1st Edition - December 1, 1983

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  • Editor: W. D. Russell-Hunter
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483276090

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The Mollusca, Volume 6: Ecology provides an overview of the state of knowledge in molluscan ecology. It is part of a multivolume treatise that covers the fields of biochemistry, physiology, neurobiology, reproduction and development, evolution, ecology, medical aspects, and structure. The Mollusca is intended to serve a range of disciplines: biological, biochemical, paleontological, and medical. As a source of information on the current status of molluscan research, it should prove useful to researchers of the Mollusca and other phyla, as well as to teachers and qualified graduate students. The book contains 15 chapters, arranged into three levels of ecological perspective: (a) distributional studies; (b) physiological ecology and bioenergetics; and (c) population genetics and dynamics. A discussion of the planetary distribution of and ecological constraints upon the mollusca is followed by separate chapters on the life styles and distribution of mollusks on the deep-sea bottom, in mangroves, and on coral reefs; and the trophic and reproductive ecology of those intrinsically fascinating molluscan groups—the nudibranchs and cephalopods. Subsequent chapters present physiological ecology in land snails and in freshwater bivalves, prosobranchs, and pulmonates, with a survey of the techniques of actuarial bioenergetics as applied to nonmarine molluscs. Other chapters cover population dynamics and biology in an introduced pest species, population genetics of marine molluscs, ecogenetics of land snails, and life-cycle pattems throughout the major molluscan taxa.

Table of Contents

  • Contributors

    General Preface


    Contents of Other Volumes

    1. Overview: Planetary Distribution of and Ecological Constraints upon the Mollusca

    I. Introduction

    II. The Molluscs of Planet Earth

    III. Distributional and Trophic Ecology

    IV. Bioenergetic and Physiological Ecology

    V. Population Dynamics and Genetics

    VI. Ecological Constraints on Molluscan Evolution


    2. The Ecology of Deep-Sea Molluscs

    I. Introduction

    II. The Environment (Physical and Chemical)

    III. The Environment (Organic)

    IV. The Fauna

    V. Functional Morphology

    VI. Physiology

    VII. Reproduction

    VIII. Thermal Vent Mollusca

    IX. Evolution


    3. Mangrove Bivalves

    I. Introduction

    II. Is There a Specific Mangrove Fauna?

    III. Mangrove Bivalve Communities

    IV. Vertical Zonation on Mangrove Trees

    V. Patterns of Species Distribution through a Mangrove

    VI. Horizontal Zonation down an Estuary

    VII. Bivalve Predators

    VIII. Mangrove Bivalves

    IX. Discussion


    4. Coral-Associated Bivalves of the Indo-Pacific

    I. Introduction

    II. Definitions

    III. Distribution and Ecology

    IV. Coral Borers

    V. Other Coral Borers

    VI. Epizoic Bivalves of Living and Dead Corals

    VII. Crevice and Coral Gallery Bivalves

    VIII. Bivalves of Coral-Associated Habitats

    IX. Predator Defense Mechanisms

    X. Discussion


    5. Reproductive and Trophic Ecology of Nudibranch Molluscs

    I. Introduction

    II. Reproductive Ecology and Larval Biology

    III. Predator-Prey Associations


    6. Physiological and Trophic Ecology of Cephalopods

    I. Introduction

    II. Adaptation and Tolerance

    III. Gross Behavior and Habitat Selection

    IV. Feeding Strategies


    7. Physiological Ecology of Freshwater Bivalves

    I. Introduction

    II. Distributional Ecology of Freshwater Bivalves

    III. Physiological Adaptations, Acclimation, and Environmental Stress

    IV. Life Histories, Population Dynamics, and Population Energetics

    V. Evolutionary Strategies: an Ecological Perspective


    8. Physiological Ecology of Freshwater Prosobranchs

    I. Introduction

    II. Taxonomy

    III. Feeding

    IV. Bioenergetics

    V. Respiration

    VI. Nitrogen Excretion

    VII. Reproduction

    VIII. Fluid and Electrolyte Relations

    IX. Adaptations to Climatic Variation

    X. Future Studies


    9. Physiological Ecology of Freshwater Pulmonates

    I. Introduction

    II. Respiratory Adaptations to Aquatic Life

    III. Osmotic and Ionic Regulation in a Hypoosmotic Environment

    IV. Nitrogen Excretion

    V. Temperature

    VI. Adaptations to Low Environmental Oxygen Concentration

    VII. Aerial Exposure and Desiccation Resistance

    VIII. Summary


    10. Physiological Ecology of Land Snails and Slugs

    I. Introduction

    II. Water Relations

    III. Osmotic and Ionic Regulation

    IV. Nitrogen Excretion

    V. Respiratory Metabolism

    VI. Thermal Relations

    VII. Locomotor Activity Patterns and Photoperiodism

    VIII. Concluding Remarks


    11. Actuarial Bioenergetics of Nonmarine Molluscan Productivity

    I. Introduction

    II. General Methods

    III. Standing Crop Production

    IV. Rate Productivities

    V. Budget Components in Actuarial Analyses

    VI. Stock Comparisons and Investment Risks

    VII. Experimental Manipulations and the Actuarial Program


    12. Ecology of an Invasive Pest Bivalve, Corbicula

    I. Introduction

    II. Taxonomy

    III. Aspects as a Pest Species

    IV. Physiological Ecology

    V. Ecological Aspects of Life History

    VI. Control Measures

    VII. Future Utilization of Corbicula

    VIII. Summary and Conclusions


    13. Population Genetics of Marine Gastropods and Bivalves

    I. Introduction: Darwinian Evolution and the Framework of Population Genetics

    II. Genetics

    III. Distribution of Genetic Variation in Natural Populations

    IV. Evolutionary Genetics


    14. Ecology and Ecogenetics of Terrestrial Molluscan Populations

    I. Introduction

    II. Land Snail Ecology

    III. Interpretation

    IV. Ecogenetics: Recent Developments

    V. Conclusion


    15. Life-Cycle Patterns and Evolution

    I. Introduction

    II. Taxonomic Survey

    III. Intrinsic (Endogenous) Constraints and Trade-offs

    IV. Extrinsic (Exogenous) Factors

    V. Conclusions



Product details

  • No. of pages: 716
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1983
  • Published: December 1, 1983
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483276090

About the Editor

W. D. Russell-Hunter

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