Digital Computer Applications to Process Control - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080267494, 9781483146492

Digital Computer Applications to Process Control

1st Edition

Proceedings of the 6th IFAC/IFIP Conference, Düsseldorf, F. R. Germany, 14-17 October 1980

Editors: R. Isermann H. Kaltenecker
eBook ISBN: 9781483146492
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1980
Page Count: 596
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Description

Digital Computer Applications to Process Control presents the developments in the application of digital computers to the control of technical processes. This book discusses the control principles and includes as well direct feedback and feed forward control as monitoring and optimization of technical processes.

Organized into five parts encompassing 77 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the two categories of microprocessor systems. This text then discusses the concept of a sensor controlled robot that adapts to any task, assures product quality, and eliminates machine tending labor. Other chapters consider the ergonomic adaptation of the human operator's working conditions to his abilities. This book discusses as well the self-tuning regulator for liquid level in the acetic acid evaporator and its actual performance in production. The final chapter deals with algebraic method for deadbeat control of multivariable linear time-invariant continuous systems.

This book is a valuable resource for electrical and control engineers.

Table of Contents


Preface

Survey Papers

S1 Status of Hardware and Software for Microcomputers

S2 Requirements for Successful Closed-Loop Optimization of Petroleum Refining Processes

S3 Design Methods for Computer Controlled Real-Time Automation Systems

S4 Aspects of Development and Verification of Reliable Process Computer Software

S5 Computer Control in the Fertilizer Industry

Case Study Papers

CS1 Computer Control for Industrial Robots

CS2 Management and Optimization of an Extensive High-Pressure Gas Net-Work

CS3 Digital Control of a Rotary Drier in the Sugar Industry

CS4 The Design and Implementation of a Microcomputer System for the Control of a Submerged Arc Furnace

CS5 The Application of a Distributed Control System to a Board Mill

CS6 Computer-Controlled Start-Up and Shut-Down of Process Operations in Cement Plants

CS7 Reduction Cell Automation Using Distributed Microprocessor Systems

Tutorial Papers

T1 Design of Man-Machine Interfaces

T2 Parameter Adaptive Control Algorithms

T3 Fibre-Optical Communication in Computer Systems

Technical Sessions Applications

A1: Chemical and Oil Industries

A1.1 Self-Tuning Adaptive Control of Two Installations in Chemical Industry

A1.3 Application of Self-Tuning Regulators to the Control of Distillation Columns

A2: Cement Industry

A2.1 Experimental Analysis and Modelling of a Rotary Cement Kiln

A2.2 The Algorithms of Construction of Non-Conventional Digital Controllers

A3: Energy and Power Systems I

A3.1 The Process Computer Control System of the Hydroelectric Power Stations along the River Danube in Austria

A3.2 Digital Governor Using Microcomputers for Modern Steam Turbines

A3.3 On-Line Computer Control of a Nuclear Reactor Using Optimal Control and State Estimation Methods

A4: Energy and Power Systems II

A4.1 On-Line Computer System for Continuous Criticality Control of Some Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing Facilities

A4.2 Reactor Start-Up and Shut-Down by Means of a Digital Hierarchical Decentralized Informational System

A4.3 Multilevel Control of the Power Density Distribution in a Nuclear Reactor Core

A5: Transportation and Traffic Control I

A5.1 Measurement of Speed and Time Headway of Motor Vehicles with Video Camera and Computer

A5.2 Designing for Change in the Urban Traffic Control Market

A5.3 Digital Model Reference Adaptive Control with Applications to Ship's Steering

A6: Transportation and Traffic Control II

A6.1 Supervision and Control of Gas Transportation and Distributed Systems

A6.2 Optimal Traffic Control for Automated Railway Systems

A7: Heating and Climate Systems

A7.1 Computer Optimization of Refrigeration Systems in a Textile Plant - A Case History

A7.2 Energy Conservation in an Airconditioning Installation through a Microcomputer-Based Control System

