Earth Reinforcement and Soil Structures - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780408035491, 9781483104461

Earth Reinforcement and Soil Structures

1st Edition

Editors: F. G. Bell
Authors: Colin J F P Jones
eBook ISBN: 9781483104461
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
Published Date: 6th July 1988
Page Count: 210
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Description

Earth Reinforcement and Soil Structures provides a coverage of the basic aspects of reinforced soil. The book is comprised of 12 chapters that cover the theoretical elements up to the practical applications. The first two chapters provide the introduction and historical review of the subject of reinforced soil. The third chapter presents a catalogue of some of the application areas for the use of earth reinforcement, while the fourth chapter covers the theoretical concepts. The next six chapters deal with the practical aspects of earth reinforcements, such as design, construction, costs, and durability. The remaining two chapters provide some worked examples and discuss the developments in earth reinforcement, respectively. The text will be of great use to undergraduate students of civil engineering and other related fields.

Table of Contents


Preface

Acknowledgments

Notation

1 Introduction

2 History

2.1 Ancient Structures

2.2 Modern Structures

References

3 Application Areas

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Bridgeworks

3.2.1 Bridge Abutment

3.2.2 Bridge Abutment with Piled Bank Seat

3.2.3 Bridge Abutment and support to Bank Seat

3.2.4 Sloping Bridge Abutment

3.2.5 Reinforced Embankment in Place of Viaduct

3.3 Dams

3.3.1 Earth Fill Dam

3.3.2 Reinforced Earth Dam

3.3.3 Reinforced Soil Structure to Raise the Height of an Existing Dam

3.4 Embankments

3.4.1 Reinforced Embankment

3.4.2 Geocell Mattress to Produce Embankment Stability

3.4.3 Geogrid Vertical Web Foundation to Produce Embankment Stability

3.4.4 Tied Embankment

3.5 Foundations

3.5.1 Geogrid Web and Column Foundations for Embankments on Weak Subsoils

3.5.2 Foundations in Urban Conditions

3.5.3 Reinforced Earth Slab Over Cavities in Subsoil

3.5.4 Reinforced Footings Beneath Structures

3.5.5 Reinforced Foundations beneath Storage Tanks

3.6 Highways

3.6.1 Reinforced Embankments Supporting Carriageways

3.6.2 Reinforced Soil Support to Embankments in Mountainous Regions

3.6.3 Reinforced Embankments Supporting Highways

3.6.4 Repair of Embankment Failures

3.6.5 Formation of Reinforced Cutting Using Soil Nailing or Lateral Earth Support System

3.6.6 Reinforced Soil Repair of Cutting Failure

3.7 Housing

3.7.1 Reinforced Soil Used to Form Terraced Housing

3.8 Industrial

3.8.1 Rock Crushing Plant

3.8.2 Mineral Storage Bunkers

3.8.3 Settlement Tanks and Lagoons

3.8.4 Containment Dikes

3.8.5 Roof Support Packs in Underground Mining

3.9 Military

3.9.1 Arming Bunkers, Traverses and Blast Shelters

3.10 Pipe-Works

3.10.1 Side Support to Buried Pipe Structures

3.11 Railways

3.11.1 Reinforcement of Railway Embankments and to Protect against Environmental Damage

3.11.2 Railway Support Embankment

3.12 Root Pile Systems

3.12.1 Foundation Supports and Repair Techniques

3.13 Sports Structures

3.13.1 Ski Jumping Slopes

3.14 Quays and Sea Walls

3.14.1 Sea Wall

3.14.2 Islands Constructed Underwater

3.14.3 Wall Adjacent to River or Forming Sides of a Canal

3.15 Underground Structures

3.15.1 Vaults

References

4 Theory

4.1 Introduction

4.2 General Theory

4.2.1 Stress-Strain Relationship of Reinforced Soil

4.3 Factors Affecting the Performance and Behavior of Reinforced Soil

4.3.1 Reinforcement

4.3.2 Reinforcement Distribution

4.3.3 Soil

4.3.4 Soil State

4.3.5 Construction

4.4 Design Theories

4.4.1 General

4.4.2 Vertically Faced Structures

4.4.3 Overall Stability—Vertically-Faced Structures

4.4.4 Embankments and Cuttings

4.4.5 Composite Reinforcing Systems

4.5 Seismic Effects

4.5.1 Seismic Designs

4.6 Mining Subsidence

4.7 Repeated Loading

