Ecological Significance of River Ecosystems

Ecological Significance of River Ecosystems

Challenges and Management Strategies

1st Edition - January 12, 2022

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  • Editors: Sughosh Madhav, Shyam Kanhaiya, Arun Srivastav, Virendra Singh, Pardeep Singh
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323903431
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323850452

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Description

Ecological Significance of Riparian Ecosystems: Challenges and Management Strategies examines the current issues related to river ecosystems, their environmental importance, pollution issues and potential management strategies. The book is divided into 4 key themes: Basics of river ecosystem, Natural phenomenon of river ecosystem, Human-induced problems of river ecosystem, and Management measures for the river ecosystem. Through these four themes, the contributors present both practical and theoretical aspects of river ecosystem in changing climate. An emphasis has been made on the recent research of climate change and its impact on the river ecosystem. River ecosystems have tremendous potential to store CO2, however, with changing climatic and anthropogenic activities, these habitats are under threat, and river ecosystems are losing the very vital service of storing carbon. Unlike well documented terrestrial biodiversity, the biodiversity in aquatic ecosystems is still unrecognized to some extent.

Key Features

  • Presents an understanding of the biogeochemical processes of river ecosystems achieved by food webs and diverse biogeochemical processes
  • Covers sediment dynamics and nutrient chemistry - hot topics in river ecosystems
  • Includes environmental pollution issues in river ecosystems from various anthropogenic activities

Readership

Graduate students, researchers, and practitioners in freshwater science, conservation, and natural resource management who recognize the increasing demand for cross-disciplinary collaboration, adaptive management, and social frameworks to facilitate such efforts

