Electric Propulsion Development - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123957559, 9780323163385

Electric Propulsion Development

1st Edition

Editors: Ernst Stuhlinger
eBook ISBN: 9780323163385
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1963
Page Count: 762
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Description

Progress in Astronautics and Aeronautics, Volume 9: Electric Propulsion Development covers the proceedings of the Second Electric Propulsion Conference of the American Rocker Society, held in Berkeley, California on March 14-16, 1962. The conference focuses on the existing problems in electric propulsion and their possible solutions. This book is organized into four sections encompassing 35 chapters. The first section deals with the thermodynamics of arcs; the problems of heat and momentum transfer; the chemical processes within arcs; the arc system materials; and the arc jet design problems. The second section considers the problems of ion systems, the various ion sources, and the neutralization of ion beams. This section also looks into the basic ionization processes, the production and charging of heavy particles, the corrosive properties of cesium, and the ion-optical designs. The third section describes various plasma systems, including helical transmission lines, pulsed pinch accelerators, coaxial systems, and j x B accelerators. The theoretical analyses of these systems are briefly examined. The fourth section includes papers on flight testing of electric propulsion models, on vertical rocket probes, and on satellites, This section also discusses some advanced concepts in electric propulsion, such as air scooping during ascent through the atmosphere, systems design and optimization, and planetary and interplanetary missions. This book is of great value to physicists, space engineers and designers, as well as researchers in the fields of astronautics and aeronautics.

Table of Contents


Electric Propulsion Committee

Editorial Committee

Preface

A. Electrothermal Propulsion

Objectives and Design of a 1-kw Arc-Jet Engine for Space Flight Testing

Development Work on Plasma Arc Jet Engines

Arc Jet Engine Performance - Experiment and Theory IV

Arc Jet Design

Materials Problems Related to the Electric Arc Jets

A Chemical Arc-Jet Rocket Feasibility Study

Chemical Nonequilibrium Effects in Thermal Arc Jet Propulsion

Magnetically Diffused Radial Electric-Arc Air Heater Employing Water-Cooled Copper Electrodes

B. Electrostatic Propulsion

Field Emission Microscope Study of the Kinetics of Cesium Layers on a Tungsten Surface

Experimental Evaluation of Porous Materials for Surface Ionization of Cesium and Potassium

Experiments on Atom and Ion Emission From Porous Tungsten

Ionization, Emission, and Collision Processes in the Cesium Ion Engine

Negative Iodine Formation on Metal Hexaboride Surfaces

Electron Bombardment Ion Source

Electron Transfer Discharge Ion Source

In-Flight Generation of Fuel for Cesium Ion Engines: The Cesium Hydride System

Corrosivity and Contamination of Cesium in Ion Propulsion

Analysis of Neutralization Problems Using the Ion Accelerator Computer Program

Neutralization of Ion Beams

Onboard Colloidal Particle Generator for Electrostatic Engines

Glycerol Droplets for Electrostatic Propulsion

C. Electromagnetic Propulsion

Plasma Thermodynamics II, Complex Equilibria in Nonideal Systems

Three-Fluid Nonequilibrium Plasma Accelerators (Part 1)

Characteristics of the Pinch Discharge in a Pulsed Plasma Accelerator

Experimental Studies of a Repetitively Fired Two-Stage Coaxial Plasma Engine

Plasma Propulsion by Means of a Helical Transmission Line

Inductive High-Field Plasma Accelerators

Measurements of Impulse of a Pulsed Plasma Accelerator

D. Space Testing and Space Missions

Limitations on the Space Test of a Cesium Ion Engine at Altitudes Below 1500 km

Flight Test Concept for a Pulsed Plasma Pinch Engine

Payload Optimization for Power-Limited Vehicles

Concept for a Manned Mars Expedition With Electrically Propelled Vehicles

Nuclear Electric Spacecraft for Unmanned Planetary and Interplanetary Missions

A Nuclear-Electric Spacebus for Planetary Landing Missions

Potentialities of Air-Scooping Electrical Space Propulsion Systems

Contributors to Volume 9

Details

No. of pages:
762
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1963
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323163385

About the Editor

Ernst Stuhlinger