangements of atoms and ions in crystalline solids: Space lattice
3.2 Metallic structures
3.3 Ionic structures
3.4 Structural distortion in ionic structures
3.5 Ionic and covalent structures
Part II Defects of Crystalline Materials
Chapter 4 Point defects in crystalline materials
4.1 Point defects in metals
4.2 Point defects in ionic solids
Chapter 5 Line defects in crystalline solids
5.1 The discrepancy between the theoretical and observed yield stresses of crystals
5.2 Observations of dislocations
5.3 Crystallographic slip
5.4 Elementary geometric properties of dislocations
5.5 Critical resolved shear stress
5.6 Plastic flow associated with the slip of the dislocation motion
5.7 Stress fields of dislocations
5.8 Energy of a dislocation
5.9 Line tension of a dislocation
5.10 Forces upon dislocations
5.11 The bowing of a dislocation
5.12 Force between dislocations
5.13 Peach-Koehler equation
5.14 Reactions between dislocations
5.15 Partial dislocations
Chapter 6 Two-dimensional (interfaces) and three-dimensional (second phases) imperfections in solids
6.1 Grain boundaries
6.2 Interphase boundaries in solids
6.3 Surface tension, surface stress, and surface free energy of interfaces
6.4 Free surface
6.5 Interfaces of phases
6.6 Effect of interface curvature on the equilibrium pressure between two phases
6.7. Effect of the interface curvature on the equilibrium solubility between two phases
6.8 Equilibrium vacancy concentration changes at curved surfaces: Driving force for sintering


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About the Author

Tsang-Tse Fang

Tsang-Tse Fang received the B.E. degree in Dept. of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, National Cheng Kung University (NCKU), Taiwan, the M. E degree in Institute of Mineral and Materials Science, NCKU, Taiwan, and Ph.D. degrees in Dept. of Materials Engineering, North Carolina State University, U.S.A. in 1985. Since February 1986, he has been with Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering, NCKU, Taiwan, where he was an Associate Professor, and became a Professor in 1991. In 2006, he was honored as a distinguished professor. He was a visiting associate professor, Materials Research Lab., Penn. State University, U. S. A. from 1989 to 1990), joining the research concerning smart materials and a visiting scientist, Dept. of Chemical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, U. S. A. from 1994 to 1995. His major research areas include: (i) ceramic processing: powder synthesis, forming, and sintering involving defect chemistry and microstructural evolution, and (ii) physical properties of electronic ceramics: dielectrics, ferroelectricity, electrical conduction (involving lithium-ion battery), magnetism, superconductivity, magnetoelectronics, thermoelectricity and multiferroics. In 1993, he received outstanding research award from National Science Council Taiwan. He was an Editor of the International Scholarly Research Network (ISRN Ceramics) until 2012. Presently he is an adjunct professor of Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering, NCKU, and an associate editor of journal of electronic materials, U.S.A.

Affiliations and Expertise

Adjunct Professor, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Cheng Kung University (NCKU), Taiwan

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