Effect of Temperature and other Factors on Plastics and Elastomers - 2nd Edition - ISBN: 9780815515685, 9780815516941

Effect of Temperature and other Factors on Plastics and Elastomers

2nd Edition

Editors: Laurence McKeen
Authors: Laurence McKeen
eBook ISBN: 9780815516941
Hardcover ISBN: 9780815515685
Imprint: William Andrew
Published Date: 28th December 2007
Page Count: 824
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Table of Contents

  1. Introduction to Plastic Properties
    1.1. Plastics and Polymers
    1.1.1. Polymerization
    1.1.2. Copolymers
    1.1.3. Linear, Branched and Crosslinked Polymers
    1.1.4. Molecular Weight
    1.1.5. Thermosets vs. Thermoplastics
    1.1.6. Crystalline vs. Amorphous
    1.1.7. Blends
    1.1.8. Elastomers
    1.1.9. Additives
    1.2. Testing of Plastics
    1.2.1. Mechanical Property Testing of Plastics
    1.2.2. Impact Property Testing of Plastics
    1.2.3. Thermal Property Testing of Plastics
    1.3. Principles of Plastic Product Design
    1.3.1. Rigidity of Plastics Materials
    1.3.2. The Assessment of Maximum Service Temperature
    1.3.3. Toughness
    1.4. Summary
    2. Styrenics
    2.1. Background
    2.2. Polystyrene (PS)
    2.3. Acrylonitrile Styrene Acrylate (ASA)
    2.4. Styrene Acrylonitrile (SAN)
    2.5. Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS)
    2.6. Styrene Maleic Anhydride (SMA)
    2.7. Styrenic Block Copolymers (SBC)
    2.8. Blends
    3. Polyethers
    3.1. Background
    3.2. Acetals (POM)
    3.3. Acetal Copolymers (POM-Co)
    3.4. Modified Polyphenylene Ether/Polyphenylene Oxides (PPE, PPO)
    4. Polyesters
    4.1. Background
    4.2. Polycarbonate (PC)
    4.3. Polybutylene Terephthalate (PBT)
    4.4. Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET)
    4.5. Liquid Crystalline Polymers (LCP)
    4.6. Polycyclohexylene-dimethylene Terephthalate (PCT)
    4.7. Polyester Blends and Alloys
    5. Polyimides
    5.1. Background
    5.2. Polyetherimide (PEI)
    5.3. Polyamide imide (PAI)
    5.4. Polyimide (PI)
    6. Polyamides
    6.1. Background
    6.2. Nylon 6
    6.3. Nylon 11
    6.4. Nylon 12
    6.5. Nylon 66
    6.6. Nylon 610
    6.7. Nylon 612
    6.8. Nylon 666
    6.9. Nylon Amorphous
    6.10. Nylon 46
    6.11. PPA
    6.12. PAA
    6.13. PA Blends
    7. Polyolefins and Acrylics
    7.1. Background
    7.2. Polyethylene (PE)
    7.3. Poly Propylene (PP)
    7.4. Polytrimethyl Pentene (PTP)
    7.5. Ultrahigh Molecular Weight Polyethylene (UHMWPE)
    7.6. Rigid Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC)
    7.7. Cyclic Olefin Copolymer (COC)
    7.8. Polymethyl Methacrylate (PMMA)
    8. Thermoplastic Elastomers
    8.1. Background
    8.2. Thermoplastic Polyurethane Elastomers (TPU)
    8.3. Thermoplastic Copolyester Elastomers (TPE-E or COPE)
    8.4. Thermoplastic Polyether Block Amide Elastomers (PEBA)
    9. Fluoropolymers
    9.1. Background
    9.2. Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)
    9.3. Polyethylene Chlorotrifluoroethylene (ECTFE)
    9.4. Polyethylene Tetrafluoroethylene (ETFE)
    9.5. Fluorinated Ethylene Propylene (FEP)
    9.6. Perfluoro Alkoxy (PFA)
    9.7. Polychlorotrifluoroethylene (PCTFE)
    9.8. Polyvinylidene Fluoride (PVDF)
    10. Miscellaneous High Temperature Plastics
    10.1. Background
    10.2. Polyetheretherketone (PEEK)
    10.3. Polyether Sulfone (PES)
    10.4. Polyphenylene Sulfide (PPS)
    10.5. Polysulfone (PSU)
    11. Tables of Selected ISO 10350 Properties of Selected Plastics
    11.1. Styrenics
    11.2. Polyethers
    11.3. Polyesters
    11.4. Polyimides
    11.5. Polyamides
    11.6. Polyolefins and Acrylics
    11.7. Thermoplastic Elastomers
    11.8. Fluoropolymers
    11.9. Miscellaneous High Temperature Plastics
    12. Tables of Selected Thermal Properties of Selected Plastics
    12.1. Styrenics
    12.2. Polyethers
    12.3. Polyesters
    12.4. Polyimides
    12.5. Polyamides
    12.6. Polyolefins and Acrylics
    12.7. Thermoplastic Elastomers
    12.8. Fluoropolymers
    12.9. Miscellaneous High Temperature Plastics
    Appendices:
    Abbreviations
    Tradenames
    Conversion Factors?