A8: Metallurgical Processes

A8.1 A Mathematical Model to Control a Six Stand Hot Strip Finishing Mill

A8.2 Quality Control in Metallurgy by Texture Analysis

A8.3 Mould Level Control in Continuous Casting Machines

General Aspects

G1: Multivariable Systems

G1.1 Algebraic Approach to Deadbeat Control of Multivariable Linear Time-Invariant Continuous Systems

G1.2 Predictive Control Using Impulse Response Models

G1.3 Self-Tuning Controller of MIMO Discrete Time Systems

G2: Control Algorithms

G2.1 A Sampled Data Controller for Processes with Time Delay and Load Disturbances

G2.2 A Comparison of Some Time-(Sub) Optimal Control Algorithms for In-Line Computer Control

G2.3 Evaluation of Self-Tuning Controllers for Distillation Column Control

G3: Adaptive and Self-Tuning Digital Control

G3.1 Adaptive Control of Rotary Drum Driers

G3.2 Digital Parameter-Adaptive Control of an Air Conditioning Plant

G3.3 Adaptive Control to a Dry Etch Process by Microcomputer

G4: Optimization

G4.1 Software Package for Computer-Aided Design of Optimal P, PI, PID Controllers

G4.2 Overcoming Model Uncertainties in Optimising Supervisory Control

G4.3 The Optimization of the Energy Wastes in the Complex Water-Supply Systems

G5: Modelling and Simulation I

G5.1 Nonlinear Models, Linear in Parameters

G5.2 Investigation of the Peterka-Type Self-Tuning Regulator by Simulation

G5.3 Mathematical Modelling of a Steam Generator

G6: Modelling and Simulation II

G6.1 Anaerobic Digester - Steady States, Transients and Control

G6.2 On-Line Parameter Estimation of a Solar Circuit by a Micro-Computer

G6.3 A Dynamic Model for the State- and Parameter Estimation in Electric Power Systems

G7: Distributed Multi-Computer Systems I

G7.1 Biprocessor Configuration with Alternating Hierarchy for High Speed Process Control

G7.2 Design Considerations for Microprocessor Based Controllers

G7.3 A Microprocessor Based Process Controller for Interactive Control Applications

G8: Distributed Multi-Computer Systems II

G8.1 Error Recovery in Distributed Computer Networks to Process Control

G8.2 Criteria to Improve Interface Structures According to the Measurement Methods

G8.3 Laboratory Automation as a Step to a Process Information System

G9: Man-Machine Communication

G9.1 Software Architecture of a Graphic Display Terminal with Interactive Picture Generation Capability

G9.2 Data Base for Man-Machine Interaction in a Transport Environment

G9.3 Man-Machine Communication in Nuclear Power Plants - A Nordic Cooperation Project

G10: Real-Time Languages

G10.1 Industrial Experience with Process Control Programming Language PEARL

G10.2 Programming of Control Functions in a Microcomputer Based Control System

G10.3 Application of the Specification and Design Technique EPOS to a Process Control Problem

G11: Methods for Improving the Productivity and Quality of Application Software

G11.1 Software Production for Computer Controlled Automation Systems

G11.2 The Impact of Distributed Computer Control Systems on Software

G11.3 Maintainable Software Structure for Train Traffic Control Systems: SPRINT

Late Papers

A1.2 A Digital Computer Configuration for Optimized Control of a Thermal Cracking Reactor

A2.3 Interactive Computer Control Systems for Technological Processes

Discussion Sessions

DS1 Maintenance of Application Software - Report

DS2 Data Highway Systems - Report

DS3 Energy Saving as a Benefit of Computer Control - Report

DS4 Distributed Process Control Systems - Report

DS4.1 Distributed Data Acquisition and Control in the Laboratory Environment - Today and Tomorrow

DS4.2 An Efficient Redundancy Concept for a Microcomputer-Based Failure Tolerant Controller Station

DS4.3 State and Trend of Distributed Process Control Systems, Noticeable on INTERKAMA '80

Details

No. of pages:
596
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1980
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483146492

About the Editor

R. Isermann

Affiliations and Expertise

Darmstadt University of Technology, Darmstadt, Germany

H. Kaltenecker