References

5 Materials

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Soil/Fill

5.2.1 Cohesion-less Fill

5.2.2 Cohesive Frictional Fill

5.2.3 Cohesive Fill

5.2.4 Waste Materials

5.3 Reinforcement

5.3.1 Types of Reinforcing Materials

5.3.2 Properties

5.3.3 Proprietary Reinforcing Materials

5.4 Facings

References

6 Design and Analysis

6.1 Idealization

6.2 Conceptual Design

6.2.1 Walls, Abutments and Retained Embankments

6.2.2 Environmental or Special Problems

6.2.3 Reinforced Embankments

6.3 Analysis

6.3.1 Vertical Walls and Abutments

6.3.2 Analysis - Sloping Structures and Embankments

6.3.3 Foundations

6.3.4 Cuttings

6.3.5 Soil Nailing

6.4 Computer-Aided Design and Analysis

6.4.1 Finite Element Analysis

6.4.2 Iterative Techniques

References

7 Construction

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Construction Methods

7.2.1 Concertina Method

7.2.2 Telescope Method

7.2.3 Sliding Method

7.3 Reinforcing Systems

7.3.1 Anchored Earth

7.3.2 Soil Mailing

7.3.3 Lateral Earth Support Systems

7.4 Labor and Plant

7.5 Rate of Construction

7.6 Drainage and Corrosion

7.7 Compaction

7.8 Distortion

7.8.1 Concertina Construction

7.8.2 Telescope Construction

7.8.3 Sliding Method Construction

7.9 Logistics

7.10 Contractor's Construction Sequence

References

8 Construction Details

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Foundations

8.2.1 Geocell Mattress

8.3 Drainage

8.3.1 Drainage behind the Soil Structure

8.3.2 Drainage beneath the Soil Structure

8.3.3 Combined Drainage and Geocell Mattress

8.3.4 Wall Drainage

8.3.5 Drainage above a Reinforced Soil Structure

8.4 Facings

8.4.1 Full Height Facing

8.4.2 Elemental Facing Units

8.5 Bridge Abutments and Bank Seats

8.5.1 Abutment Details for Footbridge

8.5.2 Abutment Detail for Highway Bridge

8.6 Reinforcements and Reinforcement Connections

8.6.1 Strip Reinforcement

8.6.2 Grid Reinforcement

8.6.3 Anchor Reinforcement

8.6.4 Combined Strip/Anchor Reinforcement

8.6.5 Fabric Reinforcement

9 Costs and Economics

9.1 Economic Advantage

9.2 Estimating Costs

9.3 Total Cost

9.4 Distribution of Costs

9.4.1 Design Consideration

9.4.2 Construction Consideration

9.5 Cost Differentials

9.6 Ecology Audit

References

10 Durability

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Corrosion

10.2.1 Electrochemical Corrosion

10.2.2 Bacterial Corrosion

10.2.3 Physical Damage

10.2.4 Material Compatibility

10.2.5 Miscellaneous Factors

10.3 Construction Factors Influencing the Corrosion of Reinforcement and Facings

10.3.1 Cohesion-less Fill

10.3.2 Cohesive Fill

10.3.3 Conclusion

10.4 Measurements of Corrosion Factors

10.4.1 Resistivity

10.4.2 Redox Potential

10.4.3 Water Content

10.4.4 pH

10.5 Durability of Existing Reinforcing Materials

10.5.1 Mild Steel and Galvanized Steel

10.5.2 High-Alloy Steels

10.5.3 Glass Fiber Reinforcing Elements

10.5.4 Textiles (Plastics)

10.5.5 Tires

10.5.6 Degradation

References

11 Examples

11.1 Introduction

11.2 Example 1 The Design of a Vertical Retaining Wall

11.3 Example 2 The Design of a Reinforced Soil Abutment of a Bridge

11.4 Example 3 The Design of a Foundation Mattress beneath an Embankment

12 Recent Developments

12.1 Introduction

12.2 Anchored Earth

12.2.1 Multi-Anchored Wall, Japan

12.2.2 New Retaining Wall System

12.3 Tension Membranes

12.3.1 Land Reclamation

12.3.2 Embankments Over Voids

12.3.3 Reinforcement on Embankment Piles

12.4 Three-Dimensional Reinforcement

12.5 Construction Techniques

12.5.1 Hybrid Structures

12.5.2 Vertical Reinforcement System

12.6 Construction Details

12.6.1 Construction Tolerances and Serviceability Limits

12.6.2 Settlements

12.6.3 Pressure Relieving Systems

12.6.4 Propping Forces

References

Index

Details

No. of pages:
210
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Butterworth-Heinemann 1985
Published:
Imprint:
Butterworth-Heinemann
eBook ISBN:
9781483104461

About the Editor

F. G. Bell

About the Author

Colin J F P Jones

Ratings and Reviews