Electrochemical Methods in Soil and Water Research - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080418872, 9781483287690

Electrochemical Methods in Soil and Water Research

1st Edition

Authors: T.R. Yu G. L. Ji
Hardcover ISBN: 9780080418872
eBook ISBN: 9781483287690
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 25th June 1993
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Description

Preface. Electrode Potential. Origin of electrode potential. Nernst equation. Electromotive force. Electrode polarization. Principles of Potentiometric Methods. Ion activity. Potentiometry. Potentiometric titration. Reference Electrodes. Requirements for a reference electrode. Calomel electrodes. Silver-silver chloride electrodes. Mercury-mercurous sulfate electrode. Oxidation-reduction electrodes. Reference electrodes for field use. Liquid-Junction Potential. Introduction. Principles. Liquid-junction potential involving colloidal systems. Liquid-junction potential in relation to salt bridge. Effect of experimental conditions on liquid-junction potential. Residual liquid-junction potential. Reduction and elimination of liquid-junction potential. Characteristics of Ion-Selective Electrodes. Introduction. Potential response. Detection limit. Selectivity. Resistance. Response time. Other properties. Glass Electrodes and their Applications. Composition and structure of electrode glass. Properties of electrode glass. Mechanisms of electrode potential. Fabrication. Applications. Solid-State Membrane Electrodes and their Applications. Principles. Types. Construction and fabrication. Properties and applications of some electrodes. Liquid-State Membrane Electrodes and their Applications. Principles. Basic properties. Construction. Applications of some important electrodes. Gas Sensors and their Applications. Principles. Construction. Handling. Uses of some sensors. Oxidation-Reduction Potential and its Measurement. Principles. Fabrication and treatment of oxidation-reduction electrodes. Measurement of oxidation-reduction potential. Common Problems and their Causes in Potentiometric Measurements. General examination. Problems with the reading. Problems with the S value. Problems with the solution. Problems with the liquid-junction. Conductometric Methods. Principles. AC method of measurement. DC method of measurement. Conductometric titration. Applications. Voltammetric Methods. General principles. Apparatus. Determination of reducing substances in soils. Determination of COD of water. Determination of oxygen in soils and water. Determination of manganous and ferrous ions and stability constants of their complexes. Amperometric titration. Electrochemical Instruments. Potentiometric instruments. Conductometric instruments. Voltammetric instruments. Pocket electrochemical multimeter. Index. 146 illus, 788 lit refs.

Readership

For soil scientists and scientists engaged in water research, earth and environmental sciences and biological sciences.

Table of Contents

Preface. Electrode Potential. Origin of electrode potential. Nernst equation. Electromotive force. Electrode polarization. Principles of Potentiometric Methods. Ion activity. Potentiometry. Potentiometric titration. Reference Electrodes. Requirements for a reference electrode. Calomel electrodes. Silver-silver chloride electrodes. Mercury-mercurous sulfate electrode. Oxidation-reduction electrodes. Reference electrodes for field use. Liquid-Junction Potential. Introduction. Principles. Liquid-junction potential involving colloidal systems. Liquid-junction potential in relation to salt bridge. Effect of experimental conditions on liquid-junction potential. Residual liquid-junction potential. Reduction and elimination of liquid-junction potential. Characteristics of Ion-Selective Electrodes. Introduction. Potential response. Detection limit. Selectivity. Resistance. Response time. Other properties. Glass Electrodes and their Applications. Composition and structure of electrode glass. Properties of electrode glass. Mechanisms of electrode potential. Fabrication. Applications. Solid-State Membrane Electrodes and their Applications. Principles. Types. Construction and fabrication. Properties and applications of some electrodes. Liquid-State Membrane Electrodes and their Applications. Principles. Basic properties. Construction. Applications of some important electrodes. Gas Sensors and their Applications. Principles. Construction. Handling. Uses of some sensors. Oxidation-Reduction Potential and its Measurement. Principles. Fabrication and treatment of oxidation-reduction electrodes. Measurement of oxidation-reduction potential. Common Problems and their Causes in Potentiometric Measurements. General examination. Problems with the reading. Problems with the S value. Problems with the solution. Problems with the liquid-junction. Conductometric Methods. Principles. AC method of measurement. DC method of measurement. Conductometric titration. Applications. Voltammetric Methods. General principles. Apparatus. Determination of reducing substances in soils. Determination of COD of water. Determination of oxygen in soils and water. Determination of manganous and ferrous ions and stability constants of their complexes. Amperometric titration. Electrochemical Instruments. Potentiometric instruments. Conductometric instruments. Voltammetric instruments. Pocket electrochemical multimeter. Index. 146 illus, 788 lit refs.

Details

Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1993
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483287690

About the Author

T.R. Yu

G. L. Ji

Affiliations and Expertise

Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, PRC

Reviews

@from:K. Nicholson @qu:...a valuable reference work which is to be recommended. @source:Applied Geochemistry @from:W.F. Smyth @qu:...well organised and comprehensive...valuable reference work for those involved in research in soil, water, environmental, earth and biological sciences. @source:Analytica Chimica @qu:The book may be used as a valuable reference for soil and water scientists as well as for scientists of related fields, such as environmental, earth and biological sciences. @source:GEOINFOS @from:T.E. Edmonds @qu:The book has much to commend it, particularly to practitioners in soil and water analysis. Workers in the associated fields of biological and environmental analysis would find it useful in addition to students of electrochemistry and their supervisors who would benefit from its practical approach. @source:Analyst @from:M.S. Cresser @qu:...is a useful addition for both libraries and analytical laboratories of those concerned with environmental analysis. @source:European Journal of Soil Science