Dynamic Food Webs

Dynamic Food Webs

Multispecies Assemblages, Ecosystem Development and Environmental Change

1st Edition - December 13, 2005

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  • Editors: Peter de Ruiter, Volkmar Wolters, John Moore
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080460949

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Description

Dynamic Food Webs challenges us to rethink what factors may determine ecological and evolutionary pathways of food web development. It touches upon the intriguing idea that trophic interactions drive patterns and dynamics at different levels of biological organization: dynamics in species composition, dynamics in population life-history parameters and abundances, and dynamics in individual growth, size and behavior. These dynamics are shown to be strongly interrelated governing food web structure and stability and the role of populations and communities play in ecosystem functioning. Dynamic Food Webs not only offers over 100 illustrations, but also contains 8 riveting sections devoted to an understanding of how to manage the effects of environmental change, the protection of biological diversity and the sustainable use of natural resources. Dynamic Food Webs is a volume in the Theoretical Ecology series.

Key Features

  • Relates dynamics on different levels of biological organization: individuals, populations, and communities
  • Deals with empirical and theoretical approaches
  • Discusses the role of community food webs in ecosystem functioning
  • Proposes methods to assess the effects of environmental change on the structure of biological communities and ecosystem functioning
  • Offers an analyses of the relationship between complexity and stability in food webs

Readership

Students and scientists studying biology, ecology and the environment

Table of Contents

  • Section 1: Dynamic Food Webs
    Multispecies assemblages, ecosystem development, and environmental change
    Peter C. de Ruiter, Volkmar Wolters and John C. Moore

    1.2 Food web science: Moving on the path from abstraction to prediction
    Kirk O. Winemiller and Craig A. Layman


    Section 2: Dynamic Food Web Structures

    2.0 Introduction to Section 2: Dynamic Food Web Structures
    Variation in community architecture as stabilizing mechanisms of food webs
    John C. Moore

    2.1 From food webs to ecological networks: linking non-linear trophic interactions with nutrient competition
    Ulrich Brose, Eric L. Berlow and Neo D. Martinez

    2.2 Food web architecture and its effects on consumer resource oscillations in experimental pond ecosystems
    Mathew A. Leibold, Spencer R. Hall and Ottar Bjornstad

    2.3 Food web structure: from scale invariance to scale dependence, and back again?
    Carolin Banašek-Richter, Marie-France Cattin and Louis-Félix Bersier

    2.4 Role of Space, Time, and Variability in Food Web Dynamics
    Kevin McCann, Joe Rasmussen, James Umbanhowar and Murray Humphries


    Section 3: Population Dynamics and Food Webs

    3.0 Introduction Section 3: Population Dynamics and Food Webs
    Population dynamics and food webs: drifting away from the Lotka-Volterra paradigm
    Giorgos D. Kokkoris
    3.1 Modelling evolving food webs
    Alan J. McKane and Barbara Drossel

    3.2 The Influence of individual growth and development on the structure of ecological communities
    André M. De Roos and Lennart Persson

    3.3 Linking flexible food-web structure to population stability: a theoretical consideration on adaptive food webs
    Michio Kondoh

    3.4 Inducible Defenses in Food Webs
    Matthijs Vos, Bob W. Kooi, Don L. DeAngelis and Wolf M. Mooij


    Section 4: Body Size and Food Webs

    4.0 Introduction to Section 4: Body Size and Food Webs
    Wearing Elton's wellingtons: why body-size still matters in food webs
    Philip H Warren

    4.1 Species’ average body mass and numerical abundance in a community food web: statistical questions in estimating the relationship
    Joel E. Cohen and Stephen R. Carpenter

    4.2 Body size scalings and the dynamics of ecological systems
    Lennart Persson and André M. De Roos

    4.3 Body size, Interaction Strength and Food Web dynamics
    Mark C. Emmerson, José M. Montoya and Guy Woodward

    4.4 Body-size determinants of the structure and dynamics of ecological networks: scaling from the individual to the ecosystem
    Guy Woodward, Bo Ebenman, Marc C. Emmerson, José M. Montoya, J.M. Olesen, A. Valido and Philip H. Warren


    Section 5: Nutrient and Resource Dynamics and Food Webs

    5.0 Introduction to Section 5: Nutrient and Resource Dynamics and Food Webs
    Understanding the mutual relationships between the dynamics of food webs, resources and nutrients
    Tobias Purtauf and Stefan Scheu

    5.1 Variability in soil food web structure across time and space
    Janne Bengtsson and Matty P. Berg

    5.2 Functional roles of leaf litter detritus in terrestrial food webs
    John L. Sabo, Candan U. Soykan and Andrew Keller

