Electronics – From Theory Into Practice

Electronics – From Theory Into Practice

Applied Electricity and Electronics Division

2nd Edition - January 1, 1976

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  • Authors: J. E. Fisher, H. B. Gatland
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483160177

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Electronics – From Theory Into Practice deals with design procedures in electronics and bridges the gap between theoretical knowledge and practice. It provides design examples and discusses the use of the Laplace Transform for solving engineering problems. The book introduces bipolar and field effect transistor, the unijunction transistor and the silicon-controlled rectifier, and shows how data sheets are used in design calculations. It then examines the development of integrated circuits and their characteristics. Following this discussion are chapters that contain a brief treatment of theory limited to the extraction of necessary design relationships. The book concludes by considering the general aspects of electronic engineering practice. This book will be of use to practising engineers, particularly those trained in other disciplines, who are taking on a certain amount of electronic design.

Table of Contents

  • Preface

    Design Examples

    1. The Semiconductor


    1.1. The Junction Diode

    1.2. Leakage Current

    1.3. Diode Transient Response

    1.4. Diode Logic

    1.5. Functional Survey of Diode Types

    1.6. RF and Microwave Diodes

    1.7. The Junction Transistor

    1.8. Fundamental Current Relationships

    1.9. Elementary Considerations of Frequency Effects

    1.10. Voltage Breakdown

    1.11. Power Dissipation

    1.12. Summary of Transistor Types

    1.13. Static Characteristics of the Junction Transistor

    1.14. Small Signal Representation

    1.15. Transistor Biasing

    1.16. Transistor Amplifier Characteristics

    1.17. Examples

    1.18. Summary of the Characteristics of Transistor Amplifiers in Terms of h Parameters

    2. SCR-UJT-FET


    2.1. The Silicon-controlled Rectifier

    2.2. Switching Off

    2.3. Switching Characteristics

    2.4. Applications

    2.5. Load Effects

    2.6. Thyristor Ratings

    2.7. Gate Characteristic

    2.8. The Unijunction Transistor

    2.9. The UJT for Thyristor Triggering

    2.10. A Bipolar Transistor Analogy

    2.11. Field Effect Transistors

    2.12. FET Amplifier Characteristics

    3. Integrated Circuits


    3.1. Manufacturing Processes

    3.2. Bipolar Integrated Circuits

    3.3. Digital Logic Families

    3.4. Noise Immunity

    3.5. Summary of Bipolar Digital Circuits

    3.6. Linear Circuits

    3.7. MOS Integrated Circuits

    3.8. Complementary MOS

    3.9. Charge-Coupled Devices

    4. Amplifiers


    4.1. Power Amplifiers

    4.2. Audio Power Amplifier, Class A

    4.3. The Class B Push-pull Amplifier

    4.4. The Capacitively Coupled Amplifier

    4.5. High-frequency Performance

    4.6. High-frequency Response

    4.7. Asymptotic Approximation

    4.8. Low-frequency Performance of Capacitively Coupled Stages

    4.9. Tandem Stages

    4.10. Amplifier Time Response

    4.11. Zero Frequency Amplifiers

    4.12. The Direct-coupled Amplifier

    4.13. Drift in Transistor d.c. Amplifiers

    4.14. Integrated Circuit Amplifiers

    4.15. Operational Amplifier Characteristics

    4.16. Types and Applications

    5. Tuned Amplifiers


    5.1. The Parallel-Tuned Circuit

    5.2. Single-tuned Circuit Amplifier

    5.3. Tunable RF Amplifier with Constant Selectivity

    5.4. Cascaded Single-tuned Amplifier

    5.5. Staggered-Tuned Amplifiers

    5.6. Double-Tuned Circuits

    5.7. Tuned Amplifiers using Bipolar Transistors

    5.8. Neutralization

    5.9. Integrated Circuits

    6. Negative Feedback Amplifiers

    6.1. Introduction

    6.2. Feedback Connections

    6.3. Examples of Series-Parallel Feedback Systems

    6.3.1. Emitter Follower Buffer Amplifier

    6.3.2. Output Stage for a Direct-Coupled Amplifier

    6.3.3. Augmented Emitter Follower

    6.3.4. Field Effect Source Follower

    6.3.5. Operational Amplifier Voltage Follower

    6.3.6. Applications of the Voltage Follower

    6.3.7. The Voltage Follower Using Operational Amplifiers

    6.3.8. Capacitor-Coupled Voltage Amplifier

