Digital Signal Processing - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123740908, 9780080550572

Digital Signal Processing

1st Edition

Fundamentals and Applications

Authors: Li Tan
eBook ISBN: 9780080550572
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 26th July 2007
Page Count: 840
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Description

This book will enable electrical engineers and technicians in the fields of the biomedical, computer, and electronics engineering, to master the essential fundamentals of DSP principles and practice. Coverage includes DSP principles, applications, and hardware issues with an emphasis on applications. Many instructive worked examples are used to illustrate the material and the use of mathematics is minimized for easier grasp of concepts. In addition to introducing commercial DSP hardware and software, and industry standards that apply to DSP concepts and algorithms, topics covered include adaptive filtering with noise reduction and echo cancellations; speech compression; signal sampling, digital filter realizations; filter design; multimedia applications; over-sampling, etc. More advanced topics are also covered, such as adaptive filters, speech compression such as PCM, u-law, ADPCM, and multi-rate DSP and over-sampling ADC.

Key Features

  • Covers DSP principles and hardware issues with emphasis on applications and many worked examples
  • End of chapter problems are helpful in ensuring retention and understanding of what was just read

Readership

Electrical engineers and technicians designing and building hardware and software for DSP systems

Table of Contents

Preface

About the Author

Chapter 1: Introduction to Digital Signal Processing

Objectives

1.1 Basic Concepts of Digital Signal Processing

1.2 Basic Digital Signal Processing Examples in Block Diagrams

1.3 Overview of Typical Digital Signal Processing in Real-World Applications

1.4 Digital Signal Processing Applications

1.5 Summary

Chapter 2: Signal Sampling and Quantization

Objectives

2.1 Sampling of Continuous Signal

2.2 Signal Reconstruction

2.3 Analog-to-Digital Conversion, Digital-to-Analog Conversion, and Quantization

2.4 Summary

2.5 MATLAB Programs

2.6 Problems

Chapter 3: Digital Signals and Systems

3.1 Digital Signals

3.2 Linear Time-Invariant, Causal Systems

3.3 Difference Equations and Impulse Responses

3.4 Bounded-in-and-Bounded-out Stability

3.5 Digital Convolution

3.6 Summary

3.7 Problems

Chapter 4: Discrete Fourier Transform and Signal Spectrum

4.1 Discrete Fourier Transform

4.2 Amplitude Spectrum and Power Spectrum

4.3 Spectral Estimation Using Window Functions

4.4 Application to Speech Spectral Estimation

4.5 Fast Fourier Transform

4.6 Summary

4.7 Problems

Chapter 5: The z-Transform

5.1 Definition

5.2 Properties of the z-Transform

5.3 Inverse z-Transform

5.4 Solution of Difference Equations Using the z-Transform

5.5 Summary

5.6 Problems

Chapter 6: Digital Signal Processing Systems, Basic Filtering Types, and Digital Filter Realizations

6.1 The Difference Equation and Digital Filtering

6.2 Difference Equation and Transfer Function

6.3 The z-Plane Pole-Zero Plot and Stability

6.4 Digital Filter Frequency Response

6.5 Basic Types of Filtering

6.6 Realization of Digital Filters

6.7 Application: Speech Enhancement and Filtering

6.8 Summary

6.9 Problems

MATLAB Problems

Chapter 7: Finite Impulse Response Filter Design

7.1 Finite Impulse Response Filter Format

7.2 Fourier Transform Design

7.3 Window Method

7.4 Applications: Noise Reduction and Two-Band Digital Crossover

7.5 Frequency Sampling Design Method

7.6 Optimal Design Method

7.7 Realization Structures of Finite Impulse Response Filters

7.8 Coefficient Accuracy Effects on Finite Impulse Response Filters

7.9 Summary of Finite Impulse Response (FIR) Design Procedures and Selection of FIR Filter Design Methods in Practice

7.10 Summary

7.11 MATLAB Programs

7.12 Problems

Chapter 8: Infinite Impulse Response Filter Design

8.1 Infinite Impulse Response Filter Format

8.2 Bilinear Transformation Design Method

8.3 Digital Butterworth and Chebyshev Filter Designs

8.4 Higher-Order Infinite Impulse Response Filter Design Using the Cascade Method

8.5 Application: Digital Audio Equalizer

8.6 Impulse Invariant Design Method

8.7 Pole-Zero Placement Method for Simple Infinite Impulse Response Filters

8.8 Realization Structures of Infinite Impulse Response Filters

8.9 Application: 60-Hz Hum Eliminator and Heart Rate Detection Using Electrocardiography

8.10 Coefficient Accuracy Effects on Infinite Impulse Response Filters

8.11 Application: Generation and Detection of Dual-Tone Multifrequency Tones Using the Goertzel Algorithm

8.12 Summary of Infinite Impulse Response (IIR) Design Procedures and Selection of the IIR Filter Design Methods in Practice

8.13 Summary

8.14 Problems

Chapter 9: Hardware and Software for Digital Signal Processors

9.1 Digital Signal Processor Architecture

9.2 Digital Signal Processor Hardware Units

9.3 Digital Signal Processors and Manufacturers

9.4 Fixed-Point and Floating-Point Formats

9.5 Finite Impulse Response and Infinite Impulse Response Filter Implementations in Fixed-Point Systems

9.6 Digital Signal Processing Programming Examples

9.7 Summary

9.8 Problems

Chapter 10: Adaptive Filters and Applications

10.1 Introduction to Least Mean Square Adaptive Finite Impulse Response Filters

10.2 Basic Wiener Filter Theory and Least Mean Square Algorithm

10.3 10.3 Applications: Noise Cancellation, System Modeling, and Line Enhancement

10.4 Other Application Examples

10.5 Summary

10.6 Problems

Chapter 11: Waveform Quantization and Compression

11.1 Linear Midtread Quantization

11.2 μ-Law Companding

11.3 Examples of Differential Pulse Code Modulation (DPCM), Delta Modulation, and Adaptive DPCM G.721

11.4 Discrete Cosine Transform, Modified Discrete Cosine Transform, and Transform Coding in MPEG Audio

11.5 Summary

11.6 MATLAB Programs

11.7 Problems

Chapter 12: Multirate Digital Signal Processing, Oversampling of Analog-to-Digital Conversion, and Undersampling of Bandpass Signals

12.1 Multirate Digital Signal Processing Basics

12.2 Polyphase Filter Structure and Implementation

12.3 Oversampling of Analog-to-Digital Conversion

12.4 Application Example: CD Player

12.5 Undersampling of Bandpass Signals

12.6 Summary

12.7 Problems

Chapter 13: Image Processing Basics

13.1 Image Processing Notation and Data Formats

13.2 13.2 Image Histogram and Equalization

13.3 Image Level Adjustment and Contrast

13.4 Image Filtering Enhancement

13.5 Image Pseudo-Color Generation and Detection

13.6 Image Spectra

13.7 Image Compression by Discrete Cosine Transform

13.8 Creating a Video Sequence by Mixing Two Images

13.9 Video Signal Basics

13.10 Motion Estimation in Video

13.12 Problems

A: Introduction to the MATLAB Environment

B: Review of Analog Signal Processing Basics

C: Normalized Butterworth and Chebyshev Functions

D: Sinusoidal Steady-State Response of Digital Filters

E: Finite Impulse Response Filter Design Equations by the Frequency Sampling Design Method

F: Some Useful Mathematical Formulas

Bibliography

Answers to Selected Problems

Index

Details

No. of pages:
840
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 2008
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780080550572

About the Author

Li Tan

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Electrical Engineering, Purdue University Northwest