Effects of Poisonous Plants on Livestock

Effects of Poisonous Plants on Livestock

1st Edition - January 1, 1978

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  • Editors: Richard F. Keeler, Kent R. Van Kampen, Lynn F. James
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483270180

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Description

Effects of Poisonous Plants on Livestock documents the proceedings of a U.S.-Australian symposium on the effects of poisonous plants on domestic livestock. The symposium was held at Utah State University in Logan, Utah, on 19-24 June 1977. The volume is organized into eight parts. Part I discusses poisonous plant problems in the United States and Australia. Part II contains papers on general topics such as inorganic toxicants and poisonous plants; the hazard of plant toxicities to the human population; and selenium in plants as a cause of livestock poisoning. Part III examines the effects of simple phytotoxins such as selenium and oxalate on livestock. Part IV focuses on the effects of plant hepatotoxins, including pyrrolizidine alkaloids, Artemisia nova, and Tetradymia spp. Part V deals with plant cardio/pulmonary toxins such as Myoporum spp. and Pimelea spp. Part VI tales up plant neurotoxins while Part VII discusses plant teratogens and toxins affecting reproduction. Part VII presents studies on other toxic substances. It includes studies on oak poisoning and pine needle abortion in cattle.

Table of Contents


  • List of Participants

    Preface

    Acknowledgments

    I. Introductory Remarks

    Overview of Poisonous Plant Problems in the United States

    Poisonous Plant Problems in Australia

    II. General Topics

    Impact of Poisonous Plants on Western U.S. Grazing Systems and Livestock Operations

    Poisonous Plant Management Problems and Control Measures on U.S. Rangelands

    Inorganic Toxicants and Poisonous Plants

    Effect of Land Use on Plant Poisoning of Livestock in Australia

    Perspectives in Phytotoxic Research

    The Hazard of Plant Toxicities to the Human Population

    Ecology of Poisoning

    Botanical Affinities of Australian Poisonous Plants

    The Role of Ruminal Microbes in the Metabolism of Toxic Constituents from Plants

    III. Simple Phytotoxins

    Selenium in Plants as a Cause of Livestock Poisoning

    Manifestations of Intoxication by Selenium-Accumulating Plants

    Oxalate Poisoning in Livestock

    Organo-Fluorine Compounds in Plants

    IV. Plant Hepatotoxins

    Pyrrolizidine Alkaloid Poisoning—Pathology with Particular Reference to Differences in Animal and Plant Species

    Recent Studies on Mechanisms of Cytotoxic Action of Pyrrolizidine Alkaloids

    Prevention of Pyrrolizidine Alkaloid Poisoning—Animal Adaptation or Plant Control?

    The Transfer of Pyrrolizidine Alkaloids from Senecio jacobaea into the Milk of Lactating Cows and Goats

    Tetradymia Toxicity—a New Look at an Old Problem

    Toxic Constituents and Hepatotoxicity of the Plant Tetradymia glabrata (Asteroceae)

    Lantana Poisoning: a Cholestatic Disease of Cattle and Sheep

    V. Plant Cardio/Pulmonary Toxins

    Toxicity of Myoporum spp. and Their Furanosesquiterpenoid Essential Oils

    Acute Respiratory Distress of Rangeland Cattle

    Tryptophan-Induced Pulmonary Edema and Emphysema in Ruminants

    Studies on the Toxic Principle of Asclepias eriocarpa and Asclepias labriformis

    The Interaction of Pathogenetic Mechanisms in Bovine High Mountain (Brisket) Disease

    Pimelea spp. Poisoning of Cattle

    Cyanogenesis, the Production of Hydrogen Cyanide, by Plants

    Pulmonary Toxicity of Naturally Occurring 3-Substituted Furans

    VI. Plant Neurotoxins

    Centaurea Species and Equine Nigropallidal Encephalomalacia

    Cycad Poisoning in Australia—Etiology and Pathology

    The Toxin of Lolium rigidum (Annual Ryegrass) Seedheads Associated with Nematode-Bacterium Infection

    Perennial Ryegrass Staggers in New Zealand

    A Comparative Study of Darling Pea (Swainsona spp.) Poisoning in Australia with Locoweed (Astragalus and Oxytropis spp.) Poisoning in North America

    Analysis and Characterization of Nitro Compounds from Astragalus Species

    Livestock Poisoning from Nitro-Bearing Astragalus

    Chronic Phalaris Poisoning or Phalaris Staggers

    VII. Plant Teratogens and Toxins Affecting Reproduction

    Alkaloid Teratogens from Lupinus, Conium, Veratrum, and Related Genera

    Structure-Activity Relation of Steroidal Amine Teratogens

    Tobacco—a Cause of Congenital Arthrogryposis

    Genetic Defects and Their Similarities to Birth Defects Caused by Plants

    Epidemiological Investigations of Poisonous Plant-Induced Birth Defects

    Plant Estrogens Affecting Livestock in Australia

    Locoweed Poisoning in the United States

    VIII. Other Toxicities

    Toxicological Significance of Plant Furocoumarins

    Sesquiterpene Lactones from Livestock Poisons

    Oak Poisoning in Cattle

    Glucosinolates in Cruciferous Plants

    Tall Larkspur and Cattle on High Mountain Ranges

    Larkspur Toxicosis: a Review of Current Research

    The Nature and Mechanism of Action of the Calcinogenic Principle of Solanum malacoxylon and Cestrum diurnum, and a Comment on Trisetum flavescens

    Hairy Vetch (Vicia villosa Roth) Poisoning in Cattle

    Lupinosis: Chemical Properties of Phomopsin A, the Main Toxic Metabolite of Phomopsis leptostromiformis

    Toxic Amino Acids of Plant Origin

    Pine Needle Abortion in Cattle

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 618
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1978
  • Published: January 1, 1978
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483270180

About the Editors

Richard F. Keeler

Kent R. Van Kampen

Lynn F. James

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