Diseases, Distribution, Epidemiology, and Control

Diseases, Distribution, Epidemiology, and Control

1st Edition - October 8, 1985

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  • Editors: Alan P. Roelfs, William R. Bushnell
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483264165

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The Cereal Rusts, Volume II: Diseases, Distribution, Epidemiology, and Control is a compendium of papers that aims to control cereal rusts through principles about the nature of the disease, as well as learned strategies toward its control. These papers deal with the major cereal rust diseases such as wheat and rye stem rust, wheat leaf rust, stripe rust, oat stem rust, barley leaf rust. Control of these types of rust diseases include cultural methods, barberry eradication, crop resistance, fungicides, and ecological controls. One paper notes that cultivars, a plant variety developed through selective breeding, should be used. The key to its development with long-lasting resistance is diversity, namely, genetic diversity in resistance types, and diversity in its strategic development, including a combination of race-specific with non-race specific resistance. For example, Parlevliet has pointed out that in natural ecosystems, race-specific resistance can protect the host plant by rendering the pathogen population less aggressive. One paper also examines the use of chemicals for rust disease control in the United States. This compendium is ideally suited for the cytologists, physiologists, biochemists, geneticists, epidemiologists, taxonomists, and cereal plant pathologists.

Table of Contents

  • Preface

    Contents of Volume I

    Part I: Diseases

    1. Wheat and Rye Stem Rust

    I. Introduction

    II. Life Cycle

    III. Disease Cycle

    IV. Physiological Specialization

    V. Control

    VI. Losses

    VII. The Future


    2. Wheat Leaf Rust

    I. Introduction

    II. Distribution and Importance of Wheat Leaf Rust

    III. Taxonomy

    IV. Physiologic Specialization

    V. Evolutionary Trends in Leaf Rust Races

    VI. Host-Parasite Genetics in the Wheat Leaf Rust System

    VII. Control

    VIII. Conclusions


    3. Stripe Rust

    I. Introduction

    II. Nomenclature

    III. Life Cycle and Phytogeny

    IV. Host Range

    V. Continental Dispersal

    VI. Physiologic Specialization

    vVII. Host Resistance

    VIII. Stripe Rust on Wheat

    IX. Stripe Rust on Barley


    4. Oat Stem Rust

    I. Introduction

    II. Distribution and Importance

    III. Pathogenic Specialization and Virulence Dynamics

    IV. Environmental Factors Affecting the Host-Parasite Interaction

    V. Genetics and Cytology of the Pathogen

    VI. Host Resistance and Control Strategies

    VII. Conclusions


    5. Crown Rust

    I. Introduction

    II. Geographic Distribution

    III. Economic Importance

    IV. Taxonomy

    V. Pathogenic Specialization

    VI. Genetics of Puccinia coronata

    VII. Signs and Symptoms

    VIII. Life History of Puccinia coronata

    IX. Epidemiology

    X. Control


    6. Barley Leaf Rust

    I. Introduction

    II. The Pathogen

    III. The Disease

    IV. Disease Control

    V. Conclusions and Future Prospects


    7. Corn and Sorghum Rusts

    I. Introduction

    II. Common Corn Rust

    III. Southern Corn Rust

    IV. Tropical Corn Rust

    V. Sorghum Rust

    VI. Future Outlook


    8. Sugarcane Rusts

    I. Introduction

    II. History and Distribution

    III. Economic Importance

    IV. Taxonomy and Nomenclature

    V. Symptoms

    VI. Inoculum and Epidemics

    VII. Factors That Influence Urediospore Germination

    VIII. Factors That Influence Infection

    IX. Host Resistance Development

    X. Pathogenic Specialization

    XI. Host Range

    XII. Pathological Histology

    XIII. Coexistence with Other Diseases

    XIV. Control


    Part II. Disease Distribution

    9. World Distribution in Relation to Economic Losses

    I. Cereal Crops and Their Allies

    II. Epidemiological Zones for the Cereal Rusts

    III. Long-Distance Dissemination

    IV. Epidemics and Yield Losses

    V. Future Prospects


    Part III: Epidemiology

    10. Epidemiology in Australia and New Zealand

    I. Introduction

    II. Wheat-Growing Regions

    III. Terminology

    IV. Race Survey

    V. Wheat Stem Rust Epiphytotics

    VI. Stem Rust of Wheat

    VII. The Establishment of Exotic Strains

    VIII. Durable Resistance and Establishment of Virulent Mutants

    IX. Leaf Rust of Wheat

    X. Stripe Rust of Wheat

    XI. Stem Rust of Rye

    XII. Leaf Rust of Rye

    XIII. Stem Rust of Barley

    XIV. Leaf Rust of Barley

    XV. Stem Rust of Oats

    XVI. Crown Rust of Oats

    XVII. Summary


    11. Epidemiology in Europe

    I. Introduction

    II. Historical Note

    III. The Ingredients of an Epidemic

    IV. Rust Dispersal Studies

    V. Overseasoning of Rusts

    VI. Alternate Hosts

    VII. Case Studies

    VIII. Final Remarks


    12. Epidemiology in the Indian Subcontinent

    I. Introduction

    II. Nature and Recurrence of Wheat Rusts

    III. The Stem Rust Puzzle

    IV. Leaf and Stripe Rusts in the Indo-Gangetic Plain

    V. Leaf and Stripe Rusts in South India

    VI. Pathogen Variability

    VII. Disease Management Approaches

    VIII. Food Resources Management

    IX. Possible Future Trends


    13. Epidemiology in North America

    I. Introduction and History

    II. Wheat Production and Rust Epidemics

    III. Sources of Inoculum

    IV. Exogenous Inoculum

    V. Endogenous Inoculum

    VI. Urediospore Movement

    VII. Factors Affecting Epidemic Development

    VIII. The Future


    14. Disease Modeling and Simulation

    I. Introduction

    II. Modeling the Rust Monocycle

    III. Modeling the Rust Polycycle

    IV. Concluding Remarks


    Part IV: Control

    15. Resistance of the Race-Specific Type

    I. Introduction

    II. History of Race-Specific Resistance

    III. Types of Specific Resistance

    IV. Expression of Specific Resistance

    V. Sources of Specific-Type Resistance

    VI. Use of Specific-Type Resistance

    VII. Conclusions


    16. Resistance of the Non-Race-Specific Type

    I. Introduction

    II. Terminology

    III. Specificity

    IV. Theoretical Aspects of Non-Race-Specificity

    V. Resistance of the Non-Race-Specific Type

    VI. Selection for Partial Resistance

    VII. Usefulness of Partial Resistance


    17. Genetic Diversity and Cereal Rust Management

    I. Rust Development in Agricultural versus Natural Ecosystems—The Call for Diversity

    II. Intrafield Diversity

    III. Interfield Diversity

    V. Temporal Diversity

    VI. Effects of Host Diversity on the Population Genetics of the Cereal Rusts

    VII. Concluding Remarks


    18. Evaluation of Chemicals for Rust Control

    I. Introduction

    II. In Vitro Tests

    III. In Vivo Tests

    IV. Concluding Statement



Product details

  • No. of pages: 630
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1985
  • Published: October 8, 1985
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483264165

About the Editors

Alan P. Roelfs

William R. Bushnell

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