Electrodeposition of Alloys

Electrodeposition of Alloys

Principles and Practice

1st Edition - January 1, 1963

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  • Author: Abner Brenner
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483223117

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Description

Electrodeposition of Alloys: Principles and Practice, Volume I covers the general and theoretical aspects of the electrodeposition of alloy containing silver and/or copper. This book is organized into three parts encompassing 21 chapters. The first part considers first the history of electrodeposition, the applications of electrodeposited alloys, and the practical considerations involved in electrodeposition. This part also deals with the effect of operating variables on composition of electrodeposited alloys, and the physico-chemical properties of the alloy. The second part focuses on the theoretical aspects of alloy electrodeposition. This part includes discussions on the role of cathode diffusion layer, the effects of complexing agents, and the concept of alloy plating. The third part discusses the practical aspects of the electrodeposition of alloys, focusing primarily on the electrodeposition of alloys from aqueous solutions. This part examines first brass and bronze plating, followed by the electrodeposition of copper-tin, silver, and iron containing alloys. This book is directed toward electrochemists and researchers.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    Acknowledgments

    Contents of Volume II

    Part I General and Practical

    1. Survey of Alloy Plating

    1.1 What Is an Ahoy?

    1.2 Definition of Powdered Alloys

    1.3 What Are Electrodeposited Alloys?

    1.4 Scope of Alloy Deposition

    1.5 Properties of Electrodeposited Alloys

    1.6 Present and Potential Uses of Alloy Deposits

    1.7 Potential Uses of the Alloy Plating Process

    References

    2. History and Literature of the Electrodeposition of Alloys

    2.1 Invention of, and Early Interest in, Electroforming

    2.2 Birth of Modern Electroplating

    2.3 Alloy Plating before 1900

    2.4 Alloy Plating since 1900

    2.5 Literature of Alloy Deposition

    References

    3. Conductors, Current Flow, Electrode Potentials, and Definitions

    3.1 Electrical Conductors

    3.2 Passage of Current from a Metallic Conductor to an Electrolyte

    3.3 Voltage

    3.4 Definitions of Electrical Terms

    3.5 Conventions Regarding Signs of Electrodes

    3.6 Static Potentials

    3.7 Synopsis of the Types of Alloy Plating Systems and the Six Principles of Alloy Deposition

    References

    4. Practical Considerations Involved in the Electrodeposition of Alloys

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 General Conditions for Electrodepositing Alloys

    4.3 Role of Static Potentials in the Electrodeposition of Alloys

    4.4 Role of Dynamic Potentials in the Electrodeposition of Alloys

    4.5 Replenishment of the Metal Content of Alloy Plating Baths

    4.6 Codeposition in Electrorefining

    References

    5. Variation in the Composition of Electrodeposited Alloys with the Composition of the Bath

    5.1 General Discussion: Classification, Definitions, Procedures, Principles

    5.2 Examples of the Relation between the Composition of Electrodeposited Alloys and the Metal Ratio of the Bath

    5.3 Examples of the Relation between the Composition of Electrodeposited Alloys and the Total Metal Content of the Bath

    5.4 Relation between Composition of Electrodeposited Alloys and the Concentration of Complexing Agent in the Bath

    5.5 Effect of pH of the Plating Bath on the Composition of the Deposit

    5.6 Effect of Addition Agents on Composition of Electrodeposited Alloys

    5.7 Effect of Indifferent Salts on the Composition of the Electrodeposited Alloy

    5.8 Appendix: Special Topics Dealing with the Relation between the Metal Content of the Bath and the Composition of the Electrodeposited Alloy

    References

    6. Effect of Operating Variables on the Composition of Electrodeposited Alloys

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Relation between Current Density and Composition of Electrodeposited Alloys

