Effects of Gaseous Air Pollution in Agriculture and Horticulture - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780408107051, 9781483192383

Effects of Gaseous Air Pollution in Agriculture and Horticulture

1st Edition

Authors: M. H. Unsworth D. P. Ormrod
eBook ISBN: 9781483192383
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
Published Date: 9th June 1982
Page Count: 546
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Description

Effects of Gaseous Air Pollution in Agriculture and Horticulture focuses on the impact of air pollution on agriculture and horticulture. This book discusses the existence of significant concentrations of gaseous pollutants in several agricultural regions of industrialized countries, which is facilitated by improved instrumentation and monitoring networks. Organized into six parts encompassing 49 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the two aspects of distribution of gas pollutants. This text then considers a technique for estimation of dose from measurements of gas concentration and stomatal conductance. Other chapters provide examples of monitoring of air-pollution effects on plants, with emphasis on both the concentrations and effects of air pollutants as they complement each other. This book discusses as well the formation and mechanism of action of nitrogen oxides. The final chapter deals with the peroxidation of membrane lipids. This book is a valuable resource for agriculturists, horticulturists, and scientists.

Table of Contents


I Defining the Polluted Environment

1 Air Pollutants in Agriculture and Horticulture

2 Biological Indicators of Air Pollution

3 Exposure to Gaseous Pollutants and Uptake By Plants

Ii Physiological and Biochemical Responses to Pollutants

4 Effects of Sulphur Dioxide on Physiological Processes in Plants

5 Oxides of Nitrogen and the Greenhouse Atmosphere

6 Variation in Plant Response to Ozone: A Conceptual Model of Physiological Events

7 Physiological Responses of Plants to Fluorine

8 Effects of SO2 and NO2 on Metabolic Function

9 Effects of Oxidants on Metabolic Function

Iii Air Pollutants and the Growth and Quality of Crops

10 Effects of Air Pollutants on Flowering and Fruiting

11 Sulphur Dioxide and the Growth of Grasses

12 Effects of Sulphur Dioxide on the Growth and Yield of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops

13 the Effects of Fluorides on Plant Growth and Forage Quality

14 Ozone and the Growth and Productivity of Agricultural Crops

Iv Interactions

15 Air Pollutant Interactions in Mixtures

16 Interactions Between Air Pollutants and Parasitic Plant Diseases

17 Mineral Nutrition and Plant Response to Air Pollutants

V Pollution in Perspective

18 Evolution of Resistance to Gaseous Air Pollutants

19 Future Directions in Air Pollution Research

20 Towards An Understanding of Plant Responses to Pollutants

Vi Poster Session Abstracts

Concentrations of Sulphur Dioxide, Oxides of Nitrogen and Ozone in Air at Rural Sites in Great Britain and Ireland

A New Method For Exposure of Field Crops to Sulphur Dioxide

Design of Plant Exposure Rig to Measure Physiological Responses to Noxious Gases From Combustion Sources

An Experimental Design For Studying the Effects of Fluctuating Concentrations of SO2 on Plants Effective Pollutant Dose

Deposition of Nitrogen Oxides to Scots Pine (PINUS Sylvestris L.)

A Quantitative Study of the Fate of Sulphur Dioxide Deposited on to Plants

The Sulphur Balance of An Agricultural Catchment

Leaching of Plant Nutrients By Rain

Loss of Fluorides From Grass Swards and Other Surfaces

The Use of Indicator Plants For Photochemical Oxid Ants in Denmark

Acute and Subacute Damage to Vegetation By Ammonia Following Accidental Pollution

Ozone Injury to White Bean (PHASEOLUS Vulgaris L.) in Southwestern Ontario, Canada; Correlation With Ozone Dose, Pan Evaporation, Plant Maturity and Rainfall

Recent Research on Relationships Between Air Pollution and Plants in China

The Relative Sensitivities of Conifer Populations to SO2 in Screening Tests With Different Concentrations of Sulphur Dioxide

Studies of Fluoride Pollution Impact on Coniferous Forests

Selection of Plants Resistant, Absorptive and Sensitive to Air Pollutants Influence of Aerial Pollution on Crop Growth and Yield

Field Trials and Open-Top Chamber Studies of the Influence of Sulphur Dioxide on the Growth of Ryegrass

Ozone Effects on Pollen-Tube Growth in Vivo and in Vitro

Some Effects of Low Concentrations of SO2 And/Or NO2 on the Growth of Grasses and Poplar

An Investigation of the Effects of Fluoride on Selected Moss Species

the Influence of Elevated Atmospheric CO2 and SO2 on the Growth and Photosynthesis of Early Successional Species

Injurious Effects of Low Concentrations of SO2 and O3 on the Leaf Surfaces and Stomatal Conductances of Field Bean

Effects of Ozone and Ozone /SULPHUR Dioxide on the Gas Exchange of Vicia F Aba L.

Effects of Ozone and Sulphur Dioxide on Soybeans

Combined Effects of Salt (NaCl) and Air Pollution (SO2) Stress on Cucumis Plants

Effects of H2s on Water-Extractable Sulphydryl Content of Crop Plants

The Effect of Sulphite on Light Activation of Fructose 1,6-Bis-Phosphatase in Soybean Chloroplasts

The Correlation Between SO2 Susceptibilities of Plants and Ph of Leaf Sap

Studies on the Mechanism of SO2 Injury in Plants

Appendix 1: Latin and Common Names Used in the Text and Their Common and Latin Name Equivalents

Appendix 2: Units, Physical Properties and Conversion Factors

List of Participants

Index of Species With Pollutants

Subject Index


Details

No. of pages:
546
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Butterworth-Heinemann 1982
Published:
Imprint:
Butterworth-Heinemann
eBook ISBN:
9781483192383

About the Author

M. H. Unsworth

D. P. Ormrod