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Distillation - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123868763, 9780123868770


1st Edition

Operation and Applications

Editors: Andrzej Gorak Hartmut Schoenmakers
eBook ISBN: 9780123868770
Hardcover ISBN: 9780123868763
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 16th July 2014
Page Count: 450
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Table of Contents

  • Preface to the Distillation Collection
  • Preface to Distillation: Operation and Applications
  • List of Contributors
  • List of Symbols and Abbreviations
  • Chapter 1. Distillation Control
    • 1.1. Introduction
    • 1.2. Basic control issues
    • 1.3. Choosing a control structure
    • 1.4. Feed composition sensitivity analysis
    • 1.5. High RR columns
    • 1.6. Control tray selection
    • 1.7. Controller tuning
    • 1.8. Use of ratios and cascade control
    • 1.9. More complex columns
    • 1.10. Columns in a plant-wide environment
    • 1.11. Conclusion
  • Chapter 2. Common Techniques for Distillation Troubleshooting
    • 2.1. Causes of column malfunctions
    • Part A: Column troubleshooting: how to investigate
    • Part B: Column troubleshooting—the tools
  • Chapter 3. Column Performance Testing Procedures
    • 3.1. Introduction
    • 3.2. Existing test facilities
    • 3.3. Definition and terminology
    • 3.4. Test design and planning
    • 3.5. Mode of operations
    • 3.6. Test column and auxiliary equipment
    • 3.7. Reflux heating
    • 3.8. Test systems and physical properties
    • 3.9. Preparing for installation
    • 3.10. Packed column installation
    • 3.11. Trayed column installation
    • 3.12. Operation and measurements
    • 3.13. Measurements
    • 3.14. Test procedure
    • 3.15. Data reduction
    • 3.16. Experimental errors and test troubleshooting
    • 3.17. Documentation and reporting
  • Chapter 4. Distillation in Refining
    • 4.1. Scale of the operation
    • 4.2. Refinery flow schemes
    • 4.3. Crude oil characterization
    • 4.4. Refinery crude and vacuum units
    • 4.5. Basic principles of crude units
    • 4.6. Crude vacuum units
    • 4.7. Key factors affecting the fractionation quality
    • 4.8. Column internals for refining applications
    • 4.9. Hazards of pyrophoric scale
    • 4.10. Other distillation units in refining
  • Chapter 5. Distillation of Bulk Chemicals
    • 5.1. General industrial separations
    • 5.2. Industrial distillation examples
    • 5.3. Conclusion
  • Chapter 6. Air Distillation
    • 6.1. Introduction
    • 6.2. Process
    • 6.3. Column internals
    • 6.4. Conclusion
  • Chapter 7. Distillation of Specialty Chemicals
    • 7.1. Introduction
    • 7.2. Distillation at low liquid load
    • 7.3. Reactive distillation
    • 7.4. Fouling
    • 7.5. Aqueous systems
    • 7.6. Modeling, simulation, and scale-up: a conclusion
  • Chapter 8. Distillation in Bioprocessing
    • 8.1. Introduction
    • 8.2. White biotechnology and biobased processes
    • 8.3. Red biotechnology
    • 8.4. Conventional, hybrid and advanced nonreactive distillation processes
    • 8.5. Conventional, hybrid and advanced reactive distillation processes
    • 8.6. Discussion and outlook
  • Chapter 9. Special Distillation Applications
    • 9.1. Short path distillation
    • 9.2. HiGee distillation
    • 9.3. Microdistillation
    • 9.4. Membrane distillation
    • 9.5. Microwave-assisted distillation
    • 9.6. Conclusions
  • Chapter 10. New Separating Agents for Distillation
    • 10.1. Introduction
    • 10.2. Fundamentals
    • 10.3. Solvent families
    • 10.4. Separation examples
    • 10.5. Conclusions
  • Index


Distillation: Operation and Applications—winner of the 2015 PROSE Award in Chemistry & Physics from the Association of American Publishers—is a single source of authoritative information on all aspects of the theory and practice of modern distillation, suitable for advanced students and professionals working in a laboratory, industrial plants, or a managerial capacity. It addresses the most important and current research on industrial distillation, including all steps in process design (feasibility study, modeling, and experimental validation), together with operation and control aspects. This volume features an extra focus on distillation applications.

Key Features

  • Winner of the 2015 PROSE Award in Chemistry & Physics from the Association of American Publishers
  • Practical information on the newest development written by recognized experts
  • Coverage of a huge range of laboratory and industrial distillation approaches
  • Extensive references for each chapter facilitates further study


Practitioners of distillation and separation science, looking for a quick access to the newest knowledge, graduate students searching for special applications, chemist, environmental engineers, mechanical engineers.

70% professionals, 20% students, 10% others.


No. of pages:
© Academic Press 2014
16th July 2014
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
Hardcover ISBN:


2015 PROSE Award in Chemistry & Physics, Association of American Publishers


"...this series is a single source of reliable information that covers all aspects of the theory and practice of modern-day distillation....The chapters are well written, modern, in good, readable English and in an even tone throughout." --The Chemical Engineer

Ratings and Reviews

About the Editors

Andrzej Gorak

Andrzej Gorak

Professor Andrzej Górak is Chair of Fluid Separations at the Technical University of Dortmund, Germany and Professor at the Technical University of Łódz, Poland. He received his PhD from the Institute of Chemical Engineering at the Technical University of Łódz where he continued his work as a senior researcher. He then assumed the same position at Henkel KGaA in Düsseldorf. In 1992, Prof. Górak completed his postdoctoral “Habilitation” at RWTH Aachen and was appointed Professor at the Department of Chemical Engineering at the Technical University of Dortmund. Between 1996 and 2000, he was Chair of Fluid Separations at Essen University, before returning to and taking over the Chair at the TU Dortmund.

Affiliations and Expertise

Lehrstuhl fuer Fluidverfahrenstechnik, Facultat Bio- und Chemieingenieursswesen, Technische Universitaet Dortmund, Germany

Hartmut Schoenmakers

Hartmut Schoenmakers

Dr. Hartmut Schoenmakers studied physics and chemistry at the University Heidelberg, Germany. He joined BASF AG in 1976 where he worked as a process engineer in the field of fluid separations with a focus on hybrid and reactive processes, miniplant and scale up technology, and as project manager. Further interests have been process simulation and CAPE concepts. He has been a member of various national and international scientific associations. In 1987, he received the German Arnold-Eucken-Award.

Affiliations and Expertise

Technical University Dortmund, Germany