Ecology - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780127514062, 9781483276090


1st Edition

Editors: W. D. Russell-Hunter
eBook ISBN: 9781483276090
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st December 1983
Page Count: 716
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The Mollusca, Volume 6: Ecology provides an overview of the state of knowledge in molluscan ecology. It is part of a multivolume treatise that covers the fields of biochemistry, physiology, neurobiology, reproduction and development, evolution, ecology, medical aspects, and structure. The Mollusca is intended to serve a range of disciplines: biological, biochemical, paleontological, and medical. As a source of information on the current status of molluscan research, it should prove useful to researchers of the Mollusca and other phyla, as well as to teachers and qualified graduate students. The book contains 15 chapters, arranged into three levels of ecological perspective: (a) distributional studies; (b) physiological ecology and bioenergetics; and (c) population genetics and dynamics. A discussion of the planetary distribution of and ecological constraints upon the mollusca is followed by separate chapters on the life styles and distribution of mollusks on the deep-sea bottom, in mangroves, and on coral reefs; and the trophic and reproductive ecology of those intrinsically fascinating molluscan groups—the nudibranchs and cephalopods. Subsequent chapters present physiological ecology in land snails and in freshwater bivalves, prosobranchs, and pulmonates, with a survey of the techniques of actuarial bioenergetics as applied to nonmarine molluscs. Other chapters cover population dynamics and biology in an introduced pest species, population genetics of marine molluscs, ecogenetics of land snails, and life-cycle pattems throughout the major molluscan taxa.

Table of Contents


General Preface


Contents of Other Volumes

1. Overview: Planetary Distribution of and Ecological Constraints upon the Mollusca

I. Introduction

II. The Molluscs of Planet Earth

III. Distributional and Trophic Ecology

IV. Bioenergetic and Physiological Ecology

V. Population Dynamics and Genetics

VI. Ecological Constraints on Molluscan Evolution


2. The Ecology of Deep-Sea Molluscs

I. Introduction

II. The Environment (Physical and Chemical)

III. The Environment (Organic)

IV. The Fauna

V. Functional Morphology

VI. Physiology

VII. Reproduction

VIII. Thermal Vent Mollusca

IX. Evolution


3. Mangrove Bivalves

I. Introduction

II. Is There a Specific Mangrove Fauna?

III. Mangrove Bivalve Communities

IV. Vertical Zonation on Mangrove Trees

V. Patterns of Species Distribution through a Mangrove

VI. Horizontal Zonation down an Estuary

VII. Bivalve Predators

VIII. Mangrove Bivalves

IX. Discussion


4. Coral-Associated Bivalves of the Indo-Pacific

I. Introduction

II. Definitions

III. Distribution and Ecology

IV. Coral Borers

V. Other Coral Borers

VI. Epizoic Bivalves of Living and Dead Corals

VII. Crevice and Coral Gallery Bivalves

VIII. Bivalves of Coral-Associated Habitats

IX. Predator Defense Mechanisms

X. Discussion


5. Reproductive and Trophic Ecology of Nudibranch Molluscs

I. Introduction

II. Reproductive Ecology and Larval Biology

III. Predator-Prey Associations


6. Physiological and Trophic Ecology of Cephalopods

I. Introduction

II. Adaptation and Tolerance

III. Gross Behavior and Habitat Selection

IV. Feeding Strategies


7. Physiological Ecology of Freshwater Bivalves

I. Introduction

II. Distributional Ecology of Freshwater Bivalves

III. Physiological Adaptations, Acclimation, and Environmental Stress

IV. Life Histories, Population Dynamics, and Population Energetics

V. Evolutionary Strategies: an Ecological Perspective


8. Physiological Ecology of Freshwater Prosobranchs

I. Introduction

II. Taxonomy

III. Feeding

IV. Bioenergetics

V. Respiration

VI. Nitrogen Excretion

VII. Reproduction

VIII. Fluid and Electrolyte Relations

IX. Adaptations to Climatic Variation

X. Future Studies


9. Physiological Ecology of Freshwater Pulmonates

I. Introduction

II. Respiratory Adaptations to Aquatic Life

III. Osmotic and Ionic Regulation in a Hypoosmotic Environment

IV. Nitrogen Excretion

V. Temperature

VI. Adaptations to Low Environmental Oxygen Concentration

VII. Aerial Exposure and Desiccation Resistance

VIII. Summary


10. Physiological Ecology of Land Snails and Slugs

I. Introduction

II. Water Relations

III. Osmotic and Ionic Regulation

IV. Nitrogen Excretion

V. Respiratory Metabolism

VI. Thermal Relations

VII. Locomotor Activity Patterns and Photoperiodism

VIII. Concluding Remarks


11. Actuarial Bioenergetics of Nonmarine Molluscan Productivity

I. Introduction

II. General Methods

III. Standing Crop Production

IV. Rate Productivities

V. Budget Components in Actuarial Analyses

VI. Stock Comparisons and Investment Risks

VII. Experimental Manipulations and the Actuarial Program


12. Ecology of an Invasive Pest Bivalve, Corbicula

I. Introduction

II. Taxonomy

III. Aspects as a Pest Species

IV. Physiological Ecology

V. Ecological Aspects of Life History

VI. Control Measures

VII. Future Utilization of Corbicula

VIII. Summary and Conclusions


13. Population Genetics of Marine Gastropods and Bivalves

I. Introduction: Darwinian Evolution and the Framework of Population Genetics

II. Genetics

III. Distribution of Genetic Variation in Natural Populations

IV. Evolutionary Genetics


14. Ecology and Ecogenetics of Terrestrial Molluscan Populations

I. Introduction

II. Land Snail Ecology

III. Interpretation

IV. Ecogenetics: Recent Developments

V. Conclusion


15. Life-Cycle Patterns and Evolution

I. Introduction

II. Taxonomic Survey

III. Intrinsic (Endogenous) Constraints and Trade-offs

IV. Extrinsic (Exogenous) Factors

V. Conclusions




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© Academic Press 1983
Academic Press
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About the Editor

W. D. Russell-Hunter

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