Early Solar Physics - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080066530, 9781483156583

Early Solar Physics

1st Edition

The Commonwealth and International Library: Selected Readings in Physics

Authors: A. J. Meadows
Editors: D. Ter Haar
eBook ISBN: 9781483156583
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1970
Page Count: 320
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Early Solar Physics reviews developments in solar physics, particularly the advent of solar spectroscopy and the discovery of relationships between the various layers of the solar atmosphere and between the different forms of solar activity. Topics covered include solar observations during 1843; chemical analysis of the solar atmosphere; the spectrum of a solar prominence; and the solar eclipse of December 12, 1871. Spectroscopic observations of the sun are also presented. This book is comprised of 30 chapters and begins with an overview of ideas about the sun in the mid-nineteenth century, followed by a summary of progress in astronomy between 1850 and 1900, including observations of the solar surface, sunspots, and solar flares. The founding of the Mount Wilson Solar Observatory is cited. Observations of the sun made with solar spectroscopy are presented, including those of the sun's temperature. The results of a detailed examination of spectra photographed during the solar eclipse of January 22, 1898 are also discussed. The final chapter examines the magnetic properties of the earth and sun. This monograph will be a useful resource for astronomers, astrophysicists, and those interested in discovering many aspects of the sun.

Table of Contents


Part 1

I. Ideas of the Sun in the Mid-Nineteenth Century

II. The New Astronomy (1850-1900)

Solar Spectroscopy

Observation of the Solar Surface


Solar Flares

The Temperature of the Solar Surface

The Chromosphere, the Prominences and the Corona

Lockyer's Investigations of the Solar Atmosphere

The Structure and Energy Source of the Sun

III. The New Era in Solar Physics

The Nature of the Photosphere

The Mount Wilson Solar Observatory


Part 2

1. Solar Observations During 1843

2. Observations on the Sun's Store of Force

3. On the Chemical Analysis of the Solar Atmosphere

4. On a New Proposition In the Theory of Heat

5. Summary of Some of the Results obtained at Cocanada, during the Eclipse last August

6. Notice of an Observation of the Spectrum of a Solar Prominence

7. Results of the Spectro-Analytical Observations at Bothkamp Observatory

8. On a New Method of Observing Contacts at the Sun's Limb, and Other Spectroscopic Observations during the Recent Eclipse

9. Notes on Recent Progress in Solar Physics

10. On the Distribution of the Solar Spots in Latitude since the Beginning of the Year 1854

11. Spectroscopic Observations of the Sun

12. Spectroscopic Notes

13. Description of a Singular Appearance seen in the Sun on September 1

14. On a Curious Appearance seen in the Sun

15. The Effective Temperature of the Sun

16. Spectroscopic Observations of the Sun

17. Preliminary Note of Researches on Gaseous Spectra in Respect to the Physical Constitution of the Sun

18. The New Spectrum

19. Spectroscopic Observations

20. Observations on the Solar Eclipse of December 12, 1871

21. The Wave-length of the Green Coronal Line and Other Data Resulting from an Attempt to Determine the Law of Rotation of the Solar Corona

22. Spectroscopic Observations of the Sun

23. The Spectroheliograph

24. Wave-length Determinations and General Results obtained from a Detailed Examination of Spectra photographed at the Solar Eclipse of January 22, 1898

25. On the Theoretical Temperature of the Sun; under the Hypothesis of a Gaseous Mass maintaining Its Volume by Its Internal Heat, and depending on the Laws of Gases as Known to Terrestrial Experiment

26. Concerning the Equilibrium of the Solar Atmosphere

27. The Earth and Sun as Magnets



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© Pergamon 1970
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About the Author

A. J. Meadows

About the Editor

D. Ter Haar

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