    6.3.9. Selective Amplifier Using Series-Parallel Feedback

    6.4. Applications of Parallel-Series Feedback

    6.4.1. Common Base Amplifier

    6.4.2. Transistor Current Amplifier

    6.4.3. Operational Amplifier Current Amplifiers

    6.5. Examples of Parallel-Parallel Feedback

    6.5.1. Performance of Parallel-Parallel Voltage Amplifier

    6.5.2. Functional Operations—Integration

    6.5.3. Difference Integrator

    6.5.4. Double Integrator

    6.5.5. Differentiation

    6.6. Example of Series-Series Feedback

    6.7. Instrumentation Using Feedback Amplifiers

    6.7.1. Millivoltmeter

    6.7.2. Transducer Amplifier

    6.7.3. Difference Amplifier

    6.7.4. Bridge Amplifier

    6.7.5. High-Input Impedance Difference Amplifiers

    6.8. Low-input Resistance Amplifier

    6.9. Automatic Zeroing

    6.10. Stabilization Against Oscillation

    6.11. Active Resistor-Capacitor Filters

    6.11.1. First-Order Filters

    6.11.2. Basic Second-Order Filters

    6.11.3. Resistance-Capacitance form of Second-Order System

    6.11.4. Active Second-Order Filter

    6.11.5. Higher-Order Filters

    h6.11.6. Multiple Feedback Band-Pass Filter

    Power Supplies


    7.1 The Basic Rectifier

    7.2 The Full-wave Rectifier

    7.3 Effect of Load Capacitance

    7.4 L-C Smoothing Filter

    7.5 Choke Input Filter

    7.6 Voltage Multipliers

    7.7 Voltage Stabilization

    7.8 Semiconductor Stabilizer Diodes

    7.9 Emitter Follower as a Voltage Stabilizer

    7.10 Closed-loop System

    7.11 Current Limitation

    7.12 Application of Operational Amplifiers as Voltage Regulators

    7.13 Fully Integrated Regulators

    8. Oscillators


    8.1. Sinusoidal Oscillators—Basic Considerations

    8.2. Negative Resistance

    8.3. Amplitude Stabilization

    8.4. Survey of Feedback L-C Oscillators

    8.5. The Tuned Drain Oscillator

    8.6. Colpitts Oscillator using a Bipolar Transistor

    8.7. Resistance-Capacitance Oscillators

    8.8. Wien Bridge Oscillator

    8.9. Closed-loop Level Control

    8.10. Frequency Stability

    8.11. The Series Resonant Oscillator

    9. Waveform Generators


    9.1. Multivibrators—General Survey of the Three Types

    9.2. Transistor Switching

    9.3. Speed of Transistor Switching

    9.4. Bistable Multivibrator

    9.5. Triggering

    9.6. Alternative Gating Methods

    9.7. Emitter-coupled BMV

    9.8. Symmetrical Trigger BMV

    9.9. Complementary Bistable Networks

    9.10. Integrated Circuit Bistables

    9.11. Monostable Multivibrators

    9.12. The Direct Coupled MMV

    9.13. Asymmetrical MMV

    9.14. Integrated Circuit MMV

    9.15. Astable Multivibrators

    9.16. Emitter-coupled AMV

    9.17. Complementary AMV

    9.18. Integrated Circuit AMV

    9.19. Voltage-controlled AMV

    9.20. Pulse Generators

    9.21. Linear Sweep Generators

    9.22. Use of a Constant-current Generator

    9.23. Sawtooth Generator using Avalanche Switching

    9.24. Miller Timebase Generator

    9.25. Reduction of Recovery Time

    9.26. Integrated Circuit Waveform Generator/VCO

    10. Digital Techniques


    10.1. Interface Elements

    10.2. Basic Combinational Logic Elements

    10.3. Basic Identities for Logic Variables

    10.4. Example—Data Handling

    10.5. Exclusive OR

    10.6. NAND Bistable

    10.7. Examples

    10.8. Clocked Bistable

    10.9. Delta Modulator

    10.10. Master-Slave JK Bistable

    10.11. Flip-Flop Binary Counters

    10.12. Decoding

    10.13. Decade Counter

    10.14.Counter Applications

    11. Some General Design Considerations

    11.1. Resistors

    11.2. Resistor Types

    11.3. Capacitors

    11.4. Capacitor Types

    11.5. Practical Use of TTL Devices

    11.6 .Screening

    Appendix A. Solutions of Simple Network Problems

    Appendix B. Application of the Laplace Transform

    Appendix C. Symbols Used in this Book

    Appendix D. The Thermionic Valve



Product details

  • No. of pages: 506
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1976
  • Published: January 1, 1976
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483160177

About the Authors

J. E. Fisher

H. B. Gatland

About the Editor

P. Hammond

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Southampton

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