Diseases of Shade Trees

Diseases of Shade Trees

1st Edition - January 28, 1978

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  • Author: Terry A. Tattar
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483269047

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Description

Diseases of Shade Trees provides an introduction to tree diseases for students and others concerned with the care of shade and ornamental trees. Diseases of woody plants fall into two major categories: infectious diseases and noninfectious diseases. Part I of the book presents the infectious pathogens and the diseases they cause. These include bacteria, mycoplasmas, nematodes, seed plants, and viruses. The nature of the fungi is also presented, with separate chapters for leaf, root, rust, stem, and wilt diseases caused by fungi. Wound diseases, which are associated with both fungi and bacteria that invade wounds, are included in this section. Part II deals with noninfectious agents and the diseases they cause. Noninfectious agents are separated into environmental stress, animal injury, and people-pressure diseases. Diebacks and declines—complex diseases, which are often caused by a combination of both infectious and noninfectious agents are also included in this section. Part III on special topics includes discussions of nonpathogenic conditions often mistaken for diseases; diagnosis of tree diseases; and living hazard trees.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    Acknowledgments

    Part I Infectious Diseases

    1 Introduction

    Forest Trees versus Shade Trees

    Tree Health Care

    Categories of Shade Tree Diseases

    2 The Fungi

    Introduction

    Nature of the Fungi

    Identification of Fungi That Cause Tree Diseases

    How Pathogenic Fungi Enter the Tree

    How Fungi Cause Diseases in Trees

    Conditions Favoring Disease by Fungi

    3 Bacteria

    Introduction

    How Bacteria Cause Disease in Trees

    Bacterial Diseases of Trees

    Suggested References

    4 Nematodes

    Introduction

    Plant Parasitic Nematodes

    Life Cycle

    How Nematodes Cause Tree Disease

    Nematode Diseases of Trees

    Reference

    Suggested References

    5 Viruses

    Introduction

    How Viruses Cause Tree Disease

    Symptoms

    Treatment

    Virus Diseases of Trees

    Virus Diseases of Ornamental Apples, Cherries, Peaches, Pears, and Plums

    Suggested References

    6 Mycoplasmas

    Introduction

    How Mycoplasmas Cause Tree Disease

    Symptoms

    Treatment

    Mycoplasma Diseases of Trees

    Other Common Mycoplasma Diseases of Shade Trees

    Mycoplasma Diseases of Ornamental Apples, Cherries, Peaches, and Pears

    Confusion of Virus and Mycoplasma Symptoms with Noninfectious Diseases

    Suggested References

    7 Seed Plants

    Parasitic Seed Plants

    Nonparasitic Seed Plants

    Suggested References

    8 Leaf Diseases

    Introduction

    Treatment

    Some Common Leaf Diseases of Deciduous Hardwoods

    Broad and Narrow-Leaved Evergreens

    Some Common Evergreen Leaf Diseases

    Insect Conditions Commonly Confused with Diseases

    References

    Suggested References

    9 Stem Diseases

    Introduction

    Typical Life Cycle of Stem Disease Fungi

    Treatment of Stem Diseases

    Target Cankers

    Diffuse Cankers

    Canker Blight

    Other Canker Diseases

    Canker-Rots

    Reference

    Suggested References

    10 Root Diseases

    Introduction

    Growth of Tree Roots

    Mycorrhizae

    Typical Life Cycle of Root Disease Fungi

    Treatment of Root Diseases

    Categories of Root Diseases

    Some Examples of Root Diseases

    References

    Suggested References

    11 Rust Diseases

    Introduction

    Typical Life Cycle of Rust Disease Fungi

    Treatment of Rust Diseases

    Canker Rusts

    Gall Rusts

    Leaf Rusts

    Other Rust Diseases

    References

    Suggested References

    12 Wilt Diseases

    Introduction

    Typical Wilt Disease Cycle

    Typical Control of Wilt Disease

    Wilt Diseases of Trees

    Reference

    Suggested References

    13 Wound Diseases—Discoloration and Decay in Living Trees

    Introduction

    Wounds

    Events after Wounding

    Microbial Successions after Wounding

    Wound Treatment

    Other Conditions Resulting from Wounding

    Sprout Clump Treatment

    Reference

    Suggested References

    Part II Noninfectious Diseases

    14 Introduction to Noninfectious Diseases

    Some Common Basic Needs of Trees

    What are Some Reasons for Prevalence of Noninfectious Disease?

    General Symptomatology of Infectious and Noninfectious Diseases

    Categories of Noninfectious Diseases

    Suggested References

    15 Temperature Stress

    Introduction

    High Temperature

    Low Temperature

    Containerized Ornamental Plants

    Rapid Changes in Temperature

    Reference

    Suggested References

    16 Moisture Stress

    Introduction

    Water Deficiency

    Water Excess

    Erosion

    Physical Damage from Snow and Ice

    Suggested References

    17 Soil Stress

    Introduction

    pH (Degree of Acidity or Alkalinity)

    Nutrient Deficiencies and Toxicities

    Physical Condition of Soil

    Root Girdling

    Root Competition

    Juglan Toxicity

    Lightning Injury

    References

    Suggested References

    18 Animal Injury

    Introduction

    Animal Wounds

    Toxic Chemicals on Trees and Soil

    Soil Compaction

    Suggested References

    19 Construction Injury and Soil Compaction

    Introduction

    Construction Injury

    Prevention of Construction Injury

    Soil Compaction

    References

    Suggested References

    20 Injury from Chemicals, Electricity, and Artificial Light

    Introduction

    Chemical Injury

    Electrical Injury

    Injury from Artificial Light

    References

    Suggested References

    21 Tree Maintenance

    Introduction

    Tree Planting

    Follow-up Maintenance

    Reference

    Suggested References

    22 Air Pollution

    Introduction

    Meteorology

    Phytotoxic Gases

    Particulates and Aerosols

    Acidic Precipitation

    Mimicking Symptoms

    References

    Suggested References

    23 Diebacks and Declines—Complex Diseases

    Introduction

    Maple Decline

    Oak Decline and Mortality

    Ash Dieback

    Other Complex Diseases

    Conclusions

    References

    Suggested References

    Part III Special Topics

    24 Nonpathogenic Conditions

    Introduction

    Misinformation about Trees

    Nonparasitic Organisms

    Reference

    Suggested References

    25 Disease Diagnosis

    Introduction

    Diagnosis of Tree Disease in the Field

    Diagnosis by Office Visit, Telephone, or Letter

    Tools Used in Disease Diagnosis

    Conclusions

    Reference

    Suggested References

    26 Living Hazard-Trees

    Introduction

    Background

    Categories of Hazardous Trees

    Living Hazard-Trees and Their Detection

    Suggested References

    Glossary

    Appendix I Common and Scientific Names of Ornamental Woody Plants

    Appendix II Use of Pesticides

    Appendix III Literature Containing Information about Shade Tree Diseases or Insects

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 380
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1978
  • Published: January 28, 1978
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483269047

About the Author

Terry A. Tattar

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  • Lisa W. Tue Jun 18 2019

    Diseases of Shade Trees - 1st Edition

    Excellent read. The meat and potatoes are served up for most of the important topics affecting trees in general. The author explains the roots of the matter in a way that is easy to understand and allows an overview in perfect bite size pieces. Refreshing! I gobbled up the abstracts and feel better equipped to tackle the more difficult reads that are available today.