Direct Methane to Methanol

Direct Methane to Methanol

Foundations and Prospects of the Process

1st Edition - January 30, 2014

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  • Author: Vladimir Arutyunov
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780444632531
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444632517

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Direct Methane to Methanol: Foundations and Prospects of the Process offers a state-of-the-art account of one of the most interesting and potentially commercial technologies for direct conversion of natural gas into valuable chemicals. The book thoroughly explains the complex and unusual chemistry of the process, as well as possible applications for direct methane to methanol (DMTM). It covers topics involving thermokinetics, pressure, direct oxidation of heavier alkanes, and more, and provides detailed appendices with experimental data and product yields. This book provides all those who work in the field of gas processing and gas chemistry with the theory and experimental data to develop and apply new processes based on direct oxidation of natural gas. All those who deal with oil and natural gas production and processing will learn about this promising technology for the conversion of gas into more valuable chemicals.

Key Features

  • Reviews more than 350 publications on high-pressure, low-temperature oxidation of methane and other gas phase hydrocarbons
  • Contains rare material available for the first time in English
  • Explains the reasons of previous failure and outlines the way forward for commercial development of the conversion technology
  • Presents a deep theoretical knowledge of this complex conversion process


This book is intended firstly to those who deal with oil and natural gas production, processing and transportation including engineers and production managers in oil and gas companies, engineering companies, as well as academic researchers all over the world.

in addition this book will be interesting for all those who teaching or studying oil and gas chemistry, chemical engineering and chemical kinetics, so it can be offered to oil and gas companies, engineering companies and university libraries.

Table of Contents

  • Direct Methane To Methanol: Foundations and Prospects of the Process

    Chapter 1. Historical Review on the DMTM

    Chapter 2. Oxidation Products

    Main Products of the DMTM Process

    The Ratio CH3OH/CH2O

    The Ratio CO/CO2


    Residual Oxygen

    The ΔCH4/ΔO2 Ratio

    Yield of Methanol and Oxygenates

    Oxidation Products of Methane Homologues

    Chapter 3. The Main Parameters of the Process

    Effect of Pressure on the Temperature and Rate of the Process

    Effect of Pressure on the Yield of the Partial Methane Oxidation Products

    Effect of Temperature on the Yield of the Products

    Effect of the Oxygen Concentration (CH4/O2 Ratio) on the Selectivity and Yield of the Products

    Influence of the Oxygen Concentration on the Reaction Temperature and Reaction Rate

    Reaction Time

    Specifics of the Organization of the Process

    Chapter 4. Effect of the Gas Composition



    Carbon Monoxide


    Chapter 5. Key Features of the Mechanism

    Mechanism of the Gas-Phase Oxidation of Methane in the Medium-Temperature Range

    Main Kinetic Features of the DMTM Process

    Chapter 6. The Role of Heterogeneous Processes in the Partial Oxidation of Methane to Oxygenates

    On the Interplay between the Homogeneous and Heterogeneous-Catalytic Processes of Methane Oxidation

    Influence of the Reactor Surface Material

    Decomposition of the Products on the Reactor Surface

    Effect of Catalysts on the Gas-Phase DMTM Process

    Short-time Catalysis and the Possibility of Controlling the DMTM Process

    Chapter 7. Role of Pressure in the DMTM Process

    Stationary Mode of Branched-Chain Reaction

    Effect of Pressure on the Rate of Branched-Chain Quasistationary Reaction and the Methanol Yield

    Role of Diffusion of the Reactants to the Reactor Surface

    Chapter 8. Thermokinetic Phenomena in Partial Oxidation of Methane

    Experimentally Observed Thermokinetic Phenomena in the Partial Oxidation of Methane

    Mechanism of Nonlinear Phenomena in the Oxidation of Alkanes

    Chapter 9. Promotion of the Process

    Homogeneous Chemical Promotion of the Process

    Physical Methods for Initiating the Process

    Partial Oxidation of Alkanes in SC Conditions

    Chapter 10. Partial Oxidation of Methane Homologues. General Principles of the Partial Oxidation of Light Alkanes to Oxygenates

    Partial Oxidation of Ethane and Methane–Ethane Mixtures



    General Features of the Oxidation of Alkanes at High Pressures

    Relative conversion of Alkanes in Their Joint Oxidation

    Chapter 11. Promising Technologies Based on the DMTM Process

    Industrial Experience of the Partial Oxidation of Hydrocarbon Gases to Oxygenates

    Conceptual Schemes of the Partial Oxidation of Natural Gas to Oxygenates

    Innovative Technologies Based on the Gas-Phase Oxidation of Hydrocarbon Gases to Oxygenates

    Chapter 12. Place of the DMTM among the other Processes of Partial Oxidation of Light Alkanes

    Partial Oxidation of Light Alkanes as a Basis of the Most Important Gas-Chemical Processes

    Oxidative Conversion of Methane to Syngas

    Oxidative Coupling of Methane

    Selective Oxycracking of Heavier Components of Natural Gas

    General Concept of the Modern Low-Scale Gas Chemistry

    Chapter 13. Conclusions


    Appendix 1

    Appendix 2


Product details

  • No. of pages: 320
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2014
  • Published: January 30, 2014
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780444632531
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444632517

About the Author

Vladimir Arutyunov

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor and Head of the Laboratory of Hydrocarbon Oxidation of Semenov Institute of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

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