Elastomer Blends and Composites

Elastomer Blends and Composites

Principles, Characterization, Advances, and Applications

1st Edition - February 22, 2022

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  • Editors: Sanjay Mavinkere Rangappa, Jyotishkumar Parameswaranpillai, Suchart Siengchin, Togay Ozbakkaloglu
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323858335
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323858328

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Description

Elastomer Blends and Composites: Principles, Characterization, Advances, and Applications presents the latest developments in natural rubber and synthetic rubber-based blends and nanocomposites, with a focus on current trends, future directions and state-of-the-art applications. The book introduces the fundamentals of natural rubber and synthetic rubbers, outlining synthesis, structure, properties, challenges and potential applications. This is followed by detailed coverage of compounding and formulations, manufacturing methods, and preparation of elastomer-based blends, composites, and nanocomposites. The next section of the book focuses on properties and characterization, examining elasticity, spectroscopy, barrier properties, and rheological, morphological, mechanical, thermal, and viscoelastic behavior, and more. This is a highly valuable resource for researchers and advanced students in rubber (or elastomer) science, polymer blends, composites, polymer science, and materials science and engineering, as well as engineers, technologists, and scientists working with rubber-based materials for advanced applications.

Key Features

  • Guides the reader through the manufacturing, properties, characterization and latest innovations in elastomer blends and composites
  • Addresses aging and degradation behavior, lifecycle analysis, and recycling of rubber-based materials
  • Explores novel applications of rubber blends and composites in areas such as automotive, aerospace, medicine and engineering

Readership

Academia: Researchers and advanced students in rubber (or elastomer) science, polymer blends, composites, polymer science, and materials science and engineering. Industry: Engineers, technologists, and scientists working with rubber-based materials for a range of advanced applications

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • Contributors
  • Preface
  • 1. Introduction to elastomers
  • 1.1. Introduction
  • 1.2. Vulcanization/cross-linking in elastomers
  • 1.3. Elastomeric composites and blends
  • 1.4. Recent developments in elastomeric blends and composites
  • 1.5. Conclusion
  • 2. Manufacturing methods of elastomer blends and composites
  • 2.1. Introduction
  • 2.2. Preparation techniques
  • 2.3. Conclusion
  • 3. Elastomer-based blends
  • 3.1. Introduction
  • 3.2. Compatibilization of elastomer-based blends
  • 3.3. Impact of nanofillers on elastomer-based blends
  • 3.4. Fabrication methods of elastomers
  • 3.5. Processing and characterization methods of elastomers-based blends
  • 3.6. Properties of elastomers-based blends
  • 3.7. Applications of elastomer-based blends
  • 3.8. Conclusion
  • 4. Elastomer-based filler composites
  • 4.1. Introduction
  • 4.2. Preparation and properties of fillers
  • 4.3. Conclusions and perspectives
  • 5. Engineering applications of elastomer blends and composites
  • 5.1. Introduction
  • 5.2. Elastomer blends and composites processing methods
  • 5.3. Elastomer blends and composites engineering applications
  • 5.4. Conclusion
  • 6. Rheology of elastomer blends and composites
  • 6.1. Introduction
  • 6.2. Basic aspects of rheology
  • 6.3. Basic key terms
  • 6.4. Rheological models
  • 6.5. Newtonian fluids (viscous liquids)
  • 6.6. Non-Newtonian fluids
  • 6.7. Conditions affecting the rheological properties of materials
  • 6.8. Effect of temperature
  • 6.9. Effect of the system structure at the micro-/nano-scale
  • 6.10. Applied rheology in elastomers, blends, and composites thereof
  • 6.11. Static versus dynamic rheological tests
  • 6.12. Laboratory tests and instrumentations
  • 6.13. Cone-and-plate rheometer
  • 6.14. Capillary viscometer
  • 6.15. Mooney viscometer
  • 6.16. Constitutive rheological models
  • 6.17. Uncured rubber melts
  • 6.18. Elastomer blends
  • 6.19. Elastomer composites
  • 6.20. Conclusions
  • 7. Morphological characteristics of elastomer blends and composites
  • 7.1. Introduction
  • 7.2. Morphology
  • 7.3. Effect of plant fiber-reinforced elastomer composites
  • 7.4. Effect of synthetic fiber-reinforced elastomer composites
  • 7.5. Conclusions
  • 8. Mechanical behavior of elastomer blends and composites
  • 8.1. Introduction
  • 8.2. Mechanical behavior of elastomer blends
  • 8.3. SMP of elastomer blends
  • 8.4. DMP of elastomer blends
  • 8.5. Mechanical behavior of elastomer composites
  • 8.6. SMP of elastomer composites
  • 8.7. DMP of elastomer composites
  • 8.8. Conclusions
  • 9. Thermal behavior of elastomer blends and composites
  • 9.1. Introduction
  • 9.2. Thermodynamics of the rubber–rubber and rubber–polymer blends
  • 9.3. Thermal behavior of blends
  • 9.4. Thermal behavior of elastomeric composites
  • 9.5. Conclusion
  • 10. Viscoelastic behavior of elastomer blends and composites
  • 10.1. Introduction
  • 10.2. Viscoelasticity of elastomer blends
  • 10.3. Viscoelasticity of elastomer composites
  • 10.4. Conclusion
  • 11. Spectroscopy of elastomer blends and composites
  • 11.1. Introduction
  • 11.2. FT-IR and Raman spectroscopy
  • 11.3. Fluorescence spectroscopy
  • 11.4. NMR spectroscopy
  • 11.5. Conclusion
  • 12. Wide-angle X-ray diffraction and small-angle X-ray scattering studies of elastomer blends and composites
  • 12.1. Focus
  • 12.2. X-ray diffraction
  • 12.3. Methods in X-ray scattering
  • 12.4. Wide-angle X-ray diffraction, WAXD
  • 12.5. Small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS)
  • 12.6. Applications
  • 12.7. Synchrotron scattering
  • 12.8. Conclusions
  • 13. Theoretical modeling and simulation of elastomer blends and nanocomposites
  • 13.1. Introduction
  • 13.2. Simulations of elastomers
  • 13.3. Modeling study of elastomer blends and composites
  • 13.4. Major concern/challenges
  • 13.5. Conclusion and future scope
  • 14. Recycling of elastomer blends and composites
  • 14.1. Introduction
  • 14.2. Devulcanization methods
  • 14.3. Value-added products from revulcanized elastomeric blends and composites
  • 14.4. Conclusion
  • 14.5. Future perspectives
  • 15. Applications of elastomer blends and composites
  • 15.1. Introduction
  • 15.2. Polyurethane-based elastomer blends and composites
  • 15.3. Silicone-based elastomer blends and composites
  • 15.4. Ethylene-propylene-diene monomer (EPDM)-based elastomer
  • 15.5. Other elastomers
  • 15.6. Conclusions
  • 16. Properties of elastomer–biological phenolic resin composites
  • 16.1. Introduction
  • 16.2. Biological phenolic resin
  • 16.3. Properties of blended composite
  • 16.4. Conclusion
  • 16.5. Future trend
  • 17. Advances in stimuli-responsive and functional thermoplastic elastomers
  • 17.1. Overview of thermoplastic elastomers and their applications
  • 17.2. Introduction to model block copolymers as TPEs
  • 17.3. Physical modification of nonpolar TPEs and their applications
  • 17.4. Chemical modification of nonpolar TPEs and their applications
  • 17.5. Morphological development and applications of charged TPEs
  • 17.6. Concluding remarks
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 438
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2022
  • Published: February 22, 2022
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323858335
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323858328

