Ecosystems of the Deep Oceans

Ecosystems of the Deep Oceans

1st Edition - March 27, 2003

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  • Editor: P.A. Tyler
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080494654

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Description

This volume examines the deep sea ecosystem from a variety of perspectives. The initial chapters examine the deep-sea floor, the deep pelagic environment and the more specialised chemosynthetic environments of hydrothermal vents and cold seeps. These environments are examined from the perspective of the relationship of deep-sea animals to their physico-chemical environment.Later chapters examine the biogeography of the main deep oceans (Atlantic, Pacific and Indian) with particular attention to the downward flux of surface-derived organic matter and how this drives the processes within the deep-sea ecosystem. The peripheral deep seas including the polar seas and the marginal deep seas (inter alia the Mediterranean, Red, Caribbean and Okhotsk seas) are explored in the same context. The final chapters examine the processes occurring in the deep sea and include an analysis of why the deep sea has high species diversity, how the fauna respond to organic input and how species have adapted reproductive activity in the deep sea. The volume concludes with an analysis of the anthropogenic impact on the deep sea.

Table of Contents

  • Preface. List of Contributors. 1. Introduction (P.A. Tyler). 2. The deep-sea floor: An overview (D. Thistle). 3. The pelagic environment of the open ocean (M.V. Angel). 4. Reducing environments of the deep-sea floor (V. Tunnicliffe, S.K. Juniper, M. Sibuet). 5. The deep Atlantic Ocean (L.A. Levin, A.J. Gooday). 6. The deep Pacific Ocean floor (C.R. Smith, A.W.J. Demopoulos). 7. The deep Indian Ocean floor (A.W.J. Demopoulos, C.R. Smith, P.A. Tyler). 8. The polar deep seas (A. Clarke). 9. The peripheral deep seas (P.A. Tyler). 10. Large-scale spatial and temporal patterns of deep-sea benthic species diversity (C.T. Stuart, M.A. Rex, R.J. Etter). 11. Food inputs, utilization, carbon flow and energetics (J.D. Gage). 12. Reproduction, development and life-history traits (C.M. Young). 13. Anthropogenic impacts on the deep sea (H. Thiel). 14. Epilogue: Exploration, observation and experimentation (P.A. Tyler). Glossary. Systematic list of genera. Author index. Systematic index. General index.

Product details

  • No. of pages: 582
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier Science 2003
  • Published: March 27, 2003
  • Imprint: Elsevier Science
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080494654

About the Editor

P.A. Tyler

Affiliations and Expertise

School of Ocean and Earth Science, Southampton Oceanography Centre, University of Southampton, UK

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