    6.3 Effect of Temperature on Composition of Electrodeposited Alloys

    6.4 Effect of Agitation of Bath or Rotation of Cathode on the Composition of Electrodeposited Alloys

    6.5 Relation between Alloy Composition and Some Miscellaneous or Composite Factors Involved in Plating

    6.6 Appendix: Experimental Arrangements for Studying Alloy Plating

    References

    7. Structure of Electrodeposited Alloys

    7.1 Phase Diagrams of Alloys

    7.2 Microstructure of Electrodeposited Alloys

    7.3 Structure of Electrodeposited Alloys as Revealed by X-Ray

    7.4 Effect of Plating Conditions on Structure of Electrodeposited Alloys

    7.5 Mechanism of Deposition on a Metallic Lattice

    7.6 Relation between Crystal Structure of Metals and Their Ease of Codeposition

    7.7 Effect of Heat Treatment on Phase Structure of Electrodeposited Alloys

    References

    8. Properties of Electrodeposited Alloys

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Hardness

    8.3 Mechanical Properties: Tensile Strength, Ductility, and Young's Modulus

    8.4 Stress

    8.5 Density

    8.6 Electrical and Magnetic Properties

    8.7 Surface Appearance of Electrodeposited Alloys

    8.8 Heat Treatment of Alloys and Thermal Properties

    8.9 Chemical Reactivity of Electrodeposited Alloys

    8.10 Protective Value of Alloy Coatings

    8.11 Solderability of Electrodeposited Alloys

    8.12 Properties of Electrodeposited Alloys as Bearing Metals

    8.13 Inclusion Codeposits

    8.14 Cause of the Difference in the Properties of Electrodeposited and Metallurgical Alloys

    References

    Part II Theory

    9. Theory of Electrodeposition of Alloys. General Considerations and Literature

    9.1 Present Status

    9.2 What Should a Theory of Alloy Deposition Cover

    9.3 Literature Survey of Theory of Alloy Deposition

    9.4 Outline of Theoretical Treatment of Alloy Deposition

    References

    10. The Cathode Diffusion Layer and Its Role in the Electrodeposition of a Single Metal

    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Diffusion Layer at Plane, Vertical Cathodes

    10.3 Experimental Methods of Studying the Diffusion Layer

    10.4 Equation for Material Balance at the Cathode in the Steady State

    References

    11. The Role of the Cathode Diffusion Layer in the Electrodeposition of Alloys

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Equations of Material Balance and the Composition of Alloys

    11.3 Experimental Verification of Equations of Material Balance in Alloy Deposition

    11.4 Codeposition at the Limiting Current Density

    11.5 Codeposition When Transference Is the Controlling Factor

    11.6 Application of Diffusion Theory to Explain the Effects of Plating Variables on the Composition of Electrodeposited Alloys

    References

    12. Role of Cathode Potentials in the Electrodeposition of Alloys

    12.1 Comparison of the Roles of Diffusion and of Cathode Potential. Mechanism of the Preferential Deposition of the More Noble Metal

    12.2 Relative Metallen Concentrations at the Cathode-Solution Interface

    12.3 Cathode Potentials and Abnormal Alloy Deposition

    12.4 Role of the Curves of Current Density vs. Cathode Potential in the Theory of Alloy Deposition

    12.5 Overvoltage of Alloy Deposition

    12.6 The Most NoblePotential at Which Codeposition Can Occur

    12.7 Shift of Potential in the Codeposition of Metals That Form Solid Solutions or Compounds

    12.8 Relation of the Composition of an Electrodeposited Alloy to the Deposition Potentials of the Alloy and of the Parent Metals

    12.9 Composition of Alloys Deposited at Constant Cathode Potential

    12.10 Relation Between Current Density-Potential Curves of Alloy Deposition and Phase Changes in the Deposit

    References

    13. Some Theoretical Aspects of Complexing Agents and Addition Agents in Alloy Plating

    13.1 Scope of Discussion

    13.2 Discharge of Complex Metal Ions

    13.3 Static Electrode Potentials of Metals in Cyanide Solutions

    13.4 Relation between Diffusion Phenomena and the Effects of Complexing Agents

    13.5 Mechanism of the Effect of Addition Agents on the Composition of Electrodeposited Alloys

    References

    Part III Practical Considerations and Specific Information on the Electrodeposition of Alloys Alloy

