Elements of Marine Ecology

Elements of Marine Ecology

An Introductory Course

3rd Edition - May 14, 1981

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  • Author: R. V. Tait
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483141886

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Elements of Marine Ecology: An Introductory Course, Third Edition provides a concise discussion on the general field of marine ecology. The book is comprised of nine chapters that cover the structures and functions of marine ecosystems. The text first covers the oceans, including its extent and depths, currents, and biological features. Chapter 2 deals with marine planktons. Next, the book discusses the measuring and sampling techniques used at sea to obtain information of interest. The fourth chapter tackles the parameters of marine environment, while the fifth chapter deals with organic production in the sea. The text also covers the two extremities of the sea that are the seashore and the sea bottom. The last chapter discusses some concerns in sea fisheries. The book will be of great use to researchers and professionals whose work involves marine flora and fauna.

Table of Contents

  • Preface to the Third Edition

    Preface to the First Edition

    1 The Oceans


    Extent and Depth of the Oceans

    Ocean Currents

    Biological Features of the Marine Environment

    Elementary Classification of the Marine Environment

    2 Marine Plankton


    Marine Phytoplankton

    Marine Zooplankton

    3 Measuring and Sampling

    Oceanographic Data

    Biological Sampling

    Underwater Observations

    4 Some Parameters of the Environment


    Composition of Seawater

    Specific Gravity and Pressure




    5 Organic Production in the Sea

    The Organic Food Cycle

    Measurements of Organic Production

    Some Factors Regulating Production

    Ocean Seasons

    Some Mathematical Models

    Geographical Differences of Fertility


    The Substrate

    Benthic Communities

    7 Energetics of a Marine Ecosystem

    Primary Production

    The Grazing Chain

    The Detritus Chain

    The Energy Balance Sheet


    8 The Seashore



    The Evolution of Coastlines

    Some Problems of Shore Life

    Food Sources


    Fitting the Shore Environment

    Rocky Shores

    Sandy Shores

    Muddy Shores


    Oil Pollution of Beaches

    9 Sea Fisheries

    Fishing Methods

    The Biology of some Food Fishes

    The Overfishing Problem

    Fishery Research

    The Regulation of Fisheries

    The Seas in Relation to Human Food Supplies

    Appendix 1

    Topics for Further Study and Class Discussion or Written Work

    Appendix 2

    Some Laboratory Exercises

    Appendix 3

    Some Field Course Exercises

    Abundance Scale for Intertidal Organisms

    A Field Course Book List


Product details

  • No. of pages: 366
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 1981
  • Published: May 14, 1981
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483141886

About the Author

R. V. Tait

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