Electrical Engineer's Reference Book

Electrical Engineer's Reference Book

14th Edition - January 1, 1985

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  • Editors: M A Laughton, M G Say
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483102634

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Description

Electrical Engineer's Reference Book, Fourteenth Edition focuses on electrical engineering. The book first discusses units, mathematics, and physical quantities, including the international unit system, physical properties, and electricity. The text also looks at network and control systems analysis. The book examines materials used in electrical engineering. Topics include conducting materials, superconductors, silicon, insulating materials, electrical steels, and soft irons and relay steels. The text underscores electrical metrology and instrumentation, steam-generating plants, turbines and diesel plants, and nuclear reactor plants. The book also discusses alternative energy sources. Concerns include wind, geothermal, wave, ocean thermal, solar, and tidal energy. The text then looks at alternating-current generators. Stator windings, insulation, output equation, armature reaction, and reactants and time-constraints are described. The book also examines overhead lines, cables, power transformers, switchgears and protection, supply and control of reactive power, and power systems operation and control. The text is a vital source of reference for readers interested in electrical engineering.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    List of Contributors

    1. Units, Mathematics and Physical Quantities

    International Unit System

    Mathematics

    Physical Quantities

    Physical Properties

    Electricity

    2. Electro-technology

    Nomenclature

    Thermal Effects

    Electrochemical Effects

    Magnetic Field Effects

    Electrical Field Effects

    Electromagnetic Field Effects

    3. Network Analysis

    Introduction

    Basic Network Analysis

    Power-system Network Analysis

    4. Control System Analysis

    Introduction

    Laplace Transforms and the Transfer Function

    Block Diagrams

    Feedback

    Generally Desirable and Acceptable Behavior

    Stability

    Classification of System and Static Accuracy

    Transient Behavior

    Root-locus Method

    Frequency-response Methods

    Conclusion

    5. Materials

    Conductors and Superconductors: Conducting Materials

    Superconductors

    Semiconductors, Thick and Thin Films

    Silicon

    Insulators: Insulating Materials

    Properties and Testing

    Gaseous Dielectrics

    Liquid Dielectrics

    Semi-fluid and Fusible Materials

    Varnishes, Enamels, Paints and Lacquers

    Solid Dielectrics

    Irradiation Effects

    Ferro-electrics

    Magnetic Materials: Ferro-magnetics

    Soft Irons and Relay Steels

    Ferrites

    Nickel-iron Alloys

    Permanent Magnetic Materials

    Special Alloys and Applications: Fuses

    Contacts

    Special Alloys

    Solders

    Rare and Precious Metals

    Temperature-sensitive Bi-metals

    Nuclear Reactor Materials

    6. Electrical Metrology and Instrumentation

    Introduction

    Terminology, Traceability and Physical Standards

    Traceability and Quality Assurance Data

    Physical Reference Standards

    DC and Industrial-frequency Analogue Instrumentation

    Resistance and Conductance Instrumentation

    Integrating (Energy) Metering

    Electronic Instrumentation

    Digital Wattmeters

    Electronic Oscillography

    Potentiometers and Bridges

    Measuring and Protection Transformers

    Magnetic Measurements

    Transducers

    7. Steam Generating Plant

    Introduction

