Thousands of inorganic and organic chemicals and their metabolites enter the biosphere daily as a direct result of human activities. Many of these chemicals have serious consequences on sensitive species of natural resources, crops, livestock, and public health. The most hazardous of these were identified by a panel of environmental specialists from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service; these chemicals are the focus of this encyclopedia. For each priority group of chemicals, information is presented on sources, uses, physical and chemical properties, tissue concentrations in field collections and their significance, lethal and sublethal effects under controlled conditions. This includes effects on survival, growth, reproduction, metabolism, carcinogenicity, teratogenicity, and mutagenicity - and proposed regulatory criteria for the protection of sensitive natural resources, crops, livestock, and human health. Taxonomic groups of natural resources covered include terrestrial and aquatic plants and invertebrates, fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals.

Key Features

* The only product that centers on the most hazardous environmental chemicals to sensitive natural resources * The only single volume compendium on the subject, allowing ease in consulting * Written by a noted national and international authority on chemical risk assessment to living organisms


Environmental research libraries, local/national government organizations and consultancy groups. Environmental researchers, students, managers, consultants, and legislators; ecologists and toxicologists; inorganic and organic chemists; and animal and public health workers. Lay public environmental conservation and environmental protection groups.

Table of Contents

1. Acrolein 2. Arsenic 3. Atrazine 4. Boron 5. Cadmium 6. Carbofuran 7. Chlordane 8. Chlorpyrifos 9. Chromium 10. Copper 11. Cyanide 12. Diazinon 13. Diflubenzuron 14. Dioxins 15. Famphur 16. Fenvalerate 17. Gold 18. Lead 19. Mercury 20. Mirex 21. Molybdenum 22. Nickel 23. Paraquat 24. Pentachlorophenol 25. Polychlorinated Biphenyls 26. Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons 27. Radiation 28. Selenium 29. Silver 30. Sodium Monofluoroacetate 31. Tin 32. Toxaphene 33. Zinc


No. of pages:
© 2007
Elsevier Science
eBook ISBN:
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About the author

Ronald Eisler

Affiliations and Expertise

Potomac, MD, USA