Dreaming is the cognitive state uniquely experienced by humans and integral to our creativity, the survival characteristic that allows for the rapid change and innovation that defines our species and provides the basis for our art, philosophy, science, and humanity. Yet there is little empiric or scientific evidence supporting the generally accepted dream-based theories of neuroconsciousness. Dream Science examines the cognitive science of dreaming and offers an evidence-based view of the phenomenon.

Today, such evidence-based breakthroughs in the field of dream science are altering our understanding of consciousness. Different forms of dreaming consciousness occur throughout sleep, and dreamlike states extend into wake. Each dream state is developed on a framework of memories, emotions, representational images, and electrophysiology, amenable to studies utilizing emerging and evolving technology. Dream Science discusses basic insights into the scientific study of dreaming, including the limits to traditional Freudian-based dream theory and the more modern evidence-based science. It also includes coverage of the processes of memory and parasomnias, the sleep-disturbance diagnoses related to dreaming. This comprehensive book is a scientific exploration of the mind-brain interface and a look into the future of dream science.

Key Features

  • Provides a more evidence-based approach than any other work on the market
  • Single source of integrated information on all aspects of dream science makes this a critical time-saving reference for researchers and clinicians
  • Authored by one of the leaders in the field of dream research


Advanced students and researchers involved in the study of cognitive science, sleep, and dreaming

Table of Contents



About the Author

Preface: The REMS Equals Dreaming Debacle


Urban Myths

Spontaneous Electrical Activity

Clear and Irrefutable Evidence


The Special Relationship

Melancholic Simpletons

A Slice of the Brain

An All-Time Low

Almost Unstudied

Paradigm Shift


Chapter 1. Archaeology, Anthropology, and Dreaming

Moving Images - Cave Art

Mimeographs on Fresh Clay

Night Terrors

The Mechanical “Creativeness” of a Lightning Storm


Non-Dreaming Neanderthals

The Shadow Play of Consciousness


Chapter 2. Shamans, Dreams, and Religion

Very Disturbing Dreams

Dreams as Divine Epiphany

The Purkinje Tree: Shamanism and Trance States

Dirty Needles and Dream Ecstasy


Chapter 3. Dream Philosophy

Unconcealing Dreams

The Dream as a Window into Body and Mind

Memory, Dreaming, and Frontal Lobotomies

The Same Memory Systems are Used in Dreaming and Waking

Descartes’ Many Errors?


Chapter 4. Studying Dreaming and Consciousness

Beyond the Chinese Room


Neurochemical Frog Prophecies and the Control of Rapid Eye Movement Sleep

The Electrophysiology of a Storm-Wracked Ocean

Approaching Dream Toads


Chapter 5. The Forms of Waking Consciousness

Attention-Focused Waking

Default Non-Attentive Waking

The Rhythms of Creativity

The Cognitive Curiosity of Hypnosis

Meditative States

The Altered State of Drowsy Waking

Forming Waking Consciousness


Chapter 6. The Conscious Forms of Sleep

Controlling Dreaming: Lucidity and Sleep Meditation



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© 2014
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
Print ISBN:

About the author

J. Pagel

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Colorado School of Medicine, USA