Early Adventures in Biochemistry - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9781559389600, 9780080530635

Early Adventures in Biochemistry, Volume 1

1st Edition

Editors: L.A. Stocken M.G. Ord
eBook ISBN: 9780080530635
Hardcover ISBN: 9781559389600
Imprint: Elsevier Science
Published Date: 28th June 1995
Page Count: 239
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Table of Contents

Contents. Acknowledgements (M.G. Ord and L.A. Stocken). Chapter 1: Introduction. Chapter 2: Biochemistry Before 1900. The Analytical Basis of Biochemistry. Vitalism and the Cell Theory. The Acceptance of the Cell Theory and the Downfall of Vitalism: 1850:1897. From Physiological Chemistry to Biochemistry. Chapter 3: Early Metabolic Studies: Energy Needs and the Composition of the Diet. The Determination of Energy Needs. Dietary Requirements. Nutritional Deficiency Diseases and the Discovery of the Vitamins. Other Dietetically Important Factors. Growth Studies with Microorganisms. Metabolic Diseases. Genetic Diseases. Chapter 4: Carbohydrate Utilization: Glycolysis and Related Activities. Introduction. Development of Analytical Techniques. The Glycolytic Pathways. Glycogen Breakdown and Synthesis. Glycolysis and Muscle Contraction. Chapter 5: Aspects of Carbohydrate Oxidation, Electron Transfer, and Oxidative Phosphorylation. Measurement of Oxygen Uptake. The "Cycle" Concept. Some Steps in the Tricarboxylic Acid Cycle. Terminal Oxidation: The Cytochrome Chain. Oxidative Phosphorylation. Chapter 6: Amino Acid Catabolism in Animals. Amino Acid Catabolism: The Role of the Liver. Experimental Procedures. The Urea Cycle. Amino Acid Oxidation and the Release of Ammonia. Transamination. Pyridoxal Phosphate (Vitamin B6) as Coenzyme for Transamination. Chapter 7: The Utilization of Fatty Acids. Classical Fatty Acid Oxidation. The Fatty Acid Spiral. Fatty Acid Synthesis. Chapter 8: The Impact of Isotopes: 1925-1965. Introduction. The Detection of Isotopes. The Availability of Isotopes for Biochemical Use. The Dynamic State of Body Constituents. Studies with Deuterium. 14C Acetate and Cholesterol Biosynthesis. Studies with 32p. The Calvin Cycle. Chapter 9: Biochemistry and the Cell. The Age of Classical Microscopy: ca. 1840-1940. Techniques in Visible Microscopy. Unveiling Cell Ultrastructure. The Intracellular Organelles. The Cell (Plasma) Membrane. Chapter 10: Concepts of Protein Structure and Function. 1800-1940. The Introduction of Chromatography: The Analytical Revolution. The Three-Dimensional Structure of Insulin Enzymes. Appendix 1: Chronological Summary of Main Events up to ca. 1960. Appendix 2: Principal Metabolic Pathways. Author Index. Subject Index.


Description

The account in this inaugural volume of the series covers the period 1900 to 1960, but also outlines the principal developments in earlier centuries from which biochemistry emerged. Findings are considered in the light of present knowledge, rather than in a rigid historical framework.


Details

No. of pages:
239
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Elsevier Science 1995
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier Science
eBook ISBN:
9780080530635
Hardcover ISBN:
9781559389600

About the Editors

L.A. Stocken Editor

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Biochemistry, University of Oxford, Oxford, England

M.G. Ord Editor

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Biochemistry, University of Oxford, Oxford, England