    Combustion

    Sources of Chemical Energy

    Thermodynamics and Hydrodynamics of Steam Generating plant

    Types of Steam Generator

    Fuel Handling and Storage

    Pollution Control

    8. Turbines and Diesel Plant

    Steam Turbine Plant: Cycles and Types

    Turbine Technology

    Turbine Construction

    Turbine Support Plant

    Turbine Operation and Control

    Gas Turbine Plant: Open-cycle Plant

    Closed-cycle Plant

    Combined-cycle Plant

    Co-generation Plant

    Hydro-electric Plant: Catchment Area

    Reservoir and Dam

    Pipelines

    Power Station

    Turbines

    Electrical Plant

    Discharge and Tail Race

    Operational Features

    Pumped Storage

    Diesel Engine Plant: Theory and General Principles

    Engine Features

    Engine Primary Systems

    Engine Ancillaries

    AC Generators

    Switchgear and Controls

    Operational Aspects

    Plant Layout

    Economic Factors

    Total Energy

    9. Nuclear Reactor Plant

    Introduction

    The Nucleus as an Energy Source

    Nuclear Fission

    Reactor Components

    Types of Nuclear Reactor

    Nuclear Reactor Plant for Ship Propulsion

    The Nuclear Fuel Cycle

    10. Alternative Energy Sources

    Wind Energy

    Geothermal Energy

    Wave Energy

    Ocean Thermal Energy

    Solar Energy

    Tidal Energy

    Direct Conversion

    Fuel Cells

    Nuclear Fusion

    Combined Heat and Power

    Total Energy

    Economics

    Heat Pumps

    11. Alternating-Current Generators

    Introduction

    Airgap Flux Distribution and No-load E.M.F.

    Stator Windings

    Insulation

    Temperature Rise

    Output Equation

    Armature Reaction

    Reactances and Time-constants

    Steady-state Operation

    Synchronizing

    Operating Charts

    On-load Excitation

    Sudden 3-Phase Short Circuit

    Excitation Systems

    12. Overhead Lines

    General

    Conductors

    Conductor Fittings

    Electrical Characteristics

    Insulators

    Supports

    Lightning

    Loadings

    13. Cables

    Introduction

    Cable Components

    General Wiring Cables and Flexible Cords

    Supply Distribution Cables

    Transmission Cables

    Current-carrying Capacity

    Jointing and Accessories

    Cable Fault Location

    14. Power Transformers

    General

    Magnetic Circuit

    Windings and Insulation

    Connections

    Three-winding Transformers

    Quadrature Booster Transformers

    On-load Tap Changing

    Cooling

    Fittings

    Parallel Operation

    Auto-transformers

    Special Types

    Maintenance

    Testing

    Surge Protection

    Purchasing Specifications

    15. Switchgear and Protection

    Arc Mechanism

    Fuse-gear

    Switchgear

    Circuit-breakers

    Dis-connectors

    Reactors and Capacitors

    Switchgear Testing

    Over-current and Earth Leakage Protection

    Application of Protective Systems

    Testing and Commissioning

    Over-voltage Protection

    16. Supply and Control of Reactive Power

    Introduction

    General Considerations of Reactive Volt Amperes

    Management of Reactive Power

    Reactive Compensation and Transient Stability

    Variable Var Compensator's

    Special Aspects of Compensation Application

    Future Prospects

    17. Power System Operation and Control

    Introduction

    Objectives and Requirements

    System Description

    Data Acquisition and Telemetering

    Decentralized Control: Excitation Systems and Control Characteristics of Synchronous Machines

    Decentralized Control: Electronic Turbine Controllers

    Decentralized Control: Substation Automation

    Decentralized Control: Pulse Controllers for Voltage Control with Tap-changing Transformers