About the Editors

Sanjay Mavinkere Rangappa

Dr. Sanjay Mavinkere Rangappa, is currently working as a Senior Research Scientist and 'Advisor within the office of the President for University Promotion and Development towards International goals' at King Mongkut’s University of Technology North Bangkok, Thailand. He received his B.E (Mechanical Engineering) in 2010, M.Tech (Computational Analysis in Mechanical Sciences) in 2013, Ph.D (Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Science) from Visvesvaraya Technological University, Belagavi, India in 2018 and Post Doctorate from King Mongkut's University of Technology North Bangkok, Thailand, in 2019. He is a life member of the Indian Society for Technical Education (ISTE) and an associate member of the Institute of Engineers (India). He has published more than 140 articles in high-quality international peer-reviewed journals, 40 book chapters, one book, and 15 books as an editor. He has also presented research papers at national/international conferences. His current research areas include Natural fiber composites, Polymer Composites, and Advanced Material Technology.

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Research Scientist, Natural Composites Research Group Lab, King Mongkut’s University of Technology North Bangkok (KMUTNB), Bangkok, Thailand

Jyotishkumar Parameswaranpillai

Jyotishkumar Parameswaranpillai is a Research Director, Mar Athanasios College for Advanced Studies Tiruvalla (MACFAST), Pathanamthitta, Kerala, India. He has published more than 100 papers in high-quality international peer-reviewed journals on polymer nanocomposites, polymer blends and alloys, and biopolymer, and has edited five books. He received numerous awards and recognitions including prestigious Kerala State Award for the Best Young Scientist 2016, INSPIRE Faculty Award 2011, Best researcher Award 2019 from King Mongkut’s University of Technology North Bangkok.

Affiliations and Expertise

Research Director, Mar Athanasios College For Advanced Studies Tiruvalla (MACFAST), Kerala, India

Suchart Siengchin

Prof. Dr.-Ing. habil. Suchart Siengchin is President of King Mongkut's University of Technology North Bangkok (KMUTNB), Thailand. He received his Dipl.-Ing. in Mechanical Engineering from University of Applied Sciences Giessen/Friedberg, Hessen, Germany, M.Sc. in Polymer Technology from University of Applied Sciences Aalen, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany, M.Sc. in Material Science at the Erlangen-Nürnberg University, Bayern, Germany, Doctor of Philosophy in Engineering (Dr.-Ing.) from Institute for Composite Materials, University of Kaiserslautern, Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany and Postdoctoral Research from Kaiserslautern University and School of Materials Engineering, Purdue University, USA. He worked as a Lecturer for Production and Material Engineering Department at The Sirindhorn International Thai-German Graduate School of Engineering (TGGS), KMUTNB. He has been full Professor at KMUTNB and became the President of KMUTNB. He won the Outstanding Researcher Award in 2010, 2012 and 2013 at KMUTNB. He is an author of more than 150 peer reviewed journal articles.

Affiliations and Expertise

President, King Mongkut's University of Technology, North Bangkok (KMUTNB), Thailand

Togay Ozbakkaloglu

Togay Ozbakkaloglu is a Professor at the Ingram School of Engineering of Texas State University, USA. He has published over 250 peer-reviewed research papers in these areas, including over 125 journal articles that appeared in leading disciplinary journals and received over 4000 citations (Scopus). He is Associate Editor for the ASCE Journal of Structural Engineering (the foremost structural engineering journal), Heliyon, Frontiers in Built Environment, and Australian Journal of Civil Engineering. He also serves on the Editorial Board of 12 international journals, including the ASCE Journal of Composites for Construction, the leading journal in his immediate research field of structural applications of FRP composites.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Ingram School of Engineering, Texas State University, San Marcos, TX, USA

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