Elements of Petroleum Geology

Elements of Petroleum Geology

3rd Edition - November 8, 2014

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  • Authors: Richard C. Selley, Stephen A. Sonnenberg
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123860323
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780123860316

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Description

This Third Edition of Elements of Petroleum Geology is completely updated and revised to reflect the vast changes in the field since publication of the Second Edition. This book is a usefulprimer for geophysicists, geologists, and petroleum engineers in the oil industry who wish to expand their knowledge beyond their specialized area. It is also an excellent introductory text for a university course in petroleum geoscience. Elements of Petroleum Geology begins with an account of the physical and chemical properties of petroleum, reviewing methods of petroleum exploration and production. These methods include drilling, geophysical exploration techniques, wireline logging, and subsurface geological mapping. After describing the temperatures and pressures of the subsurface environment and the hydrodynamics of connate fluids, Selley examines the generation and migration of petroleum, reservoir rocks and trapping mechanisms, and the habit of petroleum in sedimentary basins. The book contains an account of the composition and formation of tar sands and oil shales, and concludes with a brief review of prospect risk analysis, reserve estimation, and other economic topics.

Key Features

  • Updates the Second Edition completely
  • Reviews the concepts and methodology of petroleum exploration and production
  • Written by a preeminent petroleum geologist and sedimentologist with decades of petroleum exploration in remote corners of the world
  • Contains information pertinent to geophysicists, geologists, and petroleum reservoir engineers
  • Updated statistics throughout
  • Additional figures to illustrate key points and new developments
  • New information on drilling activity and production methods including crude oil, directional drilling, thermal techniques, and gas plays
  • Added coverage of 3D seismic interpretation
  • New section on pressure compartments
  • New section on hydrocarbon adsorption and absorption in source rocks
  • Coverage of The Orinoco Heavy Oil Belt of Venezuela
  • Updated chapter on unconventional petroleum

Readership

Undergraduate and graduate students in geology, geophysics, and basin analysis; petroleum geologists in industry

Table of Contents

    • Petroleum Exploration: Past, Present, and Future
    • Preface to the Third Edition
    • Acknowledgments
    • Chapter 1. Introduction
      • 1.1. Historical Review of Petroleum Exploration
      • 1.2. The Context of Petroleum Geology
    • Chapter 2. The Physical and Chemical Properties of Petroleum
      • 2.1. Natural Gases
      • 2.2. Gas Hydrates
      • 2.3. Crude Oil
    • Chapter 3. Methods of Exploration
      • 3.1. Well Drilling and Completion
      • 3.2. Formation Evaluation
      • 3.3. Geophysical Methods of Exploration
      • 3.4. Borehole Geophysics and 4D Seismic
      • 3.5. Subsurface Geology
      • 3.6. Remote Sensing
    • Chapter 4. The Subsurface Environment
      • 4.1. Subsurface Waters
      • 4.2. Subsurface Temperatures
      • 4.3. Subsurface Pressures
      • 4.4. Subsurface Fluid Dynamics
    • Chapter 5. Generation and Migration of Petroleum
      • 5.1. Origin of Petroleum: Organic or Inorganic
      • 5.2. Modern Organic Processes on the Earth's Surface
      • 5.3. Formation of Kerogen
      • 5.4. Petroleum Migration
      • 5.5. The Petroleum System
    • Chapter 6. The Reservoir
      • 6.1. Porosity
      • 6.2. Permeability
      • 6.3. Capillary Pressure
      • 6.4. Relationship between Porosity, Permeability, and Texture
      • 6.5. Effects of Diagenesis on Reservoir Quality
      • 6.6. Reservoir Continuity
      • 6.7. Reservoir Characterization
      • 6.8. Reserve Calculations
      • 6.9. Production Methods
    • Chapter 7. Traps and Seals
      • 7.1. Introduction
      • 7.2. Nomenclature of a Trap
      • 7.3. Distribution of Petroleum within a Trap
      • 7.4. Seals and Cap Rocks
      • 7.5. Classification of Traps
      • 7.6. Structural Traps
      • 7.7. Diapiric Traps
      • 7.8. Stratigraphic Traps
      • 7.9. Hydrodynamic Traps
      • 7.10. Combination Traps
      • 7.11. Traps: Conclusion
    • Chapter 8. Sedimentary Basins and Petroleum Systems
      • 8.1. Basic Concepts and Terms
      • 8.2. Mechanisms of Basin Formation
      • 8.3. Classification of Sedimentary Basins
      • 8.4. Cratonic Basins
      • 8.5. Troughs
      • 8.6. The Rift-Drift Suite of Basins
      • 8.7. Strike-Slip Basins
      • 8.8. Sedimentary Basins and Petroleum Systems
    • Chapter 9. Nonconventional Petroleum Resources
      • 9.1. Introduction
      • 9.2. Plastic and Solid Hydrocarbons
      • 9.3. Tar Sands
      • 9.4. Oil Shales
      • 9.5. Tight Oil Reservoirs
      • 9.6. Coalbed Methane
      • 9.7. Shale Gas
      • 9.8. Tight Gas Reservoirs
    • Chapter 10. Conclusions
      • 10.1. Prospects and Probabilities
      • 10.2. Reserves and Resources
    • Index
    • Color plates

Product details

  • No. of pages: 528
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2014
  • Published: November 8, 2014
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780123860323
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780123860316

About the Authors

Richard C. Selley

Richard C. Selley has spent most of his career at Imperial College, apart from several years working for oil companies in Libya, Greenland and the North Sea. He was a member of Conoco's exploration team that found the Lyell, Murchison and Hutton fields. Selley has provided consultancy and CPD services in Australia, Bahrain, Belize, Canada, France, Germany, Greece, Greenland, Holland, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Jamaica, Jordan, Malaysia, Morocco, Libya, New Zealand, Norway, the North Sea, Sao Tomé and Principé, Poland, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Africa, Spain, the U.A.E., Uganda, the U.S.A., Vietnam and the former Yugoslavia. He holds an Hon DSc from Kingston University and is an Honorary Member of the Petroleum Exploration Society of Great Britain.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor Emeritus, Imperial College London, UK

Stephen A. Sonnenberg

Stephen A. Sonnenberg
Stephen A. Sonnenberg is a Professor and holds the Charles Boettcher Distinguished Chair in Petroleum Geology at the Colorado School of Mines. He specializes in unconventional reservoirs, sequence stratigraphy, tectonic influence on sedimentation, and petroleum geology. A native of Billings, Montana, Sonnenberg received BS and MS degrees in geology from Texas A&M University and a Ph.D. degree in geology from the Colorado School of Mines. He has over twenty-five years’ experience in the industry. Sonnenberg has served as President of several organizations including the American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Rocky Mountain Association of Geologists, and Colorado Scientific Society. He also served on the Colorado Oil and Gas Conservation Commission from 1997-2003 and was the Chair of the Commission from 1999-2003. Stephen A. Sonnenberg é professor e ocupa a distinta cadeira Charles Boettcher na Colorado School of Mines.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor and Charles Boettcher Chair in Petroleum Geology, Department of Geology and Geological Engineering, Colorado School of Mines, USA

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