Electrical Engineer's Reference Book - 14th Edition - ISBN: 9780408004312, 9781483102634

Electrical Engineer's Reference Book

14th Edition

Editors: M A Laughton M G Say
eBook ISBN: 9781483102634
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
Published Date: 1st January 1985
Page Count: 992
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Description

Electrical Engineer's Reference Book, Fourteenth Edition focuses on electrical engineering. The book first discusses units, mathematics, and physical quantities, including the international unit system, physical properties, and electricity. The text also looks at network and control systems analysis. The book examines materials used in electrical engineering. Topics include conducting materials, superconductors, silicon, insulating materials, electrical steels, and soft irons and relay steels. The text underscores electrical metrology and instrumentation, steam-generating plants, turbines and diesel plants, and nuclear reactor plants. The book also discusses alternative energy sources. Concerns include wind, geothermal, wave, ocean thermal, solar, and tidal energy. The text then looks at alternating-current generators. Stator windings, insulation, output equation, armature reaction, and reactants and time-constraints are described. The book also examines overhead lines, cables, power transformers, switchgears and protection, supply and control of reactive power, and power systems operation and control. The text is a vital source of reference for readers interested in electrical engineering.

Table of Contents


Preface

List of Contributors

1. Units, Mathematics and Physical Quantities

International Unit System

Mathematics

Physical Quantities

Physical Properties

Electricity

2. Electro-technology

Nomenclature

Thermal Effects

Electrochemical Effects

Magnetic Field Effects

Electrical Field Effects

Electromagnetic Field Effects

3. Network Analysis

Introduction

Basic Network Analysis

Power-system Network Analysis

4. Control System Analysis

Introduction

Laplace Transforms and the Transfer Function

Block Diagrams

Feedback

Generally Desirable and Acceptable Behavior

Stability

Classification of System and Static Accuracy

Transient Behavior

Root-locus Method

Frequency-response Methods

Conclusion

5. Materials

Conductors and Superconductors: Conducting Materials

Superconductors

Semiconductors, Thick and Thin Films

Silicon

Insulators: Insulating Materials

Properties and Testing

Gaseous Dielectrics

Liquid Dielectrics

Semi-fluid and Fusible Materials

Varnishes, Enamels, Paints and Lacquers

Solid Dielectrics

Irradiation Effects

Ferro-electrics

Magnetic Materials: Ferro-magnetics

Soft Irons and Relay Steels

Ferrites

Nickel-iron Alloys

Permanent Magnetic Materials

Special Alloys and Applications: Fuses

Contacts

Special Alloys

Solders

Rare and Precious Metals

Temperature-sensitive Bi-metals

Nuclear Reactor Materials

6. Electrical Metrology and Instrumentation

Introduction

Terminology, Traceability and Physical Standards

Traceability and Quality Assurance Data

Physical Reference Standards

DC and Industrial-frequency Analogue Instrumentation

Resistance and Conductance Instrumentation

Integrating (Energy) Metering

Electronic Instrumentation

Digital Wattmeters

Electronic Oscillography

Potentiometers and Bridges

