Description

Many processes of the chemical industry are based upon heterogeneous catalysis. Two important items of these processes are the development of the catalyst itself and the design and optimization of the reactor. Both aspects would benefit from rigorous and accurate kinetic modeling, based upon information on the working catalyst gained from classical steady state experimentation, but also from studies using surface science techniques, from quantum chemical calculations providing more insight into possible reaction pathways and from transient experimentation dealing with reactions and reactors. This information is seldom combined into a kinetic model and into a quantitative description of the process. Generally the catalytic aspects are dealt with by chemists and by physicists, while the chemical engineers are called upon for mechanical aspects of the reactor design and its control. The symposium "Dynamics of Surfaces and Reaction Kinetics in Heterogeneous Catalysis" aims at illustrating a more global and concerted approach through a number of prestigious keynote lectures and severely screened oral and poster presentations.

Table of Contents

Preface. Keynote Lectures. Catalytic surface reaction pathways and energetics from first principles (M. Neurock). Molecular studies of the mobility of surface metal atoms and adsorbates during catalytic reactions (G.A. Somorjai, G. Rupprechter). Molecular kinetics of heterogeneous catalytic reactions (R.A. van Santen et al.). From supersonic beams and single crystal microcalorimetry to the control of catalytic reactions (D.A. King). Dynamic phenomena at the oxide/water interface: the interplay of surface charge formation, metal complex adsorption, and dissolution/reprecipitation (J.-F. Lambert, M. Che). The influence of oxygen poisoning on a multiply promoted iron catalyst used for ammonia synthesis: a temperature-programmed desorption and reaction study (F. Rosowski, M. Muhler). Importance of dynamics in real catalyst systems (H. Topsøe et al.). Reaction kinetics as a basis for optimal transient operation of catalytic reactors (Y.Sh. Matros et al.). Oral Communications. Theoretical and Experimental Studies on the Dynamics of Surfaces. A probabilistic model for the deactivation of a dual function catalyst by coke formation accounting for reaction and surface migration (S. Singh, G.F. Froment). Self-sustained isothermal oscillations in N2O decomposition on Cu overexchanged ZSM-5 (P. Ciambelli et al.). Adsorption characteristics of pyridine bases on zeolite (010) examined by atomic force microscopy (AFM) (M. Komiyama). Transient and steady-state studies of the effect of water on cobalt Fischer-Tropsch catalysts (K.F. Hanssen et al.). Modelling of the dynamics of complex catalytic phenomena based on surface mobility processes and the remote control mechanism (P. Ruiz et al.). Adsorption and reactions of methane on ferric molybdate using DRIFTS technique (S. Fuangfoo et al.). Dynamics of multi-component adsorption with interactions: a mean - field approach

Details

No. of pages:
594
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 1997
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier Science
Print ISBN:
9780444826091
Electronic ISBN:
9780080530628

Reviews

@qu:The keynote lectures and oral presentations provide a good mix of the role of surface science in studying catalysis with discussions of real catalyst systems, transient phenomena and relevant aspects of chemical engineering. @source:ASLIB Book Guide