Electroless Plating

Electroless Plating

1st Edition - December 31, 1990

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  • Authors: Glenn O. Mallory, Juan B. Hajdu
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780815512776

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Description

This book describes the chemical principles of the major electroless processes and the practical applications of these techniques in the industry. Thanks to the coordinated efforts of 26 individual authors - this book fills the void which has existed for a complete reference on electroless deposition.

Readership

The electroplating and surface finishing industries.

Table of Contents

  • 1. The Fundamental Aspects of Electroless Nickel Plating
    The Electroless Nickel Plating Bath: Components
    2. The Electroless Nickel Plating Bath: Effect of Variables on the Process
    Electroless Nickel Plating with Hypophosphite
    Miscellaneous Ions
    Alkaline Hypophosphite Plating Solutions
    Plating with Sodium Borohydride
    Plating with Amine Boranes
    Influence of Variables on Plating Rate
    Kinetics of Electroless Nickel Deposition
    3. Troubleshooting Electroless Nickel Plating Solutions
    Bath Chemistry
    Substrate Activation
    Equipment/Mechanical Needs
    Contamination of the Solution
    Conclusion
    Troubleshooting Guide Electroless Nickel
    4. The Properties of Electroless Nickel Plating
    Structure of Electroless Nickel
    Mechanical Properties of Electroless Nickel
    Internal Stresses in Electroless Nickel Deposits
    Physical Properties of Electroless Nickel
    Wear Properties of Electroless Nickel
    5. Equipment Design for Electroless Nickel Plating
    Tank Construction Materials
    Heating of Electroless Nickel Solutions
    Energy Conservation
    Filtration
    Pump Materials
    Residual Contamination Sources
    6. Quality Control of Electroless Nickel Deposits
    Quality Method
    Test Methods
    Post-Treatments
    Quality Control
    7. Surface Preparation for Electroless Nickel Plating
    Iron and Ferrous Alloys
    Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys
    Copper and Copper Alloys
    Magnesium
    Beryllium
    Titanium
    Zinc
    Molybdenum and Tungsten
    Nonmetallic Substrates
    Masking
    8. Engineering Applications of Electroless Nickel
    Aerospace Applications
    Automotive Applications
    Applications in the Chemical Processing Industry
    Oil and Gas Production
    Food Processing Industry
    Mining and Materials Handling Applications
    Military Applications
    Miscellaneous Applications
    9. Electroless Nickel Applications in Electronics
    Electronic Components and Packages
    Fine Line Patterning of Ceramic Substrates for Electronics
    Selection of a Patterning System
    Plating Circular Connectors with Electroless Nickel
    Electroless Nickel Specifications
    Plating Procedures and Processes
    Electroless Nickel for Memory Disks
    10. Electroless Deposition of Alloys
    Electroless Nickel-Phosphorus and Nickel-Boron Based Alloys
    Electroless Cobalt-Phosphorus Based Alloys
    Electroless Copper Based Alloys
    Electroless Palladium-Phosphorus Alloys
    11. Composite Electroless Plating
    Wear Resistance
    Friction Coefficient
    Surface Finishing
    Particle-Solution Interactions
    12. Fundamental Aspects of Electroless Copper Plating
    Composition of Electroless Copper Plating Solutions
    The Mixed Potential Theory
    Application of the Mixed Potential Theory
    Partial Reactions
    Kinetics of Electroless Copper Deposition
    Catalysts for Electroless Copper Plating
    Properties of Electroless Copper Deposits
    13. Electroless Copper in Printed Wiring Board Fabrication
    Subtractive Processing
    The Electroless Copper Process
    Additive Processing
    Alternative Processes
    Summary
    14. Plating on Plastics
    Cleaners
    Predips
    Etchants
    Neutralizers
    Preactivators
    Activators
    Accelerators
    Electroless Plating
    Electromagnetic Interference Shielding
    15. Electroless Plating of Gold and Gold Alloys
    Pure Gold
    Gold Alloys
    Applications
    16. Electroless Plating of Platinum Group Metals
    Pure Palladium, Palladium-Phosphorus, and Palladium-Boron
    Palladium Alloys
    Pure Platinum
    Platinum Alloys
    Ruthenium
    Rhodium
    Concluding Remarks
    17. Electroless Plating of Silver
    Plating Process and the Reaction Mechanism
    Plated Film
    Practice of Electroless Silver Plating
    18. Electroless Cobalt and Cobalt Alloys
    Section 1. Properties of Electroless Cobalt
    Section 2. Progress in the Process of Electroless Cobalt
    19. Chemical Deposition of Metallic Films from Aqueous Solutions
    Autocatalytic (Electroless) Plating
    Displacement (Immersion) Plating
    Contact Plating
    20. Waste Treatment for Electroless Plating
    Waste Minimization
    Conventional Treatment Technology
    Advanced Treatment Technology
    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 538
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © William Andrew 1990
  • Published: December 31, 1990
  • Imprint: William Andrew
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780815512776

About the Authors

Glenn O. Mallory

Juan B. Hajdu

Juan B. Hajdu

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