Table of Contents

  • Cover Image
  • Title Page
  • Copyright
  • Table of Contents
  • Contributors
  • Chapter 1 An overview of human health risk from opium alkaloids and related pharmaceutical products pollution in aquatic ecosystems
  • Abstract
  • 1.1 Introduction
  • 1.2 Opium and alkaloid-based industries
  • 1.3 Active pharmaceutical ingredients
  • 1.4 Impacts of pharmaceutical products on aquatic ecosystem
  • 1.5 Effects of various opium alkaloids on human health
  • 1.6 Treatment approach
  • 1.7 Concluding remarks
  • Conflict of Interest
  • Acknowledgment
  • References
  • Chapter 2 Impact of pharmaceuticals and antibiotics waste on the river ecosystem: a growing threat
  • Abstract
  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Pharmaceuticals and antibiotics waste
  • 2.3 Rules and regulations for surveillance of pharmaceuticals and antibiotics in water ecosystem
  • 2.4 Sources of pharmaceuticals and antibiotics in water ecosystem
  • 2.5 Impact of pharmaceuticals and antibiotics on aquatic ecosystem
  • 2.6 Approaches for remediation of pharmaceuticals and antibiotics
  • 2.7 Preventing future pharmaceutical waste contamination
  • 2.8 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 3 Heavy metal contamination in the river ecosystem
  • Abstract
  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Heavy metals contamination in the rivers
  • 3.3 Preventive strategies to deal with heavy metal contamination in water
  • 3.4 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 4 Factors influencing the alteration of microbial and heavy metal characteristics of river systems in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria
  • Abstract
  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 River systems in the Niger Delta
  • 4.3 Characteristics of river systems in the Niger Delta
  • 4.4 Factors influencing the alteration of rivers system quality in the Niger Delta
  • 4.5 Conclusion and the way forward
  • References
  • Chapter 5 Impact of climate change on the river ecosystem
  • Abstract
  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 River ecosystem
  • 5.3 General flow pattern of river
  • 5.4 Channelization of river
  • 5.5 Impact of climate change on river ecosystem
  • 5.6 Changes of streamflow and flood/drought indices
  • 5.7 Climatic adaptations
  • 5.8 Mitigating the effects of climatic change
  • 5.9 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 6 Geospatial technology for sustainable management of water resources
  • Abstract
  • 6.1 Introduction
  • 6.2 River ecosystem management
  • 6.3 Remote Sensing for delineation of river systems
  • 6.4 Monitoring water budget components: remote sensing-based observations
  • 6.5 Remote sensing in water quality monitoring
  • 6.6 Synthetic aperture radar data in river monitoring
  • 6.7 Future scope of water quality
  • 6.8 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgment
  • References
  • Chapter 7 Chemical and isotopic variability of Bhagirathi river water (Upper Ganga), Uttarakhand, India
  • Abstract
  • 7.1 Introduction
  • 7.2 Study area and methodology
  • 7.3 Major ion chemistry of Bhagirathi river
  • 7.4 Isotopic studies of Bhagirathi river
  • 7.5 Discussion and conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 8 Occurrence and distribution of perfluoroalkyl acids in rivers: Impact and risk assessment
  • Abstract
  • 8.1 Introduction
  • 8.2 Naming conventions and uses
  • 8.3 Sources of the perfluoroalkyl acids
  • 8.4 Environmental fate and transport process
  • 8.5 Occurrence and distribution in rivers and sediment
  • 8.6 Ecological and health effects
  • 8.7 Regulation
  • 8.8 Remediation techniques
  • 8.9 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 9 Socio-economic perspective of river health: A case study of river Ami, Uttar Pradesh, India
  • Abstract
  • 9.1 The framework
  • 9.2 Methodology
  • 9.3 Impact and vulnerabilities
  • 9.4 Result and discussion
  • 9.5 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 10 Sources of ions in the river ecosystem
  • Abstract
  • 10.1 Introduction
  • 10.2 Source of ions in the water body
  • 10.3 Determinant water quality parameters
  • 10.4 Effective measures for maintaining and restoring the river water quality
  • 10.5 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 11 Nutrients contamination and eutrophication in the river ecosystem
  • Abstract
  • 11.1 Introduction
  • 11.2 Sources of nutrients
  • 11.3 Importance of aquatic plants
  • 11.4 Aquatic biodiversity
  • 11.5 Pollution of water and its effect on aquatic food chain
  • 11.6 Effects of contaminants on aquatic ecosystem
  • 11.7 Factors affecting the aquatic pollution process
  • 11.8 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgment
  • References
  • Chapter 12 Current status of available techniques for removal of heavy metal contamination in the river ecosystem
  • Abstract
  • 12.1 Introduction
  • 12.2 Heavy metal accumulation in Indian river system
  • 12.3 Water quality criteria
  • 12.4 Sources of heavy metal and its impacts
  • 12.5 Heavy metal detection techniques
  • 12.6 Techniques for removal of heavy metal contamination
  • References
  • Chapter 13 Riverine biodiversity and importance: Potential threat and conservational challenges
  • Abstract
  • 13.1 Introduction
  • 13.2 River biodiversity
  • 13.3 Emerging threats
  • 13.4 Challenges
  • 13.5 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 14 Alteration of freshwater ecosystems and its assessment: In the light of nematode community structure
  • Abstract
  • 14.1 Introduction
  • 14.2 Brief history
  • 14.3 Methods for sample collection and processing
  • 14.4 Trophic groups
  • 14.5 Ecological parameters
  • 14.6 Effect of contaminants on nematode community
  • 14.7 Concluding remarks
  • References
  • Chapter 15 Human-induced stresses on the rivers beyond their assimilation and regeneration capacity
  • Abstract
  • 15.1 Introduction
  • 15.2 Role of rivers and their significance
  • 15.3 Human impact on river and anthropogenic stressors
  • 15.4 Few case studies
  • 15.5 River ecosystem restoration: a way forward
  • 15.6 Why restoration is important
  • 15.7 River restoration initiatives in some countries
  • 15.8 River restoration initiatives in India
  • 15.9 Scenario of the Ganga river
  • 15.10 Restoration activities in urban rivers
  • 15.11 Control measures
  • 15.12 Recommendations
  • 15.13 Conclusion
  • References
  • Chapter 16 Impact of anthropogenic stresses on riparian ecosystem and their management perspectives
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • 16.1 Introduction
  • 16.2 Challenges for riparian ecosystems
  • 16.3 Emerging challenges to the riparian ecosystems
  • 16.4 Ecological engineering approaches for the riparian ecosystem
  • 16.5 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 17 Territorial long-term forecasting of hydrological characteristics of spring floods of lowland rivers
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • 17.1 Introduction
  • 17.2 Methodology
  • 17.3 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 18 Engineer substantiation of estimated characteristics of maximum rivers runoff during floods under climate change
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • 18.1 Introduction
  • 18.2 Mathematical models for estimation of rivers maximum surface runoff
  • 18.3 Methods recommended by regulatory documents for determination of maximum rivers runoff in Ukraine (SNiP 2.01.14-83, DBN-2015)
  • 18.4 The operator’s models of forming of surface runoff for the rating of estimated characteristics of floods
  • 18.5 Regional methods for determination of maximum runoff of Ukrainian rivers
  • 18.6 Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 19 Palaeoclimatic imprint on fluvial sediments: examples from Indian Phanerozoic successions
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • 19.1 Introduction
  • 19.2 Fluvial deposits as palaeoclimatic indicators
  • 19.3 Methods
  • 19.4 Applications: examples from Indian Phanerozoic basins
  • 19.5 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Chapter 20 Sustainability Assessment of Jumar River in Ranchi District of Jharkhand using River Sustainability Bayesian Network (RSBN) model Approach
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • 20.1 Introduction
  • 20.2 Study area: Jumar watershed
  • 20.3 Summary and conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 21 Prospects of microbes in mitigations of environmental degradation in the river ecosystem
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • 21.1 Introduction
  • 21.2 Conclusions
  • Acknowledgment
  • References
  • Chapter 22 Sustainable fisheries/aquaculture of hilsa, Tenualosa ilisha in changing and dynamic riverine ecosystem of India and its neighborhood
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • 22.1 Introduction
  • 22.2 Taxonomic position and biology
  • 22.3 Capture fisheries and livelihood/food security
  • 22.4 Riverine system and hilsa migration
  • 22.5 Regulation and conservation measures for sustainable hilsa fishery management
  • 22.6 Biological conservation/conservational endocrinology
  • 22.7 Researchable issues (research gap) and way forward
  • 22.8 Conclusion
  • Acknowledgment
  • Conflicts of Interest
  • References
  • Chapter 23 Water quality status in Bagmati river of Kathmandu valley, Nepal
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • 23.1 Introduction
  • 23.2 Bagmati River Basin
  • 23.3 Physicochemical condition
  • 23.4 Heavy metals
  • 23.5 Conclusions
  • References
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 520
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2022
  • Published: January 12, 2022
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323903431
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323850452