    Centralized Control

    18. Power System Planning and Economics

    Load Forecast

    Reliability of Supply

    Legislation

    Choice of Generating Plant

    Plant Scheduling

    Revenue

    British Electricity Supply Systems

    19. Power Electronics

    Rectification

    Controlled Rectification

    20. Installation

    Layout

    Regulations and Specifications

    High-voltage Supplies

    Fault Currents

    Substations

    Wiring Systems

    Lighting and Small Power

    Floor Trunking

    Standby and Emergency Supplies

    Special Buildings

    Switchgear

    Transformers

    Power-factor Correction

    Earthing

    Inspection and Earthing

    21. Electro-heat

    Introduction

    Direct Resistance Heating

    Indirect Resistance Heating

    Infrared Heaters

    Ultraviolet Processes

    Electric Ovens and Furnaces

    Ultraviolet Processes

    Electric Ovens and Furnaces

    Induction Heating

    Metal Melting

    Dielectric Heating

    Plasma Torches

    Glow Discharge Processes

    Lasers

    22. Welding

    Arc Welding

    Resistance Welding

    23. Electrochemical Technology

    Introduction

    Cells and Batteries

    Primary Cells

    Secondary Cells and Batteries

    Anodizing

    Electro-deposition

    Hydrogen and Oxygen Electrolysis

    24. Micro-controllers and Their Applications

    Introduction

    General Requirements

    Dedicated Controller

    Operator Interface

    Communications with other Controllers

    User-designer Interface

    Maintenance Facilities

    Applications

    Serial Communication

    25. Analogue, Hybrid and Digital Computation

    Digital and Programmable Electronic Systems: Digital Systems

    Processing Binary Information

    Sequential Logic

    Programmable Systems

    Digital Computers and Computer Programming: Digital Computer Structure

    Interrupts

    Input/Output

    Instruction Execution

    Computer Instruction Types

    Computer Instruction Format

    Computer Program Execution

    Computer Programming

    Software Design and Specification

    Machine Language

    Program Development

    High-level Language Types

    Real Time Operation

    Analogue Computation: Operational Amplifier

    Operational Amplifier Integrated Circuits

    Analogue Functional Elements

    Complex Functions

    Voltage Follower

    Function Generators

    Comparator

    Diode Function Generator

    Multifunction Converter

    Analogue Computer

    Applications

    Hybrid Computation: Signal Switches

    Sample and Hold

    Digital-to-Analogue Converter (DAC)

    Analogue-to-digital Converter (ADC)

    Analogue Multiplexers

    Hybrid Computer

    Hybrid Computer Applications

    Digital Simulation - Introduction

    System Models

    Integration Schemes

    Organization of Problem Input

    Illustrative Examples

    Conclusions

    26. Electromagnetic Machines

    Energy Conversion

    Electromagnetic Devices

    Industrial Rotary and Linear Motors

    27, Illumination

    Light and Vision

    Quantities and Units

    Photometric Concepts

    Lighting Design Technology

    Lamps

    Choice of Lamps

    Lighting Design

    Applications

    28. Environmental Control

    Introduction

    Environmental Comfort

    Energy Requirements

    Heating and Warm Air Systems

    Control

    Energy Conservation

    Interfaces

    29. Transportation-Roads

    Electrical Equipment of Road Transport Vehicles

    Light Rail Transit

    Trolleybuses

    Battery Vehicles

    30. Transportation-Railways

    Railway Electrication

    Diesel-electric Traction

    Railway Signaling and Control

    31. Transportation-Ships

    Introduction

    Regulations

    Conditions of Service

    DC Installations

    AC Installations

    Earthing

    Machines and Transformers

    Switchgear

    Cables

    Emergency Power.

    Steering Gear

    Refrigerated Cargo Spaces

    Lighting

    Heating

    Watertight Doors

    Ventilating Fans

    Radio Interference and Electromagnetic Compatibility

    Deck Auxiliaries

    Remote and Automatic Control Systems

    Tankers

    Steam Plant

    Generators

    Diesel Engines

    Electric Propulsion

    32. Mining

    General

    Power Supplies

    Winders

    Underground Transport

    Coalface Layout

    Power Loaders

    Heading Machines

    Flameproof and Intrinsically Safe Equipment

    Gate-end Boxes

    Flameproof Motors

    Cables, Couplers, Plugs and Sockets

    Drilling Machines

    Underground Lighting

    Monitoring and Control

    33. Agriculture and Horticulture

    Introduction

    Supply

    Installation

    Electrical Equipment

    Farming Processes

    Horticultural Processes

    Information

    34. HVDC Transmission

    Introduction

    Application of H.V.D.C.

    Principles of H.V.D.C.

    Transmission Arrangements

    Converter Station Design

    Insulation Co-ordination

    Thyristor Valves

    Harmonic Filters

    Reactive Power Consideration

    Control of H.V.D.C.

    AC Damping Controls

    Interaction between A.C. and D.C. Systems

    Multi-terminal Systems

    Future Trends

    35. Education and Training

    Introduction

    Summary of the Three Levels

    Chartered Engineers

    Technician Engineers

    Engineering Technicians

    Bridges and Ladders

    Addresses for Further Information

    36. Standards

    Introduction

    United Kingdom

    International Standards

    USA Standards

    World Standards

    Further Reading

    Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 992
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 1990
  • Published: January 1, 1985
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483102634

About the Editors

M A Laughton

M G Say

Affiliations and Expertise

Former Professor, Electrical Engineering at Heriot-Watt Univ

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