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Direct Methane to Methanol - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780444632531, 9780444632517

Direct Methane to Methanol

1st Edition

Foundations and Prospects of the Process

Author: Vladimir Arutyunov
Hardcover ISBN: 9780444632531
eBook ISBN: 9780444632517
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 24th February 2014
Page Count: 320
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Direct Methane to Methanol: Foundations and Prospects of the Process offers a state-of-the-art account of one of the most interesting and potentially commercial technologies for direct conversion of natural gas into valuable chemicals. The book thoroughly explains the complex and unusual chemistry of the process, as well as possible applications for direct methane to methanol (DMTM). It covers topics involving thermokinetics, pressure, direct oxidation of heavier alkanes, and more, and provides detailed appendices with experimental data and product yields.

This book provides all those who work in the field of gas processing and gas chemistry with the theory and experimental data to develop and apply new processes based on direct oxidation of natural gas. All those who deal with oil and natural gas production and processing will learn about this promising technology for the conversion of gas into more valuable chemicals.

Key Features

  • Reviews more than 350 publications on high-pressure, low-temperature oxidation of methane and other gas phase hydrocarbons
  • Contains rare material available for the first time in English
  • Explains the reasons of previous failure and outlines the way forward for commercial development of the conversion technology
  • Presents a deep theoretical knowledge of this complex conversion process


This book is intended firstly to those who deal with oil and natural gas production, processing and transportation including engineers and production managers in oil and gas companies, engineering companies, as well as academic researchers all over the world.

in addition this book will be interesting for all those who teaching or studying oil and gas chemistry, chemical engineering and chemical kinetics, so it can be offered to oil and gas companies, engineering companies and university libraries.

Table of Contents

Direct Methane To Methanol: Foundations and Prospects of the Process

Chapter 1. Historical Review on the DMTM

Chapter 2. Oxidation Products

Main Products of the DMTM Process

The Ratio CH3OH/CH2O

The Ratio CO/CO2


Residual Oxygen

The ΔCH4/ΔO2 Ratio

Yield of Methanol and Oxygenates

Oxidation Products of Methane Homologues

Chapter 3. The Main Parameters of the Process

Effect of Pressure on the Temperature and Rate of the Process

Effect of Pressure on the Yield of the Partial Methane Oxidation Products

Effect of Temperature on the Yield of the Products

Effect of the Oxygen Concentration (CH4/O2 Ratio) on the Selectivity and Yield of the Products

Influence of the Oxygen Concentration on the Reaction Temperature and Reaction Rate

Reaction Time

Specifics of the Organization of the Process

Chapter 4. Effect of the Gas Composition



Carbon Monoxide


Chapter 5. Key Features of the Mechanism

Mechanism of the Gas-Phase Oxidation of Methane in the Medium-Temperature Range

Main Kinetic Features of the DMTM Process

Chapter 6. The Role of Heterogeneous Processes in the Partial Oxidation of Methane to Oxygenates

On the Interplay between the Homogeneous and Heterogeneous-Catalytic Processes of Methane Oxidation

Influence of the Reactor Surface Material

Decomposition of the Products on the Reactor Surface

Effect of Catalysts on the Gas-Phase DMTM Process

Short-time Catalysis and the Possibility of Controlling the DMTM Process

Chapter 7. Role of Pressure in the DMTM Process

Stationary Mode of Branched-Chain Reaction

Effect of Pressure on the Rate of Branched-Chain Quasistationary Reaction and the Methanol Yield

Role of Diffusion of the Reactants to the Reactor Surface

Chapter 8. Thermokinetic Phenomena in Partial Oxidation of Methane

Experimentally Observed Thermokinetic Phenomena in the Partial Oxidation of Methane

Mechanism of Nonlinear Phenomena in the Oxidation of Alkanes

Chapter 9. Promotion of the Process

Homogeneous Chemical Promotion of the Process

Physical Methods for Initiating the Process

Partial Oxidation of Alkanes in SC Conditions

Chapter 10. Partial Oxidation of Methane Homologues. General Principles of the Partial Oxidation of Light Alkanes to Oxygenates

Partial Oxidation of Ethane and Methane–Ethane Mixtures



General Features of the Oxidation of Alkanes at High Pressures

Relative conversion of Alkanes in Their Joint Oxidation

Chapter 11. Promising Technologies Based on the DMTM Process

Industrial Experience of the Partial Oxidation of Hydrocarbon Gases to Oxygenates

Conceptual Schemes of the Partial Oxidation of Natural Gas to Oxygenates

Innovative Technologies Based on the Gas-Phase Oxidation of Hydrocarbon Gases to Oxygenates

Chapter 12. Place of the DMTM among the other Processes of Partial Oxidation of Light Alkanes

Partial Oxidation of Light Alkanes as a Basis of the Most Important Gas-Chemical Processes

Oxidative Conversion of Methane to Syngas

Oxidative Coupling of Methane

Selective Oxycracking of Heavier Components of Natural Gas

General Concept of the Modern Low-Scale Gas Chemistry

Chapter 13. Conclusions


Appendix 1

Appendix 2



No. of pages:
© Elsevier 2014
24th February 2014
Hardcover ISBN:
eBook ISBN:

About the Author

Vladimir Arutyunov

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor and Head of the Laboratory of Hydrocarbon Oxidation of Semenov Institute of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

Ratings and Reviews