    5.3 Stability and interaction strength within soil food webs of a European forest transect: the impact of N deposition
    Dagmar Schröter and Stefan C. Dekker

    5.4 Differential effects of consumers on C, N, and P dynamics: insights from long-term research
    Wyatt F. Cross, Amy D. Rosemond, Jonathan P. Benstead, Sue L. Eggert and J. Bruce Wallace

    5.5 Measuring the ability of food to fuel work in ecosystems
    Steven H. Cousins, Kathryn V. Bracewell and Kevin Attree

    5.6 Towards a new generation of dynamical soil decomposer food web model
    Stephan C. Dekker, Stefan Scheu, Dagmar Schröter, Heikki Setälä, Maciej Szanser and Theo P. Traas


    Section 6: Biodiversity and Food Web Structure and Function

    6.0 Introduction to Section 6: Biodiversity and Food Web Structure and Function
    Food Webs, Biodiversity, and Ecosystem Functioning
    Peter J. Morin

    6.1 Food webs and the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning
    Michel Loreau and Elisa Thébault

    6.2 Biodiversity, food web structure, and the partitioning of biomass within and among trophic levels
    Jeremy W. Fox

    6.3 Trophic position, biotic context, and abiotic factors determine species contributions to ecosystem functioning
    Amy Downing and J. Timothy Wootton

    6.4 Does biological complexity relate to functional attributes of soil food webs?
    Heikki Setälä

    6.5 Diversity, Productivity and Invasibility Relationships in Rock Pool Food Webs
    Beatrix E. Beisner and Tamara N. Romanuk

    6.6 Measuring the functional diversity of food webs
    Owen L Petchey, Jill McGrady-Steed and Peter J Morin



    Section 7 Environmental Change, Perturbations and Food Webs

    7.0 Tracing perturbation effects in food webs: the potential and limitation of experimental approaches
    Dave Raffaelli

    7.1 Insight into pollution effects in complex riverine habitats: A role for food web experiments
    Joseph M. Culp, Nancy E. Glozier, Kevin J. Cash, and Donald J. Baird

    7.2 Perturbations and Indirect Effects in Complex Food Webs
    José M. Montoya, Mark E. Emmerson, Ricard V. Solé and Guy Woodward

    7.3 Dealing with model uncertainty in trophodynamic models: a Patagonian example
    Mariano Koen-Alonso and Peter Yodzis

    7.4 Describing a species-rich river food web using stable isotopes, stomach contents, and functional experiments
    Craig A. Layman, Kirk O. Winemiller and D. Albrey Arrington

    7.5 Communicating Ecology through Food Webs: Visualizing and quantifying the effects of stocking alpine lakes with trout
    Sarah Harper-Smith, Eric L. Berlow, Roland A. Knapp, Richard J. Williams and Neo D. Martinez


    Section 8 Thematic reviews

    8.0 Introduction to the thematic reviews
    Peter de Ruiter, John C. Moore, Volkmar Wolters

    8.1 How do complex food webs persist in nature?
    Anthony I. Dell, Giorgos D. Kokkoris, Carolin Banasek-Richter, Louis-Felix Bersier, Jennifer A. Dunne, Michio Kondoh, Tamara N. Romanuk and Neo D. Martinez

    8.2 Population dynamics and food web structure—Predicting measurable food web properties with minimal detail and resolution
    John L. Sabo, Beatrix E. Beisner, Eric L. Berlow, Kim Cuddington, Alan Hastings, Mariano Koen-Alonso, Kevin McCann, Carlos Melian and John Moore

    8.3 Central issues for aquatic food webs: from chemical cues to whole system responses
    Ursula M. Scharler, Florence D. Hulot, Donald J. Baird, Wyatt F. Cross, Joseph M. Culp, Craig A. Layman, Dave Raffaelli, Matthijs Vos and Kirk O. Winemiller

    8.4 Spatial aspects of food webs
    Ulrich Brose, Mitchell Pavao-Zuckerman, Anna Eklöf, Janne Bengtsson, Matty Berg, Steven H. Cousins, Christian Mulder, Herman A. Verhoef and Volkmar Wolters

Product details

  • No. of pages: 608
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2005
  • Published: December 13, 2005
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080460949

About the Editors

Peter de Ruiter

Affiliations and Expertise

Copernicus Research Institute for Sustainable Development and Innovation, Utrecht University, The Netherlands

Volkmar Wolters

Affiliations and Expertise

Justus-Liebig-University, Giessen, Germany

John Moore

Affiliations and Expertise

University of North Colorado, Greeley, U.S.A.

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