Dream Science - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780124046481, 9780124047105

Dream Science

1st Edition

Exploring the Forms of Consciousness

Authors: J. Pagel
eBook ISBN: 9780124047105
Hardcover ISBN: 9780124046481
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th February 2014
Page Count: 244
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Dreaming is the cognitive state uniquely experienced by humans and integral to our creativity, the survival characteristic that allows for the rapid change and innovation that defines our species and provides the basis for our art, philosophy, science, and humanity. Yet there is little empiric or scientific evidence supporting the generally accepted dream-based theories of neuroconsciousness. Dream Science examines the cognitive science of dreaming and offers an evidence-based view of the phenomenon.

Today, such evidence-based breakthroughs in the field of dream science are altering our understanding of consciousness. Different forms of dreaming consciousness occur throughout sleep, and dreamlike states extend into wake. Each dream state is developed on a framework of memories, emotions, representational images, and electrophysiology, amenable to studies utilizing emerging and evolving technology. Dream Science discusses basic insights into the scientific study of dreaming, including the limits to traditional Freudian-based dream theory and the more modern evidence-based science. It also includes coverage of the processes of memory and parasomnias, the sleep-disturbance diagnoses related to dreaming. This comprehensive book is a scientific exploration of the mind-brain interface and a look into the future of dream science.

Key Features

  • Provides a more evidence-based approach than any other work on the market
  • Single source of integrated information on all aspects of dream science makes this a critical time-saving reference for researchers and clinicians
  • Authored by one of the leaders in the field of dream research


Advanced students and researchers involved in the study of cognitive science, sleep, and dreaming

Table of Contents



About the Author

Preface: The REMS Equals Dreaming Debacle


Urban Myths

Spontaneous Electrical Activity

Clear and Irrefutable Evidence


The Special Relationship

Melancholic Simpletons

A Slice of the Brain

An All-Time Low

Almost Unstudied

Paradigm Shift


Chapter 1. Archaeology, Anthropology, and Dreaming

Moving Images - Cave Art

Mimeographs on Fresh Clay

Night Terrors

The Mechanical “Creativeness” of a Lightning Storm


Non-Dreaming Neanderthals

The Shadow Play of Consciousness


Chapter 2. Shamans, Dreams, and Religion

Very Disturbing Dreams

Dreams as Divine Epiphany

The Purkinje Tree: Shamanism and Trance States

Dirty Needles and Dream Ecstasy


Chapter 3. Dream Philosophy

Unconcealing Dreams

The Dream as a Window into Body and Mind

Memory, Dreaming, and Frontal Lobotomies

The Same Memory Systems are Used in Dreaming and Waking

Descartes’ Many Errors?


Chapter 4. Studying Dreaming and Consciousness

Beyond the Chinese Room


Neurochemical Frog Prophecies and the Control of Rapid Eye Movement Sleep

The Electrophysiology of a Storm-Wracked Ocean

Approaching Dream Toads


Chapter 5. The Forms of Waking Consciousness

Attention-Focused Waking

Default Non-Attentive Waking

The Rhythms of Creativity

The Cognitive Curiosity of Hypnosis

Meditative States

The Altered State of Drowsy Waking

Forming Waking Consciousness


Chapter 6. The Conscious Forms of Sleep

Controlling Dreaming: Lucidity and Sleep Meditation

Sleep-Onset Dreams and Hallucinations

The “Special” Relationship of Rapid Eye Movement Sleep with Dreaming

Anxiety (Stage 2) Dreaming

The Dreams of Dreamless Sleep


Chapter 7. The Nightmare: Integrating Emotions into Consciousness

Fear and Emotional Competence

Imagining Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Creative Nightmares: Honor, Power, and the Love of Women

The Creative Nightmare Project

Emotional Consciousness


Chapter 8. Organizing Consciousness into Stories

Signs and Absolute Symbols

Signing “Dream”

Dream Language

Soap Operas and Other Parables

Pretty Horses and the Structure of Story

Dreaming and Three-Act Stories

Dreaming as a Structuring Principle for Life


Chapter 9. Visual Dream Consciousness

Archetypical Visual Processing

Fooling and Binding Visual Systems

The Sprocket in the Projector

The Visual Dream Stage


Chapter 10. Creating Artificial Dreams

Film-Making: The Mental Apparatus

Artificial Consciousness

The Interface that Abrogates Consciousness

Dreamtime Elmo


Chapter 11. Crossing the Line: Dreaming and Ecstasy

The Standard Approach to the Illogic of Dream Science

Dream Illogic in Religion and Philosophy

Crossing the Line

The Ecstasy of Cave Painters

Dream Science




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© Academic Press 2014
Academic Press
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About the Author

J. Pagel

JF Pagel has authored more than 170 publications. His basic research addressed the electrophysiology of consciousness, the neurochemistry of sleep and dream, and the role of REM sleep in learning and memory. His clinical work includes proofs for non-dreaming and the requirement of sleep for dream and nightmare, the diagnostic code for nightmare disorder, a definition protocol for dream, and demonstrations that REM sleep and dreaming are doubly dissociable. He has developed approaches to treating insomnia, sleep & altitude, narcolepsy, pediatric parasomnias, and waking somnolence, as well as addressing dream and nightmare use in trauma, art, creativity and filmmaking. He is co-editor of one of the major sleep-medicine texts: Primary Care Sleep Disorders (2007/ 2014). His books include: The Limits of Dream – A Scientific Exploration of the Mind /Brain Interface (2007), Dreaming and Nightmares (ed.) (2010), and Dream Science – Exploring the Forms of Consciousness (2014).

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Colorado, School of Medicine, USA

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