Economic and Social Geography - 4th Edition - ISBN: 9780750609227, 9781483141534

Economic and Social Geography

4th Edition

Authors: R. Knowles J. Wareing
eBook ISBN: 9781483141534
Imprint: Made Simple
Published Date: 1st January 1981
Page Count: 350
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Economic and Social Geography reviews developments in the study of economic and social geography and brings together in a single volume work which is dispersed in many specialist textbooks. An attempt has been made to achieve a balance between oversimplification and over-elaboration, and to present essential concepts in a clear, concise manner. The book contains 25 chapters organized into five parts. Part One deals with the study of economic and social geography, including approaches to the study of human geography and environmental perception and behavior. Part Two on population geography covers topics such as population geography, population change, and population growth. Part Three on economic geography includes discussions of transportation, agriculture, and mineral resources. Part Four on settlement geography examines urbanization, the internal structure of towns and cities, and rural settlement. Part Five is devoted to urban and rural planning, problems of economic development, and resources. This book, together with its companion volume, Physical Geography Made Simple, should be of value to a variety of people. First, to those who are coming to academic geography for the first time, especially to those studying for GCE Advanced Level or ONC/OND examinations. It should also provide a concise introduction to first-year courses in further and higher education, including degree courses with a geography component, HNC/HND, and Certificate in Education courses.

Table of Contents


Part One: The Study of Economic and Social Geography

1 Man and Environment

Current Approaches to Human Geography

Man and Environment


Suggested Further Reading

2 Environmental Perception and Behavior

Environmental Perception

Environmental Preferences

Evaluating the Environment

Decision-Making and Behavior

Perception and Planning


Suggested Further Reading

3 Spatial Organization

Spatial Patterns

The Spatial Environment


Suggested Further Reading

4 Theory in Human Geography

Applying the Methods of Science


Suggested Further Reading

Part Two: Population Geography

5 Population Distribution

Sources of Population Data

World Distribution of Population

Influences on Population Distribution

Measures of Population Density and Distribution


Suggested Further Reading

6 Components of Population Change





Suggested Further Reading

7 Population Composition

Age Structure

Sex Composition

Ethnic Composition

Occupational Structure


Suggested Further Reading

8 Population Growth

Population Projections and Estimates

World Population Growth

Population Growth: Attitudes and Interpretations

Population and Resources


Suggested Further Reading

Part Three: Economic Geography

9 Transport: Adjusting Space by Reducing Economic Distance

Transport Costs and Economic Distance


Suggested Further Reading

10 Transport: Flows and Networks

Flow Theory

The Development of the Network of Interchange

Current Flows of International Trade

Network Analysis


Suggested Further Reading

11 Agriculture: Process and Pattern

Physical Influences on Agriculture

Social and Economic Influences on Agriculture

The Pattern of World Agriculture


Suggested Further Reading

12 Agriculture: Theory and Analysis

A Theory of Agricultural Location

Game Theory

The Diffusion Of Innovation

Classification and Regionalization


Suggested Further Reading

13 Mineral Resources and their Exploitation

The Mode of Occurrence of Minerals

Factors Influencing Mining Activity

The Effects of Mining on Landscape


Suggested Further Reading

14 Energy Resources: Fuel and Power

Energy Consumption and Standards of Living

Capital and Income Energy

Sources of Supply and Demand

The Transport of Energy

Choosing an Energy Supply


Suggested Further Reading

15 The Location of Industry

Finding the Location of Industry

Explaining the Location of Industry

The Dynamic Element in Location


Suggested Further Reading 1

16 Industrial Location Theory

The Search for Order

Order and Theory

Finding the Optimum Location

Location and Behavior


Suggested Further Reading

Part Four: Settlement Geography

17 Urbanization

What is a Town?

The City in History: Origins and Dispersals

Modern Accelerated Urbanization

The Pre-Industrial City

The Classification of Towns and Cities


Suggested Further Reading

18 The Size and Spacing of Cities

The Rank-Size Rule

The Law of the Primate City

Urban Hierarchies

Central Place Theory


Suggested Further Reading

19 The Internal Structure of Towns and Cities

The Land Value Surface

The Central Business District

Residential Areas

Industry in the City

Theories of Urban Structure


Suggested Further Reading

20 City and Region

The Urban Economic Base

Delimitation of the Urban Field

The Size and Shape of Urban Fields

Relationships between Urban Fields

Urban Fields and Local Government Boundaries


Suggested Further Reading

21 Rural Settlement and Society

Aspects of Village Settlement Study

Rural Depopulation

Urbanization of Rural Settlements


Suggested Further Reading

Part Five: Geography and Planning

22 Urban and Rural Planning

Urban Planning

Rural Planning


Suggested Further Reading

23 Problems of Economic Development: Differences Between Countries

Regional Inequalities

Regional Analysis

Regional Policy: Why Governments Intervene

Regional Policy: How Governments Intervene

Regional Policy in Britain


Suggested Further Reading

24 Problems of Economic Development: Differences Between Countries

Differences between Countries

Developing the Underdeveloped Countries


Suggested Further Reading

25 The Problem of Resources

The Nature of Resources

The Problem of Supply and Demand

The Problem of Waste and Pollution

Planning Resource Use


Suggested Further Reading



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About the Author

R. Knowles

J. Wareing

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