Measuring and Protection Transformers

Magnetic Measurements

Transducers

7. Steam Generating Plant

Introduction

Combustion

Sources of Chemical Energy

Thermodynamics and Hydrodynamics of Steam Generating plant

Types of Steam Generator

Fuel Handling and Storage

Pollution Control

8. Turbines and Diesel Plant

Steam Turbine Plant: Cycles and Types

Turbine Technology

Turbine Construction

Turbine Support Plant

Turbine Operation and Control

Gas Turbine Plant: Open-cycle Plant

Closed-cycle Plant

Combined-cycle Plant

Co-generation Plant

Hydro-electric Plant: Catchment Area

Reservoir and Dam

Pipelines

Power Station

Turbines

Electrical Plant

Discharge and Tail Race

Operational Features

Pumped Storage

Diesel Engine Plant: Theory and General Principles

Engine Features

Engine Primary Systems

Engine Ancillaries

AC Generators

Switchgear and Controls

Operational Aspects

Plant Layout

Economic Factors

Total Energy

9. Nuclear Reactor Plant

Introduction

The Nucleus as an Energy Source

Nuclear Fission

Reactor Components

Types of Nuclear Reactor

Nuclear Reactor Plant for Ship Propulsion

The Nuclear Fuel Cycle

10. Alternative Energy Sources

Wind Energy

Geothermal Energy

Wave Energy

Ocean Thermal Energy

Solar Energy

Tidal Energy

Direct Conversion

Fuel Cells

Nuclear Fusion

Combined Heat and Power

Total Energy

Economics

Heat Pumps

11. Alternating-Current Generators

Introduction

Airgap Flux Distribution and No-load E.M.F.

Stator Windings

Insulation

Temperature Rise

Output Equation

Armature Reaction

Reactances and Time-constants

Steady-state Operation

Synchronizing

Operating Charts

On-load Excitation

Sudden 3-Phase Short Circuit

Excitation Systems

12. Overhead Lines

General

Conductors

Conductor Fittings

Electrical Characteristics

Insulators

Supports

Lightning

Loadings

13. Cables

Introduction

Cable Components

General Wiring Cables and Flexible Cords

Supply Distribution Cables

Transmission Cables

Current-carrying Capacity

Jointing and Accessories

Cable Fault Location

14. Power Transformers

General

Magnetic Circuit

Windings and Insulation

Connections

Three-winding Transformers

Quadrature Booster Transformers

On-load Tap Changing

Cooling

Fittings

Parallel Operation

Auto-transformers

Special Types

Maintenance

Testing

Surge Protection

Purchasing Specifications

15. Switchgear and Protection

Arc Mechanism

Fuse-gear

Switchgear

Circuit-breakers

Dis-connectors

Reactors and Capacitors

Switchgear Testing

Over-current and Earth Leakage Protection

Application of Protective Systems

Testing and Commissioning

Over-voltage Protection

16. Supply and Control of Reactive Power

Introduction

General Considerations of Reactive Volt Amperes

Management of Reactive Power

Reactive Compensation and Transient Stability

Variable Var Compensator's

Special Aspects of Compensation Application

Future Prospects

17. Power System Operation and Control

Introduction

Objectives and Requirements

System Description

Data Acquisition and Telemetering

Decentralized Control: Excitation Systems and Control Characteristics of Synchronous Machines

Decentralized Control: Electronic Turbine Controllers

Decentralized Control: Substation Automation

Decentralized Control: Pulse Controllers for Voltage Control with Tap-changing Transformers

