Dream Science

Dream Science

Exploring the Forms of Consciousness

1st Edition - February 5, 2014

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  • Author: J. Pagel
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780124046481
  • eBook ISBN: 9780124047105

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Dreaming is the cognitive state uniquely experienced by humans and integral to our creativity, the survival characteristic that allows for the rapid change and innovation that defines our species and provides the basis for our art, philosophy, science, and humanity. Yet there is little empiric or scientific evidence supporting the generally accepted dream-based theories of neuroconsciousness. Dream Science examines the cognitive science of dreaming and offers an evidence-based view of the phenomenon. Today, such evidence-based breakthroughs in the field of dream science are altering our understanding of consciousness. Different forms of dreaming consciousness occur throughout sleep, and dreamlike states extend into wake. Each dream state is developed on a framework of memories, emotions, representational images, and electrophysiology, amenable to studies utilizing emerging and evolving technology. Dream Science discusses basic insights into the scientific study of dreaming, including the limits to traditional Freudian-based dream theory and the more modern evidence-based science. It also includes coverage of the processes of memory and parasomnias, the sleep-disturbance diagnoses related to dreaming. This comprehensive book is a scientific exploration of the mind-brain interface and a look into the future of dream science.

Key Features

  • Provides a more evidence-based approach than any other work on the market
  • Single source of integrated information on all aspects of dream science makes this a critical time-saving reference for researchers and clinicians
  • Authored by one of the leaders in the field of dream research


Advanced students and researchers involved in the study of cognitive science, sleep, and dreaming

Table of Contents

  • Dedication


    About the Author

    Preface: The REMS Equals Dreaming Debacle


    Urban Myths

    Spontaneous Electrical Activity

    Clear and Irrefutable Evidence


    The Special Relationship

    Melancholic Simpletons

    A Slice of the Brain

    An All-Time Low

    Almost Unstudied

    Paradigm Shift


    Chapter 1. Archaeology, Anthropology, and Dreaming

    Moving Images - Cave Art

    Mimeographs on Fresh Clay

    Night Terrors

    The Mechanical “Creativeness” of a Lightning Storm


    Non-Dreaming Neanderthals

    The Shadow Play of Consciousness


    Chapter 2. Shamans, Dreams, and Religion

    Very Disturbing Dreams

    Dreams as Divine Epiphany

    The Purkinje Tree: Shamanism and Trance States

    Dirty Needles and Dream Ecstasy


    Chapter 3. Dream Philosophy

    Unconcealing Dreams

    The Dream as a Window into Body and Mind

    Memory, Dreaming, and Frontal Lobotomies

    The Same Memory Systems are Used in Dreaming and Waking

    Descartes’ Many Errors?


    Chapter 4. Studying Dreaming and Consciousness

    Beyond the Chinese Room


    Neurochemical Frog Prophecies and the Control of Rapid Eye Movement Sleep

    The Electrophysiology of a Storm-Wracked Ocean

    Approaching Dream Toads


    Chapter 5. The Forms of Waking Consciousness

    Attention-Focused Waking

    Default Non-Attentive Waking

    The Rhythms of Creativity

    The Cognitive Curiosity of Hypnosis

    Meditative States

    The Altered State of Drowsy Waking

    Forming Waking Consciousness


    Chapter 6. The Conscious Forms of Sleep

    Controlling Dreaming: Lucidity and Sleep Meditation

    Sleep-Onset Dreams and Hallucinations

    The “Special” Relationship of Rapid Eye Movement Sleep with Dreaming

    Anxiety (Stage 2) Dreaming

    The Dreams of Dreamless Sleep


    Chapter 7. The Nightmare: Integrating Emotions into Consciousness

    Fear and Emotional Competence

    Imagining Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

    Creative Nightmares: Honor, Power, and the Love of Women

    The Creative Nightmare Project

    Emotional Consciousness


    Chapter 8. Organizing Consciousness into Stories

    Signs and Absolute Symbols

    Signing “Dream”

    Dream Language

    Soap Operas and Other Parables

    Pretty Horses and the Structure of Story

    Dreaming and Three-Act Stories

    Dreaming as a Structuring Principle for Life


    Chapter 9. Visual Dream Consciousness

    Archetypical Visual Processing

    Fooling and Binding Visual Systems

    The Sprocket in the Projector

    The Visual Dream Stage


    Chapter 10. Creating Artificial Dreams

    Film-Making: The Mental Apparatus

    Artificial Consciousness

    The Interface that Abrogates Consciousness

    Dreamtime Elmo


    Chapter 11. Crossing the Line: Dreaming and Ecstasy

    The Standard Approach to the Illogic of Dream Science

    Dream Illogic in Religion and Philosophy

    Crossing the Line

    The Ecstasy of Cave Painters

    Dream Science



Product details

  • No. of pages: 244
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 2014
  • Published: February 5, 2014
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780124046481
  • eBook ISBN: 9780124047105

About the Author

J. Pagel

JF Pagel has authored more than 170 publications. His basic research addressed the electrophysiology of consciousness, the neurochemistry of sleep and dream, and the role of REM sleep in learning and memory. His clinical work includes proofs for non-dreaming and the requirement of sleep for dream and nightmare, the diagnostic code for nightmare disorder, a definition protocol for dream, and demonstrations that REM sleep and dreaming are doubly dissociable. He has developed approaches to treating insomnia, sleep & altitude, narcolepsy, pediatric parasomnias, and waking somnolence, as well as addressing dream and nightmare use in trauma, art, creativity and filmmaking. He is co-editor of one of the major sleep-medicine texts: Primary Care Sleep Disorders (2007/ 2014). His books include: The Limits of Dream – A Scientific Exploration of the Mind /Brain Interface (2007), Dreaming and Nightmares (ed.) (2010), and Dream Science – Exploring the Forms of Consciousness (2014).

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Colorado, School of Medicine, USA

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