Early Solar Physics - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080066530, 9781483156583

Early Solar Physics

1st Edition

The Commonwealth and International Library: Selected Readings in Physics

Authors: A. J. Meadows
Editors: D. Ter Haar
eBook ISBN: 9781483156583
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1970
Page Count: 320
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Early Solar Physics reviews developments in solar physics, particularly the advent of solar spectroscopy and the discovery of relationships between the various layers of the solar atmosphere and between the different forms of solar activity. Topics covered include solar observations during 1843; chemical analysis of the solar atmosphere; the spectrum of a solar prominence; and the solar eclipse of December 12, 1871. Spectroscopic observations of the sun are also presented. This book is comprised of 30 chapters and begins with an overview of ideas about the sun in the mid-nineteenth century, followed by a summary of progress in astronomy between 1850 and 1900, including observations of the solar surface, sunspots, and solar flares. The founding of the Mount Wilson Solar Observatory is cited. Observations of the sun made with solar spectroscopy are presented, including those of the sun's temperature. The results of a detailed examination of spectra photographed during the solar eclipse of January 22, 1898 are also discussed. The final chapter examines the magnetic properties of the earth and sun. This monograph will be a useful resource for astronomers, astrophysicists, and those interested in discovering many aspects of the sun.

Table of Contents

Preface Part 1 I. Ideas of the Sun in the Mid-Nineteenth Century II. The New Astronomy (1850-1900) Solar Spectroscopy Observation of the Solar Surface Sunspots Solar Flares The Temperature of the Solar Surface The Chromosphere, the Prominences and the Corona Lockyer's Investigations of the Solar Atmosphere The Structure and Energy Source of the Sun III. The New Era in Solar Physics The Nature of the Photosphere The Mount Wilson Solar Observatory References Part 2

1. Solar Observations During 1843 2. Observations on the Sun's Store of Force 3. On the Chemical Analysis of the Solar Atmosphere 4. On a New Proposition In the Theory of Heat 5. Summary of Some of the Results obtained at Cocanada, during the Eclipse last August 6. Notice of an Observation of the Spectrum of a Solar Prominence 7. Results of the Spectro-Analytical Observations at Bothkamp Observatory 8. On a New Method of Observing Contacts at the Sun's Limb, and Other Spectroscopic Observations during the Recent Eclipse 9. Notes on Recent Progress in Solar Physics 10. On the Distribution of the Solar Spots in Latitude since the Beginning of the Year 1854 11. Spectroscopic Observations of the Sun 12. Spectroscopic Notes 13. Description of a Singular Appearance seen in the Sun on September 1 14. On a Curious Appearance seen in the Sun 15. The Effective Temperature of the Sun 16. Spectroscopic Observations of the Sun 17. Preliminary Note of Researches on Gaseous Spectra in Respect to the Physical Constitution of the Sun 18. The New Spectrum 19. Spectroscopic Observations 20. Observations on the Solar Eclipse of December 12, 1871 21. The Wave-length of the Green Coronal Line and Other Data Resulting from an Attempt to Determine the Law of Rotation of th


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About the Author

A. J. Meadows

About the Editor

D. Ter Haar

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