Electric Propulsion Development

Electric Propulsion Development

1st Edition - January 1, 1963

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  • Editor: Ernst Stuhlinger
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323163385

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Description

Progress in Astronautics and Aeronautics, Volume 9: Electric Propulsion Development covers the proceedings of the Second Electric Propulsion Conference of the American Rocker Society, held in Berkeley, California on March 14-16, 1962. The conference focuses on the existing problems in electric propulsion and their possible solutions. This book is organized into four sections encompassing 35 chapters. The first section deals with the thermodynamics of arcs; the problems of heat and momentum transfer; the chemical processes within arcs; the arc system materials; and the arc jet design problems. The second section considers the problems of ion systems, the various ion sources, and the neutralization of ion beams. This section also looks into the basic ionization processes, the production and charging of heavy particles, the corrosive properties of cesium, and the ion-optical designs. The third section describes various plasma systems, including helical transmission lines, pulsed pinch accelerators, coaxial systems, and j x B accelerators. The theoretical analyses of these systems are briefly examined. The fourth section includes papers on flight testing of electric propulsion models, on vertical rocket probes, and on satellites, This section also discusses some advanced concepts in electric propulsion, such as air scooping during ascent through the atmosphere, systems design and optimization, and planetary and interplanetary missions. This book is of great value to physicists, space engineers and designers, as well as researchers in the fields of astronautics and aeronautics.

Table of Contents


  • Electric Propulsion Committee

    Editorial Committee

    Preface

    A. Electrothermal Propulsion

    Objectives and Design of a 1-kw Arc-Jet Engine for Space Flight Testing

    Development Work on Plasma Arc Jet Engines

    Arc Jet Engine Performance - Experiment and Theory IV

    Arc Jet Design

    Materials Problems Related to the Electric Arc Jets

    A Chemical Arc-Jet Rocket Feasibility Study

    Chemical Nonequilibrium Effects in Thermal Arc Jet Propulsion

    Magnetically Diffused Radial Electric-Arc Air Heater Employing Water-Cooled Copper Electrodes

    B. Electrostatic Propulsion

    Field Emission Microscope Study of the Kinetics of Cesium Layers on a Tungsten Surface

    Experimental Evaluation of Porous Materials for Surface Ionization of Cesium and Potassium

    Experiments on Atom and Ion Emission From Porous Tungsten

    Ionization, Emission, and Collision Processes in the Cesium Ion Engine

    Negative Iodine Formation on Metal Hexaboride Surfaces

    Electron Bombardment Ion Source

    Electron Transfer Discharge Ion Source

    In-Flight Generation of Fuel for Cesium Ion Engines: The Cesium Hydride System

    Corrosivity and Contamination of Cesium in Ion Propulsion

    Analysis of Neutralization Problems Using the Ion Accelerator Computer Program

    Neutralization of Ion Beams

    Onboard Colloidal Particle Generator for Electrostatic Engines

    Glycerol Droplets for Electrostatic Propulsion

    C. Electromagnetic Propulsion

    Plasma Thermodynamics II, Complex Equilibria in Nonideal Systems

    Three-Fluid Nonequilibrium Plasma Accelerators (Part 1)

    Characteristics of the Pinch Discharge in a Pulsed Plasma Accelerator

    Experimental Studies of a Repetitively Fired Two-Stage Coaxial Plasma Engine

    Plasma Propulsion by Means of a Helical Transmission Line

    Inductive High-Field Plasma Accelerators

    Measurements of Impulse of a Pulsed Plasma Accelerator

    D. Space Testing and Space Missions

    Limitations on the Space Test of a Cesium Ion Engine at Altitudes Below 1500 km

    Flight Test Concept for a Pulsed Plasma Pinch Engine

    Payload Optimization for Power-Limited Vehicles

    Concept for a Manned Mars Expedition With Electrically Propelled Vehicles

    Nuclear Electric Spacecraft for Unmanned Planetary and Interplanetary Missions

    A Nuclear-Electric Spacebus for Planetary Landing Missions

    Potentialities of Air-Scooping Electrical Space Propulsion Systems

    Contributors to Volume 9

Product details

  • No. of pages: 762
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1963
  • Published: January 1, 1963
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323163385

About the Editor

Ernst Stuhlinger

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