Description

This book is an update to the first edition compiled and published in 1990 by William Woishnis. A lot has changed in the field since 1990 and a lot has not changed. There are new plastic materials. There has been a huge turnover in ownership of plastics producing companies. There has been a lot of consolidation, which of course means discontinued products. Thus, this update is much more extensive than the usual "next edition."

It has been reorganized from a chemistry point of view. Plastics of similar polymer types are grouped into nine chapters. Each of these chapters includes an introduction with a brief explanation of the chemistry of the polymers used in the plastics.

An extensive first chapter has been added as an introduction that summarizes the chemistry of making polymers, the formulation of plastics, testing and test methods, and plastic selection.

Most plastic products and parts are expected to be used in environments other than room temperature and standard humidity conditions. Chapters 2-10 are a databank that serves as an evaluation of plastics as they are exposed to varying operating conditions at different temperatures, humidity, and other factors. Over 900 graphs for more than 45 generic families of plastics are contained in these chapters.

Chapter 11 contains extensive mechanical and electrical data in tabular form. The tables contain data on several thousand plastics. Similarly, Chapter 12 contains thermal data on several thousand plastics. Data from the first edition have only been removed if those products were discontinued, and many products were. Product names and manufacturers have been updated.

Key Features

• Detailed introductions of plastics properties, testing procedures, and principles of plastics design. • The only "databook" available on the effects of temperature and humidity conditions on plastics and elastomers. • More than 1,000 graphs and tables allow for easy comparison between products. • Covers more than 70 types of plastics, and summarizes the chemistry of each type.

Readership

Materials engineers, polymer chemists, plastics suppliers, plastics raw materials suppliers, and plastics marketing and sales personnel.


Details

No. of pages:
824
Language:
English
Copyright:
© William Andrew 2008
Published:
Imprint:
William Andrew
eBook ISBN:
9780815516941
Hardcover ISBN:
9780815515685

Reviews

From the 1st Edition: "Let's designers make smarter decisions when selecting plastics for specific applications." - Plastics World


About the Editors

Laurence McKeen Editor

Larry McKeen has a Ph.D. in Chemistry from the University of Wisconsin and worked for DuPont Fluoroproducts from 1978–2014. As a Senior Research Associate Chemist he was responsible for new product development including application technology and product optimization for particular end-uses, and product testing. He retired from DuPont at the end of 2014 and is currently a consultant.

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Research Associate, DuPont, Wilmington, DE, USA

About the Authors

Laurence McKeen Author

Larry McKeen has a Ph.D. in Chemistry from the University of Wisconsin and worked for DuPont Fluoroproducts from 1978–2014. As a Senior Research Associate Chemist he was responsible for new product development including application technology and product optimization for particular end-uses, and product testing. He retired from DuPont at the end of 2014 and is currently a consultant.

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Research Associate, DuPont, Wilmington, DE, USA