Efferent Organization and The Integration of Behavior

Efferent Organization and The Integration of Behavior

1st Edition - January 1, 1973

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  • Editor: Jack Maser
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323153034

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Efferent Organization and the Integration of Behavior is a nine-chapter text that discusses the hypotheses and alternative conceptualizations of efferent mechanisms, as well as the neural basis of patterned movement. The opening chapters examine several behavioral categories, the neural mediation of movement, and the distinction between efferent response and efferent motor processes. These chapters also present a revised theory of the role of the motor system in physiological regulation and neural-metabolic integration in energy production for behavior. These topics are followed by considerable chapters devoted to efferent organization of specific brain sections, including the motor cortex, pyramidal system, globus pallidus, substantia nigra, diencephalon, hippocampus, and neocortex. This text also deals with the instrumental conditioning based on alimentary or food reinforcements. A chapter discusses the constraints on theoretical interpretations of neuroanatomical circuitry functions of noradrenergic and cholinergic brain systems. The concluding chapter describes the relationship between the motor integration systems of extrapyramidal structures and the motivational systems of limbic structures. This chapter also looks into the anatomical organization of self-stimulation and the microelectrode data, which delineate the response of single neurons to stimulation at hypothalamic self-stimulation sites.

Table of Contents

  • List of Contributors



    1. Efferent Response Processes: Relationships among Stimuli, Movement, and Reinforcement

    I. Purpose

    II. Behavioral Classification

    III. Distinctions between Motor and Response Processes

    IV. Current Theoretical Developments

    V. Summary

    2. Physiological and Sensory Feedback of the Motor System: Neural-Metabolic Integration for Energy Regulation in Behavior

    I. Introduction

    II. The Brain as a Multidimensional Feedback Control System

    III. The Locus and Mechanisms of Energy Production for Behavior

    IV. Systems Feedback Research on Behavioral-Physiological Interaction

    V. Central-Neural versus Motor-System Feedback Control of Organic Rhythms

    VI. Dynamic Efferent Organization in Physiological Feedback Regulation and Learning: Theoretical Summary

    3. Motor Cortex and the Pyramidal System

    I. Introduction

    II. Organization of the Pyramidal System

    III. Physiological Considerations

    4. Subcortical Mechanisms of Behavioral Plasticity

    I. Introduction

    II. Behavioral Plasticity in Decorticate Preparations

    III. Behavioral Plasticity in Decerebrate Preparations

    IV. Behavioral Plasticity in Spinal Preparations

    V. Electrophysiological Studies of Response Plasticity

    VI. Retention

    VII. Summary

    5. Comparisons of the Efferent Projections of the Globus Pallidus and Substantia Nigra in the Monkey

    I. Introduction

    II. Material and Methods

    III. Discussion

    6. The Role of Prefrontal Control in the Programming of Motor Behavior

    I. General Considerations

    II. Simple S - R Conditioning

    III. Pavlovian R-no R Differentiation

    IV. R-no R Both Reinforced Differentiation

    V. R1 - R2 Differentiation

    VI. Delayed Responses

    VII. General Discussion

    VIII. Summary

    7. The Development of Operant Responses by Noradrenergic Activation and Cholinergic Suppression of Movements

    I. Introduction

    II. The Suppression of Operant Behavior Associated with Punishment

    III. Evidence for a Cholinergic Punishment System in the Periventricular Hypothalamus (PVS)

    IV. A Glycinergic Influence of Long-lasting Duration in the Periventricular Hypothalamus

    V. Atropine Disinhibits Suppressed Behaviors at Sites Where Norepinephrine is Ineffective

    VI. Separation of Brain Systems for Operant and Consummatory Responses

    VII. Selectivity of Action of the Cholinergic Suppression System in the Septal Area

    VIII. Functions of the Noradrenergic Neurons in the Amygdala

    IX. Norepinephrine Has an Antipunishment Action in the Dentate Gyrus

    X. Summary

    8. Diencephalic, Hippocampal, and Neocortical Mechanisms in Voluntary Movement

    I. Introduction

    II. Relation of Hippocampal and Neocortical EEG to Behavior

    III. Effects of Electrical Stimulation of the Hippocampal Formation

    IV. RSA Amplitude and Frequency in Relation to Behavior

    V. Hypothalamic-Hippocampal Relations and Behavior

    VI. Effect of Phenothiazines on Hippocampal Activity and on Behavior

    VII. Discussion

    9. Intracranial Self-Stimulation Pathways as Substrate for Stimulus-Response Integration

    I. Introduction

    II. Demonstration of Self-Stimulation

    III. The Questioning of Basic Assumptions

    IV. Pathways of Self-Stimulation: Methodological Considerations

    V. Pathways of Self-Stimulation: Results

    VI. Electrophysiology of Self-Stimulation

    VII. Final Overview

    VIII. Summary

    References and Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 382
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1973
  • Published: January 1, 1973
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323153034

About the Editor

Jack Maser

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