Description

Given the widespread use of polymers in medical devices, the durability and reliability of this material in use is an area of critical importance. Durability and reliability of medical polymers reviews the performance of both bioresorbable and non-bioresorbable medical polymers.

Part one provides a review of the types and properties of bioresorbable medical polymers. The effect of molecular structure on properties is discussed, along with the processing of bioresorbable and other polymers for medical applications. Transport phenomena and the degradation of bioresorbable medical polymers are reviewed, before an exploration of synthetic bioresorbable polymers and their use in orthopaedic tissue regeneration. Part two goes on to explore the durability and reliability of non-bioresorbable medical polymers, and wear processes in polymer implants and ageing processes of biomedical polymers in the body are discussed in depth, before an investigation into manufacturing defects and the failure of synthetic polymeric medical devices.

With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Durability and reliability of medical polymers is an essential tool for all materials scientists, researchers and engineers involved in the design, development and application of medical polymers, whilst also providing a helpful overview of the subject for biologists, chemist and clinicians.

Key Features

  • Comprehensively examines the performance of both bioresorbable and non-bioresorbable medical polymers
  • Discusses the processing of bioresorbable and other polymers for medical applications, before reviewing the degradation of bioresorbable medical polymers
  • Explores the durability and reliability of non-bioresorbable medical polymers and discusses wear processes in polymer implants and ageing processes of biomedical polymers in the body

Readership

Materials scientists; engineers in industry; academics, biologists, chemists and clinicians who are concerned with research and development

Table of Contents

Contributor contact details

Woodhead Publishing Series in Biomaterials

Part I: Types and properties of bioresorbable medicalpolymers

Chapter 1: Types of bioresorbable polymers for medical applications

Abstract:

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Aliphatic polyesters

1.3 Polyanhydrides

1.4 Poly(ortho esters)

1.5 Polyphosphazenes

1.6 Poly(amino acids) and ‘pseudo’ poly(amino acids)

1.7 Polyalkylcyanoacrylates

1.8 Poly(propylene fumarate) (PPF), poloxamers, poly(p-dioxanone) (PPDO), polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)

Chapter 2: The effect of molecular structure on the properties of biomedical polymers

Abstract:

2.1 Introduction: the molecular structure of polymers

2.2 Molecular weight and polymer properties

2.3 Macromolecular conformation, crystallisation and polymer properties

2.4 The effect of the amorphous state and glass transition temperature on polymer properties

2.5 Biphasic systems: linear crystalline polymers and their properties

Chapter 3: Processing of bioresorbable and other polymers for medical applications

Abstract:

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Extrusion

3.3 Mixing processes

3.4 Molding processes

3.5 Secondary shaping

3.6 Calendering

3.7 Coating

3.8 Foaming

3.9 Solvent casting

3.10 Challenges in biopolymer processing

3.11 Conclusions

Chapter 4: Understanding transport phenomena and degradation of bioresorbable medical polymers

Abstract:

4.1 Introduction to transport phenomena in irreversible processes

4.2 Introduction to mathematical modelling

4.3 Conclusions and future trends

Chapter 5: Synthetic bioresorbable polymers

Abstract:

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Bioresorbable polymers

5.3 Degradation of aliphatic polyesters

5.4 Factors affecti

Details

No. of pages:
296
Language:
English
Copyright:
© 2012
Published:
Imprint:
Woodhead Publishing
Print ISBN:
9781845699291
Electronic ISBN:
9780857096517

About the editors

Mike Jenkins

Mike Jenkins is a Senior Lecturer in the School of Engineering at the University of Birmingham, UK. Dr Jenkins has published widely in the field of polymers.

Artemis Stamboulis

Artemis Stamboulis is a Senior Lecturer in Biomaterials and Nanomaterials at the University of Birmingham’s School of Metallurgy and Materials. Dr Stamboulis has published over 40 research papers in international scientific journals and is an active member of many national and international societies.