    Group A. Some Important Alloys of Copper and Silver

    14. Electrodeposition of Brass

    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Literature

    14.3 Electrodeposition of Brass from Cyanide Baths

    14.4 Electrodeposition of Brass from Noncyanide Plating Baths

    14.5 Deposition of Brass Coatings without an External Source of Current

    14.6 Structure of Electrodeposited Brass

    14.7 Properties

    14.8 Uses of Brass Plating

    14.9 Analysis of Brass Deposits and Brass Plating Solutions

    References

    15. Electrodeposition of Copper-Tin Alloys

    15.1 General Survey

    15.2 Literature

    15.3 Electrodeposition of Copper-Tin Alloys from the Cyanide-Stannate Bath

    15.4 Other Cyanide-Containing Baths for Depositing Copper-Tin Alloys

    15.5 Noncyanide Baths for Depositing Copper-Tin Alloys

    15.6 Structure of Electrodeposited Copper-Tin Alloys

    15.7 Properties of Electrodeposited Copper-Tin Alloys

    15.8 Protective Value of Copper-Tin Coatings

    15.9 Uses of Electrodeposited Copper-Tin Alloys

    References

    16. Electrodeposition of Cadmium-Copper Alloys

    16.1 Introduction

    16.2 Electrodeposition of the Alloys from Cyanide Baths

    16.3 Deposition of Cadmium-Copper Alloys from Noncyanide Baths

    16.4 Properties and Uses

    References

    17. Electrodeposition of Alloys Containing Copper and the Metals of the Iron Group

    17.1 Introduction

    17.2 General Considerations concerning the Baths

    17.3 Electrodeposition of Copper-Nickel Alloys

    17.4 Electrodeposition of Copper-Iron Alloys

    17.5 Electrodeposition of Copper-Cobalt Alloys

    17.6 Electrodeposition of Copper-Iron-Nickel Alloys

    References

    18. Electrodeposition of Brass- or Bronzelike Ternary Alloys

    18.1 Introduction

    18.2 Electrodeposition of Copper-Tin-Zinc Alloys

    18.3 Electrodeposition of Copper-Cadmium-Zinc Alloys

    18.4 Electrodeposition of Copper-Cadmium-Tin Alloys

    18.5 Copper-Nickel-Zinc Alloys

    18.6 Electrodeposition of Copper-Nickel-Tin Alloy

    18.7 Electrodeposition of Copper-Cobalt-Tin Alloy

    18.8 Electrodeposition of Copper-Antimony-Zinc Alloys

    References

    19. Electrodeposition of Copper-Silver Alloys and Some Miscellaneous Alloys of Silver

    19.1 Introduction

    19.2 Electrodeposition of Copper-Silver Alloys

    19.3 Electrodeposition of Silver-Tin Alloys

    19.4 Electrodeposition of Silver Alloys of the Iron-Group Metals

    19.5 Codeposition of Silver with the Platinum Metals

    References

    20. Electrodeposition of Copper-Lead and Silver-Lead Alloys

    20.1 Introduction

    20.2 Electrodeposition of Copper-Lead and Silver-Lead Alloys from Alkaline Baths

    20.3 Electrodeposition of Copper- and Silver-Lead Alloys from Acid or Neutral Solutions

    20.4 Structure and Properties of Electrodeposited Copper- and Silver-Lead Alloys

    References

    21. Electrodeposition of Silver-Cadmium and Silver-Zinc Alloys

    21.1 Introduction and Literature Survey

    21.2 Electrodeposition of Silver-Cadmium Alloys

    21.3 Electrodeposition of Silver-Zinc Alloys

    21.4 Structure of Electrodeposited Silver-Cadmium and Silver-Zinc Alloys

    21.5 Properties of Electrodeposited Silver-Cadmium Alloys

    21.6 Uses of Electrodeposited Silver-Cadmium and Silver-Zinc Alloys

    21.7 Electrodeposition of Silver-Zinc-Gold and Silver-Zinc-Palladium Alloys

    References

    Author Index

    Subject Index




Product details

  • No. of pages: 734
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1963
  • Published: January 1, 1963
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483223117

About the Author

Abner Brenner

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