Elastomeric Polymers with High Rate Sensitivity

Elastomeric Polymers with High Rate Sensitivity

Applications in Blast, Shockwave, and Penetration Mechanics

1st Edition - June 25, 2015

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  • Author: Roshdy George Barsoum
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323354349
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780323354004

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Recent investigations into blast-resistant properties of polyureas and other multi-phase polymeric elastomers indicate that they can dissipate broad bands of frequencies such as those encountered in blast events. In this unique book, Elastomeric Polymers with High Rate Sensitivity, Dr. Roshdy Barsoum and expert contributors bring together the cutting-edge testing methodologies, material properties, and critical design data for engineers seeking to deploy this technology. Where conventional methods of resisting blast, shockwave, and penetration are expensive, time-consuming and impractical, high-strain rate elastomeric polymers (HSREP) can be cheaper, quicker, and more easily applied to new and old materials alike. This book aids both military and civilian engineers in a range of applications, from buildings and tunnels to lightweight armor, ships, and aircraft. The book features constitutive models for software developers designing with these advanced polymers, as well as a discussion of the mechanisms of interaction between high-strain rate polymers and other materials. It also thoroughly covers HSREP engineering methods to achieve other unique properties, such as fireproofing.

Key Features

  • Material properties and design data included to enable engineers to successfully deploy this technology
  • Cheaper, quicker, and more easily implemented than traditional methods of increasing blast and ballistic performance
  • A how-to guide to the engineering of high strain rate elastomeric polymers to achieve other useful properties, such as fireproofing


Engineers, designers, architects, polymer developers and manufacturers.

Table of Contents

    • List of Contributors
    • Preface
    • Acknowledgments
    • 1: History of High Strain Rate Elastomeric Polymers (HSREP) Application
      • Abstract
    • 2: Phase Separated Microstructure and Structure–Property Relationships of High Strain Rate Elastomeric Polyureas
      • Abstract
      • 2.1. Introduction
      • 2.2. Nanostructure and Dynamics of Bulk-Polymerized Polyureas
      • 2.3. Influence of Thermal Treatments on Phase Separation and Dynamics
      • 2.4. Influence of Mixed Soft Segments on Phase Separation and Dynamics
      • 2.5. Role of Uniaxial Deformation on the Nanostructure and Dynamics of the P1000 Polyurea
      • 2.6. Role of Hard Segment Chemistry on Polyurea Nanostructure and Dynamics
      • Acknowledgment
    • 3: Testing, Experiments and Properties of HSREP
      • Pressure and Strain-Rate Sensitivity of an Elastomer: (1) Pressure-Shear Plate Impact Experiments; (2) Constitutive Modeling
      • Impact-Resistant Elastomeric Coatings
      • Adhesive and Ultrahigh Strain Rate Properties of Polyurea Under Tension, Tension/Shear, and Pressure/Shear Loadings with Applications to Multilayer Armors
      • Time–Temperature Equivalence Under High and Ultrahigh Rates of Deformation
      • Optical Shock Hugoniot Measurements of Transparent and Translucent Polymers
    • 4: Constitutive Modeling of High Strain-Rate Elastomeric Polymers
      • Mechanics of Large Deformation Behavior of Elastomeric Copolymers: Resilience, Dissipation, and Constitutive Modeling
      • Environmental Test Methodology of Polymers
      • An Investigation into the Nonlinearly Viscoelastic Behavior of Elastomeric Polymers Under Dilatational and Shear Excitation
    • 5: Molecular Dynamics (MD) and Coarse Grain Simulation of High Strain-Rate Elastomeric Polymers (HSREP)
      • Molecular and Coarse-Grained (CG) Modeling of Shock Wave Mechanics in HSREP
      • Molecular and Coarse-Grained Methods for Microstructure-Property Relations in HSREP
    • 6: Computational Simulation, Multi Scale Computations, and Issues Related to Behavioral Aspects of HSREP
      • Singlescale and Multiscale Models of Polyurea and High-Density Polyethylene (HDPE) Subjected to High Strain Rates
      • Computational Simulation, Multiscale Computations, and Issues Related to Behavioral Aspects of High Strain-Rate Elastomeric Polymers
    • 7: Properties of Hard and Soft Viscoelastic Polymers Under Blast Wave Loading
      • Abstract
      • 7.1. Introduction
      • 7.2. Muzzle Adapter and Target Assembly
      • 7.3. Experimental Details
      • 7.4. Results and Discussion
      • Acknowledgments
    • 8: Modeling and Simulations, Applications in Ballistic and Blast
      • Investigation of Phase Transformations in Impacted Polyurea Coatings Using Small Angle X-Ray Scattering (SAXS)
      • Mechanics of the Taylor Impact Behavior of Elastomeric Copolymers
      • A Modified Rate-Dependent Ballistic Impact Model for Polyurea
    • 9: Modification and Engineering of HSREP to Achieve Unique Properties
      • Block Copolymer-based Multiscale Composites for Shock Mitigation
      • Effect of Polymer Coating on Helmet on Brain Injury-Associated Parameters
    • 10: The Interaction of High Strain-Rate Elastomeric Polymer Coating with the Substrate Material and the Mechanisms of Failure
      • Mechanisms Associated with High Strain Rate Elastomeric Polymers (HSREP) and Interactions with Other Materials
      • Characterization of the Mechanical Behavior of Polyurea and Polyurea-Coated Metallic Components
    • Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 430
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © William Andrew 2015
  • Published: June 25, 2015
  • Imprint: William Andrew
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323354349
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780323354004

About the Author

Roshdy George Barsoum

Affiliations and Expertise

Manager of Explosion Resistant Coating JEERCE ACTD, Ships and Engineering Systems Division at the Office of Naval Research, USA

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