Ecology of Soil Seed Banks

Ecology of Soil Seed Banks

1st Edition - July 28, 1989

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  • Editor: Mary Allessio Leck
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323148658

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Ecology of Soil Seed Banks examines the factors that influence seed bank dynamics and the variety of patterns found among different species. This book presents seed banks in a community context to explore the ecological implications of different patterns, and thus begin the development of a synthesis by comparing various communities. Organized into five parts, this book first examines the general processes that influence inputs or losses from the seed bank, including predation, dormancy/germination mechanisms, and their evolutionary importance. Then, this text examines seed banks in a community context. Only eight vegetation types are included, but the range in diversity of life form, length of growing season, and dominant environmental conditions allow comparisons of seed bank patterns. This book also explores the role of seed banks in vegetation management. This reference material will be a valuable reference material to population and community ecologists and managers. Evolutionary consequences of seed banks should be of interest to population and theoretical biologists.

Table of Contents

  • Contributors



    Seed Banks in Ecological Perspective

    Part 1 Introduction

    1. Seed Banks: General Concepts and Methodological Issues

    I. Overview

    II. Methodological Considerations

    III. Questions Related to Seed Banks

    2. Some Aspects of the Natural History of Seed Banks

    I. Introduction

    II. Seed Banks

    III. Occurrences of Seed Banks

    IV. Physiology of Seed Banks

    V. Demography of Seed Banks

    VI. Seed Chemistry

    VII. Genetical Considerations

    VIII. Conclusions

    Part 2 Seed Bank Processes

    3. Predation in the Dynamics of Seed Regeneration

    I. Introduction

    II. Effects of Seed Predation

    III. Emerging Generalizations

    IV. Recommendation: Path Analysis Plus Field Experiments

    V. Summary and Conclusions

    4. Physiology of Dormancy and Germination in Relation to Seed Bank Ecology

    I. Introduction

    II. Types and States of Dormancy in Seeds

    III. Germination Ecology of Buried Seeds

    IV. General Patterns of Germination Responses in Seed Banks

    V. Summary and Conclusions

    5. Modeling the Evolutionary Ecology of Seed Banks

    I. Why Model the Population Dynamic Consequences of Seed Banks?

    II. Issues Relevant to Understanding Seed Banks

    III. How Seed Banks Affect the Way Selection Operates on Other Traits

    IV. Density Dependence and Kin Selection

    V. Community Seed Bank Patterns

    VI. Summary and Conclusions

    Part 3 Seed Banks And Vegetation Type

    6. The Role of Buried Viable Seeds in Arctic and Alpine Plant Communities

    I. Introduction

    II. Buried Seed Densities in Arctic and Alpine Soils

    III. Seed Bank Composition

    IV. Selection for Delayed Germination in Arctic and Alpine Environments

    V. Seed Bank Dynamics and Persistence

    VI. Summary and Conclusions

    7. Seed Banks and Vegetation Processes in Coniferous Forests

    I. Introduction

    II. The Environmental Setting

    III. Seed Bank Studies

    IV. Seed Bank Dynamics

    V. Fire as an Agent of Disturbance

    VI. Summary and Conclusions

    8. Seed Bank Dynamics in Temperate Deciduous Forest

    I. Introduction

    II. Tentative Generalizations about Seed Banks

    III. Seed Banks and Adaptation to Disturbance

    IV. Limitations of the Data Base and Opportunities for Future Research

    V. Summary and Conclusions

    9. Tropical Soil Seed Banks: A Review

    I. Introduction

    II. Regeneration Strategies of Tropical Species

    III. Dynamics of Seeds in Soil

    IV. Tropical Soil Seed Bank Strategies

    V. Changes in Tropical Soil Seed Banks during Succession

    VI. Spatial and Temporal Heterogeneity

    VII. Summary

    VIII. Appendix

    10. Impacts of Seed Banks on Grassland Community Structure and Population Dynamics

    I. Introduction

    II. Seed Banks and Community Structure in Grasslands

    III. Seed Banks and Population Dynamics in Grasslands

    IV. Annuals with Seed Banks: Modeling the Implications of Age Structure

    V. Summary

    11. Seed Banks in California Chaparral and Other Mediterranean Climate Shrublands

    I. Introduction

    II. Species Seed Bank Dynamics

    III. Seed Banks and Ecosystem Processes

    IV. Summary

    12. Seed Banks and Vegetation Processes in Deserts

    I. Introduction

    II. Distribution and Dynamics of Desert Seed Banks

    III. Relation of Seed Banks to Vegetation Dynamics

    IV. Regional Comparisons of Desert Seed Banks

    V. Summary and Conclusions

    13. Wetland Seed Banks

    I. Introduction

    II. Seed Bank Dynamics

    III. Summary and Conclusions

    Part 4 Management And Soil Seed Banks

    14. Seed Banks in Arable Land

    I. Introduction

    II. Inputs to Arable Seed Banks

    III. Numbers of Seeds in the Seed Bank

    IV. Seed Banks in Different Crops

    V. Changes over Time in Arable Seed Banks

    VI. Seed Banks in Different Soils

    VII. Effects of Fertilizers and Manures

    VIII. Effects of Cultivation

    IX. Effects of Herbicides

    X. Summary and Conclusions

    15. Seed Banks and the Management and Restoration of Natural Vegetation

    I. Introduction

    II. Vegetation Management

    III. Vegetation Restoration

    IV. Environmental Control of Recruitment

    V. Summary and Conclusions

    16. Seed Banks and Vegetation Management for Conservation: Toward Predictive Community Ecology

    I. Applying Ecological Research

    II. Manipulating Regeneration Processes

    III. A Quantitative Model: Toward Predictive Community Ecology

    IV. Case Histories: Fire and Water

    V. Conclusion

    Part 5 Synthesis

    17. Pattern and Process in the Dynamics of Seed Banks

    I. Introduction

    II. Population Seed Bank Dynamics

    III. Community Seed Bank Dynamics

    IV. Seed Banks and Management

    V. Seed Bank Dynamics: A Perspective



Product details

  • No. of pages: 484
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1989
  • Published: July 28, 1989
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323148658

About the Editor

Mary Allessio Leck

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