Centralized Control

18. Power System Planning and Economics

Load Forecast

Reliability of Supply

Legislation

Choice of Generating Plant

Plant Scheduling

Revenue

British Electricity Supply Systems

19. Power Electronics

Rectification

Controlled Rectification

20. Installation

Layout

Regulations and Specifications

High-voltage Supplies

Fault Currents

Substations

Wiring Systems

Lighting and Small Power

Floor Trunking

Standby and Emergency Supplies

Special Buildings

Switchgear

Transformers

Power-factor Correction

Earthing

Inspection and Earthing

21. Electro-heat

Introduction

Direct Resistance Heating

Indirect Resistance Heating

Infrared Heaters

Ultraviolet Processes

Electric Ovens and Furnaces

Ultraviolet Processes

Electric Ovens and Furnaces

Induction Heating

Metal Melting

Dielectric Heating

Plasma Torches

Glow Discharge Processes

Lasers

22. Welding

Arc Welding

Resistance Welding

23. Electrochemical Technology

Introduction

Cells and Batteries

Primary Cells

Secondary Cells and Batteries

Anodizing

Electro-deposition

Hydrogen and Oxygen Electrolysis

24. Micro-controllers and Their Applications

Introduction

General Requirements

Dedicated Controller

Operator Interface

Communications with other Controllers

User-designer Interface

Maintenance Facilities

Applications

Serial Communication

25. Analogue, Hybrid and Digital Computation

Digital and Programmable Electronic Systems: Digital Systems

Processing Binary Information

Sequential Logic

Programmable Systems

Digital Computers and Computer Programming: Digital Computer Structure

Interrupts

Input/Output

Instruction Execution

Computer Instruction Types

Computer Instruction Format

Computer Program Execution

Computer Programming

Software Design and Specification

Machine Language

Program Development

High-level Language Types

Real Time Operation

Analogue Computation: Operational Amplifier

Operational Amplifier Integrated Circuits

Analogue Functional Elements

Complex Functions

Voltage Follower

Function Generators

Comparator

Diode Function Generator

Multifunction Converter

Analogue Computer

Applications

Hybrid Computation: Signal Switches

Sample and Hold

Digital-to-Analogue Converter (DAC)

Analogue-to-digital Converter (ADC)

Analogue Multiplexers

Hybrid Computer

Hybrid Computer Applications

Digital Simulation - Introduction

System Models

Integration Schemes

Organization of Problem Input

Illustrative Examples

Conclusions

26. Electromagnetic Machines

Energy Conversion

Electromagnetic Devices

Industrial Rotary and Linear Motors

27, Illumination

Light and Vision

Quantities and Units

Photometric Concepts

Lighting Design Technology

Lamps

Choice of Lamps

Lighting Design

Applications

28. Environmental Control

Introduction

Environmental Comfort

Energy Requirements

Heating and Warm Air Systems

Control

Energy Conservation

Interfaces

29. Transportation-Roads

Electrical Equipment of Road Transport Vehicles

Light Rail Transit

Trolleybuses

Battery Vehicles

30. Transportation-Railways

Railway Electrication

Diesel-electric Traction

Railway Signaling and Control

31. Transportation-Ships

Introduction

Regulations

Conditions of Service

DC Installations

AC Installations

Earthing

Machines and Transformers

Switchgear

Cables

Emergency Power.

Steering Gear

Refrigerated Cargo Spaces

Lighting

Heating

Watertight Doors

Ventilating Fans

Radio Interference and Electromagnetic Compatibility

Deck Auxiliaries

Remote and Automatic Control Systems

Tankers

Steam Plant

Generators

Diesel Engines

Electric Propulsion

32. Mining

General

Power Supplies

Winders

Underground Transport

Coalface Layout

Power Loaders

Heading Machines

Flameproof and Intrinsically Safe Equipment

Gate-end Boxes

Flameproof Motors

Cables, Couplers, Plugs and Sockets

Drilling Machines

Underground Lighting

Monitoring and Control

33. Agriculture and Horticulture

Introduction

Supply

Installation

Electrical Equipment

Farming Processes

Horticultural Processes

Information

34. HVDC Transmission

Introduction

Application of H.V.D.C.

Principles of H.V.D.C.

Transmission Arrangements

Converter Station Design

Insulation Co-ordination

Thyristor Valves

Harmonic Filters

Reactive Power Consideration

Control of H.V.D.C.

AC Damping Controls

Interaction between A.C. and D.C. Systems

Multi-terminal Systems

Future Trends

35. Education and Training

Introduction

Summary of the Three Levels

Chartered Engineers

Technician Engineers

Engineering Technicians

Bridges and Ladders

Addresses for Further Information

36. Standards

Introduction

United Kingdom

International Standards

USA Standards

World Standards

Further Reading

Index


Details

No. of pages:
992
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Butterworth-Heinemann 1985
Published:
Imprint:
Butterworth-Heinemann
eBook ISBN:
9781483102634

About the Editor

M A Laughton

M G Say

Affiliations and Expertise

Former Professor, Electrical Engineering at Heriot-Watt Univ