About the Editors

Sughosh Madhav

Dr. Sughosh Madhav works as a Postdoctoral Fellow at the Department of Civil Engineering, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, India. He has obtained his master’s degree from the Department of Environmental Science Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India. He earned his doctorate from Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India. The area of his doctoral research is the environmental impact of textile effluents on groundwater and soil quality. He has published various research papers and book chapters in environmental geochemistry, water pollution, and wastewater remediation. He also edited 4 books related to water resource management in Elsevier, Springer, and Wiley publications.

Affiliations and Expertise

Postdoctoral Fellow, Department of Civil Engineering, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, India

Shyam Kanhaiya

Dr. Shyam Kanahiya Singh is currently an Assistant Professor and Head of the Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Professor Rajendra Singh (Rajju Bhaiya) Institute of Physical Sciences for Study and Research, Veer Bahadur Singh Purvanchal University, Jaunpur, Uttar Pradesh, India. He obtained his Ph. D. from the Department of Geology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India. His area of interest is the geochemistry of earth surface processes: river processes geochemistry, chemical weathering of rocks, sediment geochemistry, and paleoclimatology and provenance studies besides fluvial sedimentology of the Ganga plain. He has published more than fifteen research papers in various international Journals.

Affiliations and Expertise

Assistant Professor, Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Professor Rajendra Singh (Rajju Bhaiya) Institute of Physical Sciences for Study and Research, Veer Bahadur Singh Purvanchal University, Jaunpur, Uttar Pradesh, India

Arun Srivastav

Dr. Arun Lal Srivastav obtained his PhD degree from the Indian Institute of Technology (BHU), Varanasi (India) in 2013. The focus of his PhD was adsorption of nitrate and fluoride from water. Thereafter, he has worked as a Post-Doctoral Fellow at National Chung Hsing University, Taiwan in 2014 on photocatalytic inactivation of E. coli from water. He has published many SCI/SCOPUS indexed research papers. Presently, he is working as Assistant Professor at Chitkara University, Himachal Pradesh (India). He is active in the field of water research along with teaching courses like Environmental Science, Disaster Management and Environmental Engineering to the engineering students.

Affiliations and Expertise

Assistant Professor, Chitkara University, Himachal Pradesh, India

Virendra Singh

Dr. Virendra Bahadur Singh is presently working as Dr. D. S. Kothari Postdoctoral Fellow (DSKPDF) in the Department of Geology, University of Delhi, Delhi, India. He has also worked as National Postdoctoral Fellow (NPDF) in the Department of Civil Engineering, IIT Delhi, New Delhi, India. Dr. Singh has obtained a doctoral degree from School of Environmental Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India in 2016. His research work is mainly focussed on hydrology, sediment dynamics, hydrogeochemistry, biogeochemistry etc. He has published 28 papers in various peer-reviewed national and international journals. Dr. Singh has awarded Commonwealth Split-site Scholarship tenable at University of Bristol, UK.

Affiliations and Expertise

Postdoctoral Fellow, Department of Geology, University of Delhi, New Delhi, India

Pardeep Singh

Dr. Pardeep Singh is presently working as an Assistant professor (Department of Environmental Science, PGDAV College, University of Delhi, New Delhi, India). He obtained his master's degree from the Department of Environmental Science Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi India in 2011. He obtained his doctorate from the Indian Institute of Technology (Banaras Hindu University) Varanasi in the year 2017. The area of his doctoral research is the degradation of organic pollutants through various indigenous isolated microbes and by using various types of photocatalytic. He has published more than 65 papers in the international journals in the fields of waste management.

Affiliations and Expertise

Assistant Professor, Department of Environmental Science, PGDAV College, University of Delhi, New Delhi, India

Ratings and Reviews

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  • Markandeya Thu Sep 30 2021

    An overview of human health risk from opium alkaloids and related pharmaceutical products pollution in aquatic ecosystems"

    Very good and effective

  • Dr M. Tue Aug 24 2021

    Impact of climate change on river ecosystem

    .