Eco-efficient Masonry Bricks and Blocks

1st Edition

Design, Properties and Durability

Editors: Fernando Pacheco-Torgal P.B. Lourenço J.A. Labrincha Chindaprasirt . S Kumar
Hardcover ISBN: 9781782423058
eBook ISBN: 9781782423188
Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
Published Date: 4th December 2014
Page Count: 548
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Table of Contents

  • Related titles
  • List of contributors
  • Woodhead Publishing Series in Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Foreword
  • 1. Introduction to eco-efficient masonry bricks and blocks
    • 1.1. Brief historical considerations on masonry bricks and blocks: past, present and future
    • 1.2. Contributions of masonry bricks and blocks for eco-efficient construction
    • 1.3. Outline of the book
  • Part One. Design, properties and thermal performance of large and highly perforated fired-clay masonry bricks
    • 2. The design and mechanical performance of high-performance perforated fired masonry bricks
      • 2.1. Introduction
      • 2.2. Conception of fired clay units
      • 2.3. Raw materials used in the production of perforated fired bricks
      • 2.4. Mechanical characteristics of perforated fired bricks
      • 2.5. Masonry assemblages with fired perforated brick masonry
      • 2.6. Conclusions
      • 2.7. Future trends
    • 3. Influence of large and highly perforated fired-clay bricks in the improvement of the equivalent thermal transmittance of single-leaf masonry walls
      • 3.1. Introduction
      • 3.2. Materials and methods
      • 3.3. Results
      • 3.4. Comparative analysis
      • 3.5. Conclusions and future trends
    • 4. Traditional fired-clay bricks versus large and highly perforated fired-clay bricks masonry: influence on buildings thermal performance
      • 4.1. Introduction
      • 4.2. Simulation tools for the assessment of energy performance of buildings
      • 4.3. Reference building
      • 4.4. Computational results and discussion
      • 4.5. Future trends
  • Part Two. The design, properties and durability of fired-clay masonry bricks containing industrial wastes
    • 5. The properties and durability of clay fly ash-based fired masonry bricks
      • 5.1. Introduction
      • 5.2. Fly ash characte


Masonry walls constitute the interface between the building’s interior and the outdoor environment. Masonry walls are traditionally composed of fired-clay bricks (solid or perforated) or blocks (concrete or earth-based), but in the past (and even in the present) they were often associated as needing an extra special thermal and acoustical insulation layer. However, over more recent years investigations on thermal and acoustical features has led to the development of new improved bricks and blocks that no longer need these insulation layers. Traditional masonry units (fired-clay bricks, concrete or earth-based blocks) that don’t offer improved performance in terms of thermal and acoustical insulation are a symbol of a low-technology past, that are far removed from the demands of sustainable construction.

This book provides an up-to-date state-of-the-art review on the eco-efficiency of masonry units, particular emphasis is placed on the design, properties, performance, durability and LCA of these materials. Since masonry units are also an excellent way to reuse bulk industrial waste the book will be important in the context of the Revised Waste Framework Directive 2008/98/EC which states that the minimum reuse and recycling targets for construction and demolition waste (CDW) should be at least 70% by 2020. On the 9th of March 2011 the European Union approved the Regulation (EU) 305/2011, known as the Construction Products Regulation (CPR) and it will be enforced after the 1st of July 2013. The future commercialization of construction materials in Europe makes their environmental assessment mandatory meaning that more information related to the environmental performance of building materials is much needed.

Key Features

  • Provides an authoritative guide to the eco-efficiency of masonry units
  • Examines the reuse of waste materials
  • Covers a range of materials including, clay, cement, earth and pumice


Civil engineers, contractors working in construction and materials scientists working both in industry and universities


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Woodhead Publishing
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"This book fulfils an important gap in building knowledge and provides the designers, architects and engineers with important up-to-date information to re-establish masonry as a suitable system for eco-efficient buildings." --Professor Vahan Agopyan, Vice-President of the University of S.Paulo (From the foreword)

About the Editors

Fernando Pacheco-Torgal Editor

Fernando Pacheco-Torgal is a Senior Researcher in the C-TAC Research Centre at the University of Minho, Portugal. He has authored almost 300 publications, including 96 in ISI Web of Science-WoS and 92 on Scopus. Having received 798 citations in WoS (h-index=15) and 1125 citations on Scopus (h-index=18). He has a SCI Platinum h=30 the highest in the field of civil engineering in Portugal. He has also been the Lead Editor of 14 international books, with more than 500 contributors from 52 countries in the five continents.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Minho, Portugal

P.B. Lourenço Editor

J.A. Labrincha Editor

Associate Professor, University of Aveiro, Portugal

Chindaprasirt . Editor

S Kumar Editor

Affiliations and Expertise

Petroleum Engineering Department, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089-1